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Encyclopedia > George Brown (Canadian politician)
George Brown
George Brown

George Brown (November 29, 1818May 9, 1880) was a Scottish-born Canadian journalist and politician. The founder and editor of the Toronto Globe, he was a noted Reform politician and supporter of Canadian Confederation. From [1], in the public domain This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... From [1], in the public domain This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1818 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Royal motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (Latin: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within the UK Languages with Official Status1 English Scottish Gaelic Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... The Globe and Mail is a large Canadian English language national newspaper based in Toronto. ... Canadian Confederation, or the Confederation of Canada, was the process that ultimately brought together a union among the provinces, colonies and territories of British North America to form the Dominion of Canada, a Dominion of the British Empire, which today is the federal nation state called Canada. ...


Brown was born in Alloa, Clackmannan, Scotland, on November 29, and immigrated to Canada in 1843. He founded the Globe in 1844, which quickly became the leading Reform newspaper in the Province of Canada. Alloa is a small burgh in Clackmannanshire, Scotland. ... From 1975, Clackmannan (Clach Mhanainn in Gaelic) was the name of a local government district in the Central region of Scotland, corresponding to the traditional county of Clackmannanshire. ... Royal motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (Latin: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within the UK Languages with Official Status1 English Scottish Gaelic Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1844 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Note: for information about Canadas present-day provinces, see Provinces of Canada. ...


In 1848, he was named secretary of a commission of inquiry to investigate alleged abuses in the provincial penitentiary at Kingston. Brown worked zealously at the task. The Brown Report, which Brown drafted early in 1849, produced copious evidence of brutality and maladministration, and the existing warden, Henry Smith, was soon removed from office. Kingston, Ontario, with a population of approximately 146,8381 people, is located in the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor at the eastern end of Lake Ontario, where the lake runs into the St. ... There are four notable people named Henry Smith: Henry Smith (1835 - 1920) was Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police during the Jack the Ripper murders. ...


Brown used the Globe newspaper to publish articles and editorials that attacked the institution of slavery in the southern United States. In response to the Fugitive Slave Law passed in the U.S. in 1850, Brown helped found the Anti-Slavery Society of Canada. This society was founded to end the practice of slavery in North America, and individual members aided former American slaves reach Canada via the Underground Railroad. As a result, the African Canadian community enthusiastically supported Brown's political ambitions. The Fugitive Slave Law or Fugitive Slave Act was passed by the United States Congress on September 18, 1850 as part of the Compromise of 1850 between Southern slaveholding interests and Northern Free-Soilers and abolitionists. ... 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Underground Railroad was a network of clandestine routes by which African slaves in the 19th century United States attempted to escape to free states, or as far north as Canada, with the aid of abolitionists. ...


He supported political reform in Canada, especially "representation by population," and was elected to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada in 1851. Note: for information about Canadas present-day provinces, see Provinces of Canada. ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


He reorganized the Clear Grit (Liberal) Party in 1857, supporting, among other things, the separation of church and state and the annexation of the Northwest Territories. He became one of the chief developers of the concept of Confederation among the provinces. In 1864, he led the Great Coalition with John A. Macdonald and George-Étienne Cartier, and later that year played a major role at the Charlottetown and Quebec Conferences. He resigned from the Coalition in 1865. Clear Grits were Upper Canadian reformers with support concentrated among southwestern Ontario farmers, who were frustrated and disillusioned by the 1849 Reform government of Robert Baldwin and Louis_Hippolyte Lafontaines lack of radicalism. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada) is Canadas current governing political party. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The separation of church and state is a concept and philosophy in modern thought and practice, whereby the structures of state or national government are proposed as needing to be separate from those of religious institutions. ... Motto: None Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Commissioner Tony Whitford Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government - no party affiliations) Area 1,346,106 km² (3rd) Land 1,183,085 km² Water 163,021 km² (12. ... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Great Coalition refers to the grand coalition of political parties that formed in the Province of Canada in 1864. ... The Right Honourable Sir John Alexander Macdonald, KCMG, GCB, QC, PC (January 11, 1815 – June 6, 1891) was the first Prime Minister of Canada from July 1, 1867 – November 5, 1873 and October 17, 1878 – June 6, 1891. ... George-Étienne Cartier The Honourable Sir George-Étienne Cartier, KBE, PC (September 6, 1814 – May 20, 1873) was a French-Canadian statesman and Father of Confederation. ... {{Canadian City/Disable Field={{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Motto: CUNABULA FOEDERIS (Cradle of Confederation) {{Canadian City/Location Image is:{{{Location Image Type}}}|[[Image:{{{Location Image}}}|thumbnail|250px|City of Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada location. ... {{Canadian City/Disable Field={{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Motto: Don de Dieu feray valoir (I shall put Gods gift to good use) Ville de Québec, Québec, Canada location. ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ...


