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Encyclopedia > Geneva

Coordinates: 46°12′N, 6°09′E The most famous Geneva is a city in Switzerland, capital of the Canton of Geneva on Lake Geneva. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Genève
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Genève
Canton Geneva
District n/a
46°12′N, 6°09′E
Population 185,726  (2007)
  - Density 11,710 /km² (30,330 /sq.mi.)
Area 15.86 km² (6.1 sq mi)
Elevation 375 m (1,230 ft)
Postal code 1200
SFOS number 6621
Mayor (list) Patrice Mugny (as of July 2007)
Demonym Les Genevois
Surrounded by
(view map)
Carouge, Chêne-Bougeries, Cologny, Lancy, Grand-Saconnex, Pregny-Chambésy, Vernier, Veyrier
Website www.ville-ge.ch
Genève [zoom] (Switzerland)
Genève [zoom]

Geneva is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). Situated where the Rhône River exits Lake Geneva (French Lac Léman), it is the capital of the Republic and Canton of Geneva. This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Valais Ticino Graubünden (Grisons) Geneva Vaud Neuchâtel Jura Berne Thurgau Zurich Aargau Lucerne Solothurn Basel-Land Schaffhausen Uri Schwyz Glarus St. ... The Republic and Canton of Geneva is the westernmost canton or state of Switzerland, surrounded on almost all sides by France and centered around the city of Geneva. ... In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 km² (1000 hectares) and 100 km² (10,000 hectares). ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Here are postal codes of Switzerland and Liechtenstein: Zone 1 1000s are found in Lausanne, Lavaux and parts of Morges, 1100s in parts of Morges, 1200s are in Geneva and parts of La Côte, Vaud, 1300s in La Vallée, 1500s are found in Clavaleyres, the 1700s are found... The Official Munipality Key, formerly also known as the Official Municipality Characteristic Number or Municipality Code Number, is a number sequence for the identification of politically independent municipalities or municipality-free areas. ... This is a list of mayors of Geneva, Switzerland. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... The following is a list of the municipalities in Switzerland, listed alphabetically. ... Carouge is a city in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland, with a population of 18,479 (2003). ... Chêne-Bougeries is a commune in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Cologny is a commune in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Lancy is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Grand-Saconnex is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Pregny-Chambésy is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Location within Switzerland Vernier is a commune in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Veyrier is a municipality of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1359x922, 341 KB) Switzerland Map drawn by Tschubby see also Karte_Schweiz_Details. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... For other uses of Zurich, see Zurich (disambiguation). ... The French-speaking part of Switzerland is shown in green on this map. ... The Rhône River, or the Rhône (French Rhône, Arpitan Rôno, Occitan Ròse, standard German Rhone, Valais German Rotten), is one of the major rivers of Europe, running through Switzerland and France. ... Lake Geneva or Lake Léman (French Lac Léman, le Léman, or Lac de Genève) is the second largest freshwater lake in Central Europe (after Lake Balaton). ... The Republic and Canton of Geneva is the westernmost canton or state of Switzerland, surrounded on almost all sides by France and centered around the city of Geneva. ...


Geneva is widely regarded as a global city, mainly because of the presence of numerous international organizations, including the headquarters of many of the agencies of the United Nations[1] and the Red Cross[2]. It is also the place where the Geneva Conventions were signed, which chiefly concern the treatment of wartime non-combatants and prisoners of war. “World city” redirects here. ... For the political science journal, see International Organization. ... UN redirects here. ... Red Cross redirects here. ... Original document. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ...


A 2007 survey by Mercer Consulting found Geneva to have the second-highest quality of living in the world (narrowly outranked by Zürich).[3] For other uses of Zurich, see Zurich (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Etymology

The word Geneva is of Celtic origin, and the city was later mentioned in Latin texts with the spelling Genava.[citations needed] It has been transformed by the speakers of other languages. Thus, it is Geneva in English and pronounced /dʒɨˈniːvə/, French: Genève IPA[ʒənɛv], German: [gɛnf], Italian: Ginevra [dʒiˈneːvra], and Romansh: Genevra. The Celtic languages are the languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or Common Celtic, a branch of the greater Indo-European language family. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links De-Genf. ... Romansh (also spelled Rumantsch, Romansch or Romanche) is one of the four national languages of Switzerland, along with German, Italian and French. ...


History

For the Catholic ecclesiastical history, see Lausanne and Geneva bishopric(s)
L'Escalade celebrating the defeat of the surprise attack by troops sent by Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy
L'Escalade celebrating the defeat of the surprise attack by troops sent by Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy
Geneva seen from SPOT Satellite
Geneva seen from SPOT Satellite

Geneva (Genava of Geneva, also Janua and Genua), capital of the Swiss canton of the same name situated where the Rhône issues from the Lake of Geneva (Lacus Lemanus), first appears in history as a border town, fortified against the Celto-Germanic Helvetii, which the Romans took in 120 B.C. In A.D. 443 it was taken by Burgundy, and with the latter fell to the Franks in 534. In 888 the town was part of the new Kingdom of Burgundy, and with it was taken over in 1033 by the German Emperor. According to legendary accounts found in the works of Gregorio Leti ("Historia Genevrena", Amsterdam, 1686) and Besson ("Memoires pour l'histoire ecclésiastique des diocèses de Genève, Tantaise, Aoste et Maurienne", Nancy, 1739; new ed. Moutiers, 1871), Geneva was Christianised by Dionysius Areopagita and Paracodus, two of the seventy-two disciples, in the time of Domitian; Dionysius went thence to Paris and Paracodus became the first Bishop of Geneva but the legend is fictitious, as is that which makes St. Lazarus the first Bishop of Geneva, an error arising out of the similarity between the Latin names Genara (Geneva) and Genua (Genoa, in northern Italy). The so-called "Catalogue de St. Pierre", which names St. Diogenus (Diogenes) as the first Bishop of Geneva, is unreliable. The Diocese of Lausanne, Geneva and Fribourg (Latin Dioecesis Lausannensis, Genevensis et Friburgensis) is the name of a Roman Catholic diocese in Switzerland, immediately subject to the Holy See, comprising the Cantons of Fribourg, Geneva, Vaud and Neuchâtel, with the exception of certain parishes of the right bank of... LEscalade, or Fête de lEscalade (from escalade, the act of scaling defensive walls) is an annual festival held in December in Geneva, Switzerland, celebrating the defeat of the surprise attack by troops sent by Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy during the night of 11–12 December... Charles Emmanuel I (b. ... The Reformation Wall stretches for 100 m, depicting numerous Protestant figures from across Europe. ... The Jet dEau fountain The Jet dEau, or water-jet, is a large fountain in Geneva, Switzerland, and is one of the citys most famous landmarks, as well as one of the largest fountains in the world. ... Lake Geneva or Lake Léman (French Lac Léman, le Léman, or Lac de Genève) is the second largest freshwater lake in Central Europe (after Lake Balaton). ... Capital City is a 60-minute television show produced by Euston Films that ran for 13 episodes in 1989 on ITV. This drama focused on the lives of investment bankers in London living and working on the corporate trading floor for the fictional international bank Shane-Longman. ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... Rhône can refer to: Rhône River Rhône (département) in France Rhône (Wine Region) in France This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Jet dEau fountain in Lake Geneva in Geneva Lake Geneva (French: Lac Léman, Le Léman or Lac de Genève, (German: Genfersee) is the second largest freshwater lake in central Europe (after Lake Balaton), divided between France (Haute-Savoie) and Switzerland (cantons of Vaud, Geneva, and Valais). ... A map of Gaul showing the northern Alpine position of the Helvetii. ... Statue of Charlemagne (also called Karl der Große, Charles the Great) in Frankfurt, Germany. ... The following is a list of the Kings of Burgundy // Kings of the Burgundians The Burgundians had left Bornholm, ca 300, and settled near the Vistula. ... Titus Flavius Domitianus (24 October 51 – 18 September 96), commonly known as Domitian, was a Roman Emperor of the gens Flavia. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Genua is a fictional city from Terry Pratchetts Discworld novels. ...


