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Encyclopedia > Gentian
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Gentian
Stemless gentian (Gentiana acaulis)
Stemless gentian (Gentiana acaulis)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Gentianales
Family: Gentianaceae
Genus: Gentiana L.
Species
See text.
For the cultivated flower known as a Gentian or Tulip Gentian see Eustoma.

Gentian (Gentiana) is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the Gentian family (Gentianaceae), tribe Gentianeae and monophyletic subtribe Gentianinae. This a large genus, with about 400 species. Image File history File linksMetadata Gentian_from_slovakia. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms (as opposed to folk taxonomy). ... Divisions Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants Adiantum pedatum (a fern... Classes Magnoliopsida- Dicots Liliopsida- Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class: this name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Magnoliaceae by the termination -opsida (Art 16 of the ICBN). ... Families Gentianaceae (gentian family) Apocynaceae (dogbane family) Gelsemiaceae Loganiaceae (logania family) Rubiaceae (coffee family) The Gentianales are an order of flowering plants, included within the asterid group of dicotyledons. ... Genera Many, see text Gentianaceae, or the Gentian family, is a family of plants in about 80 genera and some 900 species. ... Carolus Linnaeus Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as (help· info), (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[1] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Species See text. ... Classes Magnoliopsida- Dicots Liliopsida- Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... Genera Many, see text Gentianaceae, or the Gentian family, is a family of plants in about 80 genera and some 900 species. ...

Gentiana frigida
Gentiana frigida

This is a cosmopolitan genus, occurring in alpine habitats of temperate regions of Asia, Europe and the Americas. Some species also occur in northwest Africa, eastern Australia and New Zealand. They consist of annual, biennial and perennial plants. Some are evergreen, others are not. Gentiana frigida. ... Gentiana frigida. ... A cosmopolitan distribution is a term applied to a biological category of living things meaning that this category can be found anywhere around the world. ... Asia is the largest and most populous region or continent depending on the definition. ... Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one. ... World map showing the Americas The Americas commonly refers to the landmass of the Western Hemisphere, consisting of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia. ...


Their leaves are arranged in an opposite way. Most of them belong to a basal rosette. Gentians have trumpet-shaped flowers which are usually deep blue or azure, but may vary from white, creamy and yellow to red. Blue-flowered species predominate in the Northern Hemisphere, and red in the Andes; white-flowered species are scattered but dominate in New Zealand. These terminal tubular flowers are mostly pentamerous, i.e. with 5 corolla lobes (petals), and 5 sepals, but 4-7 in some species. The style is rather short or absent. The corolla shows folds (= plicae) between the lobes. The ovary is mostly sessile and has nectary glands. In botany, a leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized for photosynthesis. ... Clivia miniata bears bright orange flowers. ... The Andes between Chile and Argentina Computer generated image of the Andes, made from a digital elevation model with a resolution of 30 arcseconds The Andes is a vast mountain range forming a continuous chain of highland along the western coast of South America. ... Corolla can be: A Latin-language term for crown The Toyota Corolla, a model of automobile manufactured by Toyota The corolla is one whorl of the perianth of a flower and composed of petals The town of Corolla, North Carolina This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that... A petal is one member or part of the corolla of a flower. ... Flower of the Primrose Willowherb (Ludwigia octovalvis) showing petals and sepals A sepal is one member or part of the calyx of a flower. ...

Gentian on Austrian € 0.01 coin
Gentian on Austrian 0.01 coin

Gentians are fully hardy and like full sun or partial shade, and neutral to acid soil that is rich in humus and well drained. They are popular in rock gardens. Image of euro coinage. ... Austrian euro coins have a unique design for each denomination, with a common theme for each of the three series of coins. ... A rock garden, also known as a rockery or an alpine garden, is a type of garden that features extensive use of rocks or stones, along with plants native to rocky or alpine environments. ...


