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Encyclopedia > Georg Groddeck

Georg Groddeck (October 13, 1866 Bad Kösen – June 10, 1934 Knonau, near Zurich) was a physician and writer. October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years). ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (162nd in leap years), with 204 days remaining. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Location within Switzerland   Zürich[?] (German pronunciation IPA: ; usually spelled Zurich in English) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of Zürich. ... Physician examining a child A physician is a person who practices medicine. ... The term writer can apply to anyone who creates a written work, but the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ...

"Who draws the conclusion, that I mentally medicate a human who has broken his leg, is very true – but I adjust the fracture and dress the wound. And then – I give him a massage, make exercises with him, give a daily bath to the leg, with water of 45 centigrade for half a hour and I take care, that he does neither gorge nor booze, and every now and then I ask him: Why did you break your leg, you yourself ?" [1]

With such and other methods the German physician Georg Groddeck, who practiced in Baden-Baden and was the pathfinder of the psychosomatic medicine[2], astonished his numerous listeners and readers. His therapy connects naturopathic treatment with psychoanalytic, suggestive and hypnotic elements. His foot and arm bath, massages and dietary cuisine are still practised today,[3] although the bold doctrine of salvation, where he mauled his patients necessarily quite authoritarian, is judged today more reserved. “To provide obedience” is the “foundation of medical art”, he mentioned. Physician examining a child A physician is a person who practices medicine. ... Baden-Baden, Baden-Württemberg, Germany Baden-Baden is a town in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... A psychosomatic illness is one with physical manifestations and supposed psychological cause, often diagnosed when any known or identifiable physical cause was excluded by medical examination. ...

Sigmund Freud mentions Groddeck in The Ego and the Id[4], crediting him with giving a name to what Freud had already given a local habitation, to wit, the Id. Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud (May 6, 1856–September 23, 1939; (IPA pronunciation: []) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... The Ego and the Id was written by Sigmund Freud in 1923. ...

Now I think we shall gain a great deal by following the suggestion of a writer who, from personal motives, vainly asserts that he has nothing to do with the rigours of pure science. I am speaking of Georg Groddeck, who is never tired of insisting that what we call our ego behaves essentially passively in life, and that, as he expresses it, we are 'lived' by unknown and uncontrollable forces. We have all had impressions of the same kind, even though they may not have overwhelmed us to the exclusion of all others, and we need feel no hesitation in finding a place for Groddeck's discovery in the structure of science. I propose to take it into account by calling the entity which starts out from the system Pcpt. and begins by being Pcs. the 'ego', and by following Groddeck in calling the other part of the mind, into which this entity extends and which behaves as though it were Ucs., the 'id'. (Freud 1927/1961, 13).

In contrast to Freud, Groddeck was primarily engaged with the treatment of chronically ill patients. Groddeck is considered to many as a founder of psychosomatic medicine – his reservations against strict science and orthodox medicine made him an outsider among psychoanalysts till today. [2]

Toward the end of his life, many colleagues and admirers asked Groddeck to form a society that would promote his ideas. To this request, he would laugh and reply: "Disciples like their master to stay put, whereas I should think anyone a fool who wanted me to say the same thing tomorrow as I said yesterday. If you really want to be my follower, look at life for yourself and tell the world honestly what you see."


  1. ^ Georg Groddeck, The Meaning of Illness: Selected Psychoanalytic Writings, International Universities Press (June 1977), ISBN 0-8236-3205-9
  2. ^ a b Peter L. Rudnytsky, Reading Psychoanalysis: Freud, Rank, Ferenczi, Groddeck, Cornell Studies in the History of Psychiatry; Cornell University Press (November 2002), ISBN 0-8014-8825-7
  3. ^ Gerda Boyesen, "Entre psyché et soma", Payot (December 1996), ISBN 2228890642
  4. ^ Freud, Sigmund (1923), Das Ich und das Es, Internationaler Psycho-analytischer Verlag, Leipzig, Vienna, and Zurich. English translation, The Ego and the Id, Joan Riviere (trans.), Hogarth Press and Institute of Psycho-analysis, London, UK, 1927. Revised for The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, James Strachey (ed.), W.W. Norton and Company, New York, NY, 1961.

Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud (May 6, 1856–September 23, 1939; (IPA pronunciation: []) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ...

See also

Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud (May 6, 1856–September 23, 1939; (IPA pronunciation: []) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ...

External links

  • Groddeck, Georg, "The Book of the It", Letter I and Letter II, [1]
  • DesGroseillers, René, "George Groddeck", Eprint

  Results from FactBites:
Georg Groddeck (206 words)
Georg Groddeck (1866-1934) occupies a special place among those who can be regarded as Freudian dissidents.
Groddeck had indeed already worked out his own theoretical vision when he came into contact with Freud who, impressed by this original doctor's ideas, prompted him to regard Groddeck as one of his own group.
It is from Groddeck that Freud borrowed the concept of Self (id), by considerably modifying however the direction he gave this term.
Groddeck (2115 words)
Groddeck was a kind of anti-rationalist poet and philosopher, a sort of holy fool; Freud, unlike men of narrower minds, could cherish him.
Groddeck, then, is as an antidote to the tendency to forget human mystery in our theories and as an antidote to the unending proclivities to evade, by way of repression and denial, the lusts, aggressions, conflicts, and, let it be said, the complexities of our children in their earliest years.
Georg Groddeck posits the "It" as the unconscious force that drives human behavior and underpins its poles of attraction and revulsion, standing as the root source of physical disease.
  More results at FactBites »



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