FACTOID # 9: The bookmobile capital of America is Kentucky.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > George Speight
George Speight
George Speight

George Speight, occasionally known as Ilikimi Naitini (born 1957), was the principal instigator of the Fiji coup of 2000, in which he kidnapped thirty-six government officials and held them from May 19, 2000 to July 13, 2000. He is currently serving a term of life imprisonment for his role in the overthrow of the constitutional government. George Speight File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Fiji coup of 2000 was a complicated affair involving a civilian putsch by hardline Fijian nationalists against the elected government of Prime Minister Mahendra Chaudhry on 19 May 2000, the attempt by President Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara to assert executive authority on 27 May, and his own resignation, possibly... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Life imprisonment is a term used for a particular kind of sentence of imprisonment. ...

Contents


Fiji coup of 2000

On May 19, 2000, a disparate gang led by Speight stormed the parliamentary complex and kidnapped Prime Minister Mahendra Chaudhry and 35 other parliamentarians, including Cabinet ministers. One of the ministers taken hostage was Adi Koila Nailatikau, the daughter of Fiji's 80-year old President, Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara. Announcing that he had deposed both the government and the President, Speight had himself sworn in as Prime Minister by co-conspirator Ratu Jope Seniloli, whom he proclaimed President in place of Mara. (Seniloli has since been convicted of treason for aiding and abetting the coup). President Mara tried to resist Speight's takeover, but abruptly resigned on 29 May and handed power over to Commodore Frank Bainimarama, the Commander of the Military. (Whether or not Mara's resignation was forced is now (2005) the subject of a police investigation). The Fiji coup of 2000 was a complicated affair involving a civilian putsch by hardline Fijian nationalists against the elected government of Prime Minister Mahendra Chaudhry on 19 May 2000, the attempt by President Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara to assert executive authority on 27 May, and his own resignation, possibly... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Fijis Parliament is bicameral. ... Fiji received its independence in 1970. ... Mahendra Pal Chaudhry (born 9 February 1942) is the leader of the Fiji Labour Party and currently the Leader of the Opposition in Parliament. ... Fiji has the Westminster system - executive authority is vested nominally in a President, but exercised in practice by a Cabinet of Ministers, presided over by the Prime Minister. ... Adi Koila Mara Nailatikau Adi Koila Mara Nailatikau is a Fijian lawyer, who has served as a career diplomat and politician. ... Fiji became a republic in 1987, when Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom formally abdicated as Queen of Fiji, following two military coups led by Lieutenant Colonel Sitiveni Rabuka. ... Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara (May 6, 1920 – April 18, 2004) is considered the founding father of the modern nation of Fiji. ... Fiji received its independence in 1970. ... Ratu Jope Seniloli Ratu Jope Naucabalavu Seniloli (born 1939) was the Vice-President of Fiji from 25 March 2001 to 29 November 2004, when he was forced to resign following his conviction for treason on August 6, 2004, and the rejection of his appeal early in November. ... Treason also commonly refers to a book by Ann Coulter In law, treason is the crime of disloyalty to ones nation or state. ... May 29 is the 149th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (150th in leap years). ... Commodore is a military rank used in some navies for officers whose position exceeds that of a Captain, but is less than that of a flag officer. ... Commodore Frank Bainimarama Josaia Voreqe Bainimarama, popularly known as Frank Bainimarama, (born 27 April 1954), is the Commander of the Fijian Military Forces, who organized a counter-coup in 2000 to neutralize the putsch led by George Speight. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Despite the overthrow of the government, Speight's control never extended beyond the parliamentary complex where he was holed up with his captives. There were, however, outbreaks of violence in Suva and Levuka, and on July 7 an army base on Vanua Levu Island was overrun by Speight's supporters. Suva is the capital of Fiji. ... Levuka, Fiji Levuka is a town on the Fijian island of Ovalau, in Lomaiviti Province, in the Eastern Division of Fiji, of which it is the capital. ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... Vanua Levu is the second largest island of Fiji, and was formerly known as Sandalwood Island. ...


Fifteen soldiers and two of their officers defected to the rebels and George Speight built up a strong private army. On June 9, Speight announced that he had abolished Fiji's multi-racial Constitution. Three days later, Speight's car was sprayed with gunfire, but the army denied that soldiers were involved in an operation to kill him. On June 25, four female hostages were released. On July 13, Chaudhry was released following an agreement between the rebels and the military administration of Commodore Bainimarama. Claiming that he had signed the agreement "under duress," Bainimarama promptly rescinded it. On 27 July, Speight was arrested with 369 of his followers and charged with treason. June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ...