According to Pliny the Elder Gentian is named after Gentius (180-68 BC), the King of Illyria, said to have discovered its healing properties. Some species are of medicinal use and their roots were harvested for the manufacture of tonic liquor, for instance in France "Suze" or similar liquors. Gentian is also used as a flavouring, for example in bitters, and the soft drink "Moxie" which contains "Gentian Root Extractives".
Pliny the Elder: an imaginative 19c portrait. ... Bitters are an alcoholic herbal preparation with a bitter flavor. ... A soft drink is a drink that contains no alcohol. ... Picture of a modern Moxie can. ...

Species
Northern Gentian (Gentiana amarella)
Northern Gentian (Gentiana amarella)
Closed Bottle Gentian (Gentiana andrewsii)
Closed Bottle Gentian (Gentiana andrewsii)
Milkweed Gentian (Gentiana asclepiadea)
Milkweed Gentian (Gentiana asclepiadea)
Rainier Pleated Gentian (Gentiana calycosa)
Enlarge
Rainier Pleated Gentian (Gentiana calycosa)
  • Gentiana acaulis ('Stemless Gentian')
  • Gentiana affinis ('Pleated Gentian')
  • Gentiana alba ('Plain Gentian')
  • Gentiana algida ('Whitish Gentian')
  • Gentiana alpina ('Alpine Gentian')
  • Gentiana altaica ('Altai Gentian')
  • Gentiana amoena
  • Gentiana andrewsii ('Closed bottle Gentian')
  • Gentiana angustifolia
  • Gentiana asclepiadea ('Willow Gentian')
  • Gentiana austromontana ('Appalachian Gentian')
  • Gentiana autumnalis ('Pinebarren Gentian')
  • Gentiana bavarica ('Bavarian Gentian')
  • Gentiana bellidifolia
  • Gentiana boryi
  • Gentiana brachyphylla
  • Gentiana bulleyana
  • Gentiana burseri
  • Gentiana cachemirica
  • Gentiana calycosa ('Rainier Pleated Gentian')
  • Gentiana catesbaei ('Elliott's Gentian')
  • Gentiana cephalantha
  • Gentiana cerina
  • Gentiana clausa ('Bottled Gentian')
  • Gentiana clusii ('Trumpet Gentian')
  • Gentiana crassicaulis
  • Gentiana cruciata ('Cross Gentian')
  • Gentiana dahurica
  • Gentiana decora ('Showy Gentian')
  • Gentiana decumbens
  • Gentiana dendrologii
  • Gentiana depressa
  • Gentiana dinarica
  • Gentiana douglasiana ('Swamp Gentian')
  • Gentiana elwesii
  • Gentiana farreri
  • Gentiana fetisowii
  • Gentiana flavida ('Pale Gentian')
  • Gentiana freyniana
  • Gentiana frigida
  • Gentiana froelichii
  • Gentiana fremontii ('Moss Gentian')
  • Gentiana gelida
  • Gentiana gilvo-striata
  • Gentiana glauca ('Pale Gentian')
  • Gentiana gracilipes
  • Gentiana grombczewskii
  • Gentiana heterosepala ('Autumn Gentian')
  • Gentiana hexaphylla
  • Gentiana kesselringii
  • Gentiana kurroo
  • Gentiana lawrencii
  • Gentiana lhassica
  • Gentiana linearis ('Narrowleaf Gentian')
  • Gentiana loderi
  • Gentiana lutea ('Great Yellow Gentian')
  • Gentiana macrophylla ('Bigleaf Gentian')
  • Gentiana makinoi
  • Gentiana microdonta
  • Gentiana newberryi ('Newberry's Gentian')
  • Gentiana nipponica
  • Gentiana nivalis ('Snow Gentian')
  • Gentiana nubigena
  • Gentiana nutans ('Tundra Gentian')
  • Gentiana ochroleuca
  • Gentiana olivieri
  • Gentiana ornata
  • Gentiana pannonica ('Brown Gentian')
  • Gentiana paradoxa
  • Gentiana parryi ('Parry's Gentian')
  • Gentiana patula
  • Gentiana pennelliana ('Wiregrass Gentian')
  • Gentiana phyllocalyx
  • Gentiana platypetala ('Broadpetal Gentian')
  • Gentiana plurisetosa ('Bristly Gentian')
  • Gentiana pneumonanthe ('Marsh Gentian')
  • Gentiana prolata
  • Gentiana prostrata ('Pygmy Gentian')
  • Gentiana przewalskii
  • Gentiana pterocalyx
  • Gentiana puberulenta ('Downy Gentian')
  • Gentiana pumila
  • Gentiana punctata ('Spotted Gentian')
  • Gentiana purpurea ('Purple Gentian')
  • Gentiana pyrenaica
  • Gentiana quadrifolia
  • Gentiana rigescens
  • Gentiana rostanii
  • Gentiana rubricaulis ('Closed Gentian')
  • Gentiana saponaria ('Harvestbells Gentian')
  • Gentiana saxosa
  • Gentiana scabra
  • Gentiana scarlatina
  • Gentiana sceptrum ('King's scepter Gentian')
  • Gentiana septemfida ('Crested Gentian')
  • Gentiana setigera ('Mendocino Gentian')
  • Gentiana setulifolia
  • Gentiana sikkimensis
  • Gentiana sikokiana
  • Gentiana sino-ornata
  • Gentiana siphonantha
  • Gentiana speciosa
  • Gentiana squarrosa
  • Gentiana stictantha
  • Gentiana stragulata
  • Gentiana straminea
  • Gentiana tenuifolia
  • Gentiana terglouensis ('Triglav Gentian')
  • Gentiana ternifolia
  • Gentiana tianshanica ('Tienshan Gentian')
  • Gentiana trichotoma
  • Gentiana triflora
  • Gentiana trinervis
  • Gentiana tubiflora
  • Gentiana utriculosa ('Bladder Gentian')
  • Gentiana veitchiorum
  • Gentiana venusta
  • Gentiana verna ('Spring Gentian')
  • Gentiana villosa ('Striped Gentian')
  • Gentiana waltonii
  • Gentiana wutaiensis
  • Gentiana yakushimensis
  • Gentiana zollingeri

