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Encyclopedia > Generation name
Generation name
Chinese name
Chinese: 字辈
- Hanyu Pinyin: zìbeì
- Yale Romanization: baan1 chi3
Korean name
Hangul: 돌림자 or 항렬자
Hanja: 돌림字 or 行列字
- Revised
dollimja / hangnyeolja
- McCune-
tollimcha / hangnyŏlcha

Generation name, variously zibei or banci, is one of the characters in a traditional Chinese name, and is so called because each member of a generation (i.e. siblings and cousins) share that character, unlike surnames or given names. Western names do not have an equivalent custom. Map of eastern China and Taiwan, showing the historic distribution of Mandarin Chinese in light brown. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... The Yale romanizations are four systems created during World War II for use by United States military personnel. ... Jamo redirects here. ... Korean writing systems Hangul Hanja Hyangchal Gugyeol Idu Mixed script Korean romanization Revised Romanization of Korean McCune-Reischauer Yale Romanization Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. ... Korean writing systems Hangul Hanja Hyangchal Gugyeol Idu Mixed script Korean romanization Revised Romanization of Korean McCune-Reischauer Yale Romanization The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. ... McCune-Reischauer romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems, along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which replaced (a modified) McCune-Reischauer as the official romanization system in South Korea in 2000. ... Personal names in Chinese culture follow a number of conventions different from those of personal names in Western cultures. ... Brother and Sister redirect here. ... Twice removed redirects here. ... A family name, or surname, is that part of a persons name that indicates to what family he or she belongs. ... Look up Appendix:Most popular given names by country in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

This table illustrates an example.

Unit Chinese form Western form
Family name Generation name Given name
Father Xia Zhou Jin Zhoujin Xia
Father's sibling Xia Zhou Sui Zhousui Xia
Mother Shang Qin Tang Qintang Shang
Mother's sibling Shang Qin Song Qinsong Shang
First child Xia Han Zheng Hanzheng Xia
Second child Xia Han Li Hanli Xia
Third child Xia Han Yong Hanyong Xia

Where used, generation names were usually given only to males, although this does vary from lineage to lineage and has changed over time. The term lineage can refer to several things. ...

The generation name is a single character and is typically prescribed by a generation poem (banci lian 班次聯 or paizi ge 派字歌 in Chinese) specific to each lineage. These poems can vary in length from around a dozen characters to hundreds of characters. Each successive character becomes the generation name for successive generations. [1] After the last character of the poem is reached, the poem is usually recycled though occasional it may be extended. Poetry (ancient Greek: poieo = create) is an art form in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. ...

Generation poems were usually composed by a committee of family elders whenever a new lineage was established through geographical emigration or social elevation. Thus families sharing a common generation poem are considered to also share a common ancestor and have orginated from a common geographical location.

Generation names may be the first or second name to follow the clan name. Normally its position is consistent for the associated lineage. However some lineages alternate its position from generation to generation. This is quite common for Korean names. Sometimes lineages will also share the same radical in the non-generation name. A radical (from Latin radix, meaning root) is a basic identifiable component of every Chinese character, namely, of the Chinese Hanzi, the Japanese Kanji, and the Korean Hanja. ...

Important examples are the generation poems of the Kong and Meng family. During the Ming Dynasty, emperor Zhu Yuanzhang respected Confucius and Mencius so much that he honored their families with generation poems. These generation poems were extended with the permission of the Chongzhen Emperor of the Ming Dynasty, the Tongzhi Emperor of the Qing Dynasty, and the Ministry of Interior of the Beiyang Government.[2] Kong is the Danish word for king, but can also refer to the following: A common Chinese surname kǒng (孔), Clan name of Confucius. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... For other uses, see Ming. ... The Hongwu Emperor (October 21, 1328 - June 24, 1398), personal name Zhu Yuanzhang, was the founder of the Ming Dynasty of China, and the first emperor of this dynasty from 1368 to 1398. ... Confucius (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kung-fu-tzu), lit. ... Mencius (Romanization; 孟子, pinyin: Mèng Zǐ; Wade-Giles: Meng Tzu; most accepted dates: 372 – 289 BCE; other possible dates: 385 – 303/302 BCE) was a Chinese philosopher who was arguably the most famous Confucian after Confucius himself. ... Chongzhen Emperor (WG: Chung-chen) (February 6, 1611 - April 25, 1644) was last emperor of Ming dynasty in China between 1627 and 1644. ... The Tong Zhi Emperor, born Zai Chun (April 27, 1856–January 12, 1875) was the tenth emperor of the Manchu Qing Dynasty, and the eighth Qing emperor to rule over China, from 1861 to 1875. ... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ... National flag 1912-1928 The Beiyang government (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) or warlord government collectively refers to a series of military regimes that ruled from Beijing from 1912 to 1928 at Zhongnanhai. ...

See also

Personal names in Chinese culture follow a number of conventions different from those of personal names in Western cultures. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Chinese surname, family name (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) or clan name (氏; pinyin: shì), is one of the hundreds or thousands of family names that have been historically used by Han Chinese and Sinicized Chinese ethnic groups in mainland China, Taiwan, and among overseas Chinese communities. ... A Korean personal name consists of a family name followed by a given name. ... Vietnamese names generally consist of three parts: a family name, a middle name, and a given name, used in that order. ...


  1. ^ Michener, James A. [1959]. "IV: From the starving village", Hawaii, Fawcett Crest Book. New York: Ballantine Books, pp.480-485. ISBN 0-449-21335-8. 
  2. ^

James Albert Michener (February 3, 1907? - October 16, 1997) was the American author of such books as Tales of the South Pacific (for which he won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1948), Hawaii, The Drifters, Centennial, The Source, The Fires of Spring, Chesapeake, Caribbean, Caravans, Alaska, Texas, and Poland. ... Hawaii was a novel written by James Michener in 1959. ... Fawcett Publications was an American publishing company founded in 1919 in Robbinsdale, Minnesota by Wilford Hamilton Captain Billy Fawcett (1883-1940). ... Ballantine Books, founded in 1952 by Ian Ballantine, is a major book publisher and is currently owned by Random House. ...

External links

Look up lee, Lee, leeward, alee in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Nguyen (Vietnamese: quoc ngu ; chu nom 阮) (pronounced /win/, see below for a full explanation) is the most common Vietnamese family name. ... Huang is the transliteration of the Chinese surname (Simplified Chinese: 黄; Traditional Chinese: 黃; Hanyu Pinyin: ), which also has the literal meaning yellow. ...

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