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Encyclopedia > Genital wart
Genital
Classification & external resources
ICD-10 A63.0
ICD-9 078.19
DiseasesDB 29120
eMedicine derm/454  med/1037
MeSH C02.256.650.810.217

Genital warts (or Condyloma, Condylomata acuminata, or venereal warts) is a highly contagious sexually transmitted infection caused by some sub-types of human papillomavirus (HPV). It is spread through direct skin-to-skin contact during oral, genital, or anal sex with an infected partner. Genital warts are the most easily recognized sign of genital HPV infection. They can be caused by strains 6, 11, 30, 42, 43, 44, 45, 51, 52 and 54 of genital HPV; types 6 and 11 are responsible for 90% of genital warts cases.[1] Most people who acquire those strains never develop warts or any other symptoms. HPV also causes many cases of cervical cancer; types 16 and 18 account for 70% of cases. The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10) is a coding of diseases and signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or diseases, as classified by the World Health Organization (WHO). ... // A00-A79 - Bacterial infections, and other intestinal infectious diseases, and STDs (A00-A09) Intestinal infectious diseases (A00) Cholera (A01) Typhoid and paratyphoid fevers (A010) Typhoid fever (A02) Other Salmonella infections (A03) Shigellosis (A04) Other bacterial intestinal infections (A040) Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli infection (A045) Campylobacter enteritis (A046) Enteritis due to Yersinia... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The following is a list of codes for International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... The Disease Bold textDatabase is a free website that provides information about the relationships between medical conditions, symptoms, and medications. ... eMedicine is an online clinical medical knowledge base that was founded in 1996. ... Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is a huge controlled vocabulary (or metadata system) for the purpose of indexing journal articles and books in the life sciences. ... Condyloma (plural: Condylomata) refers to an infection of the genitals. ... Sexually-transmitted infections (STIs), also known as sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs), are diseases that are commonly transmitted between partners through some form of sexual activity, most commonly vaginal intercourse, oral sex, or anal sex. ... HPV redirects here. ... Oral sex consists of all sexual activities that involve the use of the mouth, which may include use of the tongue, teeth, and throat, to stimulate genitalia. ... A sex organ, or primary sexual characteristic, narrowly defined, is any of those parts of the body (which are not always bodily organs according to the strict definition) which are involved in sexual reproduction and constitute the reproductive system in an complex organism; namely: Male: penis (notably the glans penis... Roman men having anal sex. ... A sex organ, or primary sexual characteristic, narrowly defined, is any of those parts of the body (which are not always bodily organs according to the strict definition) which are involved in sexual reproduction and constitute the reproductive system in an complex organism; namely: Male: penis (notably the glans penis... Wart is also the name of a Nintendo character, see Wart (Nintendo character). ... Cervical cancer is a malignant cancer of the cervix. ...


Genital warts often occur in clusters and can be very tiny or can spread into large masses in the genital or penis area. In women they occur on the outside and inside of the vagina, on the opening (cervix) to the womb (uterus), or around the anus. They are approximately as prevalent in men, but the symptoms may be less obvious. When present, they usually are seen on the tip of the penis. They also may be found on the shaft of the penis, on the scrotum, or around the anus. Rarely, genital warts also can develop in the mouth or throat of a person who has had oral sex with an infected person. The vagina, (from Latin, literally sheath or scabbard ) is the tubular tract leading from the uterus to the exterior of the body in female placental mammals and marsupials, or to the cloaca in female birds, monotremes, and some reptiles. ... The cervix (from Latin neck) is the lower, narrow portion of the uterus where it joins with the top end of the vagina. ... This article is about female reproductive anatomy. ... This article is about the bodily orifice. ... The penis (plural penises, penes) is an external male sexual organ. ... In some male mammals, the scrotum is a protuberance of skin and muscle containing the testicles. ... This article is about the bodily orifice. ...

Contents

Treatment

Genital warts often disappear without treatment, but sometimes eventually develop a fleshy, small raised growth. There is no way to predict whether they will grow or disappear.


Depending on the size and location of the warts, and other factors, a doctor will offer one of several ways to treat them.

