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Encyclopedia > Genesee River
Upper Genesee near Belmont, New York, a series of pools and riffles
Upper Genesee near Belmont, New York, a series of pools and riffles
The Middle Falls of the Genesee in Letchworth State Park
The Middle Falls of the Genesee in Letchworth State Park


The Genesee River's name is derived from the Iroquois meaning good valley or pleasant valley. It flows northward through western New York from its source south of the town of Genesee in Pennsylvania and empties into Lake Ontario north of the City of Rochester, New York. The river drains about 2500 square miles (6,500 sq. km.). Falls along the river are within the gorge of Letchworth State Park (the Grand Canyon of the East) near Portageville, New York and within Rochester, where they provided power to 19th century industry. A dam at Mount Morris is the largest flood control dam east of the Mississippi. It has greatly reduced flood damage in the lower Genesee Valley; its capacity has only been exceeded once, during the great flood of 1972, caused by the remnants of Hurricane Agnes. Although the floodwaters went over the spillway, the flooding was partly ameliorated below the dam. The dam was completed in 1952. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1800x1200, 1137 KB) Upper Genesee River near Belmont, New York Image copyleft: Image taken by me, released under GFDL Pollinator 03:55, Nov 9, 2004 (UTC) ( ) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1800x1200, 1137 KB) Upper Genesee River near Belmont, New York Image copyleft: Image taken by me, released under GFDL Pollinator 03:55, Nov 9, 2004 (UTC) ( ) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev... There is a town called Bellmont, New York in Franklin County. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x1024, 529 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Letchworth State Park Genesee River Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x1024, 529 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Letchworth State Park Genesee River Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Letchworth State Park is a state park located 35 miles (56 km) south of Rochester, New York. ... The Iroquois Confederacy (Haudenosaunee, also known as the League of Peace and Power, Five Nations, or Six Nations) is a group of First Nations/Native Americans. ... State nickname: The Empire State Official languages None. ... Genesee, Pennsylvania, USA, is on the northern border of the state and lies near the source of the Genesee River. ... State nickname: The Keystone State Official languages None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Governor Ed Rendell (D) Senators Arlen Specter (R) Rick Santorum (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 33rd 119,283 km² 2. ... Lake Ontario seen from near Wolcott, New York Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... There is also a Rochester in Ulster County, New York; for that town see Rochester, Ulster County, New York. ... Letchworth State Park is a state park located 35 miles (56 km) south of Rochester, New York. ... Portageville is a hamlet located in the Town of Genesee Falls in Wyoming County, New York. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mount Morris is a village located in the Town of Mount Morris in Livingston County, New York. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... Duration: June 14 - 25, 1972 Highest winds: 85 mph (140 km/h) Total damages (in USD): $10-12 billion (2005 dollars) Total fatalites: 122 direct Areas affected: Florida Panhandle, Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New York Hurricane Agnes was a hurricane that occurred during the 1972 Atlantic hurricane season. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The river was the original source of power and commerce in the Rochester area. Many grist mills along the river ground more flour than anywhere else in North America, giving Rochester her nickname “Flour City”.

Contents


Geology

Main article: Genesee River: Glacial Geology The Genesee River flows northward from its source in northern Pennsylvania to enter Lake Ontario north of Rochester, New York. ...

Map of Genesee River
Map of Genesee River

The present river valley has been modified extensively from preglacial river valleys. The original river had two branches. The east branch has a larger preglacial valley. It runs south of Mount Morris. It was completely blocked by extensive terminal moraines just south of Dansville, so most of the upper section was diverted toward the Susquehanna River system. Now only a small creek flows in what is left of this large valley. The west branch, which was smaller, is now the Genesee River above Mount Morris. Genesee River map: large Created by Pollinator File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Genesee River map: large Created by Pollinator File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... Moraine is the general term for debris of all sorts originally transported by glaciers or ice sheets that have since melted away. ... The Susquehanna River is a river in the northeastern United States. ...