A letter of St. Eucherius to Salvius makes it almost certain that St. Isaac (c. 400) was the first bishop. In 440 St. Salonius appears as Bishop of Geneva; he was a son of St. Eucherius, to whom the latter dedicated his Instructiones'; he took part in the Councils of Orange (441), Vaison (442) and Arles (about 455), and is supposed to be the author of two small commentaries, In parabolas Salomonis and on Ecclesisastis (published in P. L., LII, 967 sqq., 993 sqq. as works of an otherwise unknown bishop, Salonius of Vienne). Little is known about the following Bishops Theoplastus (about 475), to whom St. Sidonius Apollinaris addressed a letter; Dormitianus (before 500), under whom the Burgundian Princess Sedeleuba, a sister of Queen Clotilde, had the remains of the martyr and St. Victor of Soleure transferred to Geneva, where she built a basilica in his honour; St. Maximus (about 512-41), a friend of Avitus, Archbishop of Vienne and Cyprian of Toulon, with whom he was in correspondence (Wawra in "Tubinger Theolog. Quartalschrift", LXXXV, 1905, 576-594). Bishop Pappulus sent the priest Thoribiusas his substitute to the Synod of Orléans (541). Bishop Salonius II is only known from the signatures of the Synods of Lyons (570) and Paris (573) and Bishop Cariatto, installed by King Guntram in 584, was present at the two Synods of Valence and Macon in 585. Saint Eucherius, bishop of Lyon, (died c. ... Saint Salonius was a confessor and bishop of the 5th century. ... The Councils of Orange (or the Synods of Orange) comprised two synods held at Orange, France. ... Vaison-la-Romaine seen from high in the medieval town Roman bridge over the Ouvèze Roman excavations in Vaison Vaison-la-Romaine (Latin: Vasio Vocontiorum) is a charming and interesting town in Provence. ... The archbishoric has its episcopal see in the city of Arles, in southern France. ... Gaius Sollius Modestus Sidonius Apollinaris (c. ... Saint Clotilde (475 – 545 in Tours), also spelled as Clotilda, Clotild, Clothilde, or Chlothilde, was the daughter of Burgundian king Chilperic. ... Look up basilica in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Maximus the Confessor, or Maximus Monachus, (580 - 682) was a Christian monk. ... Alcimus Ecdicius Avitus, Saint Avitus, was bishop of Vienne in Gaul (c. ... Saint Cyprian of Toulon (Cyprianus Tolonensis) (476 - October 3, 546) was bishop of Toulon during the 6th century. ... Guntram I(c. ...


From the beginning the bishopric of Geneva was a suffragan of the archbishopric of Vienne. The bishops of Geneva had the status of prince of the Holy Roman Empire since 1154, but had to maintain a long struggle for their independence against the guardians (advocati) of the see, the counts of Geneva and later the counts of Savoy. In 1290 the latter obtained the right of installing the vice-dominus of the diocese, the title of Vidame of Geneva was granted to the family of count François de Candie of Chambery-Le-Vieux a Chatellaine of the Savoy, this official exercised minor jurisdiction in the town in the bishop's. In 1387 Bishop Adhémar Fabry granted the town its great charter, the basis of its communal self-government, which every bishop on his accession was expected to confirm. When the line of the counts of Geneva became extinct in 1394, and the House of Savoy came into possession of their territory, assuming after 1416 the title of Duke, the new dynasty sought by every means to bring the city of Geneva under their power, particularly by elevating members of their own family to the episcopal see. The city protected itself by union with the Swiss Federation (Eidgenossenschaft), uniting itself in 1526 with Berne and Fribourg. The Archbishopric of Vienne, named after its episcopal see Vienne in the Isère département of southern France, was a metropolitan Roman Catholic archdiocese. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Vidame, a French corruption of the official Latin term vicedominus (vice-lord), was a feudal title in France. ... François de Candie, 1st Vice-Count of Geneva (c. ... The city and arrondissement of Chamb ry in Savoie, France, is the historical capital of Savoy, was independent, then formed part of the Kingdom of Sardinia until 1860. ... Eidgenossenschaft is a German word meaning confederation. ...


The Protestant Reformation plunged Geneva into new entanglements: while Bern favoured the introduction of the new teaching and demanded liberty of preaching for the Reformers Guillaume Farel and Antoine Froment, Catholic Fribourg renounced in 1511 its allegiance with Geneva. The Protestant leader John Calvin was based in Geneva from 1536 to his death in 1564 (though briefly exiled from Geneva from 1538 to 1541), and began systematically to preach his doctrine there. The city became a center of Protestant activity, producing works such as the Genevan Psalter, though there was much controversy (which remains to this day) regarding the relationship between Calvin and the civil authorities. As early as 1532 the bishop had been obliged to leave his residence, never to return; in 1536 he fixed his see at Gex, in 1535 at Annecy. The Apostolic zeal and devotion of St. Francis de Sales, who was Bishop of Geneva from 1602 to 1621, restored to Catholicism a large part of the diocese. Reformation redirects here. ... Location within Switzerland The city of Bern, English traditionally Berne (Bernese German Bärn , German Bern , French Berne , Italian Berna , Romansh Berna ), is the Bundesstadt (administrative capital) of Switzerland, and is the fourth most populous Swiss city (after Zürich, Geneva and Basel). ... Categories: Stub | 1489 births | 1565 deaths | French theologians | Reformed theologians ... Antoine Froment (1508-1581) was a Protestant reformer in Geneva. ... Fribourg (French), (German: or , often Fribourg) is the capital of the Swiss canton of Fribourg and the district of Sarine. ... John Calvin (July 10, 1509 – May 27, 1564) was a French Protestant theologian during the Protestant Reformation and was a central developer of the system of Christian theology called Calvinism or Reformed theology. ... Gex or GEX may refer to: Gex, a video game series about a gecko with a passion for TV Gex: Enter the Gecko Gex 3: Deep Cover Gecko see Gex (character) for the protagonist of the above video game series. ... City flag Coat of arms Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Region Rhône-Alpes Department Haute-Savoie (préfecture) Arrondissement Annecy Canton Chief town of 3 cantons Intercommunality Communauté de lagglomération dAnnecy Mayor Jean-Luc Rigaut  (UDF) (since January 15, 2007) Statistics... Saint Francis of Sales (in French, St François de Sales), seventeenth-century bishop of Geneva and Roman Catholic saint, was born at Thorens into a Savoyard noble family on 21 August 1567. ...


Formerly the Diocese of Geneva extended well into Savoy, as far as Mont Cenis and the Great St. Bernard. Nyon, also often erroneously considered a separate diocese, belonged to Geneva. Under Charlemagne Tarantaise was detached from Geneva and became a separate diocese. Before the Reformation the bishops of Geneva ruled over 8 chapters, 423 parishes, 9 abbeys and 68 priories. Nyon is a municipality in the district of Nyon in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland. ... Tarentaise can refer to the following: Places Moûtiers, historically known as Tarentaise, in Savoy Tarentaise Valley Tarentaise, Loire Other Tarentaise cattle Darantasia redirects here. ...


