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Encyclopedia > George Dewey
George Dewey
December 26, 1837January 16, 1917

Place of birth Flag of Vermont Montpelier, Vermont
Place of death Flag of Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C.
Allegiance Flag of the United States United States of America
Service/branch United States Navy Seal U.S. Navy
Years of service 1858-1917
Rank Admiral of the Navy
Battles/wars American Civil War
Spanish-American War
* Battle of Manila Bay

George Dewey (December 26, 1837January 16, 1917) was an admiral of the United States Navy, best known for his victory (without the loss of a single life of his own forces due to combat; one man died of a heart attack) at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War. He was also the only person in the history of the United States to have attained the rank of Admiral of the Navy, the most senior rank in the United States Navy. is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links GeoDewey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vermont. ... Location of Montpelier in Washington County, Vermont Coordinates: , Country State County Washington County Government  - Mayor Mary Hooper Area  - City  10. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Washington,_D.C..svg The flag of Washington, D.C. It is from openclipart. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links United_States_Department_of_the_Navy_Seal. ... USN redirects here. ... In the United States Navy, Admiral of the Navy is traditionally considered the equivalent of a six-star Admiral. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Combatants United States Republic of Cuba Philippine Republic Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Arsenio Linares Ramón Blanco Casualties 3,289 U.S. dead (432 from combat); considerably higher although undetermined Cuban and Filipino casualties... Combatants United States Spain Commanders George Dewey Patricio Montojo y Pasarón Strength 3 protected cruisers 2 gunboats 1 revenue cutter 2 supply vessels 2 protected cruisers 4 unprotected cruisers 1 gunboat Casualties 9 wounded, 1 dead 161 dead 210 wounded The Battle of Manila Bay took place on 1... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Admiral (disambiguation). ... USN redirects here. ... Combatants United States Spain Commanders George Dewey Patricio Montojo y Pasarón Strength 3 protected cruisers 2 gunboats 1 revenue cutter 2 supply vessels 2 protected cruisers 4 unprotected cruisers 1 gunboat Casualties 9 wounded, 1 dead 161 dead 210 wounded The Battle of Manila Bay took place on 1... Combatants United States Republic of Cuba Philippine Republic Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Arsenio Linares Ramón Blanco Casualties 3,289 U.S. dead (432 from combat); considerably higher although undetermined Cuban and Filipino casualties... Insignia for Admiral of the Navy, worn by Admiral George Dewey Admiral of the Navy has only been held by one person in US Navy history: George Dewey. ...

Contents

Biography

Dewey was born in Montpelier, Vermont, attended Norwich University for two years (1852-1854), and graduated from the Naval Academy in 1858. After graduation as a midshipman he served aboard the USS Wabash when she touched at her first port of call, Gibraltar, on 17 August 1858. Wabash returned to the New York Navy Yard on 16 December 1859 and decommissioned there on 20 December 1859. He served as a lieutenant under Admiral David Farragut in the American Civil War, seeing action in Louisiana and along the Mississippi River. He attained the rank of lieutenant commander in 1865. Location of Montpelier in Washington County, Vermont Coordinates: , Country State County Washington County Government  - Mayor Mary Hooper Area  - City  10. ... Norwich University (NU) is a private university located in Northfield, Vermont. ... The United States Naval Academy (USNA) is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps and is in Annapolis, Maryland . ... A midshipman is a subordinate officer, or alternatively a commissioned officer of the lowest rank, in the navies of several English-speaking countries. ... The first USS Wabash was a steam screw frigate of the United States Navy that served during the American Civil War. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The New York Naval Shipyard (NYNSY), also known as the Brooklyn Navy Yard, the New York Navy Yard and United States Navy Yard, New York, is located 1. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Admiral David Glasgow Farragut Admiral David Glasgow Farragut David Glasgow Farragut (July 5, 1801 – August 14, 1870) was the senior officer of the U.S. Navy during the American Civil War. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... In the Royal Navy, United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, a lieutenant commander (lieutenant-commander or Lt Cdr in the RN) is a commissioned officer superior to a lieutenant and inferior to a commander. ...


Dewey remained in the Navy after the war and in 1896 was made a Commodore. He was appointed to the command of the United States Asiatic Squadron a few weeks before the start of the war with Spain. Commodore is a rank of the United States Navy with a somewhat complicated history. ... The Asiatic Squadron, also known as the Asiatic Station, was the fleet of United States Navy warships and supporting elements stationed in the Pacific Ocean in the 19th century. ...