The present river is the western branch of the preglacial system. Along its entire course, the rock layers are tilted to the south an average of forty feet per mile, so the river flows across progressively older bedrock as it flows northward. It rises in the highlands of the Allegheny Plateau in conglomerate, sandstone and shale rocks of Mississippian and Pennsylvanian age, passing through and often exposing older rocks as it drops. At Letchworth it exposes shales, siltstones and some limestones of Devonian age. At Rochester it again cuts a canyon with three more waterfalls in limestones and shales of Silurian age. The river is a highly favored area for fossil collectors, as one can find a great variety from a very long time span, within the short course of the river. The Allegheny Plateau is a large, dissected plateau area in southern New York, western Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and eastern Ohio. ... A mineral conglomerate In geology, a conglomerate is a rock consisting of other stones that have been cemented together. ... Sandstone near Stadtroda, Germany Sandstone is an sedimentary rock composed mainly of feldspar and quartz and varies in colour (in a similar way to sand), through grey, yellow, red, and white. ... Shale Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock whose original constituents were clays or muds. ... Our earth is composed of three main types of rock, each having been formed in its own special way. ... This article is about the geologic period; for the North American culture, see Mississippian culture. ... The Pennsylvanian is a geologic (sub)period lasting from roughly 325 million years before the present (BP) to 286 million years BP. As with most other geologic periods, the rock beds that define the period are well identified, but the exact date of the start and end are uncertain by... Shale Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock whose original constituents were clays or muds. ... Categories: Stub | Sedimentary rocks ... Limey shale overlaid by limestone. ... Disambiguation: Devonian is also an adjective relating to the English county of Devon or the people there. ... The Silurian is a major division of the geologic timescale that extends from the end of the Ordovician period, about 443. ... A fossil Ammonite Fossils are the mineralized remains of animals or plants or other traces such as footprints. ...


History

The Genesee River Valley westward to Lake Erie and the Niagara River was the homeland of the Seneca Nation of the Iroquois Confederacy, also known as The Keepers of the Western Door, as they were the westernmost nation. The Senecas were gradually divested of their homelands and now have just three small reservations left. Lake Erie, looking southward from a high rural bluff near Leamington, Ontario Lake Erie is one of the five large freshwater Great Lakes in North America, among the worlds largest such lakes. ... The Niagara River flows to the north from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario. ... The Seneca are a Native American people, one of the Six Nations of the Iroquois League. ... The Iroquois Confederacy (Haudenosaunee, also known as the League of Peace and Power, Five Nations, or Six Nations) is a group of First Nations/Native Americans. ...


The falls at present day Rochester were likely the main reason for the city's existence, as they provided water power for mills. When the Erie Canal opened in 1825 the mills could ship their products cheaply to New York City, and business boomed. Rochester became known as Flour City. The Erie Canal (later replaced by part of the New York State Barge Canal system, which was renamed the Erie Canal) is a canal in New York State, United States, that runs from the Hudson River to Lake Erie, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... New York City, officially named the City of New York, is the most populous city in the United States, and the most densely populated major city in North America. ...


Most of New York west of the Genesee River was part of the Holland Purchase after the American Revolution. From 1801 to 1846 the entire region was sold to individual owners from the Holland Land office in Batavia, New York. Today the region derives its name from the river and is generally referred to as Genesee Country. To the east of the river is the Finger Lakes geographic region. Map of the Holland Purchase The Holland Land Company was formed in 1796 by Wilheim Willink and a group of fellow Dutch bankers to purchase from Robert Morris a large tract of land in what is now western New York State, an area later known as the Holland Purchase. ... The American Revolution is the series of events, ideas, and changes that resulted in the political separation of thirteen colonies in North America from the British Empire and the creation of the United States of America. ... 1801 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Batavia is a city located in USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 16,256. ... Map of the Holland Purchase The Holland Land Company was formed in 1796 by Wilheim Willink and a group of fellow Dutch bankers to purchase from Robert Morris a large tract of land in what is now western New York State, an area later known as the Holland Purchase. ...


Following the spectacular success of the Erie Canal, completed in 1825, a group of investors dreamed of connecting the Erie Canal to the Mississippi River System by building a new canal from the Erie, near Rochester, up the Genesee Valley, across to the Allegany River at Olean, thence downward to the Ohio and Mississippi valleys. Construction of the Genesee Valley Canal was begun in 1836, and new sections extended upriver, southward until 1880. During that time the canal was an important commercial route for the valley. The canal was plagued by frequent flood damage and the final leg down the Allegany River was never completed. The Erie Canal (later replaced by part of the New York State Barge Canal system, which was renamed the Erie Canal) is a canal in New York State, United States, that runs from the Hudson River to Lake Erie, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... This page is about the river in the United States; there is also a Canadian Mississippi River (Ontario). ... The Allegheny River (historically, especially in New York state, also spelled Allegany River) is a principal tributary of the Ohio River, which it forms with the Monongahela River at the downtown Pittsburghs Golden Triangle point. The river is approximately 325 mi (523 km) long, in the U.S. states... State nickname: The Buckeye State Official languages None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus (largest metropolitan area is Cleveland) Governor Bob Taft (R) Senators Mike DeWine (R) George V. Voinovich (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 34th 116,096 km² 8. ... The Genesee Valley Canal Railroad was a part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system in central New York. ... 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


