FACTOID # 17: Though Rhode Island is the smallest state in total area, it has the longest official name: The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > General Lon Nol
General Lon Nol
General Lon Nol

Preimer Lon Nol (November 13, 1913 - November 17, 1985) was a Cambodian politician who served two times as Prime Minister of Cambodia in addition to serving other times as Defence Minister. Cambodian Freedom Fighters permissioned recieved http://www. ... November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 48 days remaining. ... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ...

Contents


Biography

Born in Prey Veng Province on November 13, 1913, Lon Nol was educated by the French for the civil service. He became a provincial governor in 1946, and he rose to become the first leader of the Cambodian police and then held a series of important military posts. He became chief of staff, in 1955, and, by 1960, he held the dual position of supreme commander of the military and minister of defense. In 1966 and 1967, he served as prime minister. In 1969, after the Cambodian left went underground, he became prime minister a second time.


The Removal of Sihanouk as Head of State

While Prince Norodom Sihanouk was away on a trip to Moscow and Beijing being treated for cancer, Primier Lon Nol assumed the position of head of state under the new Khmer Republic/République khmère government. Time in office: Apr. ...


On March 18, 1970, the National Assembly was convened, and voted unanimously to depose Sihanouk as head of state. Lon Nol, who had been serving as prime minister, was granted emergency powers. Prince Sirik Matak, a royal prince who, in 1941, had been passed over by the French government in favor of his cousin Norodom Sihanouk's leadership role, retained his post as Deputy Prime Minister. March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... Prince Sisowath Sirik Matak Prince Sisowath Sirik Matak (January 22, 1914 — April 21, 1975) was a prince of Cambodia. ... A Deputy Prime Minister is the deputy of a Prime Minister, and a member of a nations cabinet. ...


Vietnam War envolvement

Following Sihanouk's exit, Lon Nol demanded that the North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong leave Cambodia. He also closed the ports of Cambodia to military supplies for the Vietnamese forces. Sihanouk had, in 1965, made a secret deal with North Vietnam and China which allowed those countries to use Cambodia as a base area for the war on South Vietnam. In 1968, he struck another secret deal with the Americans allowing them to Bomb eastern Cambodia. Lon Nol allowed American and ARVN forces to cross occasionally into Cambodia. The government also assumed a pro-Western, anti-Communist stance. The goal of American bombings in Cambodia was to destroy North Vietnamese and National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) bases in the area. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Anti-communism is an ideology of opposition to communist organization, government and ideology. ... The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN), or less commonly, Vietnamese Democratic Republic (Vietnamese: Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa), also known as North Vietnam, was proclaimed by Ho Chi Minh in Hanoi, September 2nd1945 and was recognized by the Peoples Republic of China and the... National Liberation Front is a common name for guerrilla organisations fighting to free their country from foreign rule, or at least claiming to be such an organisation. ...


Soon after, the North Vietnamese and Chinese increased military aid to the Khmer Rouge who had been fighting against the government since 1968. Sihanouk, in China, allied himself to the communists and allowed himself to be used as a figurehead for the anti-government forces. The townspeople refused the government of Lon Nol's orders to remove the Prince's portrait, and they burned down the house of the new governor whom Lon Nol had appointed. Demonstrators gathered in buses and trucks to march on Phnom Penh. They were halted by an army roadblock, and about ninety people were killed or wounded.


The most vivid display of anger against Lon Nol occurred, again in Kompong Cham, when peasants seized his brother Lon Nil, killed him and tore his liver from his stomach. The trophy was taken into a Chinese restaurant, where the owner was ordered to cook and slice it. Morsels were handed to everyone in the streets around. [1] Kampong Cham is a province in the east of Cambodia. ...


Civil War

The Cambodian Civil War then began between the Khmer National Armed Forces (FANK) loyal to Nol and the Cambodian People's National Liberation Armed Forces (which was under the total control by the Khmer Rouge). Though the civil war is dated from this time, the insurgency against the government by the Khmer Rouge started in 1968. The escalation in the civil war was due to North Vietnam greatly increasing its military and material aid to the Khmer Rouge after Lon Nol came to power. Because he had abolished the monarchy and established the Khmer Republic, Nol was widely unpopular in the countryside, where support for Sihanouk was strong. Sihanouk formed a government-in-exile in Beijing known as the Royal Government of the National Union of Kampuchea (GRUNK), and a political coalition known as the National United Front of Kampuchea (FUNK), urging resistance to Nol. Sihanouk served as a useful symbol of resistance for the Khmer Rouge, who consolidated control in GRUNK and FUNK and rallied peasants to join the insurgency. // Insurrection and War, 1967-75 By the mid-1960s, Norodom Sihanouks delicate balancing act was beginning to go awry. ... Flag of the Khmer Rouge The Khmer Rouge (Khmer: ) was the extremist-Maoist organization that ruled Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ...