In 1802 the diocese was united with that of Chambéry. At the Congress of Vienna (1814-15) the territory of Geneva was extended to cover 15 Savoyard and 6 French parishes, with more than 16,000 Catholics; at the same time it was admitted to the Swiss Confederation. The Congress expressly provided -- and the same proviso was included in the Treaty of Turin (16 March 1816) -- that in these territories transferred to Geneva the Catholic religion was to be protected, and that no changes were to be made in existing conditions without agreement with the Holy See. Pius VII in 1819 united the city of Geneva and 20 parishes with the Diocese of Lausanne, while the rest of the ancient Diocese of Geneva (outside of Switzerland) was reconstituted, in 1822, as the French Diocese of Annecy. The Great Council of Geneva (cantonal council) afterwards ignored the responsibilities thus undertaken; in imitation of Napoleon's "Organic Articles", it insisted upon the Placet, or previous approval of publication, for all papal documents. Catholic indignation ran high at the civil measures taken against Marilley, the parish priest of Geneva and later bishop of the see. Still greater indignation was aroused among the Catholics by the injustice created by the Kulturkampf, which obliged them to contribute to the budget of the Protestant Church and to that of the Old Catholic Church, while for their own religious needs they did not receive the smallest pecuniary aid from the public treasury. On 30 June 1907, most of the Catholics of Geneva voted for the separation of Church and State. By this act of separation they were assured at least a negative equality with the Protestants and Old Catholics. Since then the Canton of Geneva has given aid to no creed out of either the state or the municipal revenues. The Protestants have been favoured, for to them a lump compensation of 800,000 Swiss francs (about $160,000 then) was paid at the outset, whereas the Catholics, in spite of the international agreements assuring financial support to their religion -- either from the public funds or from other sources -- received nothing. Chambéry is the capital of the department of Savoie, France. ... The Congress of Vienna by Jean-Baptiste Isabey, 1819. ... The Swiss Confederation or Switzerland is a landlocked federal state in Europe, with neighbours Germany, France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. ... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1816 (MDCCCXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Pius VII, né Giorgio Barnaba Luigi Chiaramonti, (August 14, 1740 - August 20, 1823) was Pope from March 14, 1800 to August 20, 1823. ... Placet is a fictional planet that appeared in the Science Fictional story Placet is a Crazy Place by Fredric Brown. ... The German term Kulturkampf (literally, culture struggle) refers to German policies in relation to secularity and the influence of the Roman Catholic Church, enacted from 1871 to 1878 by the Chancellor of the German Empire, Otto von Bismarck. ... The Old Catholic Church is a community of Christian churches. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Geography

The old town of Geneva in winter
The old town of Geneva in winter

Geneva is located at 46°12' North, 6°09' East, at the south-western end of Lake Geneva, where the lake flows back into the Rhône River. It is surrounded by two mountain chains, the Alps and the Jura. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1632 × 1224 pixel, file size: 524 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1632 × 1224 pixel, file size: 524 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... There are many places throughout the world named Old Town, including: // San Telmo and La Boca, Buenos Aires Prague Old Town Candelaria (historic quarter), Bogotá The Old Town, Aarhus Old Town, Tallinn Old Town, Tbilisi Old Town in Hanover Old Town, County Roscommon Old Town in Jerusalem Vilnius Old Town... Lake Geneva or Lake Léman (French Lac Léman, le Léman, or Lac de Genève) is the second largest freshwater lake in Central Europe (after Lake Balaton). ... The Rhône River, or the Rhône (French Rhône, Arpitan Rôno, Occitan Ròse, standard German Rhone, Valais German Rotten), is one of the major rivers of Europe, running through Switzerland and France. ... Alp redirects here. ... Looking towards Lelex from near to Crêt de la Neige The Jura folds are located north of the main Alpine orogenic front and are being continually deformed, accommodating the northwards compression from Alpine folding. ...


The city of Geneva has an area of 15.86 km², while the area of the Canton of Geneva is 282 km², including the two small enclaves of Céligny in Vaud. The part of the lake that is attached to Geneva has an area of 38 km² and is sometimes referred to as Petit lac (English: small lake). The Canton has only a 4.5 km long border with the rest of Switzerland; out of a total of 107.5 km of borders, the remaining 103 are shared with France, with the Départment de l'Ain to the North and the Département de la Haute-Savoie to the South. The Republic and Canton of Geneva is the westernmost canton or state of Switzerland, surrounded on almost all sides by France and centered around the city of Geneva. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Céligny is a Swiss commune in the canton of Geneva. ... Capital Lausanne Population (2004) 657,700 (Ranked 3rd)   - Density 205 /km² Area 3212 km² (Ranked 4th) Highest point Les Diablerets 3210 m Joined 1803 Abbreviation VD Languages French Executive Conseil dEtat (7) Legislative Grand Conseil (150) Municipalities 382 municipalities Districts 19 districts Website www. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Préfecture building of the Ain département, in Bourg-en-Bresse Ain is a département named after the Ain River on the eastern edge of France bordering Switzerland. ... Haute-Savoie is a French département, named after the Alps mountain range. ...


The altitude of Geneva is 373.6 m, and corresponds to the altitude of the largest of the Pierres du Niton, two large rocks emerging from the lake which date from the last ice age. This rock was chosen by General Guillaume Henri Dufour as the reference point for all surveying in Switzerland.[4] The second main river of Geneva is the Arve River which flows into the Rhône River just west of the city center. Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum. ... The Wisconsin (in North America), Devensian (in the British Isles), Midlandian (in Ireland), Würm (in the Alps), and Weichsel (in northern central Europe) glaciations are the most recent glaciations of the Pleistocene epoch, which ended around 10,000 BCE. The general glacial advance began about 70,000 BCE, and... Henri Dufour Guillaume-Henri Dufour (15 September 1787, Constance - 14 July 1875, Geneva) was a Swiss general and topographer. ... A reference point is a location that is used in measurement of a huge variety of phenomena. ... Arve near Annemasse, Haute Savoy The Arve River flows for approximately 100km (62 miles) through France and Switzerland. ... The Rhône River, or the Rhône (French Rhône, Arpitan Rôno, Occitan Ròse, standard German Rhone, Valais German Rotten), is one of the major rivers of Europe, running through Switzerland and France. ...


Climate

In Geneva, the winter is cold and generally a little cloudy. During the winter season, it is possible to go several days without thawing, and a day or two with severe freezes where the thermometer displays -10 °C. There are several days each month when, if anticyclonic conditions are stable, the clouds may stay for several days. From March, with temperatures rising it feels like summer in late May. However, the rain intensifies and often has a stormy character during the month of May. These may be short but strong storms depositing several tens of millimeters of rain within just a few minutes. Summers are often hot and rather humid, although some may be more changeable, the mornings remain relatively fresh. During the summer season, the rains are less frequent but more intense. This is the season where you most likely get thunderstorms with hail. If the weather in early September is still hot, it cools down quickly to become really cold in November. The morning frosts are then reappearing. Fall is also the season of mists, and the month of October is often the month with the most fog in the year. The fog can be very intense, restricting vision to less than 100 m in the areas outside the city. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...


Cityscape

Culture

Media

The city's main newspaper is the Tribune de Genève, with a readership of about 187,000, a daily newspaper founded on 1 February 1879 by James T. Bates. Le Courrier, founded in 1868, was originally supported by the Roman Catholic Church, but has been completely independent since 1996. Mainly focused on Geneva, Le Courrier is trying to expand into other cantons in Romandy. Both Le Temps (headquartered in Geneva) and Le Matin are widely read in Geneva, but both journals actually cover the whole of Romandy. Tribune de Genève is a regional newspaper of the canton of Geneva (Switzerland). ... A newspaper is a written publication containing news, information and advertising, usually printed on low-cost paper called newsprint. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Le Courrier is a daily newspaper published in Geneva, Switzerland. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... The French-speaking part of Switzerland is shown in green on this map. ... Le Temps is one of Switzerlands leading daily newspapers. ... Le Matin (The Morning) is a daily newspaper published by Edipresse in Lausanne, Switzerland. ... The French-speaking part of Switzerland is shown in green on this map. ...


