George William Gray (born 4 September 1926) is a Professor of Organic Chemistry at the University of Hull who was instrumental in developing the long-lasting materials which made liquid crystal displays possible. The University of Hull, also known as Hull University, is an English university located in Hull (or Kingston upon Hull), a city in the East Riding of Yorkshire. ... Reflective twisted nematic liquid crystal display. ...
Born in Scotland, Gray was educated at the University of Glasgow and the University of London. He developed his academic career at the University of Hull from 1946 to 1990, where he remains an Emeritus Professor. In conjunction with the Royal Radar Establishment he was instrumental in developing cyano-biphenyl liquid crystals, which were found to possess stable nematic phases at room temperature. These long-lasting materials made the twisted nematic display (LCD) popular. Gray wrote the first english book covering the subject of liquid crystals, "Molecular Structure and Properties of Liquid Crystals", published in 1962.  Motto: (Eng: No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots 2 Government Constitutional monarchy - Queen of the UK Queen Elizabeth II - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification - by... The University of Glasgow was founded in 1451, in Glasgow, Scotland. ... The University of London is a federation of colleges and institutes which together constitute one of the worlds largest universities. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Bold text Schlieren texture of Liquid Crystal nematic phase Liquid crystals are substances that exhibit a phase of matter that has properties between those of a conventional liquid, and those of a solid crystal. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...
Gray was recipient of the 1995 Kyoto Prize for Advanced Technology, is a Commander of the British Empire (CBE) and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1983. Gray has been a Director of the International Liquid Crystal Society. Members of the British Liquid Crystal Society honoured his achievements by establishing the George W. Gray Medal for contributions to liquid crystal research and technology.  The Kyoto Prize (äº¬é½è³) has been awarded annually since 1984 by the Inamori Foundation, founded by Kazuo Inamori (fortune from ceramics). ... Commanders Badge of the Order of the British Empire The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is an order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions, in order of seniority: Knight or Dame Grand Cross... The Fellowship of the Royal Society was founded in 1660. ...
George William Gray, Kyoto Prize biography
The History of Liquid Crystals at the University of Hull
Interview With George Gray, The Vega Science Trust
George Gray - Liquid Perfection
Train named 'Professor George Gray'
Categories: Fellows of the Royal Society | Academics of the University of Hull | University of Glasgow alumni | Commanders of the Order of the British Empire | Chemist stubs | British scientist stubs
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