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Encyclopedia > George Coedes

George Coedës (1886-1969) spent his adult life filling in the spaces in Western knowledge of classical Southeast Asia. His early career was at L'Ecole francaise d'Extreme Orient in Hanoi. In 1918, at 32, he took up the directorship of the National Library of Thailand in Bangkok. He worked there for 11 years - during which time he translated inscriptions from ancient steles and monuments throughout Southeast Asia - before returning to L'Ecole francaise d'Extreme Orient as director. In 1946, after 17 years in this position, Coedës left Hanoi for Paris where he was appointed Professor of Southeast Asian History at L'Ecole des Langues Orientales. There he stayed and retained the position of curator of the Musée d'Ennery, from 1946 until his death in 1969. 1886 is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: quốc ngữ Hà ; chữ nôm 河内), estimated population 4,100,000 (2004), is the capital of Vietnam and was the capital of North Vietnam from 1954 to 1976. ... Bangkok from the Chao Phraya River at sunset, July 2004 Bangkok, (in Thai กรุงเทพฯ, กรุงเทพมหานคร, or Krung Thep, Krung Thep Mahanakhon), population 8,538,610 (1990), is the capital and largest city of Thailand. ...


Coedës bestrode the field of Southeast Asian study for over half a century. His great legacy to scholars is his documentation of the cultural influence of India in most parts of Southeast Asia, coining the term Indianization. That influence brought Hindu and Buddhist religious ideas, the Indian concept of kingship, the use of Sanskrit as an official and ceremonial language, as well as Indian artistic traditions to the peoples of Southeast Asia. Coedës' works, The Indianized States of Southeast Asia (1968, 1975) and The Making of South East Asia (1966) are foundational to Southeast Asian historiography. This article is about the Hindu religion; for other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). ... Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ... The word king can mean: For the head of state, see Monarch. ... The Sanskrit language ( संस्कृता वाक्) is one of the earliest attested members of the Indo-European language family and is not only a classical language, but also an official language of India. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
George Coedès - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (153 words)
George Coedès (1886-1969)was a 20th century scholar of southeast Asian archaeology and history.
He became director of the National Library of Thailand in 1918, and in 1929 became director of L'Ecole francaise d'Extreme Orient, where he remained until 1946.
However, the modern consensus is that the Indianization was less complete than Coedès had believed, with many indigenous practices surviving underneath the Indian surface.
Indianized kingdom - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (734 words)
The concept of the Indianized kingdom, first described by George Coedès, is based upon the Hindu and Buddhist cultural and economic influences in Southeast Asia.
Borobodur, for example, is the largest Buddhist monument ever built.
Coedes has been criticised for understating the Southeast Asian element of these kingdoms, in an unconscious echo of the European "civilising mission".
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