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Encyclopedia > Gene Roddenberry
Eugene Wesley "Gene" Roddenberry

Roddenberry in 1976
Born August 19, 1921(1921-08-19)
El Paso, Texas
Died October 24, 1991 (aged 70)
Santa Monica, California
Occupation Television producer and writer
Spouse(s) Eileen-Anita Rexroat (1942-1969)
Majel Barrett (1969-1991)

Eugene Wesley "Gene" Roddenberry, (August 19, 1921October 24, 1991) was an American screenwriter and producer. He became best known as the creator of what would become the science fiction universe of Star Trek. He would also become one of the first people to be "buried" in space. Roddenberry was a recipient of the Distinguished Flying Cross for his actions in the U.S. Army Air Corps in the Pacific Theatre of World War II. Roddenberry was sometimes referred to as the "Great Bird of the Galaxy" in reference to his role in Star Trek.[1] is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... El Paso redirects here. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Santa Monica (disambiguation). ... The primary role of a television producer is to coordinate and control all aspects of production, ranging from show idea development and cast hiring to shoot supervision and fact-checking. ... Screenwriting refers to the art and craft of writing screenplays. ... Majel Barrett as Lwaxana Troi on Star Trek: The Next Generation. ... is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Screenwriters, scenarists, or script writers, are authors who write the screenplays from which movies and television programs are made. ... The primary role of a television producer is to coordinate and control all aspects of production, ranging from show idea development and cast hiring to shoot supervision and fact-checking. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... This article is about the entire Star Trek franchise. ... Taurus Missile launch (time exposure) Space burial is a burial procedure in which a small sample of the cremated ashes of the deceased are placed in a capsule the size of a tube of lipstick and are launched using a rocket. ... The Distinguished Flying Cross. ... 1. ... The Pacific Theater of Operations (PTO) is the term used in the United States for all military activity in the Pacific Ocean and the countries bordering it, in World War II. Pacific War is a more common name, around the world, for the broader conflict between the Allies and Japan...

Contents

Personal life

Born in El Paso, Texas, to Eugene Edward Roddenberry and Caroline Glen, Roddenberry spent his boyhood in Los Angeles, California, where his family had moved so his father could pursue a career with the Los Angeles Police Department. Following in his father's footsteps after high school, Roddenberry took classes in police studies at Los Angeles City College, and headed that school's Police Club. In that role, he was a liaison with the FBI, thanking them for sending speakers and securing copies of the FBI Code and publications for club use, and took fingerprint records of the college community for the FBI's Civil Identification Division. El Paso redirects here. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... LAPD and L.A.P.D. redirect here. ... The LACC location in 1922, when it was the campus of UCLA. Los Angeles City College, known as LACC, is a public community college in the Hollywood section of Los Angeles, California. ... F.B.I. and FBI redirect here. ...


Following his graduation from Los Angeles City College, Roddenberry attended Columbia University, the University of Miami, and the University of Southern California. Alma Mater Columbia University is a private university in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. ... This article is about the university in Coral Gables, Florida. ... The Trojan Shrine, better known as Tommy Trojan located in the center of University of Southern California campus. ...


He later transferred his academic interest to aeronautical engineering and qualified for a pilot's license. Roddenberry joined the U.S. Army Air Corps in 1941 and became an aviator. He flew many combat B-17 Flying Fortress missions in the Pacific Theatre with the 394th Bomb Squadron (H), 5th Bomb Group, whose members called themselves the "Bomber Barons." Roddenberry was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and the Air Medal. Aerospace engineering is the branch of engineering concerning aircraft, spacecraft and related topics. ... Pilot licences (in the United States, certificates) are issued by national aviation authorities, and establish that the holder has been trained by a qualified instructor and has met a specific set of knowledge and experience requirements. ... 1. ... The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is an American four-engine heavy bomber aircraft developed for the US Army Air Corps (USAAC). ... The Pacific Theater of Operations (PTO) is the term used in the United States for all military activity in the Pacific Ocean and the countries bordering it, in World War II. Pacific War is a more common name, around the world, for the broader conflict between the Allies and Japan... The Distinguished Flying Cross. ... Air Medal Ribbon The Air Medal is a military decoration of the United States which was established by Executive Order 9158, signed by Franklin D. Roosevelt, on May 11, 1942. ...


After leaving the service, he was a commercial pilot for Pan American World Airways. He received a Civil Aeronautics commendation for his efforts following a June 1947 crash in the Syrian desert, while on a flight to Istanbul from Karachi. Pan Ams seaplane terminal at Dinner Key in Miami, Florida, was a hub of inter-American travel during the 1930s and 1940s. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ...