The most difficult section to build was the bypass around the gorge and falls at present day Letchworth. The canal followed the old Native American portage route, which necessitated many locks. These old locks can still be seen near Nunda. The project was abandoned and the right of way was sold in 1880. The property became the roadbed for the Genesee Valley Canal Railroad, which eventually merged with the Pennsylvania Railroad. Chief Quanah Parker of the Quahadi Comanche Native Americans in the United States (also Indians, American Indians, First Americans, Indigenous Peoples, Aboriginal Peoples, Aboriginal Americans, Amerindians, Amerinds, or Original Americans) are those indigenous peoples within the territory which is now encompassed by the continental United States, and their descendants in... For the Gentoo Linux package manager, see Portage (software). ... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Genesee Valley Canal Railroad was a part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system in central New York. ... 1911 map The Pennsylvania Railroad (AAR reporting mark PRR) was an American railroad existing 1846–1968, after which it merged into Penn Central Transportation. ...


In 1852 a wooden railroad bridge was built over the Upper Falls at Portageville. It was the largest all wood bridges built at the time. The wood from 300 acres (1.2 km&sup2) of trees was required for its timber. 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Portageville is a hamlet located in the Town of Genesee Falls in Wyoming County, New York. ...


The "great flood of 1972", spawned from the remnants of Hurricane Agnes, wreaked devastation upon the county with the most concentrated damage occurring at and near the Village of Wellsville. Wellsville is the largest village in the county, which contains no cities, and is the junction of many foothill streams including Dyke Creek feeding the Genesee River from the east and Andover. Since Dyke Creek had also exceeded its bank capacity it aided in producing a rapid and huge pool of water at the center of the Village of Wellsville. The damage area continued downstream through Scio and Amity until the valley widened to accept the large flow of water in the lesser populated area. Erosion of topsoil during this flood reduced the agricultural ability of the county with serious consequence which eliminated many small farmers immediately. Duration: June 14 - 25, 1972 Highest winds: 85 mph (140 km/h) Total damages (in USD): $10-12 billion (2005 dollars) Total fatalites: 122 direct Areas affected: Florida Panhandle, Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New York Hurricane Agnes was a hurricane that occurred during the 1972 Atlantic hurricane season. ...


List of Communities on the Genesee River (north to south)

Other Towns in Allegany County in contact with the Genesee River (north to south) are: Town of Caneadea, Town of Belfast, Town of Angelica, Town of Amity, Town of Scio, Town of Wellsville and Town of Willing. It then crosses the border from Pennsylvania. Irondequoit is a town (and census-designated place) located in Monroe County, New York. ... There is also a Rochester in Ulster County, New York; for that town see Rochester, Ulster County, New York. ... Gates is a town in Monroe County, New York. ... Brighton is a town located in Monroe County, New York. ... Chili is a town located in Monroe County, New York. ... Henrietta is a town located in Monroe County, New York. ... Wheatland is a town located in Monroe County, New York. ... Rush is a town located in Monroe County, New York. ... Caledonia is a town located in Livingston County, New York. ... Avon is a town located in Livingston County, New York. ... York is a town located in Livingston County, New York. ... Geneseo is a town located in Livingston County in upstate New York. ... Geneseo is a village in the Town of Geneseo in Livingston County, New York. ... Leicester is a town located in Livingston County, New York. ... Mount Morris, New York refers to two locations in Livingston County, New York, both named after Robert Morris, the financier of the American Revolution, and later owner of the The Morris Reserve, from which the lands around Mount Morris were sold to settlers. ... Castile is a town located in Wyoming County, New York. ... Portage is a town in Livingston County, New York. ... Genesee Falls is a town located in Wyoming County, New York. ... Portageville is a hamlet located in the Town of Genesee Falls in Wyoming County, New York. ... Hume is a town located in Allegany County, New York. ... Granger is a town located in Allegany County, New York. ...


See also

This is a list of rivers in the state of New York in the United States. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Environmental Services | Monroe County, NY (2504 words)
The Division of Pure Waters was established by the County Legislature to implement the Pure Waters Master Plan to reduce the levels of pollution in Irondequoit Bay, the Genesee River, areas of Lake Ontario and other waters of Monroe County to safe and healthy levels.
In addition to many creeks and ponds, Lake Ontario lies directly to the north of the county and Irondequoit Bay is located several miles to the east of the Genesee River, which splits the county.
Construction began on the Genesee River Interceptor Southwest in 1977.
Glacial geology of the Genesee River - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (460 words)
The Genesee River flows northward from its source in northern Pennsylvania to enter Lake Ontario north of Rochester, New York.
A lake was formed with varve clay sediments visible along the valley sides in many spots, but the lake drained as the river found a way to cut a new valley northeastward from Portageville a little west of the original valley, then drop back into the old valley at Mount Morris.
In the lower part of the river, before entering Lake Ontario, the river appears to have been diverted once again from its ancient valley by the glacier.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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