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Encyclopedia > Georg Büchner

Georg Büchner (October 17, 1813February 19, 1837) was a German dramatist and writer of prose. He was the brother of physician and philosopher Ludwig Büchner. Georg Büchner, German playwright File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events January 10 - DePauw University founded in Greencastle, Indiana January 26 - Michigan is admitted as the 26th U.S. state February 8 - Richard Johnson becomes the first Vice President of the United States chosen by the United States Senate February 11 - American Physiological Society organizes in Boston February 13 - Rowland... A dramatist is an author of dramatic compositions, usually plays. ... Though anyone who creates a written work may be called a writer, the term is usually reserved for those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... Friedrich Karl Christian Ludwig Büchner ( 1824- 1899) was a German philosopher, physiologist and physician who became one of exponents of 19th century scientific materialism. ...

Born in Goddelau near Darmstadt, Germany, as the son of a doctor, Büchner frequented a Humanist secondary school that focused on languages, including modern languages (French, Italian and English). Nevertheless Büchner studied medicine in Strassburg. Map of Germany showing Darmstadt Darmstadt is a city in the Bundesland (federal state) of Hessen in Germany. ... Humanism is a system of thought that defines a socio-political doctrine (-ism) whose bounds exceed those of locally developed cultures, to include all of humanity and all issues common to human beings. ... This list of languages is alphabetical by English name. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... Italian is a Romance language spoken by about 70 million people, most of whom live in Italy. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... See drugs, medication, and pharmacology for substances that are used to treat patients. ... Strasbourg townscape Strasbourg (German Straßburg, road to castle, Alsatian Strossburi) is the capital and principal city of the Alsace région of northeastern France. ...

In 1828 he became interested in politics and joined a circle of Shakespeare aficionados which later on probably became the Giessen and Darmstadt section of the "Gesellschaft für Menschenrechte" (Society for Human Rights). In Strassburg, he got to know both French literature and political thought. In 1835, Büchner translated two works by Victor Hugo, Lucrèce Borgia and Marie Tudor. Two years later, his dissertation, "Mémoire sur le Système Nerveux du Barbeaux (Cyprinus barbus L.)" was published in Paris and Strassburg. He was influenced by the utopian communist theories of Babeuf and Saint-Simon. Events January 4 - The Vicomte de Martignac succeeds the Comte de Villèle as Prime Minister of France. ... Politics is the process and method of decision-making for groups of human beings. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Gießen (Giessen pronunciation) is a city in the federal state (Bundesland) of Hesse in Germany, capital of the Gießen district. ... French literature is literature written in the French language; and especially, literature written in French by citizens of France; it may also refer to literature written in other languages of France. ... 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Victor Hugo Victor Hugo (February 26, 1802 - May 22, 1885) was a French author, the most important of the Romantic authors in the French language. ... Strasbourg townscape Strasbourg (German Straßburg, road to castle, Alsatian Strossburi) is the capital and principal city of the Alsace région of northeastern France. ... See Utopia (disambiguation) for other meanings of this word Utopia, in its most common and general meaning, refers to a hypothetical perfect society. ... Communism - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... François-Noël Babeuf (November 23, 1760 _ May 27, 1797), known as Gracchus Babeuf, was a French political agitator and journalist of the revolutionary period. ... Saint-Simon can refer to various people: Claude de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon (1607–1693), French courtier Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon (1675–1755), French soldier, diplomatist and writer of memoirs Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-Simon (1760–1825), the founder of French socialism Simon...

While he continued his studies in Giessen he established a secret society dedicated to the revolutionary cause. He printed leaflets called Der Hessische Landbote, aimed at the political education (or indoctrination, depending on point of view) of peasants. However, due to treason Büchner had to leave the country and fled to France. Gießen (Giessen pronunciation) is a city in the federal state (Bundesland) of Hesse in Germany, capital of the Gießen district. ... The word indoctrination has accumulated negative connotations over the past century. ... In law, treason is the crime of disloyalty to ones nation. ... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ...

In 1835, his first play, Dantons Tod, about the French revolution, was published, followed by Lenz (first partly published in Karl Gutzkow's and Wienberg's Deutsche Revue, which was banned soon). In 1836 his second play, Leonce and Lena, followed (about the nobility). His unfinished and most famous play, Woyzeck, is the first literary work in German whose main characters are members of the working class. Published posthumously, it became the basis for Alban Berg's opera Wozzeck (premiered 1925). 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The period of the French Revolution in the history of France covers the years between 1789 and 1799, in which democrats and republicans overthrew the absolute monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church was forced to undergo radical restructuring. ... Karl Ferdinand Gutzkow (17 March 1811 - 16 December 1878) was a German writer notable in the Young Germany movement of the mid-19th century. ... Events January - Book by Maria Monk claims that she was sexually exploited in a Canadian convent February 3 - United States Whig Party holds its first convention in Albany, New York. ... The Lords and Barons prove their Nobility by hanging their Banners and exposing their Coats-of-arms at the Windows of the Lodge of the Heralds. ... Categories: Stub ... The term working class is used to denote a social class. ... Alban Maria Johannes Berg (February 9, 1885 – December 24, Austrian composer. ... Wozzeck is the first and most famous opera by Alban Berg. ...

Büchner was one of the lesser known German authors when Karl-Emil Franzos edited his works, which later on were a major influence on naturalism. Arnold Zweig called Lenz, Büchner's only work of prose, the "beginning of modern European prose". Lenz is a novella based on the life of the Sturm und Drang poet Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz.-1... Arnold Zweig (November 10, 1887 _ November 26, 1968) was a German writer and an active pacifist. ... A novella is a short, narrative, prose fiction work. ... Sturm und Drang (literally: storm and stress) was a mainly literary protest movement in German literature during the latter half of the 18th century. ... Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz (* January 12, 1751 - May 24, 1792) German writer of the Sturm und Drang period who was born in Seßwegen/Cēsvaine, Livonia and died in Moscow. ...

He died in Zürich, shortly after he had begun lecturing at the university. Zürich IPA (in English often Zurich, which is also the standard French form of the name) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 364,558 in 2002; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of Zürich. ...



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