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Encyclopedia > Georg Solti

Sir Georg Solti, KBE (IPA: [ʃolti]) (German:[ɡeˈoʁk zolti]) (21 October 19125 September 1997) was a 31-time Grammy Award winning, world-renowned Hungarian-British orchestral and operatic conductor. Hungarian conductor Georg Solti Source: http://www. ... Hungarian conductor Georg Solti Source: http://www. ... The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these are Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross (GBE) Knight Commander... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A conductor conducting at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ...

Contents

Early career

Solti was born György Stern in Budapest, where he learned the piano and studied at the Franz Liszt Academy of Music.[1] His father Germanized young György's given name to Georg and changed his family name to Solti, to shield his son from anti-semitism. By 1935, he was gaining recognition as a conductor, and made his debut at the Budapest Opera in 1938 with The Marriage of Figaro. In 1939, with German invasion imminent, he fled Hungary because of his Jewish ancestry, and moved to Switzerland, where he continued a career as a pianist but had limited opportunities to develop his conducting. For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... The New Academy, facing Ferenc Liszt Square The Franz Liszt Academy of Music (in Hungarian: Liszt Ferenc Zeneművészeti Egyetem or simply Zeneakadémia, Music Academy) is a concert hall and a music university in Budapest, Hungary, founded by pianist and composer Franz Liszt on November 14, 1875. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... The Hungarian State Opera House (formerly the Budapest Royal Opera) was built in 1884 by Miklós Ybl. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Le nozze di Figaro ossia la folle giornata (Trans: ), K. 492, is an opera buffa (comic opera) composed in 1786 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte, based on a stage comedy by Pierre Beaumarchais, Le mariage de Figaro (1784). ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ...


After the war, Solti was music director of the Bavarian State Orchestra in Munich and the Frankfurt Opera. In 1951, he made his debut at the Salzburg Festival conducting Mozart's Idomeneo. The title of music director is used by many symphony orchestras to designate the primary conductor and artistic leader of the orchestra. ... Munich, National Theatre The Bayerische Staatsoper or Bavarian State Opera is an opera company in Munich and is one of the leading opera companies in Germany and the world and has existed since 1653. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... Building 2007 The Opern- und Schauspielhaus Frankfurt (Frankfurt Opera House) is an important European opera house, the home of Oper Frankfurt (the Frankfurt Opera), a leading company in Germany. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Salzburg Festival (Salzburger Festspiele) is a prominent festival of music and drama. ... “Mozart” redirects here. ... Idomeneo, re di Creta ossia Ilia e Idamante (Italian: Idomeneo, King of Crete, or, Ilia and Idamante; usually referred to simply as Idomeneo, K. 366) is an Italian opera by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ...


In 1960, Solti signed a three-year contract to be music director of the Los Angeles Philharmonic, having guest conducted the orchestra in winter concerts in downtown Los Angeles, during the summer at the Hollywood Bowl[2], and in other Southern California concerts[3]. The orchestra had hoped that Solti would lead the orchestra when it moved into its new home at the still-to-be-completed Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, and he even began to appoint musicians to the orchestra. However, Solti abruptly resigned the position in 1961 without officially taking the post after learning that the Philharmonic board of directors failed to consult him before naming then 26 year-old Zubin Mehta to be assistant conductor of the orchestra.[4] Mehta was subsequently named as music director in Solti's place. Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Los Angeles Philharmonic (LAP) is an American orchestra based in Los Angeles, California, United States. ... Hollywood Bowl in 2005. ... The Dorothy Chandler Pavilion is one of the halls in the Los Angeles Music Center (which is one of the three largest performing arts centers in the nation). ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Zubin Mehta (b. ...


In 1961, Solti became music director at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, serving in that capacity until 1971. There, Solti's bald head and demanding rehearsal style earned him the nickname, The Screaming Skull[5]. He thereafter spent much of his time in Britain and the United States. The Floral Hall of the Royal Opera House The Royal Opera House is a performing arts venue in London. ... Covent Garden is a district in London, located on the easternmost parts of the City of Westminster and the southwest corner of the London Borough of Camden. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... The Screaming Skull is a 1958 science fiction film directed by Alex Nicol. ...


