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Encyclopedia > George Andrew Olah

George Andrew Olah (born May 22, 1927, Budapest, Hungary, as Oláh György) is a Hungarian-born American chemist. He was significant in stabilizing and in studying carbocations via superacids. He won a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1994. In 2005 he was awarded the Priestley Medal, the highest honor granted by the American Chemical Society. is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A chemist pours from a round-bottom flask. ... A carbocation (IPA pronunciation: ) is an ion with a positively-charged carbon atom. ... A superacid is an acid with an acidity greater than that of 100% sulfuric acid. ... This is a list of Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to 2006. ... The Priestley Medal is awarded by the American Chemical Society (ACS) for distinguished service in the field of chemistry. ... The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a learned society (professional association) based in the United States that supports scientific inquiry in the field of chemistry. ...


Olah studied, then taught, at what is now Budapest University of Technology and Economics. As a result of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, he and his family moved briefly to England and then to Canada where he joined Dow Chemical in Sarnia, Ontario. Olah's pioneering work on carbocations started during his eight years with Dow. In 1965 he returned to academia at Case Western Reserve University and then to University of Southern California in 1977. In 1971, Olah became a naturalized citizen of the United States. The Budapest University of Technology and Economics (in Hungarian, Budapesti Műszaki és Gazdaságtudományi Egyetem or in short Műegyetem) is the most significant University of Technology in Hungary. ... Combatants Soviet Union ÁVH Hungarian government, various nationalist militias Commanders Yuri Andropov Pál Maléter, Béla Király, Gergely Pongrátz, József Dudás Strength 150,000 troops, 6,000 tanks 100,000+ demonstrators (some later armed), unknown number of soldiers Casualties 720 killed according to official... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... The Dow Chemical Company (NYSE: DOW) is a multinational corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, USA. In terms of market capitalization, it is the second-largest chemical company in the world, smaller than only DuPont. ... Sarnia is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada (city population 71,419, census area population 88,793, in 2006). ... Case Western Reserve University is a private research university located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States, with some residence halls on the south end of campus located in Cleveland Heights. ... The Trojan Shrine, better known as Tommy Trojan located in the center of University of Southern California campus. ... Naturalization is the process whereby a person becomes a national of a nation, or a citizen of a country, other than the one of his birth. ...


Olah is currently a distinguished professor at the University of Southern California and the director of the Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute. In 2005, Olah wrote an essay promoting the methanol economy. The Trojan Shrine, better known as Tommy Trojan located in the center of University of Southern California campus. ... Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute is on the campus of the University of Southern California. ... The methanol economy is a hypothetical future economy in which methanol has replaced fossil fuels as a means of transportation of energy. ...


References

  • George A. Olah, Alain Goeppert, G.K. Surya Prakash, Beyond Oil and Gas: The Methanol Economy, Angewandte Chemie International Edition Volume 44, Issue 18, Pages 2636 - 2639, 2005
  • Nobel Prize website

External links

  • Methanol as an alternative fuel Recording of a discussion with George Olah broadcast on NPR.

  Results from FactBites:
 
George Andrew Olah - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (270 words)
George Andrew Olah (born May 22, 1927 as György Oláh) is a Hungarian-born American chemist.
Olah studied, then taught, at what is now Budapest University of Technology and Economics.
Olah is currently a distinguished professor at the University of Southern California and the director of the Loker Hydrocarbon Research institute.
George Olah: The Master of Hydrocarbons - George B. Kauffman and Laurie M. Kauffman (281 words)
George B. Kauffman, professor of chemistry at California State University, Fresno, is a contributing editor to four journals and has authored more than 1,200 publications on chemistry, chemical education, and the history of science and technology.
Olah, however, never lost faith in his quest: "You do a lot of work before you really convince yourself that you have observed something, particularly in a field where for decades and decades people have tried and failed.
Olah's discoveries revolutionized the study of carbocations, and his numerous contributions to synthetic organic chemistry have found a prominent place in all modern textbooks.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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