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Encyclopedia > Georges Bidault
Georges Bidault, French statesman
Georges Bidault, French statesman

Georges-Augustin Bidault (October 5, 1899January 27, 1983) was a French politician and active in the French Resistance and Organisation de l'Armée Secrète (OAS). This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... October 5 is the 278th day of the year (279th in Leap years). ... 1899 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1983 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The French Resistance is the name used for resistance movements that fought military occupation of France by Nazi Germany and the Vichy France undemocratic regime during World War II after the government and the high command of France surrendered in 1940. ... The Organisation de larmée secrète (OAS; Secret Army Organization) was a short-lived French right-wing terrorist group formed in January 1961 to resist the granting of independence to the French colony of Algeria (Algérie française). ...


Bidault was born in Moulins, France. He studied in Sorbonne and became a college history teacher. In 1932 he helped to found the Catholic Association of French Youth and the left-wing anti-fascist newspaper l'Aube. He had a column in the paper and, among other things, protested against the Munich Agreement in 1938. Moulins or Moulin (French for mill) is the name or part of the name of several communes in France. ... The Sorbonne, Paris, in a 17th century engraving The Sorbonne today, from the same point of view La Sorbonne was the name of the former University of Paris, in Paris, France, one among the most ancient in Europe. ... Chamberlain holds the paper containing the resolution to commit to peaceful methods signed by both Hitler and himself on his return from Germany in September 1938. ...


After the outbreak of World War Two he joined the French army and was captured during the Fall of France and was briefly imprisoned. After his release in July 1941 he joined the Liberte group of French Resistance that eventually merged with Combat. Jean Moulin recruited him to organize an underground press and the Combat underground newspaper. The French Resistance is the name used for resistance movements that fought military occupation of France by Nazi Germany and the Vichy France undemocratic regime during World War II after the government and the high command of France surrendered in 1940. ... Jean Moulin (June 20, 1899–July 8, 1943) was a member of the French Resistance during World War II. Before the War Jean Moulin was born in Béziers, France, and enrolled in the French Army in 1918, but World War I came to an end before he could see any...


Bidault participated in the forming of the Conseil de National de la Resistance and after Gestapo captured Moulin, he became its new chairman. In 1944 he formed a Resistance Charter that recommended an extensive post-war reform program. After the liberation of Paris he represented the Resistance in the victory parade. Charles de Gaulle appointed him as a foreign minister of his provisional government in August 25. He became the founder of Mouvement Républicain Populaire (MRP or Popular Republican Movement). The Liberation of Paris in World War II took place in late August 1944 after the battle of Normandy. ... Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (   listen?) (November 22, 1890 – November 9, 1970), in France commonly referred to as le général de Gaulle, was a French military leader and statesman. ...


After the war Bidault served as a foreign minister in Félix Gouin's provisional government in 1946. In June 19 1946 National Constituent Assembly elected him to the president of the provisional government (de facto prime minister). His government composed of socialists, communists and Bidault's own MRP, was formed in June 15 and he yet again became the foreign minister. They conducted elections of the National Assembly in November 29 after which Bidault resigned. His successor was Leon Blum. A minister for foreign affairs, or foreign minister, is a cabinet minister who helps form the governmental foreign policy of a sovereign nation. ... French politician Felix Gouin Félix Gouin (October 4, 1884 - October 25, 1977) was a French Socialist politician who succeeded Charles de Gaulle as head of the French Provisional Government in 1946. ... A provisional government is an emergency or interim government set up when a political void has been created by the collapse of a previous administration or regime. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... A prime minister may be either: the chief or leading member of the cabinet of the top-level government in a country having a parliamentary system of government; or the official, in countries with a semi-presidential system of government, appointed to manage the civil service and execute the directives... The Palais Bourbon, front The French National Assembly (French: Assembly national) is one of the two houses of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic. ... Léon Blum Léon Blum (9 April 1872 - 30 March 1950), French socialist leader and Prime Minister, was born in Paris, into a middle-class Jewish family. ...


Bidault served as in various post-WW2 French governments, first as a foreign minister under Paul Ramadier and Robert Schuman. In 1949 he became the president of the Council of Ministers (again, effectively a prime minister) but his cabinet lasted only 8 months. In Henri Queuille's governments in 1950-1951 he held the office of Vice-president of the Council and under Rene Pleven and Edgar Faure added a post of defense minister. Categories: Stub | 1888 births | 1961 deaths | Prime ministers of France ... For the German composer, see Robert Schumann Robert Schuman in 1958, receiving Karlspreis in the city of Aachen Robert Schuman (29 June 1886-4 September 1963) was a noted German-born French politician who is regarded as one of the founders of the European Union. ... Queuilles First Government, 11 September 1948 - 28 October 1949 Henri Queuille - President of the Council and Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs André Marie - Vice President of the Council and Minister of Justice Robert Schuman - Minister of Foreign Affairs Paul Ramadier - Minister of National Defense Jules Moch - Minister of... Categories: 1901 births | 1993 deaths | Prime ministers of France | Politics stubs ... Edgar Faure, French statesman Edgar Faure (August 18, 1908 - March 30, 1988) was a French statesman. ...


