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Encyclopedia > Geography of Poland

Poland is a country in Central Europe, east of Germany. Generally speaking, Poland is an unbroken plain reaching from the Baltic Sea in the north to the Carpathian Mountains in the south. Within that plain, terrain variations generally run in bands from east to west. For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ... Osiedle TysiÄ…clecia at night Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina Katowice Established 16th century City Rights 1865 Government  - Mayor Piotr Uszok Area  - City 164. ... Motto: Miasto spotkaÅ„ (the meeting place) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Lower Silesian Powiat city county Gmina WrocÅ‚aw Established 10th century City Rights 1262 Government  - Mayor RafaÅ‚ Dutkiewicz Area  - City 292. ... Motto: Ex navicula navis (From a boat, a ship) Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina Łódź City Rights 1423 Government  - Mayor Jerzy Kropiwnicki Area  - City 293. ... Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina PoznaÅ„ Established 8th century City Rights 1253 Government  - Mayor Ryszard Grobelny Area  - City 261. ... Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Kuyavian-Pomeranian Powiat city county Gmina Bydgoszcz Established before 1238 City Rights 1346/1349 Government  - Mayor Konstanty Dombrowicz Area  - City 174. ... Panorama of Lublin form Trynitarska Tower Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina Lublin Established before 12th century City Rights 1317 Government  - Mayor Adam Wasilewski Area  - City 147. ... Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina BiaÅ‚ystok Established 14th century City Rights 1692 Government  - Mayor Tadeusz Truskolaski Area  - City 102 km² (39. ... For alternative meanings of GdaÅ„sk and Danzig, see GdaÅ„sk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (No rashness, no timidness) Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina GdaÅ„sk Established 10th century City Rights 1263 Government  - Mayor PaweÅ‚ Adamowicz Area  - City 262 km²  (101. ... Stettin redirects here. ... For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Baltic (disambiguation). ... Tatras Panorama of Tatras The Tatra Mountains, Tatras or Tatra (Tatry in both Slovak and Polish), constitute a mountain range which forms a natural border between Slovakia and Poland. ... A view from Zygmuntówka refuge, Góry Sowie Åšnieżka/Sněžka/Snow Mountain Destroyed forest on the top of Wielka Sowa The Sudetes (IPA: ), also called Sudeten (in German; pronounced: ) or Sudety (pronounced in Czech, in Polish), is a mountain range in Central Europe. ... Kaliningrad Oblast (Russian: , Kaliningradskaya Oblast; informally called Yantarny kray (, meaning amber region) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast) on the Baltic coast. ... Motto Tautos jÄ—ga vienybÄ—je The strength of the nation lies in unity Anthem TautiÅ¡ka giesmÄ— Lithuania() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Vilnius Official languages Lithuanian Demonym Lithuanian Government  -  President Valdas Adamkus  -  Prime Minister Gediminas Kirkilas Independence from the Russian Empire... For other uses, see Belarus (disambiguation). ... Anthem Ще не вмерла України ні слава, ні воля(Ukrainian) Shche ne vmerla Ukrayiny ni slava, ni volya(transliteration) Ukraines glory has not yet perished, nor her freedom Ukraine() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Kiev (Kyiv) Official languages Ukrainian Demonym Ukrainian Government Semi-presidential system  -  President Viktor Yushchenko  -  Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych Independence from... Anthem Nad Tatrou sa blýska Lightning over the Tatras Slovakia() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Bratislava Official languages Slovak Demonym Slovak Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Ivan GaÅ¡parovič  -  Prime Minister Robert Fico Independence due to dissolution of Czechoslovakia   -  Date January 1, 19931... Motto (Czech) Truth prevails Anthem Czech Republic() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Prague Official languages Czech Demonym Czech Government Republic  -  President Václav Klaus  -  Prime Minister Mirek Topolánek Independence (formed 9th century)   -  October 28, 1918   -  January 1, 1993  EU membership May 1... “Deutschland” redirects here. ... Sverige redirects here. ... Denmark Region Hovedstaden Bornholms Regionskommune 588 km² (227 mi²)  - coordinates , , 43,040 () since January 2003 CET (UTC+1)  -  CEST (UTC+2) Bornholm Island (far right) in Denmark : www. ... Central Europe The Alpine Countries and the Visegrád Group (Political map, 2004) Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... For other uses, see Baltic (disambiguation). ... Satellite image of the Carpathians. ...