Roddenberry left Pan Am to pursue writing for television in Los Angeles. In order to provide for his growing family, he fell back on his early training and joined the Los Angeles Police Department on February 1, 1949, when he took an oath of office and was assigned LAPD badge number 6089.[2] During his seven-year service with the LAPD, Roddenberry would rise to become a police sergeant. He resigned from the police force to concentrate on his writing career on June 7, 1956.[3] is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Los Angeles Police Department (usually known as the LAPD) is the police department of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In his brief letter of resignation, Roddenberry wrote:

"I find myself unable to support my family at present on anticipated police salary levels in a manner we consider necessary. Having spent slightly more than seven years on this job, during all of which fair treatment and enjoyable working conditions were received, this decision is made with considerable and genuine regret."[4]

Family

Roddenberry married twice and had three children, two of which were daughters, by his first wife, Eileen Rexroat, to whom he was married 27 years; these were Dawn Roddenberry and the late Darleen Roddenberry. He began having an affair in the 1960s with Majel Barrett whom he cast in various roles in Star Trek. He left his first wife and married Barrett in Japan in a traditional Shinto ceremony on August 6, 1969. Together they had one child, his only son, Eugene Wesley, Jr.[5] Majel Barrett as Lwaxana Troi on Star Trek: The Next Generation. ... Shinto ) is the native religion of Japan and was once its state religion. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Eugene Wesley Roddenberry Jr. ...


Beliefs

Although he had been reared as a Southern Baptist, Roddenberry did not embrace the faith of his parents, coming to blame organized religions for many wars and much suffering in human history.[citation needed] Instead, he became a humanist[6]. Humanism is a broad category of ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people, based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appeal to universal human qualities — particularly rationality. ...


His death and funeral

Roddenberry died on October 24, 1991, of heart failure. He was 70 years of age when he died. After his death, a lipstick-sized capsule of his ashes was sent into space to orbit Earth for just over five years, after which it burned up in Earth's atmosphere. is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ...


Television and film career

Before Star Trek, Roddenberry wrote scripts for many of the popular television series of the 1950s, such as Highway Patrol, to which he contributed his scripts, written while still a cop, under the pen name Robert Wesley because of the LAPD's inflexible policy against moonlighting, and later Have Gun, Will Travel. His first-season episode "Helen of Abajinian" won a Writers Guild of America Award. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... A highway patrol is either a police agency created primarily for the purpose of overseeing and enforcing traffic safety compliance on roads and highways, such as the California Highway Patrol, or a detail within an existing local or regional police agency that is primarily concerned with such duties, such as... Have Gun, Will Travel was a popular American television Western that aired from on CBS 1957 through 1963. ... Annual awards given out by the Writers Guild of America for outstanding achievements in film, TV, or radio writing. ...


Norway Corporation

Roddenberry's frustrations with his work as a free-lance writer for Have Gun, Will Travel and the difficulty he faced in adding anything substantial to his stories led him to attempt to produce his own tv shows. His first attempt, APO 923, was not picked up by the networks. In 1963, he organized a company called Norway Corporation. Under this banner, he produced The Lieutenant, a 1963-1964 ABC and MGM Television series about the United States Marine Corps that starred Gary Lockwood as Lieutenant William Rice. During this period, Roddenberry was also trying to get other science fiction series on the air, mostly without success. Many future cast members of Star Trek first worked with Roddenberry as regular, or guest, cast members of The Lieutenant. Have Gun, Will Travel was a popular American television Western that aired from on CBS 1957 through 1963. ... Norway Corporation is the motion picture and television production company established by Gene Roddenberry in 1963. ... The Lieutenant was the first television series program ever created by Gene Roddenberry and/or produced under the banner of Norway Corporation, which launched as a satellite company of Arena Productions, one of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayers most successful in-house production companies in the 1960s. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing force projection from the sea,[1] using the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces and is one of seven uniformed services. ... Gary Lockwood (born John Gary Yusolfsky on February 21, 1937 in Van Nuys, California) is an American actor who is probably best known for his role as astronaut Dr. Frank Poole in 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968). ...


But even as an independent producer, Roddenberry continued to have problems; ABC refused to broadcast, or even pay for, an installment of The Lieutenant dealing with racism in the Corps, forcing MGM Television to eat the production costs. Thoroughly disgusted, Roddenberry drew the conclusion that he could only get messages across, if he wanted to include them, by disguising them in out-of-the-ordinary situations, or as satire. The credits for this episode include, "Introducing Nichelle Nichols". The entire episode is available for viewing at The Paley Center for Media in New York City. Nichelle Nichols (born Grace Nichols on December 28, 1932) is an American singer, actress, and voice actress. ... The Paley Center for Media, New York City The Paley Center for Media, Beverly Hills The Paley Center for Media (formerly The Museum of Television & Radio (MTR), formerly The Museum of Broadcasting), founded in 1975 by William S. Paley, is a cultural institution dedicated to the discussion of the cultural... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Star Trek

