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Encyclopedia > George Voinovich
George Voinovich
George Voinovich

Incumbent
Assumed office 
January 6, 1999
Serving with Sherrod Brown
Preceded by John Glenn
Succeeded by Incumbent (2011)

In office
January 14, 1991 – December 31, 1998
Lieutenant(s) Mike DeWine (1991–1994)
Nancy P. Hollister (1995–1998)
Preceded by Richard Frank Celeste
Succeeded by Nancy P. Hollister

In office
1980 – 1989
Preceded by Dennis J. Kucinich
Succeeded by Michael R. White

Born July 15, 1936 (1936-07-15) (age 71)
Cleveland, Ohio
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse Janet Voinovich
Alma mater Ohio University
Religion Orthodox Christian

George Victor Voinovich (born July 15, 1936) is the senior United States Senator from the state of Ohio, and a member of the Republican Party. Previously, he served as the 65th Governor of Ohio from 1991 to 1998, and as the 54th mayor of Cleveland from 1980 to 1989. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 473 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 2027 pixel, file size: 1. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Greater Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... Open seat redirects here. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Sherrod Campbell Brown (born November 9, 1952) is the Democratic Junior United States Senator from the state of Ohio. ... For other persons named John Glenn, see John Glenn (disambiguation). ... Ohio Governors Ohio was admitted to the Union on March 1, 1803. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The position of lieutenant governor of Ohio was established in 1852. ... Richard Michael Mike DeWine (born January 5, 1947) is an American politician from Ohio. ... Nancy Putnam Hollister (born May 22, 1949) is a Republican politician from the U.S. state of Ohio. ... Richard Frank Dick Celeste (born November 11, 1937, in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American politician from Ohio, and a member of the Democratic Party. ... Nancy Putnam Hollister (born May 22, 1949) is a Republican politician from the U.S. state of Ohio. ... Categories: Lists of mayors | Mayors of Cleveland ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Dennis John Kucinich (born October 8, 1946) is an American politician of the Democratic party and a candidate for President of the United States in both 2004 and 2008. ... Michael R. White (born August 13, 1951) is an American politician of the Democratic party and the 55th and longest-serving mayor of Cleveland, Ohio encompassing three four-year terms, from 1990 to 2001. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Cleveland redirects here. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... Ohio University (OU) is a public university located in Athens, Ohio that is situated on a 1,800 acre (7. ... The term Orthodox Christian refers to two Christian traditions: Oriental Orthodoxy, which separated from the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church in the 5th century; Eastern Orthodoxy, which the Roman Catholic church separated from in 1054 was the church that was started by the apostles. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Senior Senator and Junior Senator are terms commonly used in the media to describe U.S. Senators. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Greater Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... Categories: | ... The Mayor of Cleveland is the chief executive of the citys government. ... Cleveland redirects here. ...

Contents

Personal life

Born in Cleveland, Ohio, to a Serb father from Croatia[1][2] (from Kordun [1]) and a Slovenian mother, Voinovich earned a bachelor of arts degree in government from Ohio University in 1958 and a law degree from The Ohio State University in 1961. Voinovich is a member of Phi Kappa Tau fraternity. He married his wife, Janet, in 1962. They had four children: George, Betsy, Peter, and Molly, as well as seven grandchildren. Molly, their youngest child, was killed in an auto accident at age 9. Cleveland redirects here. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [27] Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in... The Kordun region is a part of central Croatia at the bottom of the Petrova gora mountain range, which extends along the river Korana and forms part of the border region to Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... A B.A. issued from the University of Tennessee. ... Ohio University (OU) is a public university located in Athens, Ohio that is situated on a 1,800 acre (7. ... “J.D.” redirects here. ... The Ohio State University (OSU) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Ohio. ... Phi Kappa Tau (ΦΚΤ) is a U.S. national college fraternity // Phi Kappa Tau Fraternity (commonly called Phi Tau) was founded in the Union Literary Society Hall of Miami Universitys Old Main Building in Oxford, Ohio on March 17, 1906. ...


