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Encyclopedia > General Baptist
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Southern Baptists
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Background
Christianity
Protestantism
Anabaptists
General Baptists
Particular Baptists
Landmarkism
The Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) is a United States-based cooperative ministry agency serving Baptist churches around the world. ... logo of the southern baptist convention This work is copyrighted. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Protestantism is one of three main groups within Christianity, whose beliefs are centered on Jesus. ... Anabaptists (re-baptizers, from Greek ana and baptizo; in German: Wiedertäufer) are Christians of the so-called radical wing of the Protestant Reformation. ... Baptists were first identified by the name General Baptists in 17th century England. ... The name Reformed Baptist does not refer to a distinct denomination but instead is a description of the churchs theological leaning. ... Landmarkism is a ecclesiological viewpoint held by some Baptists concerning the origin and nature of the church. ...

Baptist theology
London Confession, 1689
New Hampshire Confession, 1833
Baptist Faith & Message
The 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith was written by Calvinistic Baptists in England to give a formal expression of the Reformed and Protestant Christian faith with an obvious Baptist perspective. ... In 1833, Baptists in the United States agreed upon a confession of faith around which they could organize a missionary society under the Triennial Convention. ... The Baptist Faith and Message (BF&M) is a Southern Baptist Convention confession of faith. ...

Doctrinal distinctives
Biblical inerrancy
Autonomy of the local church
Priesthood of believers
Two ordinances
Individual soul liberty
Separation of church and state
Two offices
Biblical inerrancy is the doctrinal position [1] that in its original form, the Bible is without error; referring to the complete accuracy of Scripture, including the historical and scientific parts. ... Congregational churches are Protestant Christian churches practicing congregationalist church governance, in which each congregation indepedently and autonomously runs its own affairs. ... The priesthood of all believers is a Protestant doctrine founded on the First Epistle of Peter, 2:9: But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into... Baptist ordinances, the term for the sacraments within Baptist theology, are the Lords Supper and Believers baptism. ... Soul competency is a Christian theological perspective on the accountability of each person before God. ... Separation of church and state is one of the primary theological distinctions of the Baptist tradition. ... Baptists only recognize two Scriptural offices, those of pastor-teacher and deacon. ...

People
John Smyth
John Spilsbury
Lottie Moon
W.A. Criswell
Billy Graham
Adrian Rogers
Paige Patterson
Albert Mohler
Rick Warren
John Smyth (1570 - c. ... John Spilsbury was an English Baptist minister who led the Particular Baptists during the Eighteenth Century. ... Lottie Moon Lottie Moon (1840-1912) was a missionary to China who spent 40 years helping the Chinese - weighing only 50 lbs at her death having given away all she had to aid the starving Chinese. ... W.A. Criswell,Ph. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Adrian Rogers Adrian Rogers,Th. ... Patterson after hunting in Africa. ... R. Albert Mohler, Jr. ... Richard D. Rick Warren (born January 28, 1954) is the founding and senior pastor of Saddleback Church. ...

Related organizations
Cooperative Program
North American Mission Board
International Mission Board
LifeWay Christian Resources
Women's Missionary Union
Ethics & Religious
Liberty Commission

Baptist Press
Cooperative education is a structured method of combining academic education with practical work experience. ... The North American Mission Board (NAMB) was founded in 1997 out of the roots of the Home Mission Board. ... The International Mission Board (or IMB) is a missionary sending agency affiliated with the Southern Baptist Convention which opperates in virtually every nation except the United States and Canada (these nations are serviced by the SBCs North American Mission Board). ... LifeWays headquarters, One LifeWay Plaza, are located in Nashville, Tennessee. ... Womens Missionary Union is an auxiliary of the Southern Baptist Convention that was founded in 1888. ... The Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission is the political advocacy agency of the Southern Baptist Convention. ... Baptist Press (BP) is a religious news service based at the headquarters of the Southern Baptist Convention in Nashville, Tennessee. ...