With this in mind, Roddenberry developed his idea for Star Trek in 1964 after looking for material to rival Buck Rogers and Flash Gordon. The series was finally picked up by Desilu Studios when Gene sold the idea as a "Wagon Train to the Stars". The original $500,000 pilot received only minor support from NBC and its production went over budget, but the network commissioned an unprecedented second pilot. The series, a Norway Corporation production, premiered on September 8, 1966 and ran for three seasons. Although it was canceled due to low ratings, the series gained wide popularity in syndication. In the third and final season of Star Trek, Roddenberry – who had offered to demote himself to the position of line producer in a final attempt to ensure the show's success if the program was given his desired timeslot – effectively resigned when these demands were not met (George Schlatter had demanded that Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In not be rescheduled from its Monday-night lead-in timeslot, and his demands were met) and accepted a staff producer position with MGM. This article is about the entire Star Trek franchise. ... Buck Rogers is a fictional pulp character who first appeared in 1928 as Anthony Rogers, the hero of two novellas by Philip Francis Nowlan published in the magazine Amazing Stories. ... For other uses, see Flash Gordon (disambiguation). ... Desilu Productions was a company jointly owned by American actors Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz. ... Wagon Train was a television series on NBC from 1957 to 1962 and on ABC from 1962 to 1965. ... A television pilot is a test episode of an intended television series. ... Norway Corporation is the motion picture and television production company established by Gene Roddenberry in 1963. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... When TV viewers or entertainment professionals in the United States mention ratings they are often referring to Nielsen Ratings, a system developed by Nielsen Media Research to determine the audience size and composition of television programming. ... In the television industry (as in radio), syndication is the sale of the right to broadcast programs to multiple stations, without going through a broadcast network. ... A Line Producer is a key member of the production team for a motion picture. ... This article or section appears to have been copied and pasted from an online source, possibly in violation of a copyright. ... Rowan & Martins Laugh-In was an American comedy television program which ran for 140 episodes from January 22, 1968 to May 14, 1973. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ...


His first project with the studio, Pretty Maids All in a Row, was a sexploitation film adapted from the Francis Pollini novel by Roddenberry and directed by Roger Vadim. With a cast including established stars (Rock Hudson, Angie Dickinson, Telly Savalas, Roddy McDowall) alongside Star Trek regulars (James Doohan and William Campbell, both of whom were Norway Corporation Repertory Actors), and beautiful unknowns (among them Gretchen Burrell, the wife of country-rock pioneer Gram Parsons), the film was expected to be one of the biggest blockbusters of 1971. But even with the support of a Playboy Magazine pictorial featuring Burrell, the film only managed to break even at the box office. Roddenberry's relationship with MGM was strained by this, although he did continue there until 1972. Pretty Maids All in a Row is an MGM American comedy film released in 1971, directed and produced by Roger Vadim with screenplay written by Gene Roddenberry based on the novel by Francis Pollin. ... Sexploitation is a term that was first used in the 1940s which describes media that is merely an excuse to purvey sex. ... Roger Vadim, born Roger Vladimir Plemiannikov (January 26, 1928 – February 11, 2000) was a French journalist, author, actor, screenwriter, director, and producer who launched Brigitte Bardots career in the film And God Created Woman. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Angie Dickinson (born September 30, 1931) is a Golden Globe-winning American television and film actress, perhaps best known for her role as Sergeant Leann Pepper Anderson in the 1970s crime drama Police Woman. ... Aristotelis Telly Savalas (January 21, 1922 – January 22, 1994) was a prominent Emmy Award-winning American film and television actor whose career spanned four decades. ... Roderick Andrew Anthony Jude McDowall (September 17, 1928 – October 3, 1998) was an English/American actor. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... William Campbell in Blood Bath (1966) William Campbell (born October 30, 1926 in Newark, New Jersey) is an American actor. ... Norway Corporation is the motion picture and television production company established by Gene Roddenberry in 1963. ... Gram Parsons (November 5, 1946 – September 19, 1973) was an American singer, songwriter, guitarist and pianist. ...


Following the cancellation of Star Trek and the relative failure of his first feature film, Roddenberry pitched, through Norway Corporation, four sci-fi TV series concepts that were all produced as pilots but were not picked up as series: The Questor Tapes, Genesis II, Planet Earth, and Strange New World. He also co-wrote and was executive producer on the made-for-television movie, Spectre (1977), which was designed as a backdoor pilot. The Questor Tapes is a 1974 TV-movie about an android (portrayed by Robert Foxworth) with incomplete memory tapes who is searching for his creator and his purpose. ... Genesis II was a 1973 TV movie created and produced by Gene Roddenberry and starring Alex Cord and Mariette Hartley. ... This article is about the science fiction film. ... A Hunt by any other name: John Saxon as Captain Anthony Vico in Strange New World. ... Spectre is a 1977 made-for-television movie produced and written by [[Gene Roddenberry. ... A television pilot is the first episode of an intended television series. ...