In 1867, Brown ran for seats in both the Canadian House of Commons and, as leader of the provincial Liberals for a seat in the Ontario legislature hopefully as Premier but failed to win election to either chamber. He was widely seen as the leader of the federal Liberals in the 1867 federal election. The Liberals were officially leaderless until 1873, but Brown was considered the party's "elder statesman" even without a seat in the House of Commons, and was regularly consulted by leading Liberal parliamentarians. The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, which also includes the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... The Ontario Liberal Party is a centrist provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada. ... Chamber of the Estates-General, the Dutch legislature. ... A premier is an executive official of government. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada) is Canadas current governing political party. ... The Canadian parliament after the 1867 election The 1867 federal election, which proved how much canada sucks ended on September 20th, was the first election for the new . ...


Brown was made a Senator in Ottawa in 1873. The Senate (French: Sénat) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, which also includes the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the House of Commons. ... {{Canadian City/Disable Field={{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Motto: Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant City of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada location. ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Brown became a leading opponent of Macdonald's Conservative Party and a leader of the opposition Liberals. He lost much popularity, however, by tyrannically trying to crush a printers' strike in Toronto. He had the strikers jailed and fired. In response to these actions by his rival, Macdonald passed laws permitting trade unionism for the first time in Canada.


In 1880, one of his former employees of the Globe, George Bennett, who was disgruntled by Brown's actions, shot Brown in the leg on the front steps of his Beverley Street home in Toronto; what seemed to be a minor injury turned gangrenous, and he died from the wound. 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... }|135px|City of Toronto, Ontario Official Flag]]|Coat Image=[[Image:{{{Coat Image}}}|135px|City of Toronto, Ontario Coat of Arms]]}} {{Canadian City/Disable Field={{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Motto: Diversity Our Strength {{Canadian City/Location Image is:{{{Location Image Type}}}|[[Image:{{{Location Image}}}|thumbnail|center|250px|City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada...


Toronto's George Brown College is named for him. George Brown College (GBC) is a community college with two full campuses, plus a university associate campus, located in Toronto, Ontario. ...


External links

  • Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online

Preceded by:
none

Upper Canada/Ontario Liberal leaders

Succeeded by:
Archibald McKellar The Ontario Liberal Party is a centrist provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada. ... Archibald McKellar (1816-1894) was briefly leader (1867-1868) of Canadas Ontario Liberal Party and, unofficially, the first Leader of the Opposition in Ontarios new provincial legislature (though he was not officially recognised as such) and went on to serve as Commissioner of Public Works in Ontario Premier...

Preceded by:
none

Liberal Leaders

Succeeded by:
Alexander Mackenzie The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada) is Canadas current governing political party. ... The Honourable Alexander Mackenzie, PC (January 28, 1822 – April 17, 1892), a building contractor and writer, was the second Prime Minister of Canada from November 7, 1873 to October 8, 1878. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
George Brown (236 words)
George Brown (1818-1880) was a Scottish-born Canadian journalist and politician.
Brown was made a Senator in Ottawa in 1873.
In 1880, one of his former employees of the Globe, George Bennett, who was disgruntled by Brown's actions, shot Brown in the leg in Toronto; what seemed to be a minor injury turned gangrenous, and he died from the wound.
George Brown (Canadian politician) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (657 words)
George Brown (November 29, 1818 – May 10, 1880) was a Scottish-born Canadian journalist, politician and one of the Fathers of Confederation.
.Brown was born in Alloa, Clackmannan, Scotland, on November 29, and immigrated to Canada in 1843.
Brown used the Globe newspaper to publish articles and editorials that attacked the institution of slavery in the southern United States.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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