On April 27, 1898, he sailed out from China with orders to attack the Spanish at Manila Bay. He stopped at the mouth of the bay late the night of April 30, and the following morning he gave the order to attack at first light, by saying the now famous words "You may fire when you are ready, Gridley." Within 6 hours, on May 1, he had sunk or captured the entire Spanish Pacific fleet under Admiral Patricio Montojo y Pasarón and silenced the shore batteries at Manila, with the loss of only one life on the American side. April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Photography sunset in Bay City, Pasay (near SM Mall of Asia) Manila Bay is one of the finest natural harbors in the world which serves the port of Manila (on Luzon), in the Philippines. ... Charles Vernon Gridley (24 November 1844 _ 25 May 1898) was an officer in the United States Navy during the Civil War and the Spanish-American War. ... Admiral Patricio Montojo y Pasarón (1839-1917) was the Spanish naval commander at the Battle of Manila Bay (May 1, 1898), a decisive battle of the Spanish-American War. ... Nickname: Motto: Linisin Ikarangal Maynila Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Manila Coordinates: 14°35 N 121° E Country Region Districts 1st to 6th districts of Manila Barangays 897 Incorporated (city) June 10, 1574 Government  - Mayor Alfredo Lim (2007-2010; GO)  - Vice Mayor Isko Moreno (AM/PDP-Laban...


News of the victory in the Battle of Manila Bay made Dewey a great hero in the United States, and Dewey was promoted to Rear Admiral. Dewey's swift easy victory no doubt did much to encourage the William McKinley administration in its decision to place the Philippines under American control. Combatants United States Spain Commanders George Dewey Patricio Montojo y Pasarón Strength 3 protected cruisers 2 gunboats 1 revenue cutter 2 supply vessels 2 protected cruisers 4 unprotected cruisers 1 gunboat Casualties 9 wounded, 1 dead 161 dead 210 wounded The Battle of Manila Bay took place on 1... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... This article is about the 25th President of the United States; for other people named William McKinley, see William McKinley (disambiguation). ...

Detail of painting in the Vermont State House depicting Dewey on the USS Olympia during the Battle of Manila Bay
Detail of painting in the Vermont State House depicting Dewey on the USS Olympia during the Battle of Manila Bay

Dewey aided General Wesley Merritt in taking formal possession of Manila on August 18, 1898. In the early stages of the war the Americans were greatly aided by the Filipino nationalists led by Emilio Aguinaldo who had been attacking the Spanish by land as Dewey was attacking them by sea. Dewey and Aguinaldo at first enjoyed a cordial relationship, and Dewey wrote that the Filipinos were “intelligent” and well "capable of self-government"; however the McKinley administration soon decided otherwise, and by the start of 1899, Dewey had to threaten to shell Aguinaldo's forces to allow American troops to land in Manila (for details, see History of the Philippines). Image File history File linksMetadata USS_Olympia_with_Dewey_at_Battle_of_Manila_bay_DSCN4191_at_Vermont_State. ... Image File history File linksMetadata USS_Olympia_with_Dewey_at_Battle_of_Manila_bay_DSCN4191_at_Vermont_State. ... The Vermont State House The Vermont State House, located in Montpelier, Vermont, is the capitol and seat of government of the U.S. state of Vermont. ... USS Olympia (C-6) is a protected cruiser in the United States Navy during the Spanish-American War. ... Combatants United States Spain Commanders George Dewey Patricio Montojo y Pasarón Strength 3 protected cruisers 2 gunboats 1 revenue cutter 2 supply vessels 2 protected cruisers 4 unprotected cruisers 1 gunboat Casualties 9 wounded, 1 dead 161 dead 210 wounded The Battle of Manila Bay took place on 1... Wesley Merritt (June 16, 1834 – December 3, 1910) was a general in the U.S. Army during the American Civil War and the Spanish-American War. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869 – February 6, 1964) was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. ... The history of the Philippines begins with the arrival of the first humans in the Philippines by land bridges at least 30,000 years ago. ...


Dewey returned to America to a hero's welcome, and by act of Congress was made Admiral of the Navy in 1899. A special military decoration, the Dewey Medal, was also named in his honor. Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... Insignia for Admiral of the Navy, worn by Admiral George Dewey Admiral of the Navy has only been held by one person in US Navy history: George Dewey. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Awards and decorations of the United States military are military decorations which recognize a service members service and personal accomplishments while a member of the United States armed forces. ... Dewey Medal The Dewey Medal was a military decoration of the United States Navy which was established by the United States Congress on June 3, 1898. ...


Dewey officially remained an active officer of the Navy until his death, as a special honor after he passed retirement age. He published his autobiography in 1913. Admiral George Dewey died in Washington, D.C., still on active duty, while serving as President of the Navy Board. A mandatory retirement age is the age at which persons who hold certain jobs or offices are required by statute to step down, or retire. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ...


Dewey as Presidential Candidate

After Dewey's return from the Spanish-American War, many suggested he run for President of the United States on the Democratic ticket. However, his candidacy was plagued by public relations missteps. Newspapers started attacking him as naïve after he was quoted as saying the job of president would be easy since the chief executive was merely following orders in executing the laws enacted by Congress and that he would "execute the laws of Congress as faithfully as I have always executed the orders of my superiors." Shortly thereafter he admitted to never having voted in a presidential election. He drew yet more criticism when he offhandedly told a newspaper reporter that "Our next war will be with Germany." [1] Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic...