After Trek

Unable to find work in the television and film industry, facing the possible bankruptcy of Norway Corporation, and fearful that he would be unable to support his family, Roddenberry heeded the advice of his good friend Arthur C. Clarke and began to find steady employment on the college lecture circuit, where contemporaries in a similar predicament, William Shatner and Timothy Leary, had both found success. He amused the fandom attendees with anecdotes from the Star Trek set, spoke of his visions of the future and showed the Star Trek Blooper Reels, a collection of outtakes from the original series. He also exhibited a black and white print of unaired first series pilot "The Cage". The screenings of the blooper reel drew criticism and ire from Leonard Nimoy, who felt that Roddenberry was exploiting his mistakes for money and eventually sued the writer-producer and Paramount for the blooper reel screenings and uncompensated use of his image in a Heineken promotional campaign. The matter would not be resolved until shortly before production of Star Trek: The Motion Picture. Sir Arthur Charles Clarke, CBE, Sri Lankabhimanya (16 December 1917 – 19 March 2008) was a British (lived in Sri Lanka since 1956) science fiction author, inventor, and futurist, most famous for the novel 2001: A Space Odyssey, written in collaboration with director Stanley Kubrick, a collaboration which led also to... William Alan Shatner (born on March 22, 1931) is a Canadian actor who gained fame for playing James Tiberius Kirk of the USS Enterprise in the television show Star Trek from 1966 to 1969 and in seven of the subsequent movies. ... For the American baseball player, see Tim Leary (baseball player). ... This article is about the entire Star Trek franchise. ... Leonard Simon Nimoy (born March 26, 1931) is an American actor, film director, poet, musician and photographer. ... Heineken (or Heineken Brouwerijen) is a Dutch beer brewer, established in 1863 when Gerard Adriaan Heineken purchased a brewery in Amsterdam. ... Star Trek: The Motion Picture (Paramount Pictures, 1979; see also 1979 in film) is the first feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series and is released on Friday, December 7. ...


New Star Trek projects

Beginning in 1975, the go-ahead was given by Paramount for Roddenberry to develop a sequel Star Trek television series including as many of the original cast as could be recruited, which was to be called Phase II. This series was to be the anchor show of a new network (the ancestor of UPN, which is now part of The CW Television Network), but plans by Paramount for this network were scrapped and the project was reworked into a Star Trek feature film. Star Trek: Phase II was a planned television series set to air in Spring 1978 on a proposed Paramount Television Service (which eventually became United Paramount Network) based on the characters of Gene Roddenberrys Star Trek. ... UPN (which originally stood for the United Paramount Network) was a television network in over 200 markets in the United States. ... The CW Television Network, normally abbreviated to The CW, also known as The New CW in its first season of the network, is a television network in the United States launched during the 2006 television season. ...


The resulting Star Trek: The Motion Picture received a lukewarm critical response, but it performed well at the box office and saved Norway Corporation. As a result, several motion pictures and a new television series, Star Trek: The Next Generation, were created in the 1980s. Star Trek: The Motion Picture (Paramount Pictures, 1979; see also 1979 in film) is the first feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series and is released on Friday, December 7. ... The title as it appeared in most episodes opening credits. ...


When it came time to produce the obligatory theatrical sequel, Roddenberry's story submission, in which a time-traveling Enterprise crew got involved in the John F. Kennedy assassination, was rejected, and he was removed from direct involvement – effectively hobbling the power of Norway Corporation – and replaced by Harve Bennett.[7] He continued as executive consultant on the next four motion pictures: Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, Star Trek III: The Search for Spock, Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home, and Star Trek V: The Final Frontier. In this position Roddenberry was allowed to view and comment upon all scripts and dailies emanating from the production, although the creative team was free to disregard Roddenberry's advice as Bennett almost always elected to do. President Kennedy with his wife, Jacqueline, and Texas Governor John Connally in the presidential limousine just moments before his assassination The assassination of John F. Kennedy, the thirty-fifth President of the United States, took place on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas, USA at 12:30 p. ... Harve Bennett (born August 17, 1930) is an American television and film producer and scriptwriter, perhaps best known for being the producer on the second through to fifth Star Trek films. ... Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan (Paramount Pictures, 1982; see also 1982 in film) is the second feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series. ... Star Trek III: The Search for Spock (Paramount Pictures, 1984; see also 1984 in film) is the third feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series. ... Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home (Paramount Pictures, 1986; see also 1986 in film) is the fourth feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series. ... Star Trek V: The Final Frontier (Paramount Pictures, 1989; see also 1989 in film) is the fifth feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series. ...