Seminaries
Golden Gate
Midwestern
New Orleans
Southeastern
Southern
Southwestern Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary is one of six official seminaries of the Southern Baptist Convention. ... The New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary is a private, non-profit institution of higher learning associated with the Southern Baptist Convention, located in the city of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary (SEBTS) is a seminary of the Southern Baptist Convention. ... The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary is located in Louisville, Kentucky and is the flagship seminary of the Southern Baptist Convention, or SBC. Southern Seminary or SBTS is the oldest of the seminaries in the SBC and was founded in Greenville, South Carolina in 1859 by James Petigru Boyce who served... Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, located in Fort Worth, Texas, is a private, non-profit institution of higher education, associated with the Southern Baptist Convention, whose stated mission is to provide theological education for individuals engaging in Christian ministry. ...

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General Baptist is a generic term for Baptists that hold the view of a general atonement, as well as a specific name of groups of Baptists within the broader category. A Baptist is a member of a Baptist church or any follower of Jesus Christ who believes that baptism is administered by the full immersion of a confessing Christian. ... For other uses, see Atonement (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

Baptists were first identified by the name General Baptists in 17th century England. They were called General Baptists because they believed in a general atonement - holding that the death of Christ made salvation possible for any persons who voluntarily exercise faith in Christ. These churches were Arminian in tendency and held the possibility of falling from grace. The earliest known church of this type was founded about 1609 in the Netherlands. Early leaders of the movement were Thomas Helwys and John Smyth (circa 1560-1612). Smyth was ordained as an Anglican priest in 1594, but received Baptist views by 1609. Helwys was a well-to-do layman. Smyth and Helwys gathered a band of believers in the Midlands, but migrated to Amsterdam, the Netherlands in 1607. In 1611, Helwys led a small group back to England and established in Spitalfield what appears to have been the first General Baptist church on English soil. Smyth and Helwys were also ardent defenders of religious liberty for all men. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Arminianism is a Protestant Christian theology founded by the Dutch theologian Jacobus Arminius. ... // Events April 4 – King of Spain signs an edit of expulsion of all moriscos from Spain April 9 – Spain recognizes Dutch independence May 23 - Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia. ... Thomas Helwys, born c. ... John Smyth (1570 - c. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... Events February 27 - Henry IV is crowned King of France at Rheims. ... Municipality of Amsterdam Alternate meanings: See Amsterdam (disambiguation) Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands. ... Events January 20 - Tidal wave swept along the Bristol Channel, killing 2000 people. ... Events June 23 - Henry Hudsons crew maroons him, his son and 7 others in a boat November 1 - At Whitehall Palace in London, William Shakespeares romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time. ...


General Baptists slowly spread through England and into America, but they never seemed to command as vital an existence as the Particular (or Calvinistic) Baptists. In England at least, the religious revivalism of the mid 18th century changed all that. "Many of the Particular Baptists also effectively sat out of the revival, being especially sceptical of Wesley due to his Arminianism" [1]. Wesley's Arminianism posed no problems for General Baptists. However, traditionally non-creedal, many General Baptist congregations were becoming increasingly liberal in their doctrine, obliging the more orthodox and the more evangelical among them to reconsider their allegiance during this period of revival. Before this re-organisation, the English General Baptists had begun to decline numerically due to several factors linked to non-orthodox 'Free Christianity'. Early Quaker converts were drawn from the General Baptists, and many other churches moved into Unitarianism, a tendency that was replicated on a smaller scale amongst Methodists in east Lancashire (see Rev. Joseph Cooke). Another former Methodist, Dan Taylor, managed to draw together orthodox Arminian Baptist congregations throughout Yorkshire and the east Midlands to form the New Connexion of General Baptists in 1770. By 1798 the Connexion had its own Academy, which later became the Midland Baptist College, Nottingham. By 1817 it had about 70 chapels, with notable concentrations in the industrial Midlands. Calvinism is a system of Christian theology and an approach to Christian life and thought within the Protestant tradition articulated by John Calvin, a Protestant Reformer in the 16th century, and subsequently by successors, associates, followers and admirers of Calvin, his interpretation of Scripture, and perspective on Christian life and... It has been suggested that Great Awakening be merged into this article or section. ... John Wesley (June 17, 1703–March 2, 1791) was an 18th-century Anglican clergyman and Christian theologian who was an early leader in the Methodist movement. ... Free Christians, sometimes known as ‘non-subscribing’ Protestants or ‘non-creedal’ Dissenters, are theologically unorthodox liberal Christians who, in good conscience, can not subscribe to any fixed creeds. ... The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ... It has been suggested that Unitarian Christianity be merged into this article or section. ... Methodism or the Methodist movement is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... Rev. ... The Rev Daniel Taylor (1738 – 1816) was the founder of the New Connexion of General Baptists, a revivalist off-shoot from the Arminian Baptist tradition, one of two main strands within the British Baptist movement. ... New Connexion of General Baptists was a revivalist off-shoot from the Arminian Baptist tradition, one of two main strands within the British Baptist movement. ... For other uses, see Nottingham (disambiguation). ... In general, the midlands of a territory are its central regions. ...