Dewey also angered many Protestants by marrying in November 1899 the Catholic Mildred McLean Hazen, widow of General William Babcock Hazen and daughter of Washington McLean, the former owner of The Washington Post, and giving her the house that the nation had given him following the war. [2] Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ... William Babcock Hazen William Babcock Hazen (September 27, 1830 – January 16, 1887) was a career U.S. Army officer who served in the Indian Wars, as a Union general in the American Civil War, and as Chief Signal Officer of the U.S. Army. ... Washington McLean (1816 – 1890) was the owner and publisher of The Cincinnati Enquirer and The Washington Post. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ...


Dewey withdrew from the race in mid-May and endorsed William McKinley. This article is about the 25th President of the United States; for other people named William McKinley, see William McKinley (disambiguation). ...


Dates of Rank

Ensign Lieutenant Junior Grade Lieutenant Lieutenant Commander Commander Captain
O-1 O-2 O-3 O-4 O-5 O-6
Never Held Never Held April 19, 1861 March 3, 1865 April 13, 1872 September 27, 1884
Commodore Rear Admiral Vice Admiral Admiral Admiral of Navy
O-7 O-8 O-9 O-10 Special Rank
February 28, 1896 May 10, 1898 Never Held March 2, 1899 March 24, 1903 Retroactive to March 2, 1899
Dewey in special full dress uniform as Admiral of the Navy.
Dewey in special full dress uniform as Admiral of the Navy.

A midshipman is a subordinate officer, or alternatively a commissioned officer of the lowest rank, in the navies of several English-speaking countries. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Ensign is a junior rank of commissioned officer in the militaries of some countries, normally in the infantry or navy. ... LTJG insignia. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... In the Royal Navy, United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, a lieutenant commander (lieutenant-commander or Lt Cdr in the RN) is a commissioned officer superior to a lieutenant and inferior to a commander. ... Commander is a military rank which is also sometimes used as a military title depending on the individual customs of a given military service. ... Captain is a rank or title with various meanings. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Commodore is a military rank used in some navies for officers whose position exceeds that of a Captain, but is less than that of a Flag Officer. ... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. ... For other uses, see Admiral (disambiguation). ... Insignia for Admiral of the Navy, worn by Admiral George Dewey Admiral of the Navy has only been held by one person in US Navy history: George Dewey. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 226 × 227 pixelsFull resolution (226 × 227 pixel, file size: 5 KB, MIME type: image/png) Insignia of rank of Admiral of the Navy George Dewey I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links Adm_dewey_1913. ...

Honors

In 1898, the Borough of Hellertown, Pennsylvania formed its fire department naming it Dewey Fire Company No. 1 in honor of George Dewey.


Three ships of the United States Navy have borne the name USS Dewey, including an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer, USS Dewey (DDG-105) that began construction in 2005. USN redirects here. ... Categories: Stub ... The Arleigh Burke class of guided missile destroyers, one of the destroyer classes of the United States Navy, is built around the Aegis combat system and the SPY-1D multi-function phased array radar. ... Categories: Stub ...


Thomasville, Georgia, contains the Dewey City "subdivision," an area settled in the late 1880s by former slaves. Thomasville is a city in Thomas County, Georgia, United States. ...


San Francisco's Union Square contains a monument to Dewey's victory at Manila Bay. “San Francisco” redirects here. ... Union Square is the central shopping, hotel and theater district in San Francisco. ...


Dewey Beach, Delaware is named in honor of Admiral Dewey. Dewey Beach is an incorporated town located in Sussex County, Delaware. ...


In 1899, Mills Novelty released a slot machine named The Dewey, in honor of Admiral Dewey Slot machines in the Trump Taj Mahal A slot machine (American English), fruit machine (British English), or poker machine (Australian English) is a certain type of casino game. ...


References

  • Dates of promotion from The Records of Living Officers of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps, Sixth Edition, 1889, by Lewis Randolph Hamersly. [3]
  • The Dewey slot machine at Arcade-History.com. [4]

External links

Preceded by
Newly created
Member of the Schurman Commission
March 4, 1899March 16, 1900
Succeeded by
Luke Edward Wright
(Taft Commission)
Preceded by
Pierre Charles L'Enfant
Persons who have lain in state or honor in the United States Capitol rotunda
January 20, 1917
Succeeded by
Unknown Soldier of World War I

  Results from FactBites:
 
George Dewey - MSN Encarta (263 words)
Dewey was born on December 26, 1837, in Montpelier, Vermont, and educated at the U.S. Naval Academy, from which he graduated in 1858.
Dewey was promoted to the rank of commander in 1872, captain in 1884, and commodore in 1896.
In further recognition of his services, Dewey was promoted (1899) to the special rank of Admiral of the Navy, and Congress passed a special act to enable him to continue in active service past the legal retirement age.
George Dewey (431 words)
George Dewey was born in Montpelier, Vermont and graduated from the Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1858.
Dewey and Aguinaldo at first enjoyed a cordial relationship, and Dewey wrote that the Filipinos were "intellegent" and well "capable of self-government"; however the McKinley administration soon decided otherwise, and by the start of 1899 Dewey had to theaten to shell Aguinaldo's forces to allow American troops to land in Manila.
Dewey returned to America to a hero's welcome, and by act of Congress was made Admiral of the Navy in 1899.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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