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Encyclopedia > George Washington Steele
George Washington Steele


In office
May 22, 1890 – October 18, 1891
Appointed by Benjamin Harrison
Preceded by none
Succeeded by Robert Martin1

Born December 13, 1839(1839-12-13)
Fayette County, Indiana
Died July 12, 1922 (aged 82)
Marion, Indiana
Political party Republican
Spouse Marietta E. Swayzee
Profession Lawyer, Soldier, Statesman
Note 1: Robert Martin served as Acting Governor until President Harrison appointed Abraham Jefferson Seay to the Governorship

George Washington Steele (December 13, 1839July 12, 1922) was an American lawyer, soldier, and politician who twice served as a Congressman for Indiana, from 1881 to 1889 and again from 1895 to 1903. Steele also was the first Governor of Oklahoma Territory and was instrumental in developing the state's public education system and its two largest universities. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This is a list of Governors of Oklahoma Territory: See also Oklahoma Oklahoma Territory Governor of Oklahoma Category: ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other persons named Benjamin Harrison, see Benjamin Harrison (disambiguation). ... Robert Martin was the second, though Acting, Governor of Oklahoma Territory. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1839 (MDCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Fayette County is a county located in the state of Indiana. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Marion (IPA: ) is a city in Grant County, Indiana, United States. ... GOP redirects here. ... For the fish called lawyer, see Burbot. ... This article is about a military rank. ... Statesman is a respectful term used to refer to politicians, and other notable figures of state. ... Robert Martin was the second, though Acting, Governor of Oklahoma Territory. ... An acting governor is a constitutional position created in some U.S. states when the governor dies in office or resigns. ... Governor Abraham Jefferson Seay Abraham Jefferson Seay (November 28, 1832 – December 12, 1915) was an American lawyer, soldier, judge, and politician. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1839 (MDCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the fish called lawyer, see Burbot. ... This article is about a military rank. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Indiana to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... This is a list of Governors of Oklahoma Territory: See also Oklahoma Oklahoma Territory Governor of Oklahoma Category: ... Oklahoma Territory was an organized territory of the United States from May 2, 1890 until November 16, 1907, when Oklahoma became the 46th state. ...

Contents

Early life and the American Civil War

George Washington Steele was born to Asbury and Marie Louise Steele in Fayette County, Indiana, on December 13, 1839. He received an education from Indiana’s public school system and then earned a law degree from Ohio Wesleyan University. Following the completion of his education, Steele passed the bar exam and set up a practice in Hartford City, Indiana. Fayette County is a county located in the state of Indiana. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1839 (MDCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... “OWU” redirects here. ... A bar examination is an series of tests conducted at regular intervals to determine whether a candidate is qualified to practice law in a given American examination usually consists of the following: complicated essay questions concerning that jurisdictions law; the Multistate Bar Examination, a standardized, nationwide examination containing generalized... Hartford City from the air, looking northeast. ...

Steele served in Sherman's March to the Sea.

Steele continued his law practice until 1861 with the outbreak of the American Civil War. Indiana stayed loyal to the Union, and Steele joined the 12th Indiana Regiment in the Union Army as a volunteer on May 2, 1861. He later transferred to the 101st Indiana Regiment, in which he served until the conclusion of the war. Steele served under Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman in his famous March to the Sea. Following the Carolinas Campaign and the end of the war, Steele was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel in July 1865. Image File history File links Sherman_sea_1868. ... Image File history File links Sherman_sea_1868. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... In this map:  Union states prohibiting slavery  Union territories  Border states on the Union side which allowed slavery  Kansas, which entered and fought with the Union as a free state after the Bleeding Kansas crisis  The Confederacy  Confederate claimed and sometimes held territories During the American Civil War, the Union... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... is the 122nd day of the year (123rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The 101st Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. ... For the 17th Century Cromwellian regime see Rule of the Major-Generals Major General or Major-General is a military rank used in many countries. ... “General Sherman” redirects here. ... This article is about the historical event. ... Sherman in South Carolina: The burning of McPhersonville. ... Lieutenant Colonel is a rank of the United States armed forces which is currently used by the United States Army, United States Air Force, United States Marine Corps, and United States National Guard. ...


After the Civil War ended in the Union’s favor and with the United States restored, Steele transferred from the volunteer army to the Regular Army. Steele was promoted to the rank of major and served in the 14th U.S. Infantry. His commission lasted for ten years, from February 23, 1866, to February 1876. The Regular Army is the permanent force of the United States Army or any Countrys army that is maintained during peacetime, as opposed to those persons who may be part of a reserve or national guard outfit. ... Insignia of a Major in the United States Military Major is a rank used in the United States Army, United States Air Force, and United States Marine Corps, and is the equivalent of a Lieutenant Commander in the United States Navy and United States Coast Guard. ... The 14th Infantry Regiment is a United States Army light infantry regiment, known as the Golden Dragons. ... is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


Political career

Following his retirement from the army, Steele returned to Indiana, where he settled in Marion and established a business that engaged in agricultural pursuits and pork packing. Steele’s loyalty to the Union led him to join the Republican Party. He became active in local politics and gained enough support to win the race to serve as a Congressman from Indiana’s 11th District in 1880. Steele was inaugurated on March 4, 1883. He retained his post for eight years, winning reelection in 1882, 1884, and 1886. Marion (IPA: ) is a city in Grant County, Indiana, United States. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

President Benjamin Harrison appointed Steele Governor of Oklahoma Territory.