In 1952 Bidault became a honorary president of MRP. In June 1 1953 president Vincent Aurol assigned him to form his own government but National Assembly refuse to give him the official mandate at June 10. In 1953 Bidault became a presidential candidate but withdrew after the second round.


In April 1958 Bidault again became a prime minister but did not form a cabinet and had a hand in forming the conservative Christian Democratic Movement. He also supported De Gaulle's presidency after the outbreak of the Algerian War of Independence. The Christian Democratic Movement (Slovak: Kresťansko-demokratické hnutie) (KDH) is a political party in Slovakia. ... The Algerian War of Independence (1954–62) was a period of guerrilla strikes, maquis fighting, terrorism against civilians on both sides, and riots between the French army and colonists, or the colons as they were called, in Algeria and the FLN (Front de Libération Nationale) and other pro-independence...


In 1961 Bidault became a president of the Executive Council of the Rally for the French Algeria and resisted De Gaulle's policy of Algerian independence. He established his own National Resistance Council within the OAS. In June 1962 he was accused of conspiring against the state as the head of OAS and stripped of his parliamentary immunity. He left for an exile in Brazil. In 1967 he moved to Belgium and in 1968 he returned to France after he had received an amnesty. Parliamentary immunity is a system in which members of the parliament are granted partial immunity from prosecution. ... Amnesty (from the Greek amnestia, oblivion) is an act of grace by which the supreme power in a state restores those who may have been guilty of any offence against it to the position of innocent persons. ...


Georges Bidault died in 1983 in Cambo-les-Bains.

Contents


Bidault's First Ministry, 24 June - 16 December 1946

  • Georges Bidault - Chairman of the Provisional Government and Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Maurice Thorez - Vice Chairman of the Provisional Government
  • Félix Gouin - Vice Chairman of the Provisional Government and Minister of National Defense
  • Charles Tillon - Minister of Armaments
  • Édouard Depreux - Minister of the Interior
  • Robert Schuman - Minister of Finance
  • François de Menthon - Minister of National Economy
  • Marcel Paul - Minister of Industrial Production
  • Ambroise Croizat - Minister of Labour and Social Security
  • Pierre-Henri Teitgen - Minister of Justice
  • Marcel Edmond Naegelen - Minister of National Education
  • François Tanguy-Prigent - Minister of Ariculture
  • Yves Farge - Minister of Supply
  • Marius Moutet - Minister of Overseas France
  • Jules Moch - Minister of Public Works and Transport
  • Robert Prigent - Minister of Population
  • François Billoux - Minister of Reconstruction and Town Planning
  • Jean Letourneau - Minister of Posts
  • Alexandre Varenne - Minister of State
  • Francisque Gay - Minister of State

June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Maurice Thorez Maurice Thorez (April 28, 1900–July 11, 1964) was a French statesman and longtime leader of the French Communist Party (PCF) from 1930 until his death. ... French politician Felix Gouin Félix Gouin (October 4, 1884 - October 25, 1977) was a French Socialist politician who succeeded Charles de Gaulle as head of the French Provisional Government in 1946. ... For the German composer, see Robert Schumann Robert Schuman in 1958, receiving Karlspreis in the city of Aachen Robert Schuman (29 June 1886-4 September 1963) was a noted German-born French politician who is regarded as one of the founders of the European Union. ... Marcel Paul (July 12, 1900–November 11, 1982) was a French politician. ... Pierre-Henri Teitgen was born in Rennes on May 29th, 1908 and died on April, 6th 1997 in Paris . ... François Tanguy-Prigent was a French politician. ... Jules Moch , a French politician, was born in Paris on March 15, 1893 and died on August 1, 1985 in Cabris (Alpes-Maritimes). ...