Roddenberry was deeply involved with creating and producing Star Trek: The Next Generation, although he ultimately only had full control over the show's first season. The WGA strike of 1988 prevented him from taking an active role in production of the second season, forcing him to hand control of the series to producer Maurice Hurley. While Roddenberry was free to resume work on the third season of the show, his health was in serious decline by this point, and over the course of the season he gradually ceded control to Rick Berman and Michael Piller. Star Trek also spawned the television series Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Star Trek: Voyager, and Star Trek: Enterprise. The 1988 Writers Guild of America strike was a strike action taken by members of both the Writers Guild of America, East (WGAE) and the Writers Guild of America, west (WGAw). ... Rick Berman Richard Keith Rick Berman (born December 25, 1945 in New York, New York, USA) is an American television producer. ... Michael Piller (born May 30, 1948) is an American television and cinema screenwriter. ... This article is about the entire Star Trek franchise. ... Space station Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (ST:DS9 or STDS9 or DS9 for short) is a science fiction television series produced by Paramount and set in the Star Trek universe. ... The starship Voyager (NCC-74656), an Intrepid-class starship. ... The starship Enterprise (NX-01) Star Trek: Enterprise is a science fiction television series set in the Star Trek universe. ...


The last film based on the original Star Trek series, Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country, was dedicated to Roddenberry's memory; he reportedly viewed a version of the film a few days before his death at the age of 70.[7][8] Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country (Paramount Pictures, 1991; see also 1991 in film) is the sixth feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series. ...


In addition to his film and TV work, Roddenberry also wrote the novelization for Star Trek: The Motion Picture, which was published in 1979 and was the first of hundreds of Star Trek-based novels to be published by the Pocket Books unit of Simon & Schuster, whose parent company also owned Paramount Pictures Corporation. It has been claimed by some that Alan Dean Foster was the ghostwriter of the book, but this has been debunked by Foster on his personal website and is a classic instance of the broken telephone game, as Foster did ghostwrite the novelization of George W. Lucas Jr.'s Star Wars and wrote the original treatment of the Star Trek film. Roddenberry talked of writing a second Trek novel based upon his original rejected 1975 script for the motion picture, but he died before he was able to do so. Pocket Books is the name of a subdivision of Simon & Schuster publishers. ... Jean-François Millet Le Semeur (The Sower) Simon & Schuster logo, circa 1961. ... The Paramount Pictures logo used from 1987 to 1995. ... Alan Dean Foster (born November 18, 1946) is a prolific American writer of science fiction and fantasy novels and movie novelizations. ... For other uses, see Ghostwriter (disambiguation). ... Chinese whispers, also known as the telephone game, Broken Telephone, operator, a whisper down the lane and Pass It Down, is a game often played by children at parties or in the playground in which a phrase or sentence is passed on from one player to another, but is subtly... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological...


Controversy concerning Roddenberry

Writers who worked for Star Trek have charged that ideas they developed were later passed off by Roddenberry as his own, or that he lied about their contributions to the show and/or their involvement with Norway Corporation at Star Trek conventions. Roddenberry was confronted by these writers, and apologized to them, but according to his critics, he would continue the behavior.[9]


Roddenberry is occasionally criticised for his treatment of movie and script royalties related to Star Trek: He alienated composer Alexander Courage by demanding 50 percent of the royalties which Courage received for the show's theme song whenever an episode of Star Trek was aired.[10] Later, while cooperating with Stephen Whitfield for the latter's book The Making of Star Trek, Roddenberry demanded – and received – Whitfield's acquiescence for 50 percent of the book's royalties. As Roddenberry explained to Whitfield in 1968: "I had to get some money somewhere. I'm sure not going to get it from the profits of Star Trek."[11] Alexander Courage (born December 10, 1919) is a 20th century American composer of music, primarily for television and motion pictures. ...


Solow and Justman observe that Whitfield never regretted his fifty-fifty deal with Roddenberry since it gave him "the opportunity to become the first chronicler of television's most successful unsuccessful series."[12]


In her autobiography, actress Nichelle Nichols, who played Uhura in the first Star Trek series, reported having had a love affair with Roddenberry. She felt that his strong and controversial effort to get her on the show had a lot to do with their relationship. Cover of the first English edition of 1793 of Benjamin Franklins autobiography. ... Nichelle Nichols (born Grace Nichols on December 28, 1932) is an American singer, actress, and voice actress. ... Uhura, played by Nichelle Nichols, is a character in Star Trek: The Original Series and the first six Star Trek films. ...