Early career

Voinovich began his political career in 1963 as an assistant attorney general of Ohio. He then served as a member of the Ohio House of Representatives from 1967 to 1971. From 1971 to 1976, he served as county auditor of Cuyahoga County, Ohio. In 1975, he made an unsuccessful run for the Republican nomination for mayor of Cleveland against incumbent Mayor Ralph J. Perk. From 1977 to 1978, he served as a member of the Cuyahoga County Board of Commissioners. In 1978, Voinovich was elected lieutenant governor on the ticket with James A. Rhodes (the first Ohio lieutenant governor not to be elected separately from the governor). Ohio has a bicameral legislature, the Ohio General Assembly, consisting a House of Representatives and Senate (the Ohio State Senate), based on its constitution of 1851. ... Cuyahoga County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... The Mayor of Cleveland is the chief executive of the citys government. ... Former Cleveland Mayor Carl B. Stokes (right) passes the torch to Mayor-Elect Ralph J. Perk (left) in 1971. ... Governor James Rhodes James Allen Rhodes (September 13, 1909 – March 4, 2001) was an American Republican politician from Ohio, and as of 2004 one of only three U.S. state governors to be elected to four four-year terms in office. ...


Cleveland Mayoralty, 1980–1989

1979 Cleveland mayoral election

By 1979, elections in Cleveland had become nonpartisan, and with then-Mayor Dennis J. Kucinich (D) about to enter a tough re-election campaign, Voinovich began to consider running for mayor again. Twice, Voinovich suggested his intent to stand for office but then changed his mind. Finally, on July 26, he made "one of the most difficult decisions in [his] life." He resigned from the office of lieutenant governor and entered the primary election. In U.S. politics, nonpartisan denotes an election in which the candidates do not declare or do not formally have a political party affiliation. ... Dennis John Kucinich (born October 8, 1946) is an American politician of the Democratic party and a candidate for President of the United States in both 2004 and 2008. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

A 1979 Voinovich campaign poster for mayor of Cleveland.
A 1979 Voinovich campaign poster for mayor of Cleveland.

Aside from Kucinich, Voinovich's other opponents included state Senator Charles Butts and city council majority leader Basil Russo. As the election drew closer, The Plain Dealer announced its endorsement of Voinovich. Voter turnout in the primary was greater than that of 1977 race among Perk, Kucinich, and Edward F. Feighan (when Voinovich had endorsed Kucinich). In the 1979 nonpartisan primary election, Voinovich led with 47,000 votes to 36,000 for Kucinich. Russo (who obtained 21,000) and Butts (with 19,000) did not qualify for the general election. The biggest surprise was Voinovich's showing in predominantly African American wards, where he was expected to finish last. He trailed only Butts, with Kucinich last.[citation needed] Image File history File links Voinovich-campaign. ... Image File history File links Voinovich-campaign. ... The Plain Dealer is the major daily newspaper of Cleveland, Ohio. ... Edward F. Feighan (born 1947 in Lakewood, Cuyahoga County, Ohio). ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ...


Then, a few days after the primary, Voinovich's nine-year-old daughter, Molly was struck by a van and killed on October 8. This tragic event brought the campaign to a virtual halt and made it difficult for Kucinich to attack his opponent. Still, he challenged Voinovich to a series of debates in Cleveland neighborhoods. However, the former lieutenant governor declined these invitations saying they would be unproductive. Finally, however, a debate between Voinovich and Kucinich was held at the City Club on November 3. Following the debate, Voinovich went on to win the election with 94,541 votes to Kucinch's 73,755. is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


After his victory in 1979, Voinovich won re-election in 1981 against Ohio state Rep. Patrick Sweeney (107,472 to 32,940) and in 1985 against councilman Gary Kucinich, Dennis' brother (82,840 to 32,185).

Voinovich highlights Cleveland's misspent bond funds at a November 1980 press conference.
Voinovich highlights Cleveland's misspent bond funds at a November 1980 press conference.

Image File history File links Voinovich-chart. ... Image File history File links Voinovich-chart. ...

"The Comeback City"

Voinovich was considered a rather low-key politician, a description he adopted himself.[citation needed] Once elected, he announced that he would meet immediately with Ohio Governor James Rhodes to solicit the state government's help in clearing up the city's debts. He negotiated a debt repayment schedule. In October 1980, eight local banks, with the state guaranteeing the loans, lent Cleveland $36.2 million, allowing the city to emerge from default. Despite this, the city's economy continued to decline and federal funding was cut. Two weeks earlier, voters turned down another 0.5 percent income tax increase. The opposition was led by Kucinich, who had been keeping a low profile since his defeat in the 1979 election. Voinovich said he would resubmit the tax issue on the February ballot to avoid facing a deficit in 1981. This time the voters approved the tax increase.


By the time Voinovich was elected, Cleveland had long been the butt of late night comedians' jokes.[citation needed] When Boston mayor Kevin White remarked that the city's finances had gone from "Camelot to Cleveland," Voinovich protested. White responded by saying that Boston had survived facetious remarks from a wide range of jokesters, from Mark Twain to Johnny Carson. "I am sure Cleveland will also," he said. Boston redirects here. ... Kevin Hagan White (born September 25, 1929 in Boston, Massachusetts) is an American politician best known as the longest-serving Mayor of Boston, a position he held from 1968 to 1984. ... Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910),[1] better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer. ...


