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Encyclopedia > Geography of the Marshall Islands
Map of the Marshall Islands
Map of Oceania showing the location of the Marshall Islands


The Marshalls are comprised of 29 atolls and five major islands, which form two parallel groups--the "Ratak" (sunrise) chain and the "Ralik"(sunset) chain. Two-thirds of the nation's population lives in Majuro and Ebeye. The outer islands are sparsely populated due to lack of employment opportunities and economic development.


Location: Oceania, group of atolls and reefs in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Papua New Guinea


Geographic coordinates: 9 00 N, 168 00 E


Map references: Oceania


Area:
total: 181.3 sq km
land: 181.3 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes the atolls of Bikini, Enewetak, and Kwajalein


Area - comparative: about the size of Washington, DC


Land boundaries: 0 km


Coastline: 370.4 km


Maritime claims:
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm


Climate: wet season from May to November; hot and humid; islands border typhoon belt


Terrain: low coral limestone and sand islands


Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on Likiep 10 m


Natural resources: phosphate deposits, marine products, deep seabed minerals


Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 60%
permanent pastures: 0%
forests and woodland: 0%
other: 40%


Irrigated land: NA sq km


Natural hazards: occasional typhoons


Environment - current issues: inadequate supplies of potable water


Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol


Geography - note: two archipelagic island chains of 30 atolls and 1,152 islands; Bikini and Enewetak are former US nuclear test sites; Kwajalein, the famous World War II battleground, is now used as a US missile test range

See also : Marshall Islands

  Results from FactBites:
 
Marshall Islands - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article (798 words)
The Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) is a Micronesian island nation in the western Pacific Ocean, located north of Nauru and Kiribati, east of the Federated States of Micronesia and south of the U.S. territory of Wake Island.
Spanish explorer Alonso de Salazar was the first European to sight the Marshalls, but the islands remained virtually unvisited by Europeans for several more centuries, before being visited by English captain John Marshall in 1788; the islands owe their name to him.
In 1979 the Republic of the Marshall Islands was established and a Compact of Free Association with the U.S. government was signed, becoming effective in 1986.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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