Bidault's Second Government, 28 October 1949 - 7 February 1950

  • Georges Bidault - President of the Council
  • Jules Moch - Vice President of the Council and Minister of the Interior
  • Henri Queuille - Vice President of the Council
  • Robert Schuman - Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • René Pleven - Minister of National Defense
  • Maurice Petsche - Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs
  • Robert Lacoste - Minister of Commerce and Industry
  • Pierre Segelle - Minister of Labour and Social Security
  • René Mayer - Minister of Justice
  • Yvon Delbos - Minister of National Education
  • Louis Jacquinot - Minister of Veterans and War Victims
  • Pierre Pflimlin - Minister of Agriculture
  • Jean Letourneau - Minister of Overseas France
  • Christian Pineau - Minister of Public Works, Transport, and Tourism
  • Pierre Schneiter - Minister of Public Health and Population
  • Eugène Claudius-Petit - Minister of Reconstruction and Town Planning
  • Eugène Thomas - Minister of Posts
  • Pierre-Henri Teitgen - Minister of State

Changes October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 64 days remaining. ... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1950 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jules Moch , a French politician, was born in Paris on March 15, 1893 and died on August 1, 1985 in Cabris (Alpes-Maritimes). ... Queuilles First Government, 11 September 1948 - 28 October 1949 Henri Queuille - President of the Council and Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs André Marie - Vice President of the Council and Minister of Justice Robert Schuman - Minister of Foreign Affairs Paul Ramadier - Minister of National Defense Jules Moch - Minister of... For the German composer, see Robert Schumann Robert Schuman in 1958, receiving Karlspreis in the city of Aachen Robert Schuman (29 June 1886-4 September 1963) was a noted German-born French politician who is regarded as one of the founders of the European Union. ... René Pleven, French prime minister René Pleven (April 1901 - January 13, 1993) was a notable French politician of the Fourth Republic. ... René Mayer, French prime minister René Mayer (1895-1972) was a French Radical politician of the Fourth Republic who served briefly as Prime Minister during 1953. ... Yvon Delbos (1885-1956) was a French Radical politician who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Popular Front governments of Léon Blum and Camille Chautemps. ... Louis Jacquinot (16 September 1898, Gondrecourt-le-Château (Meuse) - 14 June 1993, Paris) was a French lawyer and politician, chief of Prime Minister Raymond Poincarés office. ... Categories: Stub | 1907 births | 2000 deaths | Prime ministers of France ... Christian Pineau, French resistance leader and statesman Christian Pineau (October 14, 1904 _ April 5, 1995) was a noted French Resistance fighter. ... Pierre-Henri Teitgen was born in Rennes on May 29th, 1908 and died on April, 6th 1997 in Paris . ...

  • 2 December 1949 - Gabriel Valay succeeds Pflimlin as Minister of Agriculture

December 2 is the 336th day (337th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ...

Bidault's Third Ministry, 7 February - 2 July 1950

  • Georges Bidault - President of the Council
  • Henri Queuille - Vice President of the Council and Minister of the Interior
  • Robert Schuman - Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • René Pleven - Minister of National Defense
  • Maurice Petsche - Minister of Finance and Economics Affairs
  • Jean-Marie Louvel - Minister of Commerce and Industry
  • Paul Bacon - Minister of Labour and Social Security
  • René Mayer - Minister of Justice
  • Yvon Delbos - Minister of National Education
  • Louis Jacquinot - Minister of Veterans and War Victims
  • Gabriel Valay - Minister of Agriculture
  • Jean Letourneau - Minister of Overseas France
  • Jacques Chastellain - Minister of Public Works, Transport, and Tourism
  • Pierre Schneiter - Minister of Public Health and Population
  • Eugène Claudius-Petit - Minister of Reconstruction and Town Planning
  • Charles Brune - Minister of Posts
  • Pierre-Henri Teitgen - Minister of State

February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 182 days remaining. ... 1950 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Queuilles First Government, 11 September 1948 - 28 October 1949 Henri Queuille - President of the Council and Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs André Marie - Vice President of the Council and Minister of Justice Robert Schuman - Minister of Foreign Affairs Paul Ramadier - Minister of National Defense Jules Moch - Minister of... For the German composer, see Robert Schumann Robert Schuman in 1958, receiving Karlspreis in the city of Aachen Robert Schuman (29 June 1886-4 September 1963) was a noted German-born French politician who is regarded as one of the founders of the European Union. ... René Pleven, French prime minister René Pleven (April 1901 - January 13, 1993) was a notable French politician of the Fourth Republic. ... Paul Bacon (born 1st November 1907 in Paris, died on 6th December 1999) was a French politician. ... René Mayer, French prime minister René Mayer (1895-1972) was a French Radical politician of the Fourth Republic who served briefly as Prime Minister during 1953. ... Yvon Delbos (1885-1956) was a French Radical politician who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Popular Front governments of Léon Blum and Camille Chautemps. ... Louis Jacquinot (16 September 1898, Gondrecourt-le-Château (Meuse) - 14 June 1993, Paris) was a French lawyer and politician, chief of Prime Minister Raymond Poincarés office. ... Pierre-Henri Teitgen was born in Rennes on May 29th, 1908 and died on April, 6th 1997 in Paris . ...

Quotes

  • "Ho Chi Minh is about to capitulate. We are going to beat him."