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1018x1500, 99 KB) Scan: Arnaud Gaillard ( arnaud () amarys . ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1018x1500, 99 KB) Scan: Arnaud Gaillard ( arnaud () amarys . ... Gentiana andrewsii1. ... Gentiana andrewsii1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1037x1500, 153 KB) Scan: Arnaud Gaillard ( arnaud () amarys . ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1037x1500, 153 KB) Scan: Arnaud Gaillard ( arnaud () amarys . ... Download high resolution version (900x600, 65 KB)Rainier Pleated Gentian (Gentiana calycosa). ... Download high resolution version (900x600, 65 KB)Rainier Pleated Gentian (Gentiana calycosa). ... Binomial name Gentiana acaulis L. Synonyms Ciminalis acaulis Gentiana kochiana E.P.Perrier & Songeon Gentiana excisa C.Presl Gentiana acaulis (often called stemless gentian although that may equally apply to G. clusii) is a small gentian native to central and southern Europe from Spain east to the Balkans, growing especially... Binomial name Gentiana clusii E.P.Perrier & Songeon Synonyms Ciminalis clusii Gentiana clusii (sometimes called Clusius gentian) is a large-flowered, short-stemmed gentian, which is very similar to G. acaulis. ... Gentiana lutea has also other common names: Bitter Root, Bitterwort, Centiyane, Genciana, Yellow Gentian, It is found natively in: Central and South Europe. ... Gentiana verna appears in the design of a Great Britain stamp, issued in 1964 to mark the 10th International Botanical Congress held in Edinburgh. ...

Reference

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