The defensive attitude projected from the Cleveland media and Voinovich began to make inhabitants of other cities look twice at Cleveland.[citation needed] The Smythe-Cramer Co. especially helped restore the city's former glory by running a series of ads with photographs of downtown Cleveland captioned "Take Another Look. It's Cleveland!" In May, The Plain Dealer sent its Sunday subscribers bumper stickers saying, "New York's the Big Apple, but Cleveland's a Plum." The paper also passed out thousands of "Cleveland's a Plum" buttons and also ran a huge picture of Publisher Thomas Vail, with a smiling Voinovich beside him, throwing out the first plum at a Yankees-Indians game. Sportscaster Howard Cosell hailed the city during a baseball game and Voinovich subsequently presented him with a key to the city. A survey showed 65 percent of the residents of Greater Cleveland were very satisfied with their life in the city and even 57 percent claimed to be very satisfied, even in 1978, the year of default. Also, a national poll rated Detroit as the city with the worst image, with New York City second. Cleveland was fifth-worst.[citation needed] Panorama of Cleveland in 1909 Downtown Cleveland in 2006 Downtown Cleveland is the central business district of the City of Cleveland and Northeast Ohio. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... Howard William Cosell, born Howard William Cohen (March 25, 1918 – April 23, 1995) was an American sports journalist on American television. ... Detroit redirects here. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


The New Cleveland Campaign, a promotion agency formed in 1978, began sending out news releases bragging about Cleveland's virtues and proudly circulating reprints whenever it got a favorable story. Unfortunately, to show how much the "new" Cleveland had improved, it had to stress how bad the old Cleveland was. In particular, it stressed on the city's 1978 default, even though New York City defaulted on 300 times as much in 1975 (which they referred to as a "moratorium.").[citation needed]

Former Cleveland Mayor Voinovich speaking at the May Company ribbon cutting ceremony in 1981.
Former Cleveland Mayor Voinovich speaking at the May Company ribbon cutting ceremony in 1981.

The restoration campaign reached its peak in October with the society magazine Town and Country. "Cleveland's Come-Around" explained how "businessmen, lawyers and concerned citizens" rescued the city from "the petulant, pugnacious Dennis Kucinich." It called Voinovich's Operation Improvement Task Force under E. Mandell de Windt "the most significant undertaking in Cleveland since Moses Cleaveland stepped ashore on the bank of the Cuyahoga River in 1786." It also enticed its readers of Lake Erie and its "beautiful and exciting year-round sailing." Image File history File links Voinovich-mayor. ... Image File history File links Voinovich-mayor. ... May Company Ohio, was a regional department store based in Cleveland, Ohio. ... Town & Country is an American magazine focusing on high society and fashion. ... The City of Cleveland, Ohio was named after Moses Cleaveland, a surveyor of the Connecticut Land Company. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ...


So confident was Voinovich, that during election season, he even attracted presidential candidates Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan to debate in Cleveland. "Cleveland is making a comeback," Time Magazine declared at the close of 1980, "During the past year, convention business has flourished, school desegregation has proceeded peacefully, and a modest construction boom has begun. . . Most impressive of all, the city dug itself out of default." For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... Reagan redirects here. ... “TIME” redirects here. ...


Downtown development and other improvements

In order to accomplish more, Voinovich felt that the terms for mayor and Cleveland City Council ought to be extended. He offered a referendum to voters to extend them from two to four years and additionally asked voters to approve cutting down the number of council members from 33 to 21 in order to help ease the city's strained economy. They approved both requests. Cleveland City Hall The Cleveland City Council is the legislative branch of the government of the City of Cleveland in Ohio. ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ...