With his country descending into civil war, Nol turned to the Americans for assistance. On November 18, 1970, U.S. President Richard Nixon responded by requesting Congress to approve $155 million in supplemental aid for the Cambodian government ($85 million was allocated for military assistance.) The Nixon administration and the CIA maintained friendly relations with Nol's government, having been frustrated with Prince Sihanouk's semi-neutral policies. The United States was angered that, although officially neutral, Sihanouk allowed the NVA, PAVN and Viet Cong free-reign within Cambodia to wage war against South Vietnam. However, despite U.S. aid, Nol was unable to defeat the North Vietnamese forces nor the Khmer Rouge. In the name of "neutralism" and out of fear of a coup, Sihanouk had kept the Cambodian army small. Despite large numbers of volunteers, the Cambodian Army was simply outmatched by a Vietnamese opponent with heavy weapons and years of war experience. Given that the entire country quickly turned into a war zone, economic destablization and refugees meant that no amount of money could make the situation better. With the unlimited material backing of China and Vietnam, the direct assistance of the North Vietnamese Army and with Sihanouk as a figurehead, the Khmer Rouge advanced their control of the countryside November 18 is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar with 43 days remaining. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Seal of the U.S. Congress. ... The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an intelligence agency of the United States Government. ... A neutral country takes no side in a war between other parties, and in return hopes to avoid being attacked by either of them. ... A Viet Cong soldier, heavily guarded, awaits interrogation following capture in the attacks on Saigon during the festive Tet holiday period of 1968. ... Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809 km² N/A Population  - Total  - Density 19,370,000 (1973 est. ...


Exile

By 1975, the government was eventually reduced to holding little more than Phnom Penh. At one point during a Khmer Rouge assault on Phnom Penh, Nol resorted to tradition and sprinkled a circular line of magic sand in order to defend the city. Finally, on April 1, 1975, Nol resigned and fled the country into exile in Hawaii. He had reason to flee in that the Khmer Rouge, with the implicit approval of Sihanouk, had published a death list with his name at the top. His brother Lon Non, Long Boret and Prince Sisowath Sirik Matak and other Khmer Republic officials whose names were not published on the death list chose to stay behind. Additionally, they made the assumption that either the Khmer Rouge would be moderate in victory or that Sihanouk could restrain them. They were summarily executed by the Khmer Rouge after Phnom Penh was captured on April 17, 1975. City motto: No motto City proper Province Phnom Penh Mayor Kep Chuktema ( ) Area 290 km² Population 862,000 Density 3446. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Long Boret (January 3, 1933 April 17, 1975) was a Cambodian politician who was an important official in the government of Lon Nol which ruled Cambodia during the early 1970s. ... Prince Sisowath Sirik Matak Prince Sisowath Sirik Matak (January 22, 1914 — April 21, 1975) was a prince of Cambodia. ...


Lon Nol first settled in Hawaii and then moved in 1979 to California and he died on November 17, 1985.


See also

Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines Democratic Republic of Vietnam National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength ~1,200,000 (1968) ~520,000 (1968) Casualties South Vietnamese dead...

External links

  • General Lon Nol
  • The Coup
  • Pol Pot

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lon Nol - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (352 words)
General Lon Nol (November 13, 1913 - November 17, 1985) was a Cambodian politician and former Defence Minister of Cambodia.
While King Norodom Sihanouk was away on a trip to Moscow and Beijing being treated for cancer, General Lon Nol launched a successful coup d'état.
Lon Nol, who had been serving as prime minister, was granted emergency powers.
Cambodian Civil War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2804 words)
Sihanouk was on one of his frequent sojourns in France, and Lon Nol, the prime minister, responded harshly.
Oddly, Lon Nol's security forces banned the book for a time on the grounds that it was "pro-communist." Although this was not true, it did provide a foretaste of what the entire Cambodian population would endure after April 1975.
American observers, who generally had little esteem for FANK officer corps, were impressed by the determination of the Khmer enlisted men to fight to the end.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m