Geneva is covered by the various French language radio networks of the Swiss Broadcasting Corporation, in particular the Radio Suisse Romande. While these networks cover the whole of Romandy, special programs related to Geneva are sometimes broadcast on some of the local frequencies in the case of special events such as elections. Other local station broadcast from the city, including RadioLac (FM 91.8 MHz), Radio Cité (Non-commercial radio, FM 92.2 MHz), OneFM (FM 107.0 MHz, also broadcast in Vaud), and World Radio Switzerland (FM 88.4 MHz), Switzerland's only English-language radio station. French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... A radio network is a network system which distributes programming to multiple stations simultaneously, or slightly delayed, for the purpose of extending total coverage beyond the limits of a single broadcast signal. ... SRG SSR idée suisse is the business name of the Swiss Broadcasting Corporation -- in German: Schweizerische Radio- und Fernsehgesellschaft (SRG), in Romansh Societad svizra da radio e televisiun, in Italian: Società svizzera di radiotelevisione (SSR), in French: Société suisse de radiodiffusion et télévision (SSR). ... RSRs latest logo RSRs former logo Radio Suisse Romande (RSR) is an enterprise unit within public-broadcasting corporation SRG SSR idée suisse. ... The French-speaking part of Switzerland is shown in green on this map. ... The abbreviations FM, Fm, and fm may refer to: Electrical engineering Frequency modulation (FM) and its most common applications: FM broadcasting, used primarily to broadcast music and speech at VHF frequencies FM synthesis, a sound-generation technique popularized by early digital synthesizers Science Femtometre (fm), an SI measure of length... Capital Lausanne Population (2004) 657,700 (Ranked 3rd)   - Density 205 /km² Area 3212 km² (Ranked 4th) Highest point Les Diablerets 3210 m Joined 1803 Abbreviation VD Languages French Executive Conseil dEtat (7) Legislative Grand Conseil (150) Municipalities 382 municipalities Districts 19 districts Website www. ... World Radio Switzerland (WRS, formerly World Radio Geneva or WRG) is a (and the only) English-language radio station in Switzerland, broadcasting from the city of Geneva. ...


The main television channel covering Geneva is the Télévision Suisse Romande; while its headquarters are located in Geneva, the programs cover the whole of Romandy and are not specific to Geneva. Léman Bleu is a local TV channel, founded in 1996 and distributed by cable. The term television channel generally refers to either a television station or its cable/satellite counterpart (both outlined below). ... TSR 1 and TSR 2 are French-language TV channels in Switzerland, part of SRG SSR idée suisse. ... The French-speaking part of Switzerland is shown in green on this map. ...


Traditions and customs

Geneva observes Jeune genevois on the first Thursday following the first Sunday in September. By local tradition, this commemorates the date the news of the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre of Huguenots reached Geneva. The Genevois joke that the federal equivalent holiday, Jeune fédéral, is observed two weeks later on account of the rest of the country being a bit slow on the uptake. Jeûne genevois (Genevan fast) is a public holiday in the canton of Geneva, Switzerland which occurs on the Thursday following the first Sunday of September. ... Painting by François Dubois (born about 1529, Amiens, Picardy) The St. ...


Since 1818, a particular chestnut tree has been used as the official "herald of the spring" in Geneva. The sautier (secretary of the Parliament of the Canton of Geneva) observes the tree and notes the day of arrival of the first bud. While this event has no practical impact, the sautier issues a formal press release and the local newspaper will usually mention the news. Species Castanea alnifolia - Bush Chinkapin* Castanea crenata - Japanese Chestnut Castanea dentata - American Chestnut Castanea henryi - Henrys Chestnut Castanea mollissima - Chinese Chestnut Castanea ozarkensis - Ozark Chinkapin Castanea pumila - Allegheny Chinkapin Castanea sativa - Sweet Chestnut Castanea seguinii - Seguins Chestnut * treated as a synonym of by many authors Chestnut is a... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ...


As this is one of the world's oldest records of a plant's reaction to climatic conditions, researchers have been interested to note that the first bud appears earlier and earlier in the year. During the first century, many dates were in March or April. In recent years, it has usually been in mid-February and sometimes even earlier.[5] In 2002, the first bud appeared unusually early, on 7th February, and then again on 29th of December of the same year. The following year, one of the hottest Europe has ever had, became a year with no bud. In 2008, the first bud also appeared very early, on 19 February. [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Sports

The main sport team in Geneva is Servette FC, a football club founded in 1890 and named after a borough on the right bank of the Rhône. Servette was the only club to have remained in the top league in Switzerland since its creation in the 1930s; in 2005, however, management problems resulted in the bankruptcy of the club's parent company, causing the club to be demoted two divisions. It is now playing in second division. Servette FC is a Swiss football club, based in Geneva. ... Soccer redirects here. ... For the band, see Big Brother and the Holding Company. ...


Geneva is also home of the Genève-Servette Hockey Club, who play in the Swiss National League A. In 2008 the team made it to the league finals but lost to the ZSC Lions. Genève-Servette HC, are a professional ice hockey team based in Geneva, Switzerland, and compete in the Swiss Nationalliga A. External links Teams Official Website Categories: | ... The Zürcher Sports Club Lions are a professional ice hockey team located in Zürich, Switzerland, playing in the Nationalliga A. Founded: 1930 Home arena: Hallenstadion (capacity 11,500) Former home arenas: Dolder-Kunsteisbahn (1930-1950) Swiss Championships won: 5 (1936, 1949, 1961, 2000, 2001) Continental Cups won: 2...


Administrative Divisions

The city of Geneva is divided into 8 "quartiers" or districts, often made up of several conglomerated neighborhoods[6]. On the Left Bank (Rive Gauche) these include Jonction, Centre / Plainpalais / Acacias, Eaux-Vives and Champel while the Right Bank includes Saint-Jean / Charmilles, Servette / Petit-Saconnex, Grottes / Saint-Gervais and Paquis / Nations. Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ...


Demographics

As of 2005, the population of the Commune (city) of Geneva was 185,028, while 441,000 people lived in the Canton of Geneva; around 960,000 people live in the Geneva urban community, which extends into Vaud Canton and neighboring France. A residential community is a community, usually a small town or city, that is composed mostly of residents, as opposed to commercial businesses and/or industrial facilities, all three of which are considered to be the three main types of occupants of the typical community. ...


The population of the Canton is split between 148,500 people originally from Geneva (33.7%), 122,400 Swiss from other cantons (27.6%) and 170,500 foreigners (38.7%), from 180 different countries.[7] Including people holding multiple citizenship, 54.4% of people living in Geneva hold a foreign passport.[8] Countries that do (yellow) and do not (red) permit multiple citizenship. ...


In 2004, the population of the canton was 441,000, that of the commune within the traditional city limits 185,526, and that of the metropolitan area — which extends into neighbouring France and the Swiss Canton of Vaud — about 960,000. A canton is a territorial subdivision of a country, e. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Capital Lausanne Population (2004) 657,700 (Ranked 3rd)   - Density 205 /km² Area 3212 km² (Ranked 4th) Highest point Les Diablerets 3210 m Joined 1803 Abbreviation VD Languages French Executive Conseil dEtat (7) Legislative Grand Conseil (150) Municipalities 382 municipalities Districts 19 districts Website www. ...


While Geneva is usually considered a Protestant city, there are now more Roman Catholics (39.5%) than Protestants (17.4%) living in the Canton. 22% of the inhabitants claim not to be religious, the rest being shared between Islam (4.4%), Judaism (1.1%), other religions and people who did not respond.[9] Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Economy

Geneva's economy is mainly services oriented. The city has an important and old finance sector, which is specialized in private banking (managing assets of about 1 trillion USD) and financing of international trade. It is also an important centre of commodity trade. The tertiary sector of industry, also called the service sector or the service industry, is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing and primary goods production such as agriculture), and primary industry (extraction such as mining and fishing). ... Financial services is a term used to refer to the services provided by the finance industry. ... Private banking is done by major institutional banks known as private banks, which offer financial services to private individuals. ... USD redirects here. ... International trade is the exchange of goods and services across international boundaries or territories. ... Chicago Board of Trade Futures market Commodity markets are markets where raw or primary products are exchanged. ...