Roddenberry's life and work has been chronicled in several works. Star Trek Creator: The Authorized Biography of Gene Roddenberry, written by friend David Alexander, is a flattering portrayal of Roddenberry's life that was received favorably by most readers, obscuring many of the troubles Roddenberry encountered in his later years. Much more controversial was Inside Trek: My Secret Life with Star Trek Creator Gene Roddenberry, written by Susan Sackett, his close associate for 17 years. While she displays unwavering affection, respect, and admiration for her employer and apparent lover, Sackett's account is hardly a hagiographic account. Recounted in brutal detail are his elongated dry spells throughout the 1970s, his addiction to cocaine, impotence, inability to finish creative projects, and mental and physical decline from roughly 1989 on.[7] David Alexander is a controversial Sarasota, Florida-based political activist. ... Inside Trek book cover Susan Sackett was born in Connecticut and raised in Florida. ... Hagiography is the study of saints. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... For other uses, see Cocaine (disambiguation). ... Impotence or, more clinically, erectile dysfunction is the inability to develop or maintain an erection of the penis for satisfactory sexual intercourse regardless of the capability of ejaculation. ...


Despite his reduced management of Star Trek and the hobbled power of Norway Corporation near the end of his life, Roddenberry was still respected enough that Paramount Pictures, owners of the various Star Trek series, agreed to his request that Star Trek: The Animated Series be stripped of its official recognition as canon by the studio. According to the reference work The Star Trek Chronology, Roddenberry reportedly considered elements of the fifth and sixth Trek films to be apocryphal, though there is no indication that he wanted them removed from Trek canon. Norway Corporation is the motion picture and television production company established by Gene Roddenberry in 1963. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... Star Trek: The Animated Series is an animated science fiction television series set in the Star Trek universe. ... Canon, in the context of a fictional universe, comprises those novels, stories, films, etc. ... In the context of fiction Apocrypha includes those fictional stories that do not belong within a fictional univeres canon, yet still have some authority relating to that fictional universe. ...


Legacy

Roddenberry's star at 6683 Hollywood Blvd on Hollywood's Walk of Fame, presented in 1986.
Roddenberry's star at 6683 Hollywood Blvd on Hollywood's Walk of Fame, presented in 1986.

After his death in 1991 in Santa Monica, California, Roddenberry's estate allowed for the creation of two long-running television series based upon some of his previously unfilmed story ideas and concepts. Earth: Final Conflict and Andromeda were produced under the guidance of Majel Barrett-Roddenberry. A third Roddenberry storyline was adapted in 1995 as the short-lived comic book Gene Roddenberry's Lost Universe (later titled Gene Roddenberry's Xander in Lost Universe). Other projects were developed under the Roddenberry name but never made it to production stage, such as Gene Roddenberry's Starship, which was being developed by Majel Barrett and John Semper for Mainframe Entertainment as a computer-animated series.[13] Download high resolution version (1464x1413, 4587 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Gene Roddenberry Categories: Conditional use images ... Download high resolution version (1464x1413, 4587 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Gene Roddenberry Categories: Conditional use images ... ... Greetings from Hollywood Hollywood is a district of the city of Los Angeles, California, U.S.A., that extends from Vermont Avenue on the east to just beyond Laurel Canyon Boulevard above Sunset and Crescent Heights Boulevards on the west; the north to south boundary east of La Brea Avenue... Buskers perform on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. ... For other uses, see Santa Monica (disambiguation). ... Earth: Final Conflict is a science fiction television series posthumously created by Gene Roddenberry. ... Gene Roddenberrys Andromeda is an American science fiction television series, based on unused material by Gene Roddenberry developed by Robert Hewitt Wolfe, and produced posthumously by his widow, Majel Roddenberry. ... Majel Barrett as Lwaxana Troi on Star Trek: The Next Generation. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... John Semper Jr. ...


The asteroid 4659 Roddenberry and an Impact crater on Mars are both named in his honor. 4659 Roddenberry is an asteroid named after Gene Roddenberry, the creator of Star Trek. ... Tycho crater on Earths moon. ... Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun in the solar system, named after the Roman god of war (the counterpart of the Greek Ares), on account of its blood red color as viewed in the night sky. ...


On October 4, 2002, the El Paso Independent School District Planetarium was renamed the Gene Roddenberry Planetarium. Eugene W. Roddenberry Jr. cut the ribbon at the dedication ceremony. is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Eugene Wesley Roddenberry Jr. ...


Roddenberry's home at birth is at 1907 E. Yandell Street in El Paso where he and his family lived for nearly two years. Now a flower shop in a strip mall, there is a wooden plaque marking the site. Example of a small strip mall. A strip mall (also called a plaza) is a shopping center where the stores are arranged in a row, with a sidewalk in front. ...