Motives for the coup

Speight's claims to be a Fijian nationalist and a champion of indigenous rights attracted support from certain elements of the Fijian population who were angered by the results of the 1999 election, which had swept away a government dominated by ethnic Fijians and brought to power a multiracial government led by Mahendra Chaudhry, who became Fiji's first-ever Indo-Fijian Prime Minister. Hints that the Chaudhry government might institute some form of land reform also generated considerable resentment among sections of the indigenous population, despite Constitutional guarantees that ethnic Fijian ownership of 83 percent of the land could not be changed without the support of 9 of the 14 Senators appointed by the Great Council of Chiefs, a wholly indigenous body. The leadup to the coup had seen certain politicians and other public figures play upon this resentment and foster public fear that native land might be alienated. Speight thus found sizeable number of sympathizers when he launched his putsch on 19 May. Fijians are the major indigenous people of the Fiji Islands. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The general election to the Fijian House of Representatives, held in May 1999, was historic. ... Fijians are the major indigenous people of the Fiji Islands. ... A mixed-race Asian / Caucasian boy The terms multiracial, biracial, and mixed-race describe people whose ancestors are not of a single race. ... Indo-Fijian - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Land reform (also agrarian reform although that can have a broader meaning) is the government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of — i. ... The Senate of Fiji is the upper chamber of Parliament. ... The Great Council of Chiefs (Bose Levu Vakaturaga in Fijian) is a constitutional body in the Republic of the Fiji Islands. ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). ...


Claims have been made that Fijian nationalism may have been nothing more than a political ploy to attract supporters to what was, in reality, a personal grab for money and power on the part of Speight and his co-conspirators. During the 1990s, Speight had built up a modestly successful marketing business, but many contracts were lost after the Chaudhry government came to power in 1999. Charging corruption, Chaudhry revoked the contracts of two marketing firms, both chaired by Speight, that were involved in the country's lucrative timber trade, and by the time of the coup he was allegedly bankrupt. Several of his accomplices were undischarged bankrupts also. Some conspiracy theories claim that the real motive for the coup was to loot the treasury. The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... This proposed logo for the Information Awareness Office (a US governmental agency) was dropped due to fears that its pseudo-Masonic symbolism would provoke conspiracy theories. ...


Ratu Isireli Vuibau, the deposed Assistant Minister for Fijian Affairs, declared on 31 August 2000 that many involved with Speight had links to the Timber Resource Group, comprising Fijian politicians who were investors in Speight's Timber Resource Management Limited company, which had interests in pine, mahogany, and hardwood. He said these politicians had joined Speight against the government when their proposals were rejected. "Indigenous Fijians were used but little did they know that the coup was for a little group here and abroad," Ratu Vuibau said. August 31 is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Species About 115. ... The name mahogany was first used for wood of Swietenia mahagoni, later also for the wood of the closely related Swietenia macrophylla. ... Beech is a typical temperate zone hardwood The term hardwood designates wood from angiosperm trees. ...


Speight's partner, Torika Rawlinson, told the student newspaper Wansolwara that the original intention had been to execute members of the deposed government the night before the coup actually took place. She denied others' reports that Indo-Fijian businessmen had been involved. Her version has not been independently confirmed.


Elected to, and expelled from, Parliament

In August 2001, democracy was restored and in the subsequent election, Speight, now using the name of Ilikimi Naitini, was elected to the House of Representatives for the Tailevu North Fijian Communal constituency as a candidate of the Conservative Alliance Matanitu Vanua Party. He was unable to take up his seat in Parliament, however, as he remained in jail, and in December, he was expelled from parliament for nonattendance. On 18 February 2002, Speight, who had pleaded guilty to a charge of treason, was sentenced to death, but President Ratu Josefa Iloilo, who had replaced Mara following the coup, intervened the next day and commuted the sentence to life imprisonment. Speight is currently serving the sentence on Nukulau Island. August is the eighth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... The Constitution of Fiji was restored by a Supreme Court decision, following the failure of the Fiji coup of 2000. ... Overview The House of Representatives is the lower chamber of Fijis Parliament. ... Tailevu North Fijian Provincial Communal is an electoral division of Fiji, one of 23 communal constituencies reserved for indigenous Fijians. ... The Conservative Alliance (Matanitu Vanua in Fijian) is a nationalistic political party in Fiji. ... Look up December in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... Treason also commonly refers to a book by Ann Coulter In law, treason is the crime of disloyalty to ones nation or state. ... Fiji became a republic in 1987, when Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom formally abdicated as Queen of Fiji, following two military coups led by Lieutenant Colonel Sitiveni Rabuka. ... Ratu Josefa Iloilo Uluivuda (born December 29, 1920) is the President of Fiji. ... Life imprisonment is a term used for a particular kind of sentence of imprisonment. ... Nukulau Island is a small islet belonging to Fiji. ...


Purported change of heart

On 15 September 2004, a source close to the Fijian government revealed that Speight had converted to Christianity during his imprisonment. According to the source, Speight's conversion had led to a change of heart towards the Indo-Fijian community, and that he wished to participate in the upcoming Fiji Week, a series of prayer meetings and multicultural programmes aimed at reconciling Fiji's ethnic communities, planned for the week of 4 October through 11 October. "He now feels inspired by the word of God and would like to take part in the week of reconciliation," the source told the Australian Associated Press. This request for permission to leave his island prison to take part in the observances was refused, however. At a more personal level, a spokesman for deposed Prime Minister Mahendra Chaudhry said that on principle, Chaudhry would consider meeting Speight and forgiving him - provided that he reveal the identities of the persons who had planned and financed the coup. So far, Speight has not done so. September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Christianity is a monotheistic religion centered on the life, teachings, and actions of Jesus of Nazareth, known by Christians as Jesus Christ, as recounted in the New Testament. ... Fiji Week was a week of prayer meetings and multicultural programmes that took place the week of the fourth through the eleventh of October, 2004. ... October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years). ... Australian Associated Press is Australias national news agency and is Australias largest independent originator and aggregator of news and information, serving the media, government, business and financial markets. ...


