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Encyclopedia > Gene Chandler
Gene Chandler
Birth name Eugene Dixon
Born July 6, 1937 (1937-07-06) (age 70)
Origin Chicago, Illinois, United States
Genre(s) R&B, soul
Occupation(s) Singer-songwriter, producer, record company executive
Website www.genechandler.com

Gene Chandler, "The Duke" was born Eugene Dixon, July 6, 1937, in Chicago, Illinois. A powerful performer and singer, he personified the laid-back, carefree attitude that the early 1960s soul and R&B singers developed. His signature hit is the # 1 Pop 1962 smash "Duke of Earl", though he wrote and performed many more songs, and collaborated with many of the greats in the soul and R&B world, such as Curtis Mayfield and Jerry Butler. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Gene G. Chandler is a Republican politician in the state of New Hampshire. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... The term singer-songwriter refers to performers who both write and sing their own material. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Duke of Earl is a 1962 hit song, originally written and performed by Gene Chandler. ... Curtis Mayfield (June 3, 1942 – December 26, 1999) was an American soul, funk and R&B singer, songwriter and guitarist best known for his anthemic music with The Impressions and composing the soundtrack to the blaxploitation film Superfly. ... Jerry Butler Jerry Butler, Jr. ...

Contents

Early years

Although Chandler seems to have sprung into being in 1962, when he introduced himself to the world as "The Duke of Earl", Eugene Dixon had been singing since the early 1950s, first with The Gaytones. In 1957 he joined a doo-wop group called The Dukays with James Lowe, Shirley Jones, Earl Edwards and Ben Broyles, quickly becoming their lead singer. He was drafted by the US Army to Germany for three years, returned to Chicago in 1960, and rejoined his bandmates. Through music industry contacts, the Dukays were offered a recording contract by Chicago based Nat Records. The first single was titled "The Girl Is Evil." In 1961, Nat Records released a song titled "Nite Owl", and the band went back to the studio to record one more. Doo-wop is a style of vocal-based rhythm and blues music popular in the mid-1950s to the early 1960s in America. ... Shirley Jones, in a still from the opening credits of The Partridge Family Shirley Mae Jones (born March 31, 1934) is an Academy Award-winning singer and actress, perhaps best known for her role as Shirley Partridge, the widowed mother of five children, in the television series The Partridge Family... Earl Edwards was an American songwriter. ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Duke is born

As the story goes, during their vocal warm-ups, the group would repeat the phrase "doo-doo-doo-doo" at different pitches. Through many repetitions, it began to evolve. Words were added. Melodies began to form. Earl Edwards' name was added. The song that evolved was "Duke of Earl." In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ...


At the time, Nat Records wanted to release the new song "Duke of Earl", but was unable to. An executive with Vee-Jay records heard the song and wanted it for distribution as a song on his label, but only as a Gene Chandler record. Vee-Jay wasn't interested in The Dukays. Categories: Record labels | Stub ...


Meanwhile, the previously recorded "Nite Owl" was on the charts, putting Chandler in more of a dilemma. Should he stick with his bandmates, or go solo? He tried to do both. He recorded with The Dukays under the name "Gene Dixon" and recorded solo as "Gene Chandler".


When VeeJay was finally able to release "Duke of Earl", it sent it out as by "The Duke Of Earl", although the Dukays had recorded it. The song sold a million copies in just over one month. "The Duke" was born. Chandler can be seen in the full "Duke" outfit singing "The Duke of Earl" in the 1962 movie "Don't Knock the Twist", starring Chubby Checker. Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Chubby Checker is the stage name of Ernest Evans (born October 3, 1941), an American Rock and Roll singer best known for popularizing the dance The Twist with his 1960 song The Twist. He was born in Spring Gulley, South Carolina,[1] and raised in South Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and attended...