His first marriage to Hedi Oechsli, in 1946, ended in divorce.[6] His second marriage was to Valerie Pitts, a British television presenter whom he met when she was sent to interview him. They had two daughters, Gabrielle and Claudia. In 1972, he was naturalised as a United Kingdom citizen. He had been awarded an honorary Order of the British Empire (KBE) in 1971, and was known as Sir Georg Solti after his naturalisation. Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Valerie Pitts, later known as Valerie Solti or Lady Solti, is the widow of Sir Georg Solti. ... A television presenter is a British term for a person who introduces or hosts television programmes. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... British Nationality Law ... The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these are Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross (GBE) Knight Commander... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ...


Solti was a great supporter and mentor to many young musicians, including the Hungarian soprano Sylvia Sass, with whom he recorded Mozart's "Don Giovanni" and Bartok's "Bluebeard's Castle." In addition, in 1994, Solti directed the "Solti Orchestral Project" at Carnegie Hall, a training workshop for young American musicians.[7][8] One of the last great dramatic sopranos of the 20th century, Sylvia Sass was born near Budapest, Hungary, in 1951. ... Don Giovanni (K.527; complete title: Il dissoluto punito, ossia il Don Giovanni, literally The Rake Punishd, or Don Giovanni) is an opera in two acts with music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte. ... Bluebeards Castle (Hungarian: ; literally: the castle of the blue-bearded prince) is a one-act opera by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. ... Carnegie Hall is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City located at 881 Seventh Avenue, occupying the east stretch of Seventh Avenue between West 56th Street and West 57th Street. ...


Chicago Symphony

Solti was music director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra (CSO) from 1969 until 1991, when he was made the first and only Music Director Laureate in that orchestra's history. Before Solti took over as the CSO's music director, CSO violinist Victor Aitay described Solti's work style as follows: The Chicago Symphony Orchestra, based in Chicago, Illinois, is one of the leading orchestras in the world. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ...

"Usually conductors are relaxed at rehearsals and tense at the concerts. Solti is the reverse. He is very tense at rehearsals, which makes us concentrate, but relaxed during the performance, which is a great asset to the orchestra."[9]

In total, Solti conducted 999 performances with the CSO. His 1000th performance was scheduled to be in October 1997, around the time of his 85th birthday. The City of Chicago renamed the block of East Adams Street adjacent to Symphony Center as "Sir Georg Solti Place" in his memory.


Solti consolidated the reputation of the CSO as one of the great orchestras of the world, while reiteratively reminding everyone how much he owed to the pioneering work of Fritz Reiner, who never toured the orchestra abroad. Solti took the CSO on its first tour to Europe in 1971.[10] Solti's recordings with the CSO included the complete symphonies of Beethoven, Johannes Brahms, Anton Bruckner, and Gustav Mahler. Solti recorded complete operas with the CSO as well, including: This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... “Beethoven” redirects here. ... Johannes Brahms Johannes Brahms (May 7, 1833 – April 3, 1897) was a German composer of the Romantic period. ... Bruckner redirects here. ... “Mahler” redirects here. ...

Arnold Schoenberg, Los Angeles, 1948 Arnold Schoenberg (the anglicized form of Schönberg — Schoenberg changed the spelling officially when he left Germany and re-converted to Judaism in 1933; September 13, 1874 – July 13, 1951) was an Austrian and later American composer. ... “Verdi” redirects here. ... Carnegie Hall is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City located at 881 Seventh Avenue, occupying the east stretch of Seventh Avenue between West 56th Street and West 57th Street. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as they were later called). ...