After officially leaving office on March 3, 1889, Steele returned home to Marion. Within a year’s time, on May 2, 1890, the western portion of the unorganized territory of modern day Oklahoma became the Oklahoma Territory. Upon hearing reports of disorder and chaos in the new territory, President Benjamin Harrison wanted a former military officer to serve as the territory’s first governor. Harrison appointed Steele to the office, and on May 22, 1890, Steele was inaugurated in Guthrie, Oklahoma Territory. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2588x3282, 1015 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Benjamin Harrison George Washington Steele ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2588x3282, 1015 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Benjamin Harrison George Washington Steele ... For other persons named Benjamin Harrison, see Benjamin Harrison (disambiguation). ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 122nd day of the year (123rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... Oklahoma Territory was an organized territory of the United States from May 2, 1890 until November 16, 1907, when Oklahoma became the 46th state. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Benjamin Harrison, see Benjamin Harrison (disambiguation). ... An officer is a member of a military, naval, or if applicable, other uniformed services who holds a position of responsibility. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... Guthrie is a city in Logan County, Oklahoma and is part of the Oklahoma City Metroplex. ...


Governor of Oklahoma Territory

Immediately upon entering office, Governor Steele declared a state of emergency throughout the Territory. This allowed him to best use his experience as a military officer. Steele supplemented the orderly processes of government for the Territory’s disorderly situation. Unfortunately for the Governor, much of his time was occupied with a dispute with the Oklahoma Territorial Legislature. The Legislature wanted to move the capital from Guthrie, first to Oklahoma City then to Kingfisher. All of these bills were vetoed by the Governor. For other uses, see State of emergency (disambiguation). ... OKC redirects here. ... Kingfisher is a city in Kingfisher County, Oklahoma, United States. ...


Steele also urged the creation of a public school system and universities of higher education in the Territory. Through his work, the Legislature approved and established two universities: one in Norman and another in Stillwater. The Norman Territorial University would become University of Oklahoma, with the Stillwater A&M College becoming Oklahoma State University. Norman, Oklahoma, is the county seat and largest city in Cleveland County in the U.S. state of Oklahoma, and is part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Statistical Area. ... Downtown Stillwater Stillwater is a city in Payne County, Oklahoma, United States. ... University of Oklahoma, abbreviated OU, is a coeducational public research university located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. ... Oklahoma State University, located in Stillwater, Oklahoma, is an institution of higher learning founded in 1890 as a land-grant university, known as Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical College (Oklahoma A&M). ...


After only seventeen months in office, Governor Steele resigned the governorship effective October 18, 1891. In his place, President Harrison appointed Abraham Jefferson Seay to the governorship. Robert Martin, Secretary of Oklahoma Territory, served as Acting Governor from October 18, 1891, until February 1892, when Governor Seay took the oath of office. is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Governor Abraham Jefferson Seay Abraham Jefferson Seay (November 28, 1832 – December 12, 1915) was an American lawyer, soldier, judge, and politician. ... Robert Martin was the second, though Acting, Governor of Oklahoma Territory. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Return to Indiana politics

Returning to Marion, Steele remained a private citizen until he reentered state politics in 1894 when he was elected to once again represent Indiana’s 11th District in the United States House of Representatives. His term officially began on March 4, 1895. 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


While in the House, Steele served as the Chairman for the House Committee on Manufactures, during the 57th United States Congress. Steele also served on the Board of Managers of the National Military Home at Marion from April 21, 1890, to December 10, 1904. He was promoted to Governor of the National Military Home and served in that role from December 11, 1904, to May 31, 1915, when he resigned. Steele remained in office as a Congressman until 1903, after serving eight years. The U.S. House Commerce Committee on Energy and Commerce residing at 2125 Rayburn House Office Building in Washington, DC is the oldest (208 years) legislative standing committee in the U.S. House of Representatives. ... United States Capitol (1906) // The Fifty-seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, comprised of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... is the 344th day of the year (345th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...


Death and legacy

Steele once again returned to life as private citizen in Marion. At the age of 83, Steele died on July 12, 1922 in Marion. He is buried there in Odd Fellows Cemetery. is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Steele’s most enduring legacy would not be found in his home state of Indiana or in national politics, but in Oklahoma. He instituted Oklahoma Territory’s first public school system, as well as to help establish Oklahoma’s premier universities: Oklahoma University and Oklahoma State University. One observer noted his tenure as Governor: “He was a most capable executive and his unafraid service to the territory must not be minimized.”[1]


References

Notes

  1. ^ Dan W. Peery, "George W. Steele," Chronicles of Oklahoma, Vol. XII, pp. 383 et seq.; "The First Two Years," Chronicles of Oklahoma, Vol. VIII, pp. 94 et seq.

External links

Preceded by
Calvin Cowgill
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 11th congressional district

1883-1889
Succeeded by
Augustus N. Martin
Preceded by
None
Governor of Oklahoma Territory
18901891
Succeeded by
Robert Martin
Preceded by
Augustus N. Martin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 11th congressional district

1895-1903
Succeeded by
Frederick Landis
Persondata
NAME Steele, George Washington
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION 1st Governor of Oklahoma Territory
DATE OF BIRTH December 13, 1839
PLACE OF BIRTH Fayette County, Indiana, United States of America
DATE OF DEATH July 12, 1922
PLACE OF DEATH Marion, Indiana, United States of America

 
 

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