The Baltic coast lacks natural harbors except for the Gdańsk-Gdynia region and Szczecin in the far northwest. The northeastern region, called the Lake District, is sparsely populated and lacks agricultural and industrial resources. To the south and west of the lake district, a vast region of plains extends to the Sudetes on the Czech and Slovak borders to the southwest and to the Carpathians on the Czech, Slovak, and Ukrainian borders to the southeast. For other uses, see Harbor (disambiguation). ... Map of the Tricity area Tricity (also called Treble City, in Polish Trójmiasto) is the city area consisting of the three Polish district GdaÅ„sk, Gdynia and Sopot. ... Stettin redirects here. ... A view from Zygmuntówka refuge, Góry Sowie Åšnieżka/Sněžka/Snow Mountain Destroyed forest on the top of Wielka Sowa The Sudetes (IPA: ), also called Sudeten (in German; pronounced: ) or Sudety (pronounced in Czech, in Polish), is a mountain range in Central Europe. ... Satellite image of the Carpathians. ...


The country extends 649 kilometers from north to south and 689 kilometers from east to west. Poland's total area is 312,683 square kilometers, including inland waters. The neighboring countries are Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and Lithuania and the Russian province of Kaliningrad to the northeast. A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... Kaliningrad (Russian: ; Lithuanian: Karaliaučius; German  , Polish: Królewiec; briefly Russified as Kyonigsberg), is a seaport and the administrative center of Kaliningrad Oblast, the Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea. ...


Geographic coordinates: 52°00′N, 20°00′E

Contents

Topography

Shaded relief map of Poland, 2000
Shaded relief map of Poland, 2000
Satellite photo of Poland taken from Landsat7
Satellite photo of Poland taken from Landsat7
Topography
Topography
Hypsometry
Hypsometry

The average elevation of Poland is 173 meters, and only 3 % of Polish territory, along the southern border, is higher than 500 meters. The highest elevation is Mount Rysy, which rises 2,499 meters in the Tatra Range of the Carpathians, 95 kilometers south of Kraków. About 60 square kilometers along the Gulf of Gdansk are below sea level. Poland is traditionally divided into five topographic zones from north to south. The largest, the central lowlands, is narrow in the west, then expands to the north and south as it extends eastward. Along the eastern border, this zone reaches from the far northeast to within 200 kilometers of the southern border. The terrain in the central lowlands is quite flat, and earlier glacial lakes have been filled by sediment. The region is cut by several major rivers, including the Oder (Odra), which defines the Silesian Lowlands in the southwest, and the Vistula (Wisla), which defines the lowland areas of east-central Poland. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 646 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1021 × 948 pixel, file size: 467 KB, MIME type: image/png) Mapa administracyjna Polski z zaznaczonymi granicami województw i powiatów, stan na 1 stycznia 2007. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1056x1244, 318 KB) Shaded relief map of Poland, 2000. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1056x1244, 318 KB) Shaded relief map of Poland, 2000. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (983x926, 446 KB) Satellite photo of Poland taken from Landsat7. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (983x926, 446 KB) Satellite photo of Poland taken from Landsat7. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1400x1364, 756 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Geography of Poland ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1400x1364, 756 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Geography of Poland ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (769x606, 230 KB) Summary Poland - relief Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Geography of Poland User:Aotearoa from Poland ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (769x606, 230 KB) Summary Poland - relief Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Geography of Poland User:Aotearoa from Poland ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... , Rysy (Hungarian: , German: ) is a mountain in the crest of the High Tatras, at the Polish-Slovak border. ... Tatras Panorama of Tatras The Tatra Mountains, Tatras or Tatra (Tatry in both Slovak and Polish), constitute a mountain range which forms a natural border between Slovakia and Poland. ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ... The Bay of GdaÅ„sk (also known as the GdaÅ„sk Bay or Gulf of GdaÅ„sk; in Polish Zatoka GdaÅ„ska; in Kashubian/Pomeranian GduÅ„skô Hôwinga; in German Danziger Bucht) is a southeastern bay of the Baltic sea enclosed by a large curve of the shores of... For discussion of land surfaces themselves, see Terrain. ... This article is about the geological formation. ... The Oder (known in Czech, Slovak and Polish as Odra) is a river in Central Europe. ... Silesia (English pronunciation [], Czech: ; German: ; Latin: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Åšlůnsk) is a historical region in central Europe, located along the upper and middle Oder River, upper Vistula River, and along the Sudetes, Carpathian (Silesian Beskids) mountain range. ... Vistula river basin Vistula (Polish Wisła), is the longest river in Poland. ...