One of the buildings on the Paramount studio lot on Melrose Boulevard is the Gene Roddenberry building, housing production and administrative offices. Look up Paramount on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Paramount can refer to: Paramount, California, a city in Los Angeles County Paramount Pictures, a motion picture company Paramount Records, a record label United Paramount Network (UPN), a television network in the United States, owned by Viacom Inc. ...


On June 16, 2007, the Science Fiction Museum in Seattle, Washington inducted Gene Roddenberry into their Science Fiction Hall of Fame, along with director Ridley Scott, artist Ed Emshwiller, and author Gene Wolfe. The presentation was made by actor Wil Wheaton and accepted on behalf of the Roddenberry Family by his son, Eugene W. Roddenberry Jr. is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Sculpture near the entrance of the Science Fiction Museum and Hall of Fame The Science Fiction Museum and Hall of Fame bills itself as the worlds premier science fiction museum. ... Seattle redirects here. ... Sculpture near the entrance of the Science Fiction Museum and Hall of Fame The Science Fiction Museum and Hall of Fame bills itself as the worlds premier science fiction museum. ... Sir Ridley Scott (born November 30, 1937 in South Shields, South Tyneside) is a British film director and producer. ... Edmund Alexander Emshwiller (Emsh) (February 16, 1925-July 27, 1990) was a visual artist notable for illustrations of many science fiction magazine covers and for his pioneering computer-generated movies. ... Gene Wolfe (born May 7, 1931, New York, New York) is an American science fiction and fantasy writer. ... Richard William Wil Wheaton III (born July 29, 1972) is an American writer and actor. ... Eugene Wesley Roddenberry Jr. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Gene Roddenberry Biography. startrek.com. Retrieved on 2007-12-18.
  2. ^ David Alexander.(1994) "Star Trek Creator: The Authorized Biography of Gene Roddenberry," Roc, p.104
  3. ^ Alexander, op. cit., p.141
  4. ^ Alexander, op. cit., p.141
  5. ^ David Alexander (1994). Star Trek Creator: The Authorized Biography of Gene Roddenberry. Roc. ISBN 0-451-45440-5. 
  6. ^ "Roddenberry Interview" (March/April 1991). The Humanist 51 (2). 
  7. ^ a b c Susan Sackett (2002). Inside Trek: My Secret Life With Star Trek Creator Gene Roddenberry. HAWK Publishing Group. ISBN 1-930709-42-0. 
  8. ^ In Star Trek Movie Memories, which William Shatner dictated and which Chris Kreski transcribed, the chapter in which Shatner told Kreski about the sixth Star Trek motion picture ended with Roddenberry viewing the version in a private screening and promptly drafting a list of changes he wanted made. But by the time his attorney submitted that list, Shatner informed Kreski, Roddenberry himself was dead.
  9. ^ Engel, Joel (1994). Gene Roddenberry: The Myth and the Man Behind Star Trek. Hyperion Books. ISBN 0786860049.  Inside Star Trek: The Real Story (1996) commentary by Star Trek Producer Herb Solow, science-fiction convention talks by Star Trek writer Dorothy C. Fontana, and books and articles by Harlan Ellison.
  10. ^ Unthemely Behavior. Urban Legends Reference Pages (2007-08-08). Retrieved on 2007-05-20.
  11. ^ Herbert Solow & Robert H. Justman, Inside Star Trek: the Real Story, Pocket Books, 1996, p.402
  12. ^ Solow & Justman, op. cit., p.402
  13. ^ Mainframe Entertainment Lands Gene Roddenberry's 'Starship' for Computer Animated Television Series. BNet Research Center (1998-10-20). Retrieved on 2007-12-18.