Throughout the Voinovich years, neighborhoods began to see some improvement starting with the Lexington Village housing project, $149 million in Urban Development Action Grants, and $3 billion of construction underway or completed. In particular, the neighborhoods of Hough and Fairfax, then two of Cleveland's worst east side neighborhoods, began to see new houses built and lesser amount of criminal activity. Voinovich also quietly moved to reconcile the warring groups of the 1970s. He made peace with business leaders and even posed with them in photographs that ran in New Cleveland Campaign ads in business magazines, captioned with the Voinovich slogan: "Together, we can do it." He refined the neighborhood groups, which, with the breakdown of the Democratic Party, became the most potent political force in the city. He also extended his hand to unions as well, in particular the Teamsters truck union. Hough is a surname, and may refer to Charlie Hough Donald Hough Emerson Hough Greg Hough Henry Hughes Hough James Hough, fictional character Jerry F. Hough John Hough Kenneth Hough Michael Hough Mike Hough Richard Hough Stephen Hough Walter Hough Paul Hough Thornton Hough Hough Green Hough Riots Hough transform... Fairfax is the name of some places in the United States of America: Fairfax, California Fairfax, Iowa Fairfax, Minnesota Fairfax, Missouri Fairfax, Ohio Fairfax, Oklahoma Fairfax, South Carolina Fairfax, South Dakota Fairfax, Vermont Fairfax, Virginia Fairfax, West Virginia Fairfax County, Virginia Fairfax District, Los Angeles, California Fairfax Station, Virginia Fairfax... A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers. ... The International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT), formerly known by the name International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen and Helpers of America, is one of the largest labor unions in the United States. ...


As mayor, Voinovich oversaw a huge scale urban renaissance downtown. Sohio (purchased by BP America in 1987), Ohio Bell, and Eaton Corporation all built new offices downtown (most notably the BP Building). Brothers Richard and David Jacobs astonished the city by rescuing its troubled Indians franchise, ultimately turning it around for the better. The two also improved the desolate area located by the Erieview Tower and turned it into the glass-roofed Galleria at Erieview. Voinovich also attracted the Key Bank company, which eventually led to the construction of Key Tower, the largest skyscraper in Cleveland and the 15th largest in the nation. In addition, the National Civic League awarded Cleveland the All-America City Award three times, in 1982, 1984, and 1986, in addition to its first, won in 1950. Standard Oil of Ohio or Sohio was an American oil company that was acquired by British Petroleum, now part of BP. It was one of the successor companies to Standard Oil after the antitrust breakup in 1911. ... This article is about the energy corporation. ... The Ohio Bell Telephone Company is the Bell Operating Company serving most of Ohio. ... This article is about an industrial manufacturer. ... The BP America Building The BP America Building (also known as the Sohio Building, the BP America Tower, 200 Public Square, or simply the BP Building) is the third tallest skyscraper in Cleveland, Ohio. ... The Erieview Tower. ... The Galleria at Erieview is a 2 floor shopping mall that opened in 1987 in Cleveland, Ohio, on the east side of the citys downtown. ... Key Bank is a bank headquartered in the Key Tower in Cleveland, Ohio. ... View of the Key Tower from the BP Tower, with The Mall, Cleveland Browns Stadium, and Lake Erie in the background Key Tower is a skyscraper in Cleveland, Ohio designed by architect César Pelli. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... The National Civic League is an organization founded in 1894 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at a meeting of civic leaders, policy-makers, journalists, and educators (including Theodore Roosevelt, Louis Brandeis, Marshall Field, and Frederick Law Olmsted) to discuss the future of American cities. ... All-America City Program Logo The All-America City Award is given by the National Civic League annually to ten cities in the United States. ...


Voinovich and Municipal Light

One of the key issues surrounding the previous Kucinich administration was canceling the sale of Cleveland Municipal Light (today Cleveland Public Power). Kucinich's insistence on saving it from being absorbed into the Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company (CEI) led the business community to force Cleveland into default. Voinovich's successful negotiations reversed this action when he first assumed office as mayor. However, Voinovich's pro-business attitude did not change CEI's position on the issue, as they persisted in making efforts to buy out Muny Light and pressuring Voinovich into giving them the right to do so. Voinovich resisted. Early in his tenure, he arranged for capital improvements to strengthen the operation of Muny Light and by 1982, it was able to compete with CEI. He asserted that the company was making attempts to cripple Muny Light by lobbying council against much-needed legislation. "We still have a battle going on," Voinovich said, "They [CEI] are as dedicated as ever to laying away the Municipal Light system." Cleveland Public Power (also known as CPP) is a publicly-owned electricity generation and distribution company in Ohio. ...

Voinovich as Mayor of Cleveland.
Voinovich as Mayor of Cleveland.