Geneva hosts the international headquarters of companies like JT International (JTI), Mediterranean Shipping Company, Serono, SITA, Société Générale de Surveillance and STMicroelectronics. Many other multinational companies like Caterpillar, DuPont, Electronic Arts, Hewlett-Packard, INVISTA, Procter & Gamble and Sun Microsystems have their European headquarters in the city too. Japan Tobacco Inc. ... Mediterranean Shipping Company S.A. (MSC) is currently the second-largest container shipping line in the world. ... Serono is a biotechnology company headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. ... Lord Rama (center) with wife Sita, brother Lakshmana and devotee Hanuman. ... Logo of the Société Générale de Surveillance Société Générale de Surveillance (SGS) is a global verification, inspection, testing and certification company. ... STMicroelectronics is an international leading supplier of semiconductors. ... multinational corporation (or transnational corporation) (MNC/TNC) is a corporation or enterprise that manages production establishments or delivers services in at least two countries. ... Caterpillar Inc. ... Dupont, DuPont, Du Pont, or du Pont may refer to: // E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company (DuPont), the worlds second largest chemical company Du Pont Motors Gilbert Dupont, a French stock brokerage part of retail banking network Crédit du Nord ST Dupont, a French manufacturer of... Electronic Arts (EA) (NASDAQ: ERTS) is an American developer, marketer, publisher, and distributor of computer and video games. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... INVISTAâ„¢ is the worlds largest integrated fiber, resin and intermediates company. ... Procter & Gamble Co. ... Sun Microsystems, Inc. ...


There is a long tradition of watchmaking (Baume et Mercier, Chopard, Franck Muller, Patek Philippe, Rolex, Raymond Weil, Omega, etc.). Two major international producers of flavours and fragrances, Firmenich and Givaudan, have their headquarters and main production facilities in Geneva. For other uses, see Watch (disambiguation). ... Baume et Mercier is a Swiss watchmaking company founded in 1830. ... Chopard is a luxury watch, jewelry, and accessories company founded in 1860 by Louis-Ulysse Chopard at the age of 24. ... Franck Muller (born July 1958) is a noted watchmaker known for creating complicated, unique and revolutionary timepieces. ... Patek Philippe & Co. ... Rolex SA is a Swiss manufacturer of mostly mechanical wristwatches and accessories renowned for their dependability, prestige, and cost (from a few thousand to more than one hundred thousand U.S. dollars). ... This article reads like an advertisement. ... Look up Ω, ω in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about flavor, the sensory impression. ... Odor receptors on the antennae of a Luna moth An odor is the object of perception of the sense of olfaction. ... Firmenich SA is a private business specialising in flavors and fragrances and is a major worldwide chemical manufacturer. ... Givaudan is the worlds largest producer of flavors and fragrances with sales of CHF 2,680 million in 2004. ...


Many people also work in the numerous offices of international organizations located in Geneva (about 24,000 in 2001). For the political science journal, see International Organization. ...


Geneva Motor Show is one of the most important international auto-shows. The show is held at Palexpo, a giant convention center located next to the International Airport 74th Geneva Motor Show The Salon International de lAuto (or Geneva Motor Show) is an annual auto show held in March in the Swiss city of Geneva. ... Palexpo is a convention center in Geneva, Switzerland. ...


Infrastructure

Transport

The Geneva tram
The Geneva tram

The city is served by the Geneva Cointrin International Airport. It is connected to both the Swiss railway network SBB-CFF-FFS, and the French SNCF network, including direct connections to Paris, Marseille and Montpellier by TGV. Geneva is also connected to the motorway systems of both Switzerland (A1 motorway) and France. Transports Publics Genevois, locally known as the TPG, operates the public transportation system in Geneva (Switzerland). ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... Airport entrance. ... The railroads of Switzerland include standard gauge (1. ... Swiss Federal Railways (German: SBB, Schweizerische Bundesbahnen; French: CFF, Chemins de fer fédéraux suisses; Italian: FFS, Ferrovie federali svizzere; Romansh: Viafiers federalas svizras; the abbreviations VFS (Romansh) and SFR (English) are not in official use) is the national railway company of Switzerland headquartered in Berne. ... SNCF (Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français) (French National Railway Company) is a French public enterprise. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines The Old Port of Marseille Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... For the group of heart conditions referred to as TGV, see Transposition of the great vessels. ... The A1 is a motorway in Switzerland. ...


Public transport by bus, trolleybus or tram is provided by Transports Publics Genevois (TPG). In addition to an extensive coverage of the city centre, the network covers most of the municipalities of the Canton, with a few lines extending into France. Public transport by boat is provided by the Mouettes Genevoises, which link the two banks of the lake within the city, and by the Compagnie Générale de Navigation sur le lac Léman (CGN) which serves more distant destinations such as Nyon, Yvoire, Thonon, Evian, Lausanne and Montreux using both modern diesel vessels and vintage paddle steamers. Mass transit redirects here. ... Autobus redirects here. ... A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram or simply trolley) is an electric bus powered by two overhead wires, from which it draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... Transports Publics Genevois, locally known as the TPG, operates the public transportation system in Geneva (Switzerland). ... For other uses, see Boat (disambiguation). ... Mouettes Genevoises Navigation is the member of Unireso that provides public transportation in and around Geneva, Switzerland by boat. ... Compagnie Générale de Navigation sur le lac Léman (commonly abbreviated to CGN) is a public Swiss company operating boats on Lake Geneva connecting towns in both France and Switzerland including Geneva, Montreux, Évian-les-Bains and Lausanne. ... Nyon is a municipality in the district of Nyon in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland. ... Yvoire is a village on the south shore of the Lake Geneva in the French département of Haute-Savoie. ... Thonon-les-Bains is a French spa town on Lake Geneva. ... A street in Évian. ... Lausanne (pronounced ) is a city in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, situated on the shores of Lake Geneva (French: Lac Léman), and facing Évian-les-Bains (France) and with the Jura mountains to its north. ... For other uses, see Montreux (disambiguation). ... A paddle steamer, paddleboat, or paddlewheeler is a ship driven by one or more paddle wheels driven by a steam engine. ...


Trains operated by SBB-CFF-FFS connect the airport to the main station of Cornavin in a mere six minutes, and carry on to towns such as Nyon, Lausanne, Fribourg, Montreux, Neuchâtel, Berne, Sion, Sierre, etc. Regional train services are being increasingly developed, towards Coppet and Bellegarde. At the city limits, two new stations have been created since 2002: Genève-Sécheron (close to the UN and the Botanical Gardens) and Lancy-Pont-Rouge. Swiss Federal Railways (German: SBB, Schweizerische Bundesbahnen; French: CFF, Chemins de fer fédéraux suisses; Italian: FFS, Ferrovie federali svizzere; Romansh: Viafiers federalas svizras; the abbreviations VFS (Romansh) and SFR (English) are not in official use) is the national railway company of Switzerland headquartered in Berne. ... La Gare de Cornavin (the station of Cornavin) is Genevas main train station, located in the center of the city. ... Inside the United States Botanic Garden Washington, D.C. Botanical gardens grow a wide variety of plants primarily categorized and documented for scientific purposes. ...


In 2005, work started on the CEVA (Cornavin - Eaux-Vives - Annemasse) project, first planned in 1884, which will connect Cornavin with the Cantonal hospital, the Eaux-Vives station and Annemasse, in France. The link between the main station and the classification yard of La Praille already exists; from there, the line will go mostly underground to the Hospital and the Eaux-Vives, where it will link up to the existing line to France. Support for this project was obtained from all parties in the local parliament. Annemasse is a municipality in France. ... Chicago and North Western Railways Proviso Yard in Chicago, Illinois, December 1942. ...


