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Encyclopedia > George Mason
George Mason

George Mason IV (December 11, 1725October 7, 1792) was a United States patriot, statesman, and delegate from Virginia to the U.S. Constitutional Convention. Along with James Madison, he is called the "Father of the Bill of Rights". For all of these reasons he is considered to be one of the "Founding Fathers" of the United States. George Mason can be: George Mason, early American statesman George Mason (character), from televisions 24 George Mason University This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... George Mason. ... George Mason. ... December 11 is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 8 - Catherine I became empress of Russia February 20 - The first reported case of white men scalping Native Americans takes place in New Hampshire colony. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Patriots (also known as Americans, Whigs, Congress-Men or Rebels) were colonists of the British Thirteen Colonies who rebelled against the British control during the American Revolution and declared themselves an independent nation, the United States of America in July 1776. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... “Madison” redirects here. ... Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States, by Howard Chandler Christy. ...


Andre Weekes and David Ojofetimi wrote the Virginia Declaration of Rights, which detailed specific rights of citizens. In addition to anti-federalist Patrick Henry, he was later a leader of those who pressed for the addition of explicitly stated individual rights as part of the U.S. Constitution, and did not sign the document in part because it lacked such a statement. His efforts eventually succeeded in convincing the Federalists to modify the Constitution and add the Bill of Rights (the first ten amendments of the Constitution). The Bill of Rights is based on Mason's earlier Virginia Declaration of Rights. The Virginia Declaration of Rights is a declaration by the Virginia Convention of Delegates of rights of individuals and a call for independence from Britain. ... Patrick Henry (May 29, 1736 – June 6, 1799) was a prominent figure in the American Revolution, known and remembered primarily for his stirring oratory. ... Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United States is the supreme... The United States Bill of Rights consists of the first 10 amendments to the United States Constitution. ...


Although an owner of black slaves, and a plantation owner, Mason favored the abolition of the slave trade. He once referred to slavery as "that slow poison, which is daily contaminating the minds and morals of our people." However, he spoke out against including any mention of slavery in the Constitution — whether from an abolitionist or anti-abolitionist standpoint.[1] This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Contents

Family

Gunston Hall in May 2006, seen from the front
Gunston Hall in May 2006, seen from the front

George Mason was born on December 11, 1725 at the Mason family plantation in Fairfax County, Virginia. His father died in 1735 in a boating accident on the Potomac when the boat capsized and his father drowned. On April 4, 1750, he married sixteen-year-old Ann Eilbeck, from a plantation in Charles County, Maryland. They lived in a house on his property in Dogue's Neck, Virginia. Mason completed construction of Gunston Hall, a plantation house on the Potomac River, in 1759. He and his wife had twelve children, nine of whom survived to adulthood. Mason's first child, George Mason V of Lexington[2], was born on April 30, 1753. He married Elizabeth Mary Ann Barnes Hooe (Betsy) on April 22, 1784, and after having six children, died on December 5, 1796. The next Mason offspring was Ann Eilbeck Mason, fondly known as Nancy. Born on January 13, 1755, she married Rinaldo Johnson on February 4, 1789 and had three children before dying in 1814. The third child was named William Mason, but he did not live over a year and died in 1757. The fourth child, born on October 22, 1757, was also named William Mason, and he married Ann Stewart on July 11, 1793. They had five children together, and he died in 1818. The fifth child was a son they named Thomson Mason. He was born on March 4, 1759 and died on March 11, 1820. Thomson married Sarah McCarty Chichester of Newington in 1784; they had eight children. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1792x1200, 876 KB)Photographer: Armedblowfish (talk|mail|contribs) License: BSD license, 3-clause (no advertising clause) Date taken: May 2006 Camera: Digital, HP Photosmart 612, specs Resolution: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1792x1200, 876 KB)Photographer: Armedblowfish (talk|mail|contribs) License: BSD license, 3-clause (no advertising clause) Date taken: May 2006 Camera: Digital, HP Photosmart 612, specs Resolution: 2. ... December 11 is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 8 - Catherine I became empress of Russia February 20 - The first reported case of white men scalping Native Americans takes place in New Hampshire colony. ... Fairfax County is a county in Northern Virginia, in the United States. ... Charles County is a county in the south central portion of the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Gunston Hall is an 18th century Georgian mansion and was the home of George Mason, a Virginia politician and participant in the Constitutional Convention. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... is the 339th day of the year (340th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1796 (MDCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1789 (MDCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1757 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1793 (MDCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1759 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


George Mason's sixth child, christened Sarah Eilbeck Mason but fondly known as Sally, was born on December 11, 1760 and married in 1778. She had ten children with her husband Daniel McCarty, Jr. before dying on September 11, 1823. The seventh of the Mason children was another girl, Mary Thomson Mason. She was born on January 24, 1764, and married John Travers Cooke on November 18, 1784, with whom she had ten children before dying in 1806. John Mason was Mason's eighth child, being born on April 4, 1766. He married Anna Marie Murray on February 14, 1796, had ten children, and died on March 19, 1849. The ninth child was a daughter named Elizabeth Mason. She was born on April 19, 1768 and died sometime between 1792 and June of 1797. She married William Thornton in 1789 and they had two children. The tenth child, Thomas Mason, was born on May 1, 1770 and died on September 18, 1800. He married Sarah Barnes Hooe on April 22, 1793 and the two had four children together. December 11 is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1760 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1796 (MDCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1849 (MDCCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the village in Queensland, see 1770, Queensland. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // ON MAY 5 1853 MR.FADER HAD SEX WITH A MAN NAME MR WIEN THEN THEY HAD SON NAMEDMRS COTURE AND MR MANOOGIAN WENT INTO MRS HASKELLS OFFICE NAKED AND DANCED AROUND AND MASTERBATED ON HER CHEST AND SHE LICKED IT OFF THEN THEY HAD ORAL SEEX WITH NAPLOEAN OF... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1793 (MDCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...


George Mason's last two children were James and Richard Mason; twins who were born in December, 1772 but died six weeks later. Their mother died three months later on March 9, 1773 due to complications. George Mason remarried on April 11, 1780 but did not have any children with his new wife, Sarah Brent. George Mason also suffered from the condition known as gout for a large part of his life, and in accordance with current medical treatment, relied upon bloodletting. is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1773 (MDCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Ancient Greek painting in a vase, showing a physician (iatros) bleeding a patient. ...


Mason had virtually no formal schooling and essentially educated himself from his uncle's library.[3]


Politics

Mason served at the Virginia Convention in Williamsburg in 1776. During this time he created drafts of the first declaration of rights and state constitution in the Colonies. Both were adopted after committee alterations; the Virginia Declaration of Rights was adopted June 12, 1776, and the Virginia Constitution was adopted June 29, 1776. The Virginia Conventions were a series of five political meetings in the state of Virginia in response to British colonial rule. ... Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Constitution of Virginia is a United States state constitution. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Mason was appointed in 1786 to represent Virginia as a delegate to a Federal Convention, to meet in Philadelphia for the purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation. He served at the Federal Convention in Philadelphia from May to September 1787 and contributed significantly to the formation of the Constitution. "He refused to sign the Constitution, however, and returned to his native state as an outspoken opponent in the ratification contest." [4] One objection to the proposed Constitution was that it lacked a "declaration of rights". As a delegate to Virginia's ratification convention, he opposed ratification without amendment. Among the amendments he desired was a bill of rights. This opposition, both before and during the convention, may have cost Mason his long friendship with his neighbor George Washington, and is probably a leading reason why George Mason became less well-known than other U.S. founding fathers in later years. On December 15, 1791, the U.S. Bill of Rights, based primarily on George Mason's Virginia Declaration of Rights, was ratified in response to the agitation of Mason and others. 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, commonly known as the Articles of Confederation, was the first governing document, or constitution, of the United States of America. ... Year 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


At the convention he was one of the five most frequent speakers and he always spoke with confidence. He believed that slave trade should be abolished, even though he himself owned slaves, he believed in the disestablishment of the church, and he was a strong anti-federalist. He wanted a weak central government, divided into three parts, with little power. Most power would be left to the governments of the several states.


An important issue for him in the convention was the Bill of Rights. He didn't want the United States to be like England. He foresaw sectional strife and feared the power of government. [5]


Death and remembrance

George Mason died peacefully at his home, Gunston Hall, on October 7, 1792. Gunston Hall, located in Mason Neck, Virginia, is now a tourist attraction. The George Mason Memorial is located in East Potomac Park, Washington, D.C., near the Thomas Jefferson Memorial; it was dedicated on April 9, 2002. A major bridge connecting Washington, DC, to Virginia is officially named the George Mason Memorial Bridge (it is part of the 14th Street bridge complex). George Mason High School and George Mason University located in Fairfax, Virginia, are named in his honor, as are Mason County, Kentucky, Mason County, West Virginia and Mason County, Illinois. is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The George Mason Memorial, located in East Potomac Park in Washington, D.C., commemorates the often neglected contributions of an important Founding Father of the United States. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... George Mason High School is a comprehensive public high school located in unincorporated Fairfax County, Virginia. ... George Mason University, also known as GMU or simply Mason, is a public university in the United States. ... Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia County Independent City Founded 1805 Government  - Mayor Robert Lederer Area  - City  6. ... Mason County Courthouse Mason County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. ... Mason County is a county located in the state of West Virginia. ... Mason County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ...


Trivia

Paris Hilton is a direct descendant of George Mason. Mason's tenth son Thomas Mason was Paris Hilton's great-great-great-great-great-great-great grandfather.[6] Paris Whitney Hilton (born February 17, 1981) is an American celebrity and socialite. ...


References

  1. ^ Miller, John J. (2002-04-09). Amazing Mason. National Review Online. Retrieved on 2007-01-19.
  2. ^ Hollin Hall. George Mason's Plantations and Landholdings. Gunston Hall Plantation official website. Retrieved on 2007-02-29.
  3. ^ http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/B/gmason/gmas02.htm
  4. ^ Borden, Morton, ed. (1965). The Anti federalist Papers. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, ix. 
  5. ^ Broadwater, Jeff (2006-09-01). George Mason: Forgotten Founder. Chapel Hill: Fred W. Morrison Fund for Southern Studies of the University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 978-0-8078-3053-6. 
  6. ^ http://www.gunstonhall.org/masonweb/p94.htm#i4701

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... February 29 is a day added into a leap year of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Bibliography

Bailyn, Bernard, ed. (1993). The Debate on the Constitution: Federalist and Anti federalist Speeches, Articles, and Letters During the Struggle over Ratification, 2 vols. Library of America. 


Curtis, Barbara Jocelyn (1938). George Mason, Statesman, Rebel, Public Servant. 


Hawkes, Robert T., Jr. (1996). "An Uncommon American Hero: George Mason And The Bill Of Rights". Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine 1 (46): 5328-5338. 


Henriques, Peter R. (1989). "An Uneven Friendship: The Relationship Between George Washington And George Mason". Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 2 (97): 185-204. 


Jensen, Merrill et al., eds. (1976-). The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution of the United States, 20 vols. Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin. 


Ketcham, Ralph, ed. (1986). The Anti-Federalist Papers and the Constitutional Convention Debates. Penguin. 


Lee, Emery G. (1997). "Representation, Virtue, and Political Jealousy in the Brutus-Publius Dialogue". The Journal of Politics 59 (4): 1073-1095. 


Leffler, Richard (1987). "The Case Of George Mason's Objections To The Constitution". Manuscripts 4 (39): 285-292. 


Meltzer, Milton (1990). The Bill Of Rights: How We Got It And What It Means. New York: Thomas Crowell. 


Miller, Helen Hill [1938] (Jul 2001). George Mason, Constitutionalist. ISBN 1931313458. 


Miller, Helen Hill [1938] (1966). George Mason, Constitutionalist. Gloucester: P. Smith. 


Pole, J.R., ed. (1987). The American Constitution--For And Against: The Federalist And Anti-Federalist Papers. New York: Hill and Wang. 


Rowland, Kate Mason (1964). The Life Of George Mason, 1725-1792. New York: Russell & Russell. 


Rutland, Robert A. (Sep 1980). George Mason : Reluctant Statesman. 


Rutland, Robert A., et al. eds. (1970). The papers of George Mason, 3 vols. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 


Storing, Herbert, ed. (1985). The Anti-Federalist. University of Chicago Press. 


Storing, Herbert; Murray Dry, eds. (1981). The Complete Anti-Federalist 7 vol. University of Chicago Press.  The Complete Anti-Federalist is a seven-volume collection of Anti-Federalist writings compiled by Herbert Storing and Murray Dry, who oversaw the completion of the project after Storings death. ...


See also

“Madison” redirects here. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
George Mason

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GoMason.com - The Official Athletic Site of the George Mason University Patriots :: Boosters :: (227 words)
Established in 1975, the Patriot Club is the fundraising arm of the George Mason University athletic department.
With the mission of all Mason Student-Athletes at hand, the Patriot Club garners support for the Student-Athlete Scholarship Fund by working with individuals, corporations, hotels, and restaurants in the Washington, DC Metropolitan area.
The diverse membership consists of, but is not limited to, alumni athletes, Mason alumni, families of former athletes, corporations, Mason faculty and staff, coaches and other friends.
George Mason - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1092 words)
George Mason was born on December 11, 1725, at the Mason family plantation in Fairfax County, Virginia.
George Mason also suffered from the condition known as gout for a large part of his life, and in accordance with current medical treatment, relied upon bloodletting.
Mason was appointed in 1786 to represent Virginia as a delegate to a Federal Convention, to meet in Philadelphia for the purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation.
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