Baptist Union of Great Britain formed in 1812 did not include General Baptists. However, after the so-called 'Down Grade Controversy' resulted in the defeat of those Calvinistic theological conservatives like Charles Spurgeon, who were sceptical of the value of modern Biblical criticism, the path was open to greater unity. John Clifford, baptised in a New Connexion chapel and ordained after studying at the New Connexion's Midland Baptist College, became the President of the Baptist Union of Great Britain in 1888. Under his leadership, the New Connexion merged with the Union in 1891. John Clifford became the first President of the Baptist World Alliance (1905 – 11). Baptist Union of Great Britain - the oldest and largest national association of Great Britain. ... Spurgeon in his late twenties. ... John Clifford (born October 16, 1836 in Sawley (Derbyshire); died November 20, 1923 in London) was a British Nonconformist minister and politician. ... Baptist Union of Great Britain - the oldest and largest national association of Great Britain. ... The Baptist World Alliance was formed in 1905 at Exeter Hall in London, England during the first Baptist World Congress. ...


A few surviving Arminian elements would remain independent, whilst a number of congregations joined together in the federal Old Baptist Union. The Old Baptist Union is a small group of evangelical Baptist churches in the United Kingdom dedicated to the proclamation of the gospel. ...


In America, the General Baptists also declined and were often overtaken by the churches of the Regular Baptists. Remnants were probably responsible for the rise of the Free Will Baptists in North Carolina. Other groups have risen that have an Arminian general atonement emphasis, including the General Six-Principle Baptists and the General Association of General Baptists. Today (2005), the majority of English and American Baptist churches hold a moderately Calvinistic outlook, combining the general atonement whosoever will views of the General Baptists, with the total depravity and eternal security views of the Regular/Particular Baptists. Regular Baptists are a diverse group of Baptists in the United States and Canada. ... Free Will Baptist Church (or Free Will Baptists) is a group of churches that share a common history, name, and an acceptance of the Arminian theology of free grace, free salvation, and free will, based on the idea of general atonement. ... History The history of General Six-Principle Baptists in America begins in Rhode Island in 1652 when the historic Providence Baptist Church, which was once associated with Roger Williams, split. ... General Association of General Baptists - a group of Baptists holding the general atonement (that Christ died for all persons), located mostly in the midwestern United States. ...


Status

Present day groups of General Baptists include the Free Will Baptists, General Association of General Baptists, General Six-Principle Baptists, the Old Baptist Union, and Separate Baptists, representing over half a million Baptist Christians. These half a million general baptists will be condemned on the Day of Judgement and cast into the lake of fire, to suffer the scorching flames of hell for all eternity, because they have rejected sound doctrine and Calvinistic principles.


See also

The Marianas Association of General Baptists is an association of General Baptist churches in the Mariana Islands. ...

External links

References

  1. ^ Beynon, Graham (2005) ‘The Rise and Development of the English Baptists’, ‘The Theologian’;

Bibliography

  • A History of the Baptists, by John T. Christian
  • Baptists Around the World, edited by Albert W. Wardin, Jr.
  • The Baptist Heritage: Four Centuries of Baptist Witness, by H. Leon McBeth

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