Taxis in Geneva can be difficult to find, and may need to be booked in advance especially in the early morning or at peak hours. In addition, which may be surprising in a modern country like Switzerland, taxis often refuse to take babies and children. [10]


Utilities

Water, natural gas and electricity are provided to the municipalities of the Canton of Geneva by the state-owned Services Industriels de Genève (shortly SIG). Most of the drinkable water (80%) is extracted from the lake; the remaining 20% is provided by groundwater originally formed by infiltration from the Arve River. 30% of the Canton's electricity needs is locally produced, mainly by three hydroelectric dams on the Rhone River (Seujet, Verbois and Chancy-Pougny). In addition, 13% of the electricity produced in the Canton is made from the heat induced by the burning of waste at the waste incineration facility of Les Cheneviers. The remaining needs (57%) are covered by imports from other cantons in Switzerland or other European countries; SIG buys only electricity produced by renewable methods, and in particular does not use electricity produced using nuclear reactors or fossil fuels. Natural gas is available in the City of Geneva, as well as in about two-thirds of the municipalities of the canton, and is imported from Western Europe by the Swiss company Gaznat. SIG also provides telecommunication facilities to carriers, service providers and large enterprises. From 2003 to 2005 "Voisin, voisine" a Fibre to the Home pilot project with a Triple play offering was launched to test the end-user market in the Charmilles district. Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... Electricity (from New Latin Ä“lectricus, amberlike) is a general term for a variety of phenomena resulting from the presence and flow of electric charge. ... See: Municipalities of Switzerland Categories: Municipalities of the Canton of Geneva ... This article is about state ownership. ... Lake Geneva or Lake Léman (French Lac Léman, le Léman, or Lac de Genève) is the second largest freshwater lake in Central Europe (after Lake Balaton). ... Groundwater is water located beneath the ground surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of lithologic formations. ... Arve near Annemasse, Haute Savoy The Arve River flows for approximately 100km (62 miles) through France and Switzerland. ... Hydroelectricity is electricity produced by hydropower. ... This article is about structures for water impoundment. ... Length 800 km Elevation of the source 1753 m Average discharge 1800 m³/ s Area watershed 100,200 km² Origin Rhône glacier Mouth Mediterranean Sea Basin countries Switzerland, France The River Rhône ( Latin Rhodanus, French Rhône, Occitan Rose, German Rotten) is one of the major rivers (ca. ... For the company, see Waste Management, Inc. ... Renewable energy effectively utilizes natural resources such as sunlight, wind, tides and geothermal heat, which are naturally replenished. ... Core of a small nuclear reactor used for research. ... Fossil fuels are hydrocarbon-containing natural resources such as coal, petroleum and natural gas. ... A current understanding of Western Europe. ... This is a list of Swiss companies, currently active and former ones: Adriatica PR&A Watch Co Sagl Asea Brown Boveri (ABB) ACM Forex Adecco Alpina Watches AMAG Arbonia Forster ASCOM ATAG ATAG Ernst Young AviComp AG Bally Shoe, shoe company Baloise, insurance company Batigroup, construction business Belimo Automation AG... A service provider is an entity that provides services to other entities. ... Fiber to the Home (FTTH) is a technology that allows Telephone, Cable TV and High Speed Internet to be accessed via one fiber cable. ... In telecommunications, the Triple Play service is a marketing term for the provisioning of the three services: high-speed Internet, television (Video on Demand or regular broadcasts) and telephone service over a single broadband connection. ... Economics and commerce define an end-user as the person who uses a product. ...


Education

Geneva is home to the University of Geneva, founded by John Calvin in 1559. Also, the oldest international school in the world is located in Geneva, the International School of Geneva, founded in 1924 along with the League of Nations. Webster University, an accredited American university also has a campus in Geneva. The University of Geneva (Université de Genève) is a university in Geneva, Switzerland. ... John Calvin (July 10, 1509 – May 27, 1564) was a French Protestant theologian during the Protestant Reformation and was a central developer of the system of Christian theology called Calvinism or Reformed theology. ... International schools are private schools that cater mainly to children who are not nationals of the host country, often the children of the staff of international businesses, international organizations, embassies, missions, or missionary programs. ... The Ecolint Logo The International School of Geneva, also known as écolint, is a private international school in Geneva, Switzerland. ... 1939–1941 semi-official emblem Anachronous world map in 1920–1945, showing the League of Nations and the world Capital Not applicable¹ Language(s) English, French and Spanish Political structure International organization Secretary-general  - 1920–1933 Sir James Eric Drummond  - 1933–1940 Joseph Avenol  - 1940–1946 Seán Lester Historical... Webster University is an American private university in Webster Groves, a suburb of St. ...


The city is home to the Graduate Institute of International Studies, as well as the International School of Geneva and Institut International de Lancy (founded in 1903). Graduate Institute of International Studies (HEI), based in Geneva in Switzerland, is one of the worlds leading graduate schools devoted to the study of international studies, most notably of their historic, judicial, economic, political and social aspects. ... The Ecolint Logo The International School of Geneva, also known as écolint, is a private international school in Geneva, Switzerland. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...


The Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations is a private university on the grounds of the Château de Penthes, an old manor with a park and view of Lac Leman. The Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations is a university located in Geneva, Switzerland. ... A private university is a university that is run without the control of any government entity. ... The Jet dEau fountain in Lake Geneva in Geneva Lake Geneva (French: Lac Léman, Le Léman or Lac de Genève, (German: Genfersee) is the second largest freshwater lake in central Europe (after Lake Balaton), divided between France (Haute-Savoie) and Switzerland (cantons of Vaud, Geneva, and Valais). ...


The Canton of Geneva's public school system has écoles primaires (ages 4-12) and cycles d'orientation (ages 12-15). The obligation to attend school ends at age 16, but secondary education is provided by collèges (ages 15-19), the oldest of which is the Collège Calvin, which is housed at the University of Geneva, and could be considered one of the oldest public schools in the world[11]. The Republic and Canton of Geneva is the westernmost canton or state of Switzerland, surrounded on almost all sides by France and centered around the city of Geneva. ... Collège Calvin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The University of Geneva (Université de Genève) is a university in Geneva, Switzerland. ... The term public school has three distinct meanings: In the USA and Canada, elementary or secondary school supported and administered by state and local officials. ...


Geneva also has a choice of private schools[12].


Communities

As the Geneva authorities say, the history of the city is closely related to that of the foreign communities. Ever since the migration of foreigners to Geneva, these communities have found refuge, bringing their know-how, their customs and hope of a new life. They have widely participated in the international influence of Geneva, to its economic prosperity, and also to the spreading of views and of science. Procedural knowledge or know-how is the knowledge of how to perform some task. ...


LGBT community

Many other communities or minorities are also very well represented in Geneva, including sexual minorities, with no less than three organizations: Dialogai, a gay organization; Lestime, a lesbian organization; and association 360, an LGBT organization. The Gay International Group (Geneva, Switzerland) is a good resource for gay foreigners, tourists or expatriates. Also, a new LGBT group has debuted within the University of Geneva itself, called "Think Out". This group addresses students and professors linked directly or indirectly with the matter of sexual diversity. The initialism LGBT also GLBT is in use (since the 1990s) to refer collectively to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender people. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Religious communities

Many religions are represented in Geneva. The Plymouth Brethren have an assembly there, established since the days of John Nelson Darby. The Catholic religion has become more influential, thanks to immigration from Latin countries. The Jewish community is one of the oldest of Switzerland. There have been two mosques in Geneva for more than 20 years. [1] The Brethren are a Christian Evangelical movement that began in Dublin, London, Plymouth, and the continent of Europe in the late 1820s. ... For other persons named John Darby, see John Darby (disambiguation). ... A kehilla or kehillah (קהלה, Hebrew: community) is a Jewish community. ...


International organizations

The Palace of Nations
The Palace of Nations

Geneva is the seat of the European headquarters of the United Nations and of many other inter-governmental organizations, including: Palace of Nations. ... The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) (French: Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle or OMPI) is one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations. ... UN redirects here. ... For the political science journal, see International Organization. ...