Recordings

Solti was as enthusiastic making music in the recording studio as in the opera house or concert hall. He developed a long and productive partnership with the legendary producer John Culshaw at Decca. Products of this partnership included the first ever complete studio recording of Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen with the Vienna Philharmonic (VPO). No less distinguished and equally groundbreaking were his studio recordings of the operas of Richard Strauss, which, like his Wagner recordings, have been remastered and released on CD where they are still praised for their musicianship and expert production values.[14] His performances and recordings of works by Giuseppe Verdi, Gustav Mahler and Béla Bartók were also widely admired. In addition to his recordings with the CSO, Solti recorded other repertoire with orchestras such as the London Philharmonic Orchestra and the Vienna Philharmonic, such as the two symphonies of Edward Elgar, selected symphonies of Tchaikovsky, William Walton's Belshazzar's Feast, Michael Tippett's Symphony No. 4 and Byzantium, and the Da Ponte/Mozart operas. For the English comedian and impressionist, see Jon Culshaw. ... It has been suggested that Decca Music Group be merged into this article or section. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as they were later called). ... Der Ring des Nibelungen, (The Ring of the Nibelung), is a cycle of four epic music dramas by the German composer Richard Wagner. ... The Vienna Philharmonic (in German: Wiener Philharmoniker) is an orchestra in Austria, regularly considered as one of the finest in the world. ... This article is about the German composer of tone-poems and operas. ... CD redirects here. ... “Verdi” redirects here. ... “Mahler” redirects here. ... Bartok redirects here. ... The London Philharmonic Orchestra (LPO), based in London, is one of the major orchestras of the United Kingdom. ... The Vienna Philharmonic (in German: Wiener Philharmoniker) is an orchestra in Austria, regularly considered as one of the finest in the world. ... Sir Edward Elgar Sir Edward William Elgar, 1st Baronet, OM, GCVO (2 June 1857 – 23 February 1934) was an English Romantic composer. ... Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский, sometimes transliterated as Piotr, Anglicised as Peter Ilich), (May 7, 1840 – November 6, 1893 (N.S.); April 25, 1840 – October 25, 1893 (O.S.)) was a Russian composer of the Romantic era. ... Sir William Turner Walton, OM (March 29, 1902–March 8, 1983) was a British composer whose style was influenced by the works of Stravinsky, Sibelius and jazz. ... Sir Michael Kemp Tippett, OM (2 January 1905 – 8 January 1998) was one of the foremost English composers of the 20th century. ...


In addition, Solti collaborated with Dudley Moore to create a 1991 television series, Orchestra!, which was designed to introduce audiences to the symphony orchestra. Dudley Stuart John Moore, CBE (April 19, 1935 – March 27, 2002), was an Academy-Award nominated British comedian, actor and musician. ...


Later career

In addition to his tenure in Chicago, Solti was music director of the Orchestre de Paris from 1972 until 1975. From 1979 until 1983, he was principal conductor of the London Philharmonic Orchestra. During this time with the London Philharmonic he performed and recorded many works by Elgar including the two symphonies and the Violin Concerto with Kyung Wha Chung. For the 50th anniversary of the United Nations, Solti formed the World Orchestra for Peace, which consisted of musicians from 47 orchestras around the world. The Orchestre de Paris is a French orchestra created in 1967, based in Paris, whose current Music Director is Christoph Eschenbach. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... The London Philharmonic Orchestra (LPO), based in London, is one of the major orchestras of the United Kingdom. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ...


Solti continued to add new works to his repertoire in the latter days of his career, voicing particular enthusiasm for the music of Dmitri Shostakovich, whom he admitted he failed to appreciate fully during the composer's lifetime. His commercial recordings of Shostakovich symphonies included Nos. 1 (Concertgebouw Orchestra), 5 (VPO), 8, 10, 13 and 15 (all CSO). Dmitri Shostakovich in 1942 Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich   (Russian: , Dmitrij Dmitrievič Å ostakovič) (September 25 [O.S. September 12] 1906 – August 9, 1975) was a Russian composer of the Soviet period. ... The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra (Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest in Dutch) is the best known and most respected orchestra in the Netherlands, and is generally considered to be among the worlds finest. ...


Solti never truly retired, and his sudden death in 1997 meant several years of planned performances and recording projects would never be realized. According to his last wish, Solti rests in Hungarian soil. After a state funeral, he was placed beside the remains of Bartók: his one-time tutor and mentor. After Solti's death, his widow and daughters began the Solti Foundation to assist young musicians. In 2002, a website dedicated to Solti was launched, under the instigation of Lady Solti.[15]


Solti co-wrote his memoirs with Harvey Sachs, published in the UK under the title, Solti on Solti,[16], Memoirs[17] in the USA, and Emlékeim in Hungary, and the book appeared in the month after his death. His life has also been documented in a film by Peter Maniura entitled Sir Georg Solti: The Making of a Maestro. The American conductor and writer Harvey Sachs (born 1946) has written a number of books on musical subjects, most notably the standard biography of and a book of essays on the Italian conductor Arturo Toscanini. ...


In September 2007, as a tribute on the 10th anniversary of Solti's death, a recording of his last concert was released on Decca, a performance with the Tonhalle Orchestra Zurich of Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. 5.[18] “Mahler” redirects here. ... The Symphony No. ...


