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Encyclopedia > Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany

Geoffrey Plantagenet (September 23, 1158August 19, 1186) was Duke of Brittany between 1181 and 1186, through his marriage with the heiress Constance. Geoffrey was the second son of King Henry II of England and Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine. September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... Events January 11 - Vladislav II becomes King of Bohemia End of the formal reign of Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan, also the beginning of his cloistered rule, which will last to his death in 1192. ... August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events John the Chanter becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Brittany was a region with strong traditions of independence, including a language and culture all its own. ... Events Jayavarman VII assumes control of the Khmer kingdom. ... Constance of Brittany (1161 – September 5, 1201) was Duchess of Brittany between 1186 and 1196. ... Henry II of England, depicted in Cassells History of England, Century Edition, published circa 1902 Henry II (March 5, 1133 – July 6, 1189) ruled as Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, and as King of England (1154–1189) and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland, eastern Ireland... Eleanor of Aquitaine Eleanor of Aquitaine (Bordeaux, France, c. ...


He was a younger maternal half-brother of Marie de Champagne and Alix of France. He was a younger brother of William, Count of Poitiers, Henry the Young King, Matilda of England and Richard I of England. He was also an older brother of Leonora of Aquitaine, Joan of England and John of England. Marie de France, or Marie Capet, Countess of Champagne (1145 – March 11, 1198), was the elder daughter of Louis VII of France and his first wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine. ... Alix of France (1151 - 1197/1198) was the second daughter born to Louis VII of France by his first wife Eleanor of Aquitaine. ... William (August 17, 1153-1156) was the first child of Henry Plantagenet (later Henry II of England) and Eleanor of Aquitaine, strangely born on the same day that his fathers rival Eustace IV of Boulogne died. ... Henry, the Young King Henry the Young King (February 28, 1155–June 11, 1183) was the second of five sons of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. ... Matilda of England (1156 - July 13, 1189), also known as Maud, was the eldest daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. ... Richard I (September 8, 1157 – April 6, 1199) was King of England from 1189 to 1199. ... Leonora of Aquitaine (October 13, 1162 - October 31, 1214), was born as Princess Eleanor of England and became Leonora, Queen of Castile. ... Joan Plantagenet (October, 1165 - 4 September 1199) was the eighth child of King Henry II of England and his Queen consort, Eleanor of Aquitaine. ... John (December 24, 1166–October 18/19, 1216) reigned as King of England from April 6, 1199, until his death. ...


King Henry, always anxious to enrich his sons at little cost to himself, arranged for Geoffrey to marry Constance, the heiress of Brittany. Geoffrey was invested with the duchy, and he and Constance were married in 1181. Geoffrey and Constance would have three children, one born posthumously: Constance of Brittany (1161 – September 5, 1201) was Duchess of Brittany between 1186 and 1196. ... Events Jayavarman VII assumes control of the Khmer kingdom. ...

  1. Eleanor, Fair Maid of Brittany (1184-1241)
  2. Maud of Brittany (1185-before May 1189)
  3. Arthur I, Duke of Brittany (1187-1203)

Unsatisfied with his share of the vast Angevin empire, Geoffrey joined the Revolt of 1173-1174 alongside his brothers Young Henry and Richard and their mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine, against King Henry. The rebellion was quashed, the three brothers submitted to their father, and Queen Eleanor was imprisoned. In 1183 another conflict erupted between Young Henry and Richard when Richard refused to do homage to his elder brother. King Henry invited Young Henry to invade Aquitaine and subdue his brother Richard. Geoffrey allied with Young Henry, and they invaded Aquitaine from Gascony and Brittany. The mayhem got so out of control that King Henry was forced to intercede to try to stop his warring sons. Young Henry died suddenly that summer, which ended the war but not the quarreling between King Henry and his sons. Eleanor the Fair Maid of Brittany ( 1184–1241) was the daughter of Geoffrey Plantagenet and Constance, Duchess of Brittany. ... Events Abbeville receives its commercial charter. ... Events April 5 - Mongols of Golden Horde under the command of Subotai defeat feudal polish nobility, including Knights Templar, in the battle of Liegnitz April 27 - Mongols defeat Bela IV of Hungary in the battle of Sajo. ... Events April 25 - Genpei War - Sea Battle of Dan-no-ura leads to Minamoto victory in Japan Templars settle in London and begin the building of New Temple Church End of the Heian Period and beginning of the Kamakura period in Japan. ... Events January 21 - Philip II of France and Richard I of England begin to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade September 3- Richard I of England is crowned as king of England. ... Arthur I, Duke of Brittany (1187 – 1203), was the posthumous son of Geoffrey Plantagenet and Constance, Duchess of Brittany, and designated heir to the throne of England, originally intended to succeed Richard I. While Richard was away on crusade, Constance took more independence for Brittany, and in 1194 had the... Events May 1 - Battle of Cresson - Saladin defeats the crusaders July 4 - Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem, at the Battle of Hattin. ... Events April 16 - Philip II of France enters Rouen, leading to the eventual unification of Normandy and France. ... The Revolt of 1173-1174 was a rebellion against Henry II of England by three of his sons, his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine and rebel supporters. ... Henry, the Young King Henry the Young King (February 28, 1155–June 11, 1183) was the second of five sons of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. ... Richard I (September 8, 1157 – April 6, 1199) was King of England from 1189 to 1199. ... Eleanor of Aquitaine Eleanor of Aquitaine (Bordeaux, France, c. ... Henry II of England, depicted in Cassells History of England, Century Edition, published circa 1902 Henry II (March 5, 1133 – July 6, 1189) ruled as Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, and as King of England (1154–1189) and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland, eastern Ireland... Events Three-year old Emperor Go-Toba ascends to the throne of Japan after the forced abdication of his brother Antoku during the Genpei War William of Tyre excommunicated by the newly appointed Heraclius of Jerusalem, firmly ending their struggle for power Andronicus I Comnenus becomes the Byzantine emperor Births...


