FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Geographic references
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The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. These sources are cited within the thousands of articles which link to this page. A panorama of Sydney, Australia at night. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... A state of the United States (a U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Look up country in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents


International references

World Factbook 2004 cover The World Factbook is an annual publication by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with basic almanac-style information about the various countries of the world. ... The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE or ECE) was established in 1947 to encourage economic cooperation among its member states. ... A geocode is a geographical code to identify a point or area at the surface of the earth. ... UN/LOCODE is a geographic coding scheme developed and maintained by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, a unit of the United Nations. ...

Brazil

Canada

  • Statistics Canada. Data from the most recent census on cities across Canada is available here.

Hong Kong

  • Census and Statistics Department of Hong Kong

India

  • Census of India 2001 Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns.

Ireland

Gaeltacht, plural Gaeltachtaí, is an Irish word for an Irish-speaking region. ...

Italy

  • ISTAT, the official census arm of the Italian government, provides detailed demographic breakdowns and aggregate population figures for all the comuni, provinces and regions: currently the latest census year available is 2003.
  • Guida ai Comuni d' Italia (Metropolis), an unofficial site that reproduces ISTAT data from other census years, and other information from official sources (surface areas of the comuni, names of frazioni and localit√†, etc.)
  • Italian Wikipedia's "WikiProject Comuni" will also be useful.

In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other subdivisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere: these are the lowest subdivisions of the country. ...

Norway

United States

  • Montana Natural Resource Information System - Contains information on a wide range of geographic topics related to the U.S. state of Montana.
  • The United States Census Bureau's 2000 Census gazetteer. This was the primary source for the latitude and longitude values for about 23,500 U.S. cities. The data are indexed by state, county, and place FIPS codes.
    Source: http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html
  • The United States Census Bureau's 2000 Census data. Much of the geographic and demographic information for the U.S. states, counties, and cities came from the data on the site. The data is not totally accurate due to various polling errors, but it is an approximate estimate. See the Bureau's website for more information. The data were used for the following topics: geographic areas (total, land, and water), population and housing unit densities, demographic spreads across race, age, sex, and income. The data are indexed by state, county, and place FIPS codes. See also Race (US Census) for a list of the definition of race according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
    Source: http://www.census.gov
    http://factfinder.census.gov
  • The Geographic Names Information System developed by the United States Geological Survey. The data contain information on a wide range of geographic features such as populated places, rivers, mountains, certain buildings, etc. The data provided include geographic coordinates, elevation at the point, population (if applicable), and the FIPS codes for the state and county containing the feature (but not the feature itself).
    Source: http://geonames.usgs.gov/
  • The FIPS55 database, which contains standardized codes for populated places in the United States. The system describes the codes and the relationships between different entities, such as the part of relationship between a U.S. state and a county. It also contains zip code information.
    Source: http://geonames.usgs.gov/fips55.html
  • The National Imagery and Mapping Agency's (NIMA) database of foreign geographic feature names. Excludes information on the United States and Antarctica. Includes geographical coordinates in the WGS-84 format. Site also includes information on the FIPS10 standard.
    Source: http://www.nima.mil/gns/html/index.html
  • A list of the U.S. county seats.

A state of the United States (a U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 4th 381,156 km² 410 km 1,015 km 1 44°26 N to 49° N 104°2 W to 116°2 W Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 44th 1,087,340 2. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... The Twenty-second United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... The Twenty-second United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... The United States Geological Survey (USGS) is a scientific agency of the United States government. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... A state of the United States (a U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... The U.S. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), before 2004 known as the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA), was established October 1, 1996, by the National Imagery and Mapping Agency Act of 1996. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... A county seat is an administrative center for a county. ...

See also

Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which is aligned with the spin axis of the Earth. ... This is a list of current subnational entities, some of which may be states in the legal sense of the word, by country: See also: ISO 3166-2 country subdivision codes based on ISO 3166-1 country codes. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Solutions - Technology - Geographic Entity Extraction (1060 words)
Over the body of a corpus, if a name n is often given a high confidence of referring to a point p, then the likelihood that n refers to p is high even in the absence of other evidence in the document.
For any context C, an adjustment is applied to the confidence which is a nonlinear function of the probability of a geographic reference occurring in C in the tagged corpus.
If the system determines that Portland refers to Portland, Oregon with confidence c, then we assume that 15 miles northeast of Portland refers to the point 15 miles northeast of Portland, Oregon with confidence f(c), where f(c) is greater than c, since the presence of a well-defined relative reference serves as an additional linguistic clue.
Geographic references - definition of Geographic references in Encyclopedia (602 words)
Much of the geographic and demographic information for the U.S. states, counties, and cities came from the data on the site.
The data were used for the following topics: geographic areas (total, land, and water), population and housing unit densities, demographic spreads across race, age, sex, and income.
The data contain information on a wide range of geographic features such as populated places, rivers, mountains, certain buildings, etc. The data provided include geographic coordinates, elevation at the point, population (if applicable), and the FIPS codes for the state and county containing the feature (but not the feature itself).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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