Awards and recognition

  • Sir Georg Solti holds the record for having received the most Grammy awards. He personally won 31 Grammys, including the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, and is listed for 38 Grammys (6 went to the engineer and 1 to a soloist); he was nominated an additional 74 times before his death in 1997.
  • In 2007, his widow Valerie, Lady Solti was made a Cultural Ambassador of Hungary, an honorary title granted by the Hungarian state.

The Léonie Sonning Music Prize, or Sonning Award, which is recognized as Denmarks highest musical honor, is given annually to an international musician. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award is awarded by the Recording Academy to performers who, during their lifetimes, have made creative contributions of outstanding artistic significance to the field of recording [1]. This award is distinct from the Grammy Hall of Fame Award, which honors specific recordings rather than individuals, and...

References

  1. ^ (June 1998) "Books / Livres". La Scena Musicale vol. 3 (no. 8). Retrieved on 2007-08-04.
  2. ^ Pulcinella Suite
  3. ^ Santa Barbara Community Arts Music Association (CAMA) concert archives 1950-60
  4. ^ "Buffie & the Baton", Time, 14 April 1961. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  5. ^ Sir Georg Solti, Conductor, Dies
  6. ^ Steven Rubin. "Solti? That's How You Spell Chicago", New York Times, 25 April 1971. Retrieved on 2007-08-04. 
  7. ^ Bernard Holland. "Georg Solti, Teacher, Leads Carnegie's Orchestral Workshop", New York Times, 15 June 1994. Retrieved on 2007-08-04. 
  8. ^ James R. Oestreich. "Master and Pupils Mesh As Solti Project Concludes", New York Times, 24 June 1994. Retrieved on 2007-08-04. 
  9. ^ "Into the Fray", Time, 11 April 1969. Retrieved on 2007-09-07. 
  10. ^ John von Rhein. "10 years after Solti's death, impact still felt at CSO", Chicago Tribune, 2 September 2007. Retrieved on 2007-09-04. 
  11. ^ Donal Henehan. "Pavarotti, Struggling With a Cold And a Handkerchief, as Otello", New York Times, 18 April 1991. Retrieved on 2007-08-04. 
  12. ^ James R. Oestreich. "2-Day 'Meistersinger' By Chicago Symphony", New York Times, 26 Sep 1995. Retrieved on 2007-08-04. 
  13. ^ Anthony Tommasini. "Two Proven Wagnerians Who Are Still Evolving", New York Times, 13 Jan 1997. Retrieved on 2007-08-04. 
  14. ^ Andrew Clements. "By Georg...", The Guardian, 15 Jan 1999. Retrieved on 2007-08-04. 
  15. ^ Martin Cullingford. "New Solti website explores conductor's craft", Gramophone, 18 Oct 2002. Retrieved on 2007-08-04. 
  16. ^ Solti, Georg; Sachs, Harvey (1997). Solti on Solti. London: Chatto & Windus. ISBN 0701166304. 
  17. ^ Solti, Georg; Sachs, Harvey (1997). Memoirs. New York: Alfred Knopf. ISBN 067944596X. 
  18. ^ Andrew Clements. "Mahler: Symphony No 5, Zurich Tonhalle Orch/ Solti", The Guardian, 31 August 2007. Retrieved on 2007-09-04. 

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External links

Preceded by
Paul Kletzki
Music Director, Dallas Symphony Orchestra
1961-1962
Succeeded by
Donald Johanos
Preceded by
Rafael Kubelík
Music Director, Royal Opera House, Covent Garden
1961-1971
Succeeded by
Colin Davis
Preceded by
Irwin Hoffman (acting)
Music Director, Chicago Symphony Orchestra
1969-1991 (Music Director Laureate as of 1991)
Succeeded by
Daniel Barenboim

  Results from FactBites:
 
Georg Solti - definition of Georg Solti in Encyclopedia (314 words)
Georg Solti (October 21, 1912 - September 5, 1997) was a well-known orchestral and operatic conductor, who was still actively engaged in performing right up until his death.
Solti was born György Solti in Budapest, where he learned the piano and studied at the Franz Liszt Academy.
In 1961, Solti was engaged to conduct at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, where he was music director from 1961 until 1971, and thereafter spent much of his time in Britain and the United States.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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