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Encyclopedia > Geoffrey Palmer (politician)
Rt. Hon. Geoffrey Palmer

In office
8 August 1989 – 4 September 1990
Preceded by David Lange
Succeeded by Mike Moore
Constituency Christchurch Central

In office
26 July 1984 – 8 August 1989
Preceded by Jim McLay
Succeeded by Helen Clark

Born 21 April 1942
Taranaki, Flag of New Zealand New Zealand
Political party Labour
Spouse Eleanor Hinchcliff, married 1963, two children
Occupation Law professor
Religion Anglican

Sir Geoffrey Winston Russell Palmer, KCMG, AC, PC, (born 21 April 1942), served as Prime Minister of New Zealand from August 1989 until September 1990, leading the Labour Party. He was responsible for considerable reforms of the country's legal and constitutional framework, such as the creation of the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act and the State Sector Act. The Prime Minister of New Zealand is New Zealands head of government and is the leader of the party or coalition with majority support in the Parliament of New Zealand. ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 4 is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years). ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... David Russell Lange (IPA: lɔŋi) CH, ONZ (4 August 1942 — 13 August 2005), served as Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1984 to 1989. ... This page is about the New Zealand politician and Director-General of the World Trade Organization. ... For other uses, see Christchurch (disambiguation). ... The Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand is second most senior officer in the Government of New Zealand, although this seniority does not necessarily translate into power. ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... James Kenneth McLay (born 21 February 1945), generally known as Jim McLay, is a former New Zealand politician. ... For other persons named Helen Clark, see Helen Clark (disambiguation). ... April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... View of Mount Taranaki or Mount Egmont from Stratford, facing west. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... The New Zealand Labour Party is a New Zealand political party. ... The term Anglican (from Medieval Latin ecclesia anglicana, meaning the English Church) is used to describe how the people, institutions and churches as well as the liturgical traditions and theological concepts developed by the state established Church of England, the Anglican Communion. ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, wearing on her left shoulder the Order of Australias Sovereign Badge. ... A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, especially in a monarchy. ... April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... The Prime Minister of New Zealand is New Zealands head of government and is the leader of the party or coalition with majority support in the Parliament of New Zealand. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... The New Zealand Labour Party is a New Zealand political party. ... The New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990 is an enactment of the New Zealand Parliament setting out the rights and fundamental freedoms of the citizens of New Zealand. ...

Contents

Early life and education

Palmer was born in Nelson and attended Nelson Central School and Nelson College. At Victoria University of Wellington, he studied both political science and law. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1964 and a Bachelor of Laws in 1965. After working for a time in Wellington, he attended the University of Chicago's law school, gaining a Juris Doctor (doctorate of law) in 1967. He taught for a time at the University of Iowa and the University of Virginia, and undertook consultancy work for the Australian government. Eventually, in 1974, he was appointed to a professorship of law at Victoria University of Wellington, bringing him back to New Zealand again. At the 1975 general election, Palmer took part in the "Citizens for Rowling" campaign. A view of Nelson from the Centre of New Zealand Nelson stands on the southern corner of Tasman Bay, at the northern end of the South Island of New Zealand and is the administrative centre of the Nelson region. ... Wikinews has news related to: New Zealand boarding school closed due to gastro-enteritis outbreak Nelson College is a boys-only state secondary school in Nelson, New Zealand. ... Victoria Universitys Kelburn Campus. ... Political science is the field of the social sciences concerning the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behavior. ... Lady Justice or Justitia is a personification of the moral force that underlies the legal system (particularly in Western art). ... Bachelor of Arts (B.A., BA or A.B.), from the Latin Artium Baccalaureus is an undergraduate bachelors degree awarded for either a course or a program in the liberal arts or the sciences, or both. ... The degree of Bachelor of Laws (or Baccalaureate of Laws) is the principal academic degree in law in most common law countries other than the United States, where it has been replaced by the Juris Doctor degree. ... The University of Chicago is a private university located principally in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago. ... Doctor of Law, Doctor of Jurisprudence, or Juris Doctor (abbreviated J.D. or JD, from the Latin) is a degree in law offered by universities in a number of countries. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... The University of Iowa, or Iowa for short, is a major national research university located on a 1,900-acre campus in Iowa City, Iowa, USA, on the Iowa River in East Central Iowa. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The 1975 New Zealand general election was held to elect MPs to the 38th session of the New Zealand Parliament. ... The Citizens for Rowling campaign was a campaign named after then Labour Prime Minister of New Zealand Bill Rowling in the lead up to the 1975 general election. ...