In 1984, however, Voinovich's pro-Muny attitude began to change, when his administration began negotiations for CEI. The deal would have allowed CEI to take over all of Muny's private customers in exchange for various benefits including a cash payment of $40 million. Furthermore, CEI threatened to move its more than 1,000 employees to the suburbs, instead of placing them in a major downtown development, if Voinovich did not agree to sell. CEI put additional pressure on the mayor to sell when it widely publicized its advantages in a full-page newspaper advertisement and letters to all city residents. Perhaps fearing a Kucinich comeback and after stating that he had been "leaned on by everyone in this town," Voinovich cancelled the sale once and for all. CEI itself was eventually acquired and became part of FirstEnergy. Image File history File links Voinovich-cleveland. ... Image File history File links Voinovich-cleveland. ... FirstEnergy provides power, natural gas and services to parts of Ohio, Pennsylvania and New Jersey. ...


Criticisms

Despite the achievements of the Voinovich administration, there were still some problems and criticisms. The city's population continued to decrease and its public school system continued to experience issues, a problem that still plagues the city to this day. Critics of The Plain Dealer's "plum campaign" produced counter-bumper stickers that read "If Cleveland's a plum, no wonder why The Plain Dealer is the pits."


The Plain Dealer also criticized Voinovich after he threatened mass layoffs if a second income tax increase (proposed in 1984) would not pass. It failed by an almost 2 to 1 margin. Instead of offering mass layoffs however, Voinovich apologized saying that he exaggerated the probable extent of the layoffs in an effort to persuade voters.[citation needed]


In 1988, Voinovich announced his retirement from his position as mayor and ran to unseat then U.S. Senator Howard Metzenbaum while still in the mayor's office. During his campaign, Voinovich charged that Metzenbaum was soft on child pornographers.[citation needed] He was roundly criticized for this attack and lost to Metzenbaum in a landslide.[citation needed] Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Howard Metzenbaum Howard Morton Metzenbaum (born June 4, 1917) is an American politician who served for almost 20 years as a Democratic member of the U.S. Senate (1974, 1976-1995). ...


Governorship

Voinovich as Governor
Voinovich as Governor

In 1990, Voinovich was nominated by the Republicans to replace Governor Richard F. Celeste, a Democrat who was barred from running for a third consecutive term. In that race, Voinovich defeated Anthony J. Celebrezze Jr., a victory that made Voinovich the first Serb American ever to hold office as governor; no others were elected until Rod Blagojevich won the governorship of Illinois in 2002. In 1994, Voinovich was re-elected to the governorship, defeating Democrat Robert L. Burch Jr. in a massive landslide. He won 72% of the vote. From http://bioguide. ... From http://bioguide. ... Richard Frank Dick Celeste (born November 11, 1937, in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American politician from Ohio, and a member of the Democratic Party. ... Anthony Joseph Tony Celebrezze Jr. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [27] Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in... Milorad Blagojevich, commonly known as Rod R. Blagojevich (pronounced IPA:  , born December 10, 1956) is an American politician from the state of Illinois. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Robert L. Burch Jr. ...


Voinovich's tenure as governor saw Ohio's unemployment rate fall to a 25-year low. The state created more than 500,000 new jobs.[citation needed] Under Voinovich, Ohio was ranked #1 in the nation by Site Selection Magazine for new and expanding business facilities.


Beyond the Governor's office

In 1996, Voinovich hoped to be chosen by then U.S. Senator Robert J. Dole to be the Republican nominee for U.S. vice president.[citation needed] Dole, however, chose Jack Kemp instead. In 1998, barred from running for a third term as governor, Voinovich set his eyes on the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by long-time incumbent Democrat John Glenn. Voinovich won that race, defeating Democrat Mary O. Boyle. § Robert Joseph Dole (born July 22, 1923) was a United States Senator from Kansas from 1969-1996, serving part of that time as United States Senate Majority Leader. ... Jack French Kemp Jr. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... For other persons named John Glenn, see John Glenn (disambiguation). ... Mary O. Boyle is an fake fraud stealing identity and user of the community. ...


Senate career

Voinovich introducing George W. Bush at Ohio Campaign Rally, 2004
Voinovich introducing George W. Bush at Ohio Campaign Rally, 2004

Particularly in his first years in the Senate, Voinovich was opposed to lowering tax rates. He frequently joined Democrats on tax issues and in 2000 was the only Republican in Congress to vote against a bill providing for relief from the "marriage penalty." While he did vote for the tax bills of 2001 and 2003 and has voted in favor of eliminating the estate tax, Voinovich is still more hesitant to support cutting taxes than most in his party.[citation needed] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 740 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1754 × 1421 pixel, file size: 542 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) author- Joe Bengoechea I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 740 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1754 × 1421 pixel, file size: 542 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) author- Joe Bengoechea I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The marriage penalty in the United States refers to the higher taxes required from some married couples, where spouses are making approximately the same taxable income, filing one tax return (married filing jointly) than for the same two people filing two separate tax returns (as single, not married filing separately... Inheritance tax, also known in some countries outside the United States as a death duty and referred to as an estate tax within the U.S, is a form of tax levied upon the bequest that a person may make in their will to a living person or organisation. ...