Geneva was the seat of the League of Nations between 1919 and the league's dissolution in 1946. It was first housed in the Palais Wilson, and then in the Palais des Nations, which now hosts the United Nations. Numerous international non-governmental organizations have also elected Geneva as their headquarters, including: CERN is the European Organization for Nuclear Research, the worlds largest particle physics laboratory, situated on the border between France and Switzerland, just west of Geneva. ... The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that deals with labour issues. ... The International Organization for Migration is an intergovernmental organization. ... The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; French: Union internationale des télécommunications, Spanish: Unión Internacional de Telecomunicaciones) is an international organization established to standardize and regulate international radio and telecommunications. ... The Inter-Parliamentary Union is an international organization established in 1889 by William Randal Cremer (United Kingdom) and Frédéric Passy (France). ... The purpose of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights involves the promotion and protection of human rights worldwide through direct contact with individual governments and the provision of technical assistance where appropriate. ... Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (established December 14, 1950) protects and supports refugees at the request of a government or the United Nations and assists in their return or resettlement. ... The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), is a organisation under the United Nations which was formed in December 1991 with the General Assembly Resolution 46/182. ... WHO redirects here. ... The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) (French: Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle or OMPI) is one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations. ... WMO flag The World Meteorological Organization (WMO, French: , OMM) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 188 Member States and Territories. ... WTO redirects here. ... EBU redirects here. ... 1939–1941 semi-official emblem Anachronous world map in 1920–1945, showing the League of Nations and the world Capital Not applicable¹ Language(s) English, French and Spanish Political structure International organization Secretary-general  - 1920–1933 Sir James Eric Drummond  - 1933–1940 Joseph Avenol  - 1940–1946 Seán Lester Historical... The current headquarters of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and situated in Geneva, Switzerland. ... The Palais des Nations as it appears today. ... UN redirects here. ... A non-governmental organization (NGO) is an organization which is not a part of a government. ...

The Geneva Environment Network (GEN) publishes the Geneva Green Guide[13], and extensive listing of Geneva-based global organizations working on environment protection and sustainable development. A website[14] (by the Swiss Government, WBCSD, UNEP and IUCN) includes stories about how NGOs, business, government and the UN cooperate. By doing so, it attempts to explain why Geneva has been picked by so many NGOs and UN as their headquarter location. The Aga Khan Foundation is a non-denominational, non-governmental development agency founded in 1967 by Aga Khan IV and based in Switzerland. ... Airports Council International (ACI) is the leading international trade group of the worlds commercial aviation industry, based in Geneva, Switzerland. ... The Conference of European Churches (CEC) was founded in 1959 to promote reconciliation, dialogue and friendship between the churches of Europe at a time of growing Cold War political tensions and divisions. ... The International AIDS Society (IAS) is the worlds professional society for scientists, health care and public health workers, and others engaged in HIV/AIDS prevention, control and care. ... The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a private humanitarian institution based in Geneva, Switzerland. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into International Baccalaureate Organization. ... The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRCS) is an international humanitarian organisation, often better known as the Red Cross or the Red Crescent. ... “ISO” redirects here. ... The International Union Against Cancer (UICC or Union Internationale contre le Cancer) is an organization associated with cancer research, awareness, and training. ... UN Watch is a Geneva-based NGO whose mandate is to monitor the United Nations according to the principles of its charter and to promote human rights for all. ... The World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) bis a CEO-led, global association of some 190 companies dealing exclusively with business and sustainable development. ... The World Council of Churches (WCC) is an international Christian ecumenical organization. ... The World Heart Federation, is a non-governmental organization based in Geneva, Switzerland, which is committed to helping people achieve a longer and better life through prevention and control of heart disease and stroke, with a focus on low and middle income countries. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) is the supranational organization which governs most national Scout Movements, with 28 million members. ... The World Wide Web Virtual Library was the first index of content on the World Wide Web and still operates as a directory of e-texts and information sources on the web. ... The International Association for the Study of Insurance Economics, also known by its short name The Geneva Association, is a unique world organisation formed by a maximum of 80 CEOs (Chief Executive Officers) from the most prominent insurance companies around the world. ... The International Association for the Study of Insurance Economics, also known by its short name The Geneva Association, is a unique world organisation formed by a maximum of 80 CEOs (Chief Executive Officers) from the most prominent insurance companies around the world. ... Youth With A Mission (YWAM, generally pronounced as wye-wam) is an international, inter-denominational, non-profit Christian missionary organization founded in 1960 by Loren Cunningham and his wife Darlene. ... Médecins Sans Frontières logo Médecins Sans Frontières ( ) (English: Doctors Without Borders, its official name in the United States) is a secular humanitarian-aid non-governmental organization best known for its projects in war-torn regions and developing countries facing endemic disease. ... The World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) is a coalition of 175 international companies united by a shared commitment to sustainable development via the three pillars of economic growth, ecological balance and social progress. ... Klaus Töpfer, UNEP Exec. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ...


Literature involving Geneva

Comic books
Film and television
  • The final part of Krzysztof Kieślowski's film trilogy, Three Colors called Three Colors: Red (1994), is set in Geneva
  • The sequence The Ozerov Inheritance (1972) of the television series The Persuaders! is set in Geneva
  • The protagonists of the television series The Champions were agents for a United Nations law enforcement organization called "Nemesis", which was based in Geneva.
  • In 2005 Academy Award-winning Syriana (2005) Matt Damon plays an energy analyst based in Geneva.
  • In the television series Babylon 5, the capital of the Earth Alliance is located in Geneva.
  • The final scene of the movie F/X takes place in Geneva as the characters played by Bryan Brown and Brian Dennehy go there to recover a fortune from a bank.
  • In the television series Mighty Morphin Power Rangers, the original Red, Yellow, and Black Rangers (Jason, Trini, and Zack) were sent to a peace conference in Geneva when their actors left the show mid-season.
  • Scenes from Sean Connery's James Bond Film Goldfinger (1964) are set in Geneva. While 007 supposedly lands in Geneva, and the map device in his car indicates that he is driving north along the left side of the city, the actual footage of the car moving along what should be Rue de Lausanne is not taken in or around Geneva, but rather further north-east in the German speaking part of the country.

Albert Cohen (August 16, 1895 - October 7, 1981) was a Greek-born Jewish Swiss novelist who wrote in French. ... The cover of the Finnish edition of the book. ... Paulo Coelho (IPA: ) (born August 24, 1947) is a Brazilian lyricist and novelist. ... This article is about the 1818 novel. ... Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (née Godwin) (30 August 1797 – 1 February 1851) was an English romantic/gothic novelist and the author of Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus. ... Rousseau redirects here. ... Wikibooks has a book on the topic of Angels and Demons Angels and Demons (Angels & Demons) is a bestselling mystery novel by Dan Brown. ... Dan Brown (born June 22, 1964) is an American author of thriller fiction, best known for the 2003 bestselling novel, The Da Vinci Code. ... Asterix in Switzerland is the sixteenth volume of the Asterix comic book series, by René Goscinny (stories) and Albert Uderzo (illustrations). ... René Goscinny (August 14, 1926 – November 5, 1977) was a French author, editor and humorist, who is best known for the comic book Astérix, which he created with illustrator Albert Uderzo, and for his work on the early issues of the comic book series Lucky Luke with Morris. ... Albert Uderzo Albert Uderzo (born April 25, 1927 in France) is a French comic book artist, and scriptwriter. ... The Calculus Affair (LAffaire Tournesol) is the eighteenth of The Adventures of Tintin, a series of classic comic-strip albums, written and illustrated by Belgian writer and illustrator Hergé, featuring young reporter Tintin as a hero. ... Georges Prosper Remi (May 22, 1907 – March 3, 1983), better known by the pen name Hergé, was a Belgian comics writer and artist. ... Krzysztof KieÅ›lowski   (June 27, 1941 Warsaw, Poland – March 13, 1996 Warsaw, Poland) was an influential Oscar-nominated Polish film director and screenwriter, known internationally for his film cycles Three Colors and The Decalogue. ... Three Colors is the collective title of three films directed by Krzysztof KieÅ›lowski, two made in French and one primarily in Polish: Trois couleurs: Bleu (Blue) (1993), Trzy kolory: BiaÅ‚y (White) (in French: Blanc) (1994), and Trois couleurs: Rouge (Red) (1994). ... Red is the English language title of the 1994 French language film, Trois Couleurs: Rouge (available with English subtitles). ... Not to be confused with The Persuaders (film) or The Persuaders (band). ... For other uses, see Champion (disambiguation). ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Syriana is a 2005 Academy Award-winning geopolitical thriller film written and directed by Stephen Gaghan. ... Matthew Paige Matt Damon (born October 8, 1970) is an American screenwriter and actor. ... Babylon 5 is an epic American science fiction television series created, produced, and largely written by J. Michael Straczynski. ... The Earth Alliance is the name of a fictional alliance of the countries of Earth in the television series Babylon 5. ... F/X is a 1986 action film, released on Friday, February 7, 1986, starring Bryan Brown and Brian Dennehy. ... Bryan Brown (born June 23, 1947 in Sydney) is an Australian actor. ... Brian Dennehy (born July 9, 1938) is a two-time Tony Award-winning American actor who has appeared in movies, on television, and performed in live theater. ... Mighty Morphin Power Rangers (MMPR) is an American live-action television series, created for the American market, based on the sixteenth installment of the Japanese Super Sentai franchise, KyōryÅ« Sentai Zyuranger. ... The Red Turbo Ranger Red Ranger is a designation given to one character in every season of the Power Rangers TV series. ... The Yellow Mystic Ranger Yellow Ranger is a designation given to one character in all seasons of the Power Rangers TV series. ... The Black Dino Ranger Black Ranger is a designation given to several Power Rangers characters. ... Jason Lee Scott is a fictional character in the Mighty Morphin Power Rangers TV series, played by Austin St. ... Trini Kwan is a fictional character in the Power Rangers universe played by the late Vietnamese American actress Thuy Trang. ... For the baseball player, see Zack Taylor (baseball). ... Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born August 25, 1930) is an Academy Award-, Golden Globe-, and BAFTA Award-winning Scottish actor and producer who is perhaps best known as the first actor to portray James Bond in cinema, starring in seven Bond films. ... Goldfinger is the third film in the James Bond series, and the third to star Sean Connery as the MI6 agent. ...