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... William Alan Shatner (born on March 22, 1931) is a Canadian actor who gained fame for playing James Tiberius Kirk of the USS Enterprise in the television show Star Trek from 1966 to 1969 and in seven of the subsequent movies. ... Chris Kreski (July 31, 1962 - May 9, 2005) was an American writer, biographer and screenwriter. ... This article is about the entire Star Trek franchise. ... Harlan Jay Ellison (born May 27, 1934) is a prolific American writer of short stories, novellas, teleplays, essays, and criticism. ... The Urban Legends Reference Pages, also known as snopes. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Robert H. Justman has worked in Hollywood as a producer, director, production manager, assistant director, and production assistant since the early 1950s. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Star Trek Creator: The Authorized Biography of Gene Roddenberry, by David Alexander
  • Gene Roddenberry: The Last Conversation, by Yvonne Fern
  • Inside Trek: My Secret Life with Star Trek Creator Gene Roddenberry, by Susan Sackett
  • Great Birds of the Galaxy: Gene Roddenberry and the Creators of Star Trek, by Edward Gross and Mark A. Altman
  • The Man Who Created Star Trek: Gene Roddenberry, by James Van Hise
  • Inside Star Trek: The Real Story, by Herbert F. Solow and Robert H. Justman. ISBN 0671896288.
  • Gene Roddenberry: The Myth and the Man Behind Star Trek, by Joel Engel
  • Star Trek Memories, dictated by William Shatner and transcribed by Chris Kreski. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-017734-9. Published 1993.
  • Star Trek Movie Memories, dictated by William Shatner and transcribed by Chris Kreski. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-017617-2. Published 1994.
  • I Am Not Spock, by Leonard Nimoy. ISBN 9780890871171. Published 1977.
  • I Am Spock, by Leonard Nimoy. ISBN 9780786861828. Published 1995.
  • Beyond Uhura: Star Trek and Other Memories, by Nichelle Nichols. ISBN 1572970111. Published 1995.
  • To The Stars: The Autobiography of George Takei: Star Trek's Mr Sulu, by George Takei. ISBN 0-671-89008-5. Published 1994.
  • Beam Me Up, Scotty: Star Trek's "Scotty" in his own words, dictated by James Doohan and transcribed by Peter David. ISBN 0-671-52056-3.
  • Warped Factors: A Neurotic's Guide to the Universe, by Walter Koenig. ISBN-10 0878339914; ISBN-13 978-0878339914.
  • The Longest Trek: My Tour of the Galaxy, dictated by Grace Lee Whitney and transcribed by Jim Denney. ISBN-10 188495605X; ISBN-13 978-1884956058. Published

David Alexander is a controversial Sarasota, Florida-based political activist. ... Inside Trek book cover Susan Sackett was born in Connecticut and raised in Florida. ... Herbert F. Solow has worked in Hollywood as a producer, director, production manager, talent agent, and writer. ... Robert H. Justman has worked in Hollywood as a producer, director, production manager, assistant director, and production assistant since the early 1950s. ... William Alan Shatner (born on March 22, 1931) is a Canadian actor who gained fame for playing James Tiberius Kirk of the USS Enterprise in the television show Star Trek from 1966 to 1969 and in seven of the subsequent movies. ... Chris Kreski (July 31, 1962 - May 9, 2005) was an American writer, biographer and screenwriter. ... William Alan Shatner (born on March 22, 1931) is a Canadian actor who gained fame for playing James Tiberius Kirk of the USS Enterprise in the television show Star Trek from 1966 to 1969 and in seven of the subsequent movies. ... Chris Kreski (July 31, 1962 - May 9, 2005) was an American writer, biographer and screenwriter. ... Leonard Simon Nimoy (born March 26, 1931) is an American actor, film director, poet, musician and photographer. ... Leonard Simon Nimoy (born March 26, 1931) is an American actor, film director, poet, musician and photographer. ... Nichelle Nichols (born Grace Nichols on December 28, 1932) is an American singer, actress, and voice actress. ... George Hosato Takei (IPA: ) (born April 20, 1937) is an Japanese American actor best known for his role in the TV series Star Trek, in which he played the helmsman Hikaru Sulu on the USS Enterprise. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Peter Allen David (often abbreviated PAD) (born September 23, 1956) is an American writer, best known for his work in comic books and Star Trek novels. ... Walter Marvin Koenig (born September 14, 1936) is an American actor, writer, teacher and director, known for his roles as Chekov in Star Trek, and as Bester on the series Babylon 5. ... Grace Lee Whitney greets a fan at a Star Trek convention (circa 1978). ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Gene Roddenberry
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Memory Alpha (often abbreviated to MA) is a collaborative project to create the most definitive, accurate and accessible encyclopedic reference for topics related to the Star Trek fictional universe. ... This article is about the entire Star Trek franchise. ... Wiki wiki redirects here. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Internet Speculative Fiction Database is a database of bibliographic information on science fiction and related genres such as fantasy fiction and horror fiction. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Questor Tapes is a 1974 TV-movie about an android (portrayed by Robert Foxworth) with incomplete memory tapes who is searching for his creator and his purpose. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gene Roddenberry - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1992 words)
Roddenberry's relationship with MGM was all but terminated because of this, although he did continue to pursue ideas into 1972.
Roddenberry was deeply involved with creating and producing Star Trek: The Next Generation, although his involvement lessened in seasons 2 and 3 due to deteriorating health.
Roddenberry was confronted by these writers, and apologized to them, but according to his critics, he continued to repeat the false claims.
The Star Trek Explorer --- Gene Roddenberry Biography (1211 words)
Gene Roddenberry created a legend which continues on today, creating a show that has helped believe that there was a future worth living for.
Roddenberry returned with the small plane to the outpost, where he broadcast a message that was relayed to Pan Am, which sent a stretcher plane to the rescue.
Roddenberry served as a member of the Writers Guild Executive Council and as a Governor of the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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