On gun politics, Voinovich generally supports gun control legislation, which has earned him a 'D' rating from the NRA and an 'F' rating from Gun Owners of America.[citation needed] It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Gun politics. ... This article concerns the National Rifle Association of the USA. For the UK organisation, see National Rifle Association of the United Kingdom The National Rifle Association, or NRA, is a non-profit group for the promotion of marksmanship, firearm safety, and the protection of hunting and personal protection firearm rights... Gun Owners of America is the second largest gun rights organization in America. ...


In November 2004, in his bid for re-election, Voinovich defeated[citation needed] the Democratic nominee, Ohio state senator Eric Fingerhut, whose candidacy was overshadowed by persistent speculation that TV talk show host Jerry Springer might enter the race.[citation needed] Eric David Fingerhut (b. ... This article is about Jerry Springer himself. ...


Voinovich gained national attention at the Senate Foreign Relations Committee's confirmation hearing of John R. Bolton, nominee for U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, when he commented "I don't feel comfortable voting today on Mr. John Bolton." As a result, the committee recessed without a vote and thus stalled the nomination.[3] Voinovich later allowed the committee to send the nomination to the full Senate, but forced the committee to do so without a recommendation.[citation needed] Democrats refused to invoke cloture and end debate on the Bolton nomination — the first time, Voinovich voted to end debate, the second time, he joined Democrats in voting to extend debate and urged Bush to choose another nominee. Voinovich has since amended his views and determined that Bolton did a "good job" as UN Ambassador, praising him by saying "I spend a lot of time with John on the phone. I think he is really working very constructively to move forward."[4] U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations is a standing committee of the United States Senate. ... John Robert Bolton (born November 20, 1948), is an jewish American diplomat in several Republican administrations, who served as the Permanent US Representative to the UN from August 2005 until December 2006, on a recess appointment. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ...


Voinovich has a reputation of being overcome by emotion in public situations and has choked up on several occasions during important speeches[citation needed], the latest example being during his May 25, 2005, address in the Senate pleading with fellow Republicans to reject Bolton's nomination. Voinovich lost his composure as he explained that he ran for re-election in order to try to secure a stable future for his children and grandchildren.[citation needed] Voinovich also got choked up when the Cleveland Browns announced their intent to move to Baltimore as the Ravens.[citation needed] In 1999, Voinovich said that President Clinton's signing of the "Ed-Flex" bill had brought tears of joy to his eyes.[citation needed] is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Browns redirects here. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... City Baltimore, Maryland Team colors Purple, Black, and Gold Head Coach Brian Billick Owner Steve Bisciotti General manager Ozzie Newsome Mascot The Ravens: Edgar, Allan, & Poe League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1996–present) American Football Conference (1996-present) AFC Central (1996-2001) AFC North (2002-present) Team history Baltimore... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ...


In an interview,[5] Voinovich has expressed his intent on running for re-election as Senator.


With the Senate debating lobbying reform following the Jack Abramoff scandal, Voinovich has expressed opposition to the creation of an independent "public integrity" office to police members of Congress because he believes that the Senate Ethics Committee, which he chairs, already handles that job.[citation needed] "Why create another entity that will do the same thing we are already doing and build up a big staff?" asked Voinovich. He stated that his committee will "get into the Abramoff situation" after the Justice Department finishes investigating the lobbyist's claims of bribing members of Congress.[citation needed] Jack Abramoff (born February 28, 1958) is an American political lobbyist, a Republican political activist and businessman who is a central figure in a series of high-profile political scandals. ...


Voinovich backed most of the reforms that were discussed by the Senate in the spring of 2006, and was particularly pleased with a section that would require his committee to publicly divulge its activities at the end of the year without revealing who was investigated unless they were sanctioned. [citation needed] Still, Voinovich worried that his committee's confidential nature makes the public wonder whether it's doing anything at all. "We do a tremendous amount of work in terms of following up on anything we feel would bring dishonor to the Senate," he said. "It bothers me that I am working my tail off in this committee, spending hours and hours, and I can't talk about what I'm doing."[citation needed]


On March 17, Voinovich brought issues regarding the Great Lakes to the Senate, stating that failure to promptly fix the Lakes' environmental problems could lead to a catastrophe as severe as Hurricane Katrina.[citation needed] is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ...