See also

French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... Franco-Provençal (Francoprovençal) or Arpitan (in vernacular: patouès) (in Italian: francoprovenzale, provenzale alpina, arpitano, patois; French: francoprovençal, arpitan, patois) is a Romance language with several dialects in a linguistic sub-group separate from Langue dOïl and Langue dOc. ... The Calvin Auditory The Calvin Auditorium or Calvin Auditory (French Auditoire de Calvin) originally the Notre-Dame-la-Neuve Chapel is a chapel in Geneva, Switzerland which played a significant role in the Protestant Reformation. ... 74th Geneva Motor Show The Salon International de lAuto (or Geneva Motor Show) is an annual auto show held in March in the Swiss city of Geneva. ... The Diocese of Lausanne, Geneva and Fribourg (Latin Dioecesis Lausannensis, Genevensis et Friburgensis) is the name of a Roman Catholic diocese in Switzerland, immediately subject to the Holy See, comprising the Cantons of Fribourg, Geneva, Vaud and Neuchâtel, with the exception of certain parishes of the right bank of... This is a list of mayors of Geneva, Switzerland. ...

References

  1. ^ Staying on the Safe Side; Geneva. The New York Times (1990-06-24). Retrieved on 2008-04-19.
  2. ^ 36 Hours in Geneva. The New York Times (2007-09-16). Retrieved on 2008-02-02.
  3. ^ Mercer Human Resource Consulting World-wide quality of living survey. London, 2 April 2007. Last accessed 13 January 2008
  4. ^ Swisstopo, Height reference for Switzerland. Last accessed on 1 February 2007.
  5. ^ http://www.geneve.ch/fao/2006/20060814.asp
  6. ^ Districts of Geneva. Official Website of Geneva. Retrieved on 2008-02-09.
  7. ^ Population of Geneva, on the website of Statistique Genève. Last accessed 1 February 2007.
  8. ^ OCSTAT. Les binationaux dans le canton de Genève. Résultats du recensement fédéral de la population 2000. Communications statistiques n° 24, Geneva, December 2005.
  9. ^ Inhabitants of the Canton of Geneva according to their religion, on the website of Statistique Genève. Last accessed 1 February 2007.
  10. ^ 20 Minutes: Bebés et enfants ne sont pas bienvenus dans les taxis (French).
  11. ^ [http://wwwedu.ge.ch/po/calvin/histoire_college.htm Du Collège de Genève au Collège Calvin (historique)] (French). Geneva Education Department. Retrieved on 2008-02-04.
  12. ^ Introduction to the Geneva Association of Private Schools. Geneva Association of Private Schools. Retrieved on 2008-02-04.
  13. ^ Geneva Green Guide
  14. ^ Partnerships for the Planet - Stories from Geneva

This article is about the year. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Swisstopo is the common name for the Swiss Federal Office of Topography (in German: Bundesamt für Landestopografie. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Historical Dictionary of Switzerland is an encyclopedia on the history of Switzerland that aims to take into account the results of modern historical research in a manner accessible to a broader audience. ...

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The Republic and Canton of Geneva is the westernmost canton or state of Switzerland, surrounded on almost all sides by France and centered around the city of Geneva. ... See: Municipalities of Switzerland Categories: Municipalities of the Canton of Geneva ... Valais Ticino Graubünden (Grisons) Geneva Vaud Neuchâtel Jura Berne Thurgau Zurich Aargau Lucerne Solothurn Basel-Land Schaffhausen Uri Schwyz Glarus St. ... Aarau Location within Switzerland Aarau is the capital of the Swiss canton of Aargau. ... For the municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, see Altdorf, Schaffhausen. ... Appenzell is the capital of the canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden in Switzerland. ... For other uses, see Basel (disambiguation). ... Location within Switzerland Bellinzona is the capital city of canton Ticino in Switzerland. ... For other uses, see Berne (disambiguation). ... Chur (French: Coire, German Chur (khoor) [kuːr] (in Graubünden); [xuːr] (elsewhere), Romansh Cuira (KWAY-rah) [ˈkwera] or (KWOI-rah) [ˈkwojra], Italian Coira (KOI-rah) [ˈkojra], Latin: Curia, Curia Rhaetorum and Curia Raetorum), is the capital of the Swiss canton of Graubünden and lies in the northern... Delémont (German: Delsberg) is a Swiss city and the capital of the Canton of Jura. ... Location within Switzerland Frauenfeld is the capital of the Canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. ... Fribourg (French), (German: or , often Fribourg) is the capital of the Swiss canton of Fribourg and the district of Sarine. ... Glarus is the capital of the Canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Herisau is a municipality in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland. ... Trogen is a municipality in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland. ... Lausanne (pronounced ) is a city in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, situated on the shores of Lake Geneva (French: Lac Léman), and facing Évian-les-Bains (France) and with the Jura mountains to its north. ... Liestal (in former times Liesthal) is a smal Swiss Town 17 km south of Basel, and 6km south of Augst, capital of the half canton Basel-Land. ... For other uses, see Lucerne (disambiguation). ... Location within Switzerland Neuchâtel 47. ... St. ... Sarnen is a town in the canton of Obwalden in Switzerland. ... Schaffhausen (German:  , French: Schaffhouse, Italian: Sciaffusa) is a city in northern Switzerland and the capital of the canton of the same name; it has an estimated population of 33,527 as of March 31, 2005. ... The town of   (French: , Italian: ) is the capital of the canton of Schwyz in Switzerland. ... Sion (German Sitten, Latin Sedunum) is the capital of the Swiss canton of Valais. ... The city of   (French: Soleure, Italian: Soletta) is the capital of the Canton of Solothurn in Switzerland. ... Stans is the capital of the Nidwalden (Nidwald) canton in Switzerland. ...  , capital of the Swiss canton of that name, is a picturesque little town at the northeastern corner of the lake of Zug, and at the foot of the Zugerberg (992 m (3255 ft. ... For other uses of Zurich, see Zurich (disambiguation). ...

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