To the south of the lowlands are the lesser Poland uplands, a belt varying in width from 90 to 200 kilometers, formed by the gently sloping foothills of the Sudeten and Carpathian mountain ranges and the uplands that connect the ranges in southcentral Poland. The topography of this region is divided transversely into higher and lower elevations, reflecting its underlying geological structure. In the western section, the Silesia-Kraków Upthrust contains rich coal deposits. This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal (pronounced ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ...


The third topographic area is located on either side of Poland's southern border and is formed by the Sudeten and Carpathian ranges. Within Poland, neither of these ranges is forbidding enough to prevent substantial habitation; the Carpathians are especially densely populated. The rugged form of the Sudeten range derives from the geological shifts that formed the later Carpathian uplift. The highest elevation in the Sudeten is 1,602 meters, in the Karkonosze Mountains. The Carpathians in Poland, formed as a discrete topographical unit in the relatively recent Tertiary Era, are the highest and most picturesque mountains in the country. They are the northernmost edge of a much larger range that extends into the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Hungary, and Romania. Within Poland the range includes two major basins, the Oswiecim (Auschwitz) and Sandomierz, which are rich in several minerals and natural gas. Aerial view over Karkonosze Karkonosze (Polish name, pronounced kár-ko-no-she; Krkonoše in Czech; Riesengebirge in German) or Giant Mountains are part of the Sudetes Mountains in central Europe. ... Tertiary geological time interval covers roughly the time span between the demise of the non-avian dinosaurs and beginning of the most recent Ice Age, approximately 65 million to 1. ... Oświęcim. ... Flag of Sandomierz Sandomierz Coat of Arms Sandomierz(Sandomir) ( listen) is a city in south-eastern Poland with 25,714 inhabitants (2006). ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ...


To the north of the central lowlands, the lake region includes the only primeval forests remaining in Europe and much of Poland's shrinking unspoiled natural habitat. Glacial action in this region formed lakes and low hills in the otherwise flat terrain adjacent to Lithuania and the Baltic Sea. Small lakes dot the entire northern half of Poland, and the glacial formations that characterize the lake region extend as much as 200 kilometers inland in western Poland. Wide river valleys divide the lake region into three parts. In the northwest, Pomerania is located south of the Baltic coastal region and north of the Warta and Noteć rivers. Masuria occupies the remainder of northern Poland and features a string of larger lakes. Most of Poland's 9,300 lakes that are more than 10,000 square metres in area are located in the northern part of the lake region, where they occupy about 10 % of the surface area. BiaÅ‚owieża Primaeval Forest, known as Belaveskaya Pushcha (Белавеская пушча) or Belovezhskaya Pushcha in Belarus and Puszcza BiaÅ‚owieska in Poland, is an ancient virginal forest straddling the border between Belarus and Poland, located 70 km north of Brest. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Pommern redirects here. ... Warta (Latin: Varta, German: Warthe) is a river in western-central Poland, a tributary of the Oder river. ... Sailing on Lake MikoÅ‚ajki Masuria (Polish: ; German: ) is an area in northeastern Poland famous for its lakes and forests. ...


The Baltic coastal plains are a low-lying region formed of sediments deposited by the sea. The coastline was shaped by the action of the rising sea after the Scandinavian ice sheet retreated. The two major inlets in the smooth coast are the Pomeranian Bay on the German border in the far northwest and the Gulf of Gdansk in the east. The Oder River empties into the former, and the Vistula forms a large delta at the head of the latter. Sandbars with large dunes form lagoons and coastal lakes along much of the coast. For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... Bay of Pomerania or Pomeranian Bay (Polish: Zatoka Pomorska; German: Pommersche Bucht) is a basin in the south-western Baltic Sea, off the shores of Poland and Germany. ...


