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Encyclopedia > General Synod

The General Synod is the title of the governing body of some church organizations.


Church of England

In the Church of England, General Synod was instituted in 1970 and is the culmination of a process of rediscovering self-government for the Church of England that had started in the 1850s. The Church of England is the officially established Christian church in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...

The General Synod is unique in that it is the only body to which Parliament had delegated the power to pass Measures, which become part of English law. The Church Assembly, the predecessor of the General Synod, was in 1919 given the power to pass legislation on any matter to do with the Church of England; if Parliament accepts the Measures, then they become law – if MPs or members of the House of Lords are not happy with a Measure then they can reject it, but not amend it. The Houses of Parliament, seen over Westminster Bridge The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative institution in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories (it alone has parliamentary sovereignty). ...

General Synod is elected every five years by a system of Single Transferable Vote and officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II. This STV ballot for the Australian Senate illustrates group voting tickets. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor), born 21 April 1926, is Queen of sixteen independent nations respectively known as Commonwealth Realms. ...

It is divided into the House of Bishops, the House of Clergy and the House of Laity. All diocesan bishops are members of the House of Bishops ex-officio; in addition, nine suffragan bishops are elected by all suffragan bishops. Membership of the House of Clergy is by election through the House of Clergy in each Diocesan Synod. Membership of the House of Laity is by election through the House of Laity in each Deanery Synod. There are 574 General Synod members in total. An election is a decision making process whereby people vote for preferred political candidates or parties to act as representatives in government. ...

There are two synodical sessions per year (4-5 days each), one in Church House, Westminster, the other at the University of York. Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ... The University of York (also known as York University) is a campus university in York, England. ...

General Synod deals with three main areas:

  • Central church business
  • Relations with other churches
  • Public issues

The General Synod elects some members to the Archbishops' Council

General Synods of other churches within the Anglican Communion The Anglican Communion uses the compass rose as its symbol, signifying its worldwide reach and decentralized nature. ...

The Anglican Church of Australia, a member church of the Anglican Communion, was previously officially known as the Church of England in Australia (renamed in 1981). ... The Anglican Church of Canada is the Canadian branch of the Anglican Communion. ... The Church of Ireland is an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion, operating seamlessly across the border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. ... The Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia is a church of the Anglican Communion serving New Zealand, Fiji, Tonga, Samoa, and the Cook Islands. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ...

Episcopal Church of the United States

In the Episcopal Church in the United States of America, the equivalent is General Convention. The Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in Washington DC is the National Cathedral of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America. ... The General Convention of The Episcopal Church takes place every three years, and it the way legislation is passed in the Episcopal Church. ...

Other Churches

The United Church of Christ in the United States also calls their main governing body a General Synod. It meets every two years and consists of over 600 delagates from various congregations and conferences. Emblem of the UCC The United Church of Christ (UCC) is a mainline Protestant Christian denomination in the United States, generally considered within the Reformed tradition, and formed in 1957 by the merger of two denominations, the Evangelical and Reformed Church and the Congregational Christian Churches. ...

External Links

  Results from FactBites:
Synod at AllExperts (1392 words)
A synod (also known as a council) is a council of a church, usually a Christian church, convened to decide an issue of doctrine, administration or application.
In Roman Catholic usage, synod and council are theoretically synonymous as they are of Greek and Latin origins, respectively, both meaning an authoritative meeting of bishops for the purpose of church administration in the areas of teaching (faith and morals) or governance (church discipline or law).
Synods in Eastern Rite Catholic Churches are similar to synods in Orthodox churches in that they are the primary vehicle for election of bishops and establishment of inter-diocesan ecclesiastical laws.
  More results at FactBites »



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