Member of Parliament

In the Christchurch Central by-election of 1979 Palmer was elected to Parliament, having stood as the Labour Party candidate. He eventually became deputy Leader of the Opposition in 1983. When, in 1984, the Labour Party won the general elections, Palmer became Deputy Prime Minister of the Fourth Labour Government. He also became Attorney-General and Minister of Justice. The new justice minister, who had promoted proportional representation as a law professor in his book “Unbridled power?” also published in 1984, set up a Royal Commission to investigate the electoral system and propose modifications or alternatives. His Royal Commission reported in December 1986, recommending the Mixed Member Proportional system. After the 1987 elections, when Labour was reelected, he also became Minister of the Environment, an area in which he took personal interest. The Christchurch Central by-election of 1979 was a by-election during the 39th New Zealand Parliament. ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... The Leader of the Opposition is a title traditionally held by the leader of the largest party not in government in a Westminster System of parliamentary government. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1984 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament. ... The Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand is second most senior officer in the Government of New Zealand, although this seniority does not necessarily translate into power. ... The Fourth Labour Government of New Zealand was the government of New Zealand from 26 July 1984 to 2 November 1990. ... The 1987 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament. ...


Leadership

The most notable feature of New Zealand politics at the time was the economic reform promoted by the Finance Minister, Roger Douglas. Douglas was advancing free market monetarist policies involving extensive privatization of state assets and the removal of tariffs and subsidies. These policies, which contravened Labour's basic policy platform and campaign promises, were deeply unpopular with Labour's traditional support base, and resulted in a confrontation between Prime Minister David Lange and Roger Douglas. Lange also reneged from his promise to hold a binding referendum on the MMP system. Palmer conceded defeat on MMP at an April 1989 Labour regional conference, saying that the issue was “effectively dead for the immediate future." Eventually, Douglas was removed from Cabinet, but the dispute had weakened Lange enough that he resigned a month later. Palmer, being deputy leader, took over as Prime Minister. Electoral reformers in the Labour Party kept up the pressure, and in September 1989, after Palmer had become prime minister, the full annual conference of the Labour Party passed a remit endorsing a referendum on the principle of proportional representation. The Minister of Finance is a senior figure within the government of New Zealand. ... Sir Roger Douglas is a former New Zealand politician and senior Cabinet minister, best known for his leading role in the radical economic restructuring undertaken by the New Zealand Labour Party government in the 1980s. ... A free market is an idealized market, where all economic decisions and actions by individuals regarding transfer of money, goods, and services are voluntary, and are therefore devoid of coercion and theft (some definitions of coercion are inclusive of theft). Colloquially and loosely, a free market economy is an economy... Monetarism is a set of views concerning the determination of national income and monetary economics. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A tariff is a tax on foreign goods. ... In economics, a subsidy is generally a monetary grant given by a government to lower the price faced by producers or consumers of a good, generally because it is considered to be in the public interest. ... David Russell Lange (IPA: lɔŋi) CH, ONZ (4 August 1942 — 13 August 2005), served as Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1984 to 1989. ... The New Zealand Cabinet functions as the policy and decision-making body of New Zealand governments executive branch. ...


Palmer, however, was perceived by the public as being too closely involved in Douglas's reforms. Of particular concern to many people was his work on the legal aspects of state sector rearrangement, such as his preparation of the State Owned Enterprises Act. The presence of David Caygill (a Douglas ally) as Minister of Finance further compounded perception that Palmer was doing nothing to address public concerns. The only area in which Palmer won praise from traditional left-wing supporters was in his handling of the Environment portfolio, which he kept when he became Prime Minister — it was his work here that eventually led to the creation of the Resource Management Act. David Caygill is a former New Zealand politician. ... The Resource Management Act (RMA) is a significant, and at times, controversial Act of Parliament passed in 1991 in New Zealand. ...