Drainage

Nearly all of Poland is drained northward into the Baltic Sea by the Vistula, the Oder, and the tributaries of these two major rivers. About half the country is drained by the Vistula, which originates in the Tatra Mountains in far south-central Poland. The Vistula Basin includes most of the eastern half of the country and is drained by a system of rivers that mainly join the Vistula from the east. One of the tributaries, the Bug, defines 280 kilometers of Poland's eastern border with Ukraine and Belarus. The Oder and its major tributary, the Warta, form a basin that drains the western third of Poland into the bays north of Szczecin. The drainage effect on a large part of Polish terrain is weak, however, especially in the lake region and the inland areas to its south. The predominance of swampland, level terrain, and small, shallow lakes hinders large-scale movement of water. The rivers have two high-water periods per year. The first is caused by melting snow and ice dams in spring adding to the volume of lowland rivers; the second is caused by heavy rains in July. For other uses, see Baltic (disambiguation). ... Vistula river basin Vistula (Polish Wisła), is the longest river in Poland. ... The Oder (known in Czech, Slovak and Polish as Odra) is a river in Central Europe. ... Tatras Panorama of Tatras The Tatra Mountains, Tatras or Tatra (Tatry in both Slovak and Polish), constitute a mountain range which forms a natural border between Slovakia and Poland. ... Vistula river basin Vistula (Polish Wisła, German Weichsel) is the longest river in Poland. ... Bug at Wlodawa One of the two rivers called Bug (pronounced Boog), the Western Bug, or Buh (Belarusian: Захо́дні Буг; Russian: За́падный Буг; Ukrainian: Західн&#1080... Warta (Latin: Varta, German: Warthe) is a river in western-central Poland, a tributary of the Oder river. ... Stettin redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Spring. ...


Climate

Satellite image of Poland in February 2003
Satellite image of Poland in February 2003

Poland's long-term and short-term weather patterns are made transitional and variable by the collision of diverse air masses above the country's surface. Maritime air moves across Western Europe, Arctic air sweeps down from the North Atlantic Ocean, and subtropical air arrives from the South Atlantic Ocean. Although the Arctic air dominates for much of the year, its conjunction with warmer currents generally moderates temperatures and generates considerable precipitation, clouds, and fog. When the moderating influences are lacking, winter temperatures in mountain valleys may drop to -40 °C. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2834x2628, 1879 KB) Satellite image of Poland in February 2003. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2834x2628, 1879 KB) Satellite image of Poland in February 2003. ... For the geological process, see Weathering or Erosion. ... A current understanding of Western Europe. ... The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border Artificially coloured topographical map of the Arctic region The Arctic is the region around the Earths North Pole, opposite the Antarctic region around the South Pole. ... For other uses, see Atlantic (disambiguation) The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. ... For other uses, see Atlantic (disambiguation) The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. ... This article is about clouds in meteorology. ... For other uses, see Fog (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Winter (disambiguation). ...


The spring arrives slowly in April, bringing mainly sunny days after a period of alternating wintry and springtime conditions. Summer, which extends from June to August, is generally less humid than winter. Showers and thunderstorms alternate with dry sunny weather that is generated when southern winds prevail. Early autumn is generally sunny and warm before a period of rainy, colder weather in November begins the transition into winter. Winter, which may last from one to three months, brings frequent snowstorms but relatively low total precipitation. For other uses, see Summer (disambiguation). ... This article is about the temperate season. ...


The range of mean temperatures is 6 °C in the northeast to 8 °C in the southwest, but individual readings in Poland's regions vary widely by season. On the highest mountain peaks, the mean temperature is below 0 °C. The Baltic coast, influenced by moderating west winds, has cooler summers and warmer winters. The other temperature extreme is in the southeast along the border with Ukraine, where the greatest seasonal differences occur and winter temperatures average 4.5 °C below those in western Poland. The growing season is about 40 days longer in the southwest than in the northeast, where spring arrives latest. For other uses, see Mountain (disambiguation). ...


The average annual precipitation for the whole country is 600 mm, but isolated mountain locations receive as much as 1,300 mm per year. The total is slightly higher in the southern uplands than in the central plains. A few areas, notably along the Vistula between Warsaw and the Baltic Sea and in the far northwest, average less than 500 mm. In winter about half the precipitation in the lowlands and the entire amount in the mountains falls as snow. On the average, precipitation in summer is twice that in winter, providing a dependable supply of water for crops. Vistula river basin Vistula (Polish Wisła), is the longest river in Poland. ... For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Baltic (disambiguation). ...


Area and boundaries

Area:


total: 312,685 km²


land:304,465 km²


water:8,220 km²


Area - comparative: Slightly smaller than New Mexico. Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Largest metro area Albuquerque metropolitan area Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ...


Land boundaries:


total: 2,888 km


border countries: Belarus 605 km, Czech Republic 658 km, Germany 456 km, Lithuania 91 km, Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) 206 km, Slovakia 444 km, Ukraine 428 km


Coastline: 491 km


Maritime claims:


exclusive economic zone: defined by international treaties


territorial sea: 12 nautical miles (22 km) A nautical mile or sea mile is a unit of length. ...


Elevation extremes:


lowest point: Raczki Elblaskie -1,8 m


highest point: Rysy 2,499 m , Rysy (Hungarian: , German: ) is a mountain in the crest of the High Tatras, at the Polish-Slovak border. ...


