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Encyclopedia > George FitzGerald
George FitzGerald
George FitzGerald

George Francis FitzGerald, or Fitzgerald, (3 August 185122 February 1901) was a professor of "natural and experimental philosophy" (i.e., what is now called physics and chemistry) at Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland in the late 19th century. Download high resolution version (548x810, 99 KB)This is George Francis FitzGerald (1851-1901), Oliver Heaviside: Sage in Solitude (ISBN 0-87942-238-6), p. ... Download high resolution version (548x810, 99 KB)This is George Francis FitzGerald (1851-1901), Oliver Heaviside: Sage in Solitude (ISBN 0-87942-238-6), p. ... August 3 is the 215th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (216th in leap years), with 150 days remaining. ... Events January 23 - The flip of a coin determines whether a new city in Oregon is named after Boston, Massachusetts, or Portland, Maine, with Portland winning. ... February 22 is the 53rd day of every year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1901 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Queen Elizabeth near Dublin or more commonly Trinity College, Dublin (TCD) was founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth I, is the only constituent college of the University of Dublin, Irelands oldest university. ... Dublin (Irish: Baile Átha Cliath1),is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Ireland, located2 near the midpoint of Irelands east coast, at the mouth of the River Liffey and at the centre of the Dublin region3. ...


In 1883, following from Maxwell's equations, he suggested a device for producing rapidly oscillating electric current, to generate electromagnetic waves, a phenonenon first shown experimentally by Heinrich Hertz. Maxwells equations are the set of four equations, attributed to James Clerk Maxwell, that describe the behavior of both the electric and magnetic fields, as well as their interactions with matter. ... Electromagnetic radiation is a propagating wave in space with electric and magnetic components. ... Heinrich Hertz Heinrich Rudolf Hertz (February 22, 1857 - January 1, 1894), was the German physicist for whom the hertz, the SI unit of frequency, is named. ...


However, he is better known for his conjecture in 1894 that if all moving objects were foreshortened in the direction of their motion, it would account for the curious result of the Michelson-Morley experiment. Mathematical equations that quantify this contraction were subsequently derived by Hendrik Lorentz in 1903, and the phenomenon is an essential element of Albert Einstein's special theory of relativity, published in 1905, which provides an explanation of why such contraction occurs. 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Michelson-Morley experiment, one of the most important and famous experiments in the history of physics, was performed in 1887 at what is now Case Western Reserve University, and is considered to be the first strong evidence against the theory of a luminiferous aether. ... Painting of Hendrik Lorentz by Arnhemensis Hendrik Antoon Lorentz (July 18, 1853, Arnhem – February 4, 1928, Haarlem) was a Dutch physicist and the winner of the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on electromagnetic radiation. ... Albert Einstein, by Yousuf Karsh Albert Einstein (March 14, 1879 – April 18, 1955) was a German born American theoretical physicist who is widely regarded as the greatest scientist of the 20th century. ... A simple introduction to this subject is provided in Special relativity for beginners Special relativity (SR) or the special theory of relativity is the physical theory published in 1905 by Albert Einstein. ...


See also: Lorentz-Fitzgerald contraction hypothesis The Lorentz-Fitzgerald contraction hypothesis was proposed by Fitzgerald and independently proposed and extended by Lorentz to explain the negative result of the Michelson-Morley experiment, which attempted to detect Earths motion relative to the luminiferous aether. ...


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George Francis Fitzgerald (891 words)
George Francis Fitzgerald was a brilliant 19th century Irish physicist who is best remembered today as one of the proposers of a theory on the relativity of space with speed, now known as the Fitzgerald-Lorentz contraction.
George Fitzgerald was born at Monkstown, Co. Dublin in 1851.
George Fitzgerald died in 1901 at the early age of 49, an outcome determined at least in part by overwork.
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