Two months before the 1990 elections, it was clear that Labour would not win. The perceived damage done by Roger Douglas's reforms, as well as Palmer's perceived failure to address the issue, had caused too many Labour supporters to abandon the party. In addition, Palmer was perceived as being too academic and aloof, reminding people of the paternalistic attitude that Douglas was accused of. Palmer was replaced by Mike Moore, who Labour believed would give it a better chance of winning. The attempt failed, however, losing the biggest landslide of an incumbent in New Zealand history to the National Party under Jim Bolger. MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... Image of traditional cultural paternalism: Father Junipero Serra in a modern portrayal at Mission San Juan Capistrano, California Paternalism refers usually to an attitude or a policy stemming from the hierarchic pattern of a family based on patriarchy, that is, there is a figurehead (the father, pater in Latin) that... This page is about the New Zealand politician and Director-General of the World Trade Organization. ... The New Zealand National Party (National or the Nats) currently forms the second-largest (in terms of seats) political party represented in the New Zealand Parliament, and thus functions as the core of the parliamentary Opposition. ... The Right Honourable James Brendan Jim Bolger, ONZ, (born 31 May 1935) was Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1990 to 1997. ...


After Parliament

Palmer, who retired at that same election, later went on to serve as Professor of Law at Victoria University again. He also held a position as Professor of Law at the University of Iowa, and worked for a time as a law consultant. The MMP system which he had helped promote was adopted in a 1993 referendum. In 1994, he established Chen Palmer & Partners, a specialist public law firm he began with Wellington lawyer Mai Chen. In December 2002, Palmer was appointed to be New Zealand's representative to the International Whaling Commission (IWC). Palmer continued his involvement with, and teaching at Victoria University in Wellington and was regularly engaged as an expert consultant on public and constitutional law issues. 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... Mai Chen (b. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... International Whaling Commission Logo The International Whaling Commission (IWC) was set up by the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW)[1] on December 2, 1946 to promote and maintain whale fishery stocks. ...


Law Commissioner

In on 1 December 2005 Palmer was appointed to the presidency of the New Zealand Law Commission (the government agency that reviews, reforms and seeks to improve the country's laws) by the Governor General for a term of five years. December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Governor-General of New Zealand is the local representative of the Queen of New Zealand, Queen Elizabeth II, and as such is the highest office in the Government of New Zealand. ...


Honours and awards

Palmer is a member of Her Majesty’s Privy Council. He was created a Knight Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George in 1991 and made an Honorary Companion of the Order of Australia in the same year. In 1991 he was listed on the United Nations Global 500 Roll of Honour for his work on environmental issues. These included reforming resource management law. Geoffrey Palmer has also sat as a Judge ad hoc on International Court of Justice in 1995. He holds honorary doctorates from three Universities. A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, especially in a monarchy. ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, wearing on her left shoulder the Order of Australias Sovereign Badge. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... The International Court of Justice (known colloquially as the World Court or ICJ; French: ) is the primary judicial organ of the United Nations. ...


External links

  • Prime Minister's Office biography
  • Law Commission biography
  • United Nations Global 500

 

Prime Minister of New Zealand NZ Coat of Arms
Preceded by: David Lange (1989-1990) Succeeded by: Mike Moore
Sewell | Fox | Stafford | Domett | Whitaker | Weld | Waterhouse | Vogel | Pollen | Atkinson | Grey | Hall | Stout | Ballance | Seddon | Hall-Jones | Ward | Mackenzie | Massey | Bell | Coates | Forbes | Savage | Fraser | Holland | Nash | Holyoake | Marshall | Kirk | Rowling | Muldoon | Lange | Palmer | Moore | Bolger | Shipley | Clark
Persondata
NAME Palmer, Geoffrey Winston Russell
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Prime Minister of New Zealand, politician, academic
DATE OF BIRTH April 21, 1942
PLACE OF BIRTH Nelson, New Zealand
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH

 
 

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