Islands: Wolin, east of Usedom Wolin is the name shared by an island located in the Baltic Sea located just off the Polish coast, and a town located on the island. ... Landsat satellite photo of Szczecin Lagoon - Usedom is the western of the two large islands separating the waters of the Lagoon from the Baltic Sea, the eastern island is Wolin. ...


Resources and land use

Natural resources: coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, iron, zinc, lead, salt, arable land Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal (pronounced ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Iron (disambiguation). ... General Name, symbol, number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Standard atomic weight 65. ... This article is about the metal. ... This article is about common table salt. ...


Land use:


arable land: 47% To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


permanent crops: 1%


permanent pastures: 13%


forests and woodland: 29% This article is about a community of trees. ... Limber Pine woodland, Toiyabe Range, central Nevada Biologically, a woodland is a treed area differentiated from a forest. ...


other: 10% (1993 est.)


Irrigated land: 1,000 km² (1993 est.) Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the soil usually for assisting in growing crops. ...


Environmental concerns

Natural hazards: occasional flooding


Important rivers: Vistula (Wisla), Oder (Odra), Warta River, Narew, San) For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Vistula (disambiguation). ... The Oder (known in Czech, Slovak and Polish as Odra) is a river in Central Europe. ... Warta (Latin: Varta, German: Warthe) is a river in western-central Poland, a tributary of the Oder river. ... Narew (Belarusian: На́раў) is a river in western Belarus and north-eastern Poland, a tributary of the Vistula river. ... Length 433 km Basin area 16,861 km² Origin Carpathian Mountains Tributary of Vistula River Countries Poland, Ukraine San River. ...


See also: Rivers of Poland This is a list of rivers, which are at least partially located in Poland. ...


National parks There are 23 national parks in Poland: See also List of Biosphere Reserves in Poland External links Polish National Parks Categories: National parks of Poland | Lists of national parks ...


Environment - current issues: The situation has improved since 1989 due to decline in heavy industry and increased environmental concern by postcommunist governments; air pollution nonetheless remains serious because of sulfur dioxide emissions from coal-fired power plants, and the resulting acid rain has caused forest damage; water pollution from industrial and municipal sources is also a problem, as is disposal of hazardous wastes This article is about the form of society and political movement. ... Air pollution is the modification of the natural characteristics of the atmosphere by a chemical, particulate matter, or biological agent. ... Sulfur dioxide (or Sulphur dioxide) has the chemical formula SO2. ... For other uses, see Power station (disambiguation). ... The term acid rain is commonly used to mean the deposition of acidic components in rain, snow, fog, dew, or dry particles. ...


Environment - international agreements:


party to: Air Pollution, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 1994, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol


Geography - note: historically, an area of conflict because of flat terrain and the lack of natural barriers on the North European Plain Geographically, Europe is a part of the larger landmass known as Eurasia. ...


See also

Kraków Katowice Wrocław Łódź Poznań Bydgoszcz Lublin Białystok Gdańsk Szczecin Warsaw Baltic Sea Tatra Sudetes Russia Lithuania Belarus Ukraine Slovakia Czech Republic Ger. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Poland, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... It has been suggested that List of cities in Poland over 20,000 population (2002 census) be merged into this article or section. ... Bialowieza forests Bydgoszcz Forests Kampinos forests Knyszyn forests Lower Silesian forests Notec forests Oliwa forests Tuchola forests Wkrzanska Forest (Wkrzanska Wilderness, German: Ueckermünder Heide, Polish: Puszcza Wkrzańska) (Police, Poland) This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... This is a list of islands of Poland. ...

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Geography of Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1657 words)
Generally speaking, Poland is an unbroken plain reaching from the Baltic Sea in the north to the Carpathian Mountains in the south.
To the south of the lowlands are the lesser Poland uplands, a belt varying in width from 90 to 200 kilometers, formed by the gently sloping foothills of the Sudeten and Carpathian mountain ranges and the uplands that connect the ranges in southcentral Poland.
One of the tributaries, the Bug, defines 280 kilometers of Poland's eastern border with Ukraine and Belarus.
Poland (896 words)
The Republic of Poland is a country in Central Europe, bordering Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and Lithuania and Russia (via the Kaliningrad Oblast exclave) to its north, as well as the Baltic Sea.
Poland is an ancient nation that was conceived around the middle of the 10th century.
Poland once contained a great variety of minorities, but the exterminations during World War II and the (forced) migrations afterwards left Poland as a far more homogenous country.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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