In January 2007, Senator Voinovich expressed concern to Condoleezza Rice that the President's plan to increase troop levels in Iraq would not be effective. The Senator did not share President George W. Bush's optimism. "At this stage of the game, I don't think it's going to happen." As a moderate Republican, the Senator was viewed as one of few that could potentially influence the President. Five months later, Senator Voinovich requested to Bush in a five-page letter that the US begin pulling troops from Iraq and asking that the Iraqis start taking care of their own territory, calling for a "comprehensive plan for our country's gradual military disengagement from Iraq." [6][7] Condoleezza Rice (born November 14, 1954) is the 66th United States Secretary of State, and the second in the administration of President George W. Bush to hold the office. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ...


In May 2007, Voinovich--a longtime advocate for young children[citation needed]--and fellow Senator Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio) introduced a bipartison bill giving states the opportunity to receive grant money for hiring and training highly qualified early childhood educators.[8] Sherrod Campbell Brown (born November 9, 1952) is the Democratic Junior United States Senator from the state of Ohio. ...


On June 27, 2007, the senator was a guest on the Sean Hannity radio program. According to World Net Daily, Hannity's continued questioning about the senator's intentions on key cloture votes over what is characterized as an "amnesty" bill caused him to "melt down before millions of listeners."[9] When questioned about whether he had done a cost analysis on the bill (the Heritage Foundation, a conservative think-tank, estimated the bill would cost the American taxpayers $2.5 trillion) Voinovich responds that he didn't believe the cost would be that high because a third of those eligible for a path to citizenship would never take it, for which he had no proof.[9] He later admitted that he had read neither the bill itself or the Heritage Foundation analysis.[9] Eventually, the senator implied Hannity was irrational and hung up on him.[9] After publically stating that he would "not be intimidated" by Hannity or his constituents into voting against cloture on June 27, Voinovich reversed his decision and voted against cloture on June 28.[citation needed] Sean Patrick Hannity (born December 30, 1961, in New York City, New York) is an Irish American, conservative talk radio host (The Sean Hannity Show), co-host of Fox News Channels program Hannity & Colmes, host of the Fox News weekend program Hannitys America, and author of two books. ... World Net Daily, also known as WND, is a conservative online news site. ... The Heritage Foundation is one of the most prominent conservative think tanks in the United States. ...


Electoral history

  • 1979 Race for Mayor (Cleveland)
  • 1981 Race for Mayor (Cleveland)
    • George Voinovich (R) (inc.), 77%
    • Patrick Sweeney (D), 23%
  • 1985 Race for Mayor (Cleveland)
    • George Voinovich (R) (inc.), 72%
    • Gary Kucinich (D), 28%
  • 1988 Race for U.S. Senate (Ohio)
  • 1990 Race for Governor (Ohio)
  • 1994 Race for Governor (Ohio)
    • George Voinovich (R) (inc.), 72%
    • Rob Burch (D), 25%
  • 1998 Race for U.S. Senate (Ohio)
  • 2004 Race for U.S. Senate (Ohio)

Dennis John Kucinich (born October 8, 1946) is an American politician of the Democratic party and a candidate for President of the United States in both 2004 and 2008. ... Howard Metzenbaum Howard Morton Metzenbaum (born June 4, 1917) is an American politician who served for almost 20 years as a Democratic member of the U.S. Senate (1974, 1976-1995). ... Anthony Joseph Tony Celebrezze Jr. ... Robert L. Burch Jr. ... Mary O. Boyle is an fake fraud stealing identity and user of the community. ... Eric David Fingerhut (b. ...

See also

The voters of the U.S. state of Ohio elect a governor for a four-year term. ...

References

  1. ^ "Croatian premier meets US congressmen", BBC Worldwide Monitoring, 2002-06-05. Retrieved on 2007-03-23. 
  2. ^ U.S. Senator George Voinovich Visits Relatives in Topusko. Retrieved on 2007-03-23.
  3. ^ Stout, David. "Senate Panel Postpones Vote on U.N. Nominee", New York Times, 2005-04-19. Retrieved on 2007-03-24. 
  4. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20060206/pl_nm/un_bolton_voinovich_dc_1
  5. ^ http://www.newsnet5.com/politics/index.html
  6. ^ Another GOP Senator Urges Pullout, Anne Flaherty Associated Press June 26, 2007
  7. ^ 2 GOP senators break with Bush on Iraq, Norm N. Levey Los Angeles Times June 27, 2007
  8. ^ http://www.portclintonnewsherald.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070524/UPDATES01/70524006
  9. ^ a b c d Voinovich self-destructs on Hannity. World Net Daily (2007-06-27). Retrieved on 2007-09-19.
  • The Encyclopedia Of Cleveland History by Cleveland Bicentennial Commission (Cleveland, Ohio), David D. Van Tassel (Editor), and John J. Grabowski (Editor) ISBN 0-253-33056-4
  • Cleveland: A Concise History, 1796–1996 by Carol Poh Miller and Robert Anthony Wheeler ISBN 0-253-21147-6
  • The Crisis of Growth Politics: Cleveland, Kucinich, and the Challenge of Urban Populism by Todd Swanstrom ISBN 0-87722-366-1
  • Seven Making History: A Mayoral Retrospective by The League of Women Voters of Cleveland
  • 25 Years of Cleveland Mayors: Who Really Governs? by Roldo Bartimole
  • The New York Times, August 26, 1979. Mayor Kucinich Himself Is Issue In Upcoming Cleveland Primary by Edward Schumaker.
  • The Cleveland Press, September 21, 1979. Mayor Accuses Rival On Funding by Walt Bogdanich.
  • The Cleveland Press, November 3, 1979. City Club Debate: Candidates Go At It by Brent Larkin.
  • The Cleveland Press, November 7, 1979. Mayor-Elect Voinovich Moves To End Default by Brent Larkin.
  • The Cleveland Press, November 7, 1979. The Winner: Voinovich Is Subdued Victor by Fred McGunagle.
  • The Plain Dealer, August 7, 1999. Our Century: Muny Survives, But Kucinich Is Out of Power by Fred McGunagle.
  • The Plain Dealer, August 14, 1999. Our Century: Cleveland Climbs Out Of Default by Fred McGunagle.
  • The Plain Dealer, August 22, 1999. Our Century: Beleaguered Cleveland Prunes Its Image – 'Plum' Campaign To Rescue City From the Nation's Punch Lines by Fred McGunagle.
  • The Plain Dealer, September 5, 1999. Our Century: A Welcome Breather At City Hall While Voinovich Keeps Peace and Mends Fences, Kucinich Begins His Comeback, And Forbes Consolidates Power On City Council by Fred McGunagle.
  • The Plain Dealer, March 9, 2006. Ethics Panel Chief Voinovich Opposes Key Lobbying Reform by Sabrina Eaton.
  • The Plain Dealer, March 17, 2006. Great Lakes Need Help, Voinovich Says by Sabrina Eaton.

Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... World Net Daily, also known as WND, is a conservative online news site. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Richard F. Celeste
Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
1979
Succeeded by
Myrl Shoemaker
Preceded by
Dennis J. Kucinich
Mayor of Cleveland
1980 – 1989
Succeeded by
Michael R. White
Preceded by
Richard F. Celeste
Governor of Ohio
1991 – 1998
Succeeded by
Nancy P. Hollister
Preceded by
Harry Reid
Chairman of the Senate Ethics Committee
2003 – 2007
Succeeded by
Barbara Boxer
As Interim Chairman
United States Senate
Preceded by
John H. Glenn, Jr.
Senator from Ohio (Class 3)
1999 – present
Served alongside: Mike DeWine, Sherrod Brown
Incumbent
Current Committee Assignments
Committee Position
Environment and Public Works Subcommittee Ranking Member
Foreign Relations
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Subcommittee Ranking Member
Persondata
NAME Voinovich, George Victor
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Vojinović, George Victor (Serbo-Croatian)
SHORT DESCRIPTION Ohio politician
DATE OF BIRTH July 15, 1936
PLACE OF BIRTH Cleveland, Ohio
DATE OF DEATH living
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
JAG - Board - George Voinovich (1577 words)
Senator Voinovich believes that it is the fundamental responsibility of the federal government to protect its citizens from domestic and international threats.
Voinovich considers one of his most significant accomplishments in the Senate his victory to enact legislation to provide Cold War-era defense workers made sick from exposure to life-threatening materials monetary compensation and lifetime health benefits.
Voinovich also established a rainy-day fund of almost $1 billion and enacted tax reductions for three straight years including a 10 percent cut in 1998 for a total of $24 billion.
George Voinovich - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4329 words)
George Victor Voinovich (Vojinović in Serbo-Croatian) (born July 15, 1936) is an American politician of the Republican Party.
Voinovich is generally known to be a political maverick with a low-key persona.
Voinovich backed most of the reforms that were discussed by the Senate in the spring of 2006, and was particularly pleased with a section that would require his committee to publicly divulge its activities at the end of the year without revealing who was investigated unless they were sanctioned.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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