Geoffrey withdrew to Paris and the court of King Philip II of France, who became his friend and made him the suzerain of France, largely to annoy King Henry. According to Gerald of Wales, Geoffrey was "overflowing with words, soft as oil, possessed by his sweet and persuasive eloquence, to corrupt two kingdoms with his tongue; of tireless endeavor, a hypocrite in everything, a deceiver and a dissembler." Geoffrey was killed suddenly in Paris, stamped to death by his horse, after a fall during a tournament. He was buried in the Notre Dame de Paris cathedral, and King Philip was so overcome with grief during the ceremony that he had be dragged away from Geoffrey's casket. Philip II (French: Philippe II), called Philip Augustus (French: Philippe Auguste) (August 21, 1165 – July 14, 1223), was King of France from 1180 to 1223. ... Giraldus Cambrensis (c. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... A tournament is an organized competition in which many participants play each other in individual games. ... Notre Dame de Paris (French for Our Lady of Paris, meaning the church in Paris dedicated to Mary, the mother of Jesus), often known simply as Notre Dame in English, is a gothic cathedral on the eastern half of the Île de la Cité in Paris, France, with its main...


During his life, Geoffrey had been the presumptive heir of his older brother Richard, the Lionheart, who remained single at the time. His premature death opened the way of John Lackland to the throne of England, which he occupied in 1199. Richard I (September 8, 1157 – April 6, 1199) was King of England from 1189 to 1199. ... John (December 24, 1166–October 18/19, 1216) reigned as King of England from April 6, 1199, until his death. ...


Geoffrey's widow Constance succeeded him and ruled Brittany until 1196, when she abdicated to their son Arthur. Arthur of Brittany fought his uncle John for the throne and was subsequently murdered. Geoffrey's daughter Eleanor was imprisoned at Corfe and died in 1241, still a prisoner of the crown. Arthur I, Duke of Brittany (1187 – 1203), was the posthumous son of Geoffrey Plantagenet and Constance, Duchess of Brittany, and designated heir to the throne of England, originally intended to succeed Richard I. While Richard was away on crusade, Constance took more independence for Brittany, and in 1194 had the... Arthur I, Duke of Brittany (1187 – 1203), was the posthumous son of Geoffrey Plantagenet and Constance, Duchess of Brittany, and designated heir to the throne of England, originally intended to succeed Richard I. While Richard was away on crusade, Constance took more independence for Brittany, and in 1194 had the... Eleanor the Fair Maid of Brittany ( 1184–1241) was the daughter of Geoffrey Plantagenet and Constance, Duchess of Brittany. ...


See also: Dukes of Brittany family treeBritish monarchs family treeOther politically important horse accidents This is a family tree of the Dukes of Brittany, from the 9th century, to the annexation by France in 1514. ... This is the British monarchs family tree, from James I of England (and Scotland) to Elizabeth, the present queen. ... This is a list of people and fictional characters who had severe injuries, or died from accidents related with horses. ...


Fictional Portrayals

With a character closely resembling that given by Gerald of Wales above, Geoffrey appears as a major character in the James Goldman play The Lion in Winter. In the 1968 film version of the play, Geoffrey is played by John Castle and in the 2003 film version the role is portrayed by John Light. James Goldman (June 30, 1929 - October 28, 1998) was an American playwright, and screenwriter, and brother of William Goldman. ... The Lion in Winter is a 1966 Broadway play by James Goldman. ... John Light (1974- ) is a British cinema, television and theatre actor. ...


Sources

  • Everard, Judith. Charters of Duchess Constance of Brittany and her Family, 1171-1221, 1999
  • Reston, James. Warriors of God: Richard the Lion-Heart and Saladin in the Third Crusade, 2001

Links

  • The 1183 Revolt
Preceded by:
Conan IV
Duke of Brittany Succeeded by:
Constance

[fr:Geoffroy II de Bretagne]] Conan IV (1138 – February 20, 1171) was duke of Brittany, from 1156 to his death. ... Brittany was a region with strong traditions of independence, including a language and culture all its own. ... Constance of Brittany (1161 – September 5, 1201) was Duchess of Brittany between 1186 and 1196. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Brittany - LoveToKnow 1911 (1457 words)
Geoffrey, son of Conan, took the title of duke of Brittany in 992.
Conan II., Geoffrey's grandson, threatened by the revolts of the nobles, was attacked also by the duke of Normandy (afterwards William I.
Geoffrey's posthumous son, Arthur, was assassinated by John of England in 1203, and Arthur's sister Alix, who succeeded to his rights, was married in 1212 to Pierre de Dreux, who became duke.
-The Norwegian Roots of the Dukes of Normandy (1143 words)
Arlette, the daughter of the tanner of Falaise was the mother of William II of Normandy (William I of England).
Robert II (1087-1106), "Curthose," the Duke of Normandy was the son of William II.
Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany (1166-1186), was the son of Henry II of England.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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