Podophyllin and podofilox should not be used during pregnancy, as they are absorbed by the skin and may cause birth defects in the fetus. 5-fluorouracil cream should not be used while trying to become pregnant or if there is a possibility of pregnancy. Imiquimod (INN, marketed by 3M under the trade name Aldara) is a prescription medication that acts as an immune response modifier. ... Mitosis divides genetic information during cell division. ... Fluorouracil (5-FU) is a drug that is used in the treatment of cancer. ... In organic chemistry, the chloroethanoic acids (trivial name chloroacetic acids) are three related chlorocarbon carboxylic acids: chloroethanoic acid (chloroacetic acid), CH2ClCOOH dichloroethanoic acid (dichloroacetic acid), CHCl2COOH trichloroethanoic acid (trichloroacetic acid), CCl3COOH As the number of chlorine atoms increases, the electronegativity of that end of the molecule increases, and the molecule... Close-up of a table-top dye laser based on Rhodamine 6G, emitting at 580 nm (yellow-orange). ... A tank of liquid nitrogen, used to supply a cryogenic freezer (for storing laboratory samples at a temperature of about -150 Celsius). ... Cauterization is a medical term describing the burning of the body to remove or close a part of it. ... This article is about human pregnancy in biological females. ... A congenital disorder is a medical condition or defect that is present at or before birth (for example, congenital heart disease). ... For other uses, see Fetus (disambiguation). ...


Small warts can be removed by freezing (cryosurgery), burning (electrocautery), or laser treatment. Surgery is occasionally used to remove large warts that have not responded to other treatment. Cryosurgery (cryotherapy) is the application of extreme cold to destroy abnormal or diseased tissue. ... Hot cauters were applied to tissues or arteries to stop them from bleeding. ... For other uses, see Laser (disambiguation). ... “Surgeon” redirects here. ...


Some doctors inject the antiviral drug interferon-alpha directly into the warts, to treat warts that have returned after removal by traditional means. The drug is expensive, and does not reduce the rate that the warts return. Interferons (IFNs) are natural proteins produced by the cells of the immune system of most vertebrates in response to challenges by foreign agents such as viruses, bacteria, parasites and tumor cells. ...


Although treatments can remove the warts, they do not remove the HPV virus, so warts can recur after treatment. The virus from remains in the body for a lifetime.[2] According to the Center for Disease Control's report on HPV to Congress in 2004, studies have shown that 70% of new HPV infections clear within one year, as many as 91% clear within two years. The median duration of new infections is typically eight months. The gradual development of an effective immune response is thought to be the likely mechanism for HPV DNA clearance. The state of the immune system determines the chances of removing the virus entirely and can be affected by factors such as HIV infection, certain medications, stress, or illness.[3] There is even some suggestion that effective treatment of the wart may aid the body's immune response[citation needed]. Species Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections). ...


Misdiagnosis cautions

It is a common misconception among men that hirsuties papillaris genitalis are genital warts. Hirsuties papillaris genitalis is not contagious and no treatment for it is necessary. Some may deem it unsightly and there are various methods of ridding the penis of the condition such as carbon dioxide laser treatment. Glans penis with Hirsuties papillaris penis Hirsuties papillaris coronae glandis enlarged Hirsuties papillaris coronae glandis macro Hirsuties papillaris genitalis is a clinical skin condition of the male genital organs. ... A test target is vaporized and bursts into flame upon irradiation by a high power continuous wave carbon dioxide laser emitting tens of kilowatts of infrared light. ...


Genital warts (condylomata) should not be confused with Molluscum contagiosum (MC), which is often transmitted sexually, but does not occur internally as do condylomata. MC looks like small warts, which are much smaller than condylomata genital warts. It does not increase the risk of cervical cancer for women. Molluscum contagiosum (MC) is a viral infection of the skin or occasionally of the mucous membranes. ...


Genital warts should also not be confused with Fordyce's spots, which are considered benign. Example of Fordyces spots on a penis. ...


References

External links

  • University of California, Santa Barbara's SexInfo has articles on both Anal Warts and Genital Warts
  • Genital warts at the Open Directory Project
  • HPV information from the US CDC
  • Index page of genital wart images (Note - hosted on advertising site)
  • CDC Report to Congress

  Results from FactBites:
 
genital wart Gentital-Wart-Treatment (919 words)
The subsequent disappearance of the wart may occur because the virus was removed as the destroyed skin sloughs, or because the disruption of cells and release of of genital wart the virus stimulates the patient’s immune system to eradicate the virus.
genital wart The choice for treatment depends partially upon the location of the wart, and the success of treatment depends upon the location and number of warts, the number of treatments, and the aggressiveness of of genital wart the caregiver.
Genital warts may be large or small, and can be found as a single growth or in a group.
Genital Warts Treatment - Genital Herpes Treatment - HPV Treatments - Cold Sore Treatment (1440 words)
The second major benefit of our herpes and genital warts treatment is that it is designed to increase regeneration of the effected skin area where the symptom once were, so you are not left with unsightly scars.
Genital warts are caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV) are usually sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and are highly contagious.
Genital warts can be found in and around the vagina, anus, penis, groin and scrotal areas.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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