Preceded by:
Pierre Laval
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1944–1946
Succeeded by:
Léon Blum
Preceded by:
Félix Gouin
Chairman of the Provisional Government
1946
Succeeded by:
Léon Blum
Preceded by:
Félix Gouin and Ramon Iglesias i Navarri
Co-Prince of Andorra
1946-1947
with Ramon Iglesias i Navarri
Succeeded by:
Vincent Auriol and Ramon Iglesias i Navarri
Preceded by:
Léon Blum
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1947–1948
Succeeded by:
Robert Schuman
Preceded by:
Henri Queuille
President of the Council
1949–1950
Succeeded by:
Henri Queuille
Preceded by:
Henri Queuille
Vice President of the Council
1950
Succeeded by:
Preceded by:
Vice President of the Council
1951–1952
Succeeded by:
Preceded by:
Jules Moch
Minister of National Defense
1951–1952
Succeeded by:
René Pleven
Preceded by:
Robert Schuman
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1953–1954
Succeeded by:
Pierre Mendès-France


Pierre Laval, prime minister of Vichy France Pierre Laval (June 28, 1883 - October 15, 1945) was a French politician and thrice Prime Minister of France, the final time being under the Vichy government. ... In 1589, the four French Secretaries of State became specialized, with one of the secretaries responsible for foreign affairs. ... Léon Blum Léon Blum (9 April 1872 - 30 March 1950), French socialist leader and Prime Minister, was born in Paris, into a middle-class Jewish family. ... French politician Felix Gouin Félix Gouin (October 4, 1884 - October 25, 1977) was a French Socialist politician who succeeded Charles de Gaulle as head of the French Provisional Government in 1946. ... The President of France, known officially as the President of the Republic (Président de la République in French), is Frances elected Head of State. ... Léon Blum Léon Blum (9 April 1872 - 30 March 1950), French socialist leader and Prime Minister, was born in Paris, into a middle-class Jewish family. ... French politician Felix Gouin Félix Gouin (October 4, 1884 - October 25, 1977) was a French Socialist politician who succeeded Charles de Gaulle as head of the French Provisional Government in 1946. ... This is a list of Co-Princes of Andorra. ... French statesman Vincent Auriol Vincent Auriol (27 August 1884 - 1 January 1966) was a French politician who served as first President of the Fourth Republic from 1947 to 1954. ... Léon Blum Léon Blum (9 April 1872 - 30 March 1950), French socialist leader and Prime Minister, was born in Paris, into a middle-class Jewish family. ... In 1589, the four French Secretaries of State became specialized, with one of the secretaries responsible for foreign affairs. ... For the German composer, see Robert Schumann Robert Schuman in 1958, receiving Karlspreis in the city of Aachen Robert Schuman (29 June 1886-4 September 1963) was a noted German-born French politician who is regarded as one of the founders of the European Union. ... Queuilles First Government, 11 September 1948 - 28 October 1949 Henri Queuille - President of the Council and Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs André Marie - Vice President of the Council and Minister of Justice Robert Schuman - Minister of Foreign Affairs Paul Ramadier - Minister of National Defense Jules Moch - Minister of... The Prime Minister of France (Premier ministre de la France) is the functional head of the Cabinet of France. ... Queuilles First Government, 11 September 1948 - 28 October 1949 Henri Queuille - President of the Council and Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs André Marie - Vice President of the Council and Minister of Justice Robert Schuman - Minister of Foreign Affairs Paul Ramadier - Minister of National Defense Jules Moch - Minister of... Queuilles First Government, 11 September 1948 - 28 October 1949 Henri Queuille - President of the Council and Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs André Marie - Vice President of the Council and Minister of Justice Robert Schuman - Minister of Foreign Affairs Paul Ramadier - Minister of National Defense Jules Moch - Minister of... Jules Moch , a French politician, was born in Paris on March 15, 1893 and died on August 1, 1985 in Cabris (Alpes-Maritimes). ... René Pleven, French prime minister René Pleven (April 1901 - January 13, 1993) was a notable French politician of the Fourth Republic. ... For the German composer, see Robert Schumann Robert Schuman in 1958, receiving Karlspreis in the city of Aachen Robert Schuman (29 June 1886-4 September 1963) was a noted German-born French politician who is regarded as one of the founders of the European Union. ... In 1589, the four French Secretaries of State became specialized, with one of the secretaries responsible for foreign affairs. ... Pierre Mendès-France Pierre Mendès-France (10 January 1907 - 18 October 1982), French politician, was born in Paris, into a family of Portuguese Sephardic Jewish origin. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia4U - Georges Bidault - Encyclopedia Article (603 words)
Georges Bidault (1899-1983) was a French politician and active in the French Resistance and Organisation de l'Armée Secrète (OAS).
Georges-Augustin Bidault was born in October 5 1899 in Moulins, France.
Georges Bidault died in January 27 1983 in Cambo-les-Bains.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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