Willing to tell all

The Fiji Village news service reported on 29 January 2006 that Speight and his cronies had indicated his willingness to face the government's proposed Reconciliation and Unity Commission and tell all they know about the planning, financing, and execution of the coup. This was an apparent reversal of his earlier vow to remain silent. The Fiji Village is an online news service in Fiji. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Reconciliation and Unity Commission is a proposed government body to be set up if the Reconciliation, Tolerance, and Unity Bill, which was introduced into the Fijian Parliament on May 4, 2005, is passed. ...


Fiji Live quoted Speight as alleging that the real reason for the strident opposition of the Military to the legislation establishing the proposed Commission was that their own role in the coup plot would be in danger of being revealed.


Personal life

George Speight hails from Naivicula, about ten kilometers from Korovou in Tailevu Province. He is the son of Sam Speight (sometimes known as Savenaca Tokainavo), a prosperous farmer of ethnic Fijian and European descent. The elder Speight participated in the 1987 coup instigated by Sitiveni Rabuka, which was ostensibly about protecting the interests of ethnic Fijians from Indo-Fijians, who had won a significant degree of power for the first time in the recent elections. He subsequently served as a Cabinet Minister in a variety of portfolios in Rabuka's governments throughout the 1990s. By the time his son attempted his putsch in 2000, however, Sam Speight was an opposition member of Parliament, his Fijian Political Party having lost power to the Indo-Fijian-led Labour Party of Mahendra Chaudhry in the elections of 1999. Tailevu is one of Fijis fourteen Provinces. ... Fijians are the major indigenous people of the Fiji Islands. ... Fiji Coups of 1987 refers to the 1987 overthrow of the government of Fiji by Lieutenant Colonel Sitiveni Rabuka, then third in command of the Royal Fiji Military Forces. ... Sitiveni Ligamamada Rabuka, OBE, (born September 13, 1948) is best known as the instigator of two military coups that shook Fiji in 1987. ... Indo-Fijians are people born in Fiji, but are ethnically Indian. ... The general election of April 1987 was Fijis fifth since the country had gained its independence from the United Kingdom seventeen years earlier. ... Fiji has the Westminster system - executive authority is vested nominally in a President, but exercised in practice by a Cabinet of Ministers, presided over by the Prime Minister. ... The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Fijis Parliament is bicameral. ... The Fijian Political Party (better known by its initials SVT, which stand for its Fijan name, Soqosoqo ni Vakavulewa ni Taukei) is a party which dominated politics in the 1990s and was the mainstay of coalition governments from 1992 to 1999, but which is currently without representation in the House... The Fiji Labour Party is a political party in Fiji. ... Mahendra Pal Chaudhry (born 9 February 1942) is the leader of the Fiji Labour Party and currently the Leader of the Opposition in Parliament. ... The general election to the Fijian House of Representatives, held in May 1999, was historic. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


Speight has a son, Ely (born 1998) with Torika Ralinson. 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


Speight graduated with Bachelor's and Master's degrees in Business from Michigan's Andrews University. He subsequently settled in Australia, where he worked as an insurance broker and computer salesman before returning to Fiji in 1996. He then became Chairman of Fiji Pine, Ltd. and of Fiji Hardware Corporation, Ltd.. He also became a manager of Health Fiji, Ltd. but was dismissed because of irregularities. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate or graduate course of one to three years in duration. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) English de-facto Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 11th 96,716 mi² 250,494 km² 239 miles 385 km 491 miles 790 km 41. ... Andrews University is a Seventh-day Adventist university in Berrien Springs, Michigan. ... Insurance, in law and economics, is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of potential financial loss. ... A computer is a machine for manipulating data according to a list of instructions - a program. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
George Speight - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1253 words)
George Speight, occasionally known as Ilikimi Naitini (born 1957), was the principal instigator of the Fiji coup of 2000, in which he kidnapped thirty-six government officials and held them from May 19, 2000 to July 13, 2000.
Speight's partner, Torika Rawlinson, told the student newspaper Wansolwara that the original intention had been to execute members of the deposed government the night before the coup actually took place.
Fiji Live quoted Speight as alleging that the real reason for the strident opposition of the Military to the legislation establishing the proposed Commission was that their own role in the coup plot would be in danger of being revealed.
George Speight (418 words)
George Speight (born 1957) was a rebel leader in Fiji who kidnapped 36 government people and stayed in de facto power from May 19, 2000 to July 13, 2000.
In the 1990s, George Speight built up a successful marketing business, but many contracts were lost after Mahendra Chaudhry, an Indo-Fijian, came to power in the parliamentary election of 1999.
In August 2001, democracy was restored and in the subsequent election, Speight was elected to parliament.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m