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Encyclopedia > George Gallup

George Horace Gallup (November 18, 1901July 26, 1984), American statistician, invented the Gallup poll, a successful statistical method of survey sampling for measuring public opinion. November 18 is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar with 43 days remaining. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Gallup poll is an opinion poll frequently used by the mass media for representing public opinion. ... A graph of a bell curve in a normal distribution showing statistics used in educational assessment, comparing various grading methods. ... In statistics, survey sampling is random selection of a sample from a finite population. ... Opinion polls are surveys of opinion using sampling. ...


Gallup was born into a poor farming family in Jefferson, Iowa. He entered State University of Iowa in 1918, and earned a B. A. (1923), M. A. (1925), and Ph. D. (1928) there; his doctoral dissertation was entitled A New Technique for Objective Methods for Measuring Reader Interest in Newspapers. After teaching at Iowa, he left in 1929 to head the school of journalism at Drake University, leaving there in 1931 to teach and do research at Northwestern University. One year later he joined Young & Rubicam (Y&R), an advertising agency, where he conducted public opinion surveys for its clients and became that industry's first market research director. He remained with Y&R for sixteen years. While still at Y&R, he founded the American Institute of Public Opinion in 1935. Jefferson is a city located in Greene County, Iowa. ... The University of Iowa is a major national research university located on a 1,900-acre campus in Iowa City, Iowa, USA, on the Iowa River in East Central Iowa. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... This article is about the thesis in dialectics and academia. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Journalism is a discipline of collecting, analyzing, verifying, and presenting information gathered regarding current events, including trends, issues and people. ... Drake University is a private, co-educational college located in the city of Des Moines, Iowa. ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... For other schools named Northwestern please see Northwestern College. ... Young & Rubicam, Inc. ... Generally speaking, advertising is the promotion of goods, services, companies and ideas, usually by an identified sponsor. ... Research Research covers the search for and retrieval of information for a specific purpose. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In 1936 his new organization achieved national recognition by correctly predicting, from the replies of only 50,000 respondents, the result of that year's presidential election, in contradiction to the widely respected Literary Digest magazine whose much more extensive poll based on over two million returned questionnaires got the result wrong. Not only did he get the election right, he correctly predicted the results of the Literary Digest poll as well using a random sample smaller than theirs but chosen to match it. 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... The Literary Digest was an influential general-interest magazine in the early 20th century United States. ...

Gallup polls incorrectly predicted that Thomas Dewey would win the 1948 Presidential race against Harry Truman.
Gallup polls incorrectly predicted that Thomas Dewey would win the 1948 Presidential race against Harry Truman.

Twelve years later his organization had its moment of greatest ignominy, when it predicted that Thomas Dewey would defeat Harry Truman in the 1948 election, by from five to 15 percentage points. Gallup believed the error was mostly due to ending his polling three weeks before Election Day. Image File history File links Harry S. Truman holding a copy of the Chicago Tribune at Union Station in St. ... Image File history File links Harry S. Truman holding a copy of the Chicago Tribune at Union Station in St. ... Thomas Edmund Dewey (March 24, 1902 – March 16, 1971) was the Governor of New York (1943-1955) and the Republican candidate for the U.S. Presidency in two elections (1944 and 1948), losing both times. ... For the victim of Mt. ... Thomas Edmund Dewey (March 24, 1902 – March 16, 1971) was the Governor of New York (1943-1955) and the Republican candidate for the U.S. Presidency in two elections (1944 and 1948), losing both times. ... For the victim of Mt. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ...


In 1958 Gallup grouped all of his polling operations under what became The Gallup Organization. 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents


Death

Gallup died of a heart attack at his summer home in Tschingel, a village in the Bernese Oberland of Switzerland. He was buried in Princeton Cemetery. A myocardial infarction occurs when an atherosclerotic plaque slowly builds up in the inner lining of a coronary artery and then suddenly ruptures, totally occluding the artery and preventing blood flow downstream. ... View of Thun and Lake Thun from the Niederhorn The Bernese Oberland (Bernese highlands) is the higher part of the canton of Bern, Switzerland, in the South of the canton: The area around Lake Thun and Lake Brienz, and the valleys of the Bernese Alps (thus, the inhabitable parts from... Princeton Cemetery is located in Princeton, New Jersey. ...


Legacy

Four years after his death, The Gallup Organization was sold to the Selection Research Institute in Lincoln, Nebraska. In 2006 the George H. Gallup International Institute is headed by Gallup's son. Nickname: Star City Map Political Statistics Founded 18671 Incorporated 1869 County Lancaster County Mayor Coleen Seng Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 195. ...


Books

References

  • Cantril, Hadley. Gauging Public Opinion (1944)
  • Cantril, Hadley and Mildred Strunk, eds. Public Opinion, 1935-1946 (1951), massive compilation of many public opinion polls from US, UK, Canada, Australia, and elsewhere.
  • Converse, Jean M. Survey Research in the United States: Roots and Emergence 1890-1960 (1987), the standard history
  • Gallup, George. Public Opinion in a Democracy (1939)
  • Gallup, Alec M. ed. The Gallup Poll Cumulative Index: Public Opinion, 1935-1997 (1999) lists 10,000+ questions, but no results
  • Gallup, George Horace, ed. The Gallup Poll; Public Opinion, 1935-1971 3 vol (1972) summarizes results of each poll.
  • Lavrakas, Paul J. et al eds. Presidential Polls and the News Media (1995)
  • Moore, David W. The Superpollsters: How They Measure and Manipulate Public Opinion in America (1995)
  • Rogers, Lindsay. The Pollsters: Public Opinion, Politics, and Democratic Leadership (1949)
  • Traugott, Michael W. The Voter's Guide to Election Polls 3rd ed. (2004)
  • Young, Michael L. Dictionary of Polling: The Language of Contemporary Opinion Research (1992)

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
George Gallup

  Results from FactBites:
 
First Measured Century: Interview: George Gallup, Jr. (5278 words)
of The Gallup Organization, Princeton, New Jersey, is the son of George Gallup Sr., the firm’s founder and one of the originators of the opinion poll.
GEORGE GALLUP, JR.: My dad was really a fervent promoter of public opinion polling in the United States and around the world, because in many respects he was a populist, he believed in the average person, he believed in the tremendous potential of the average person.
GEORGE GALLUP, JR.: If my dad were here today I think he'd be very proud of the way public opinion polling has taken hold in the thinking of people in all different spheres, certainly business, and that's been so for many, many years, newspapers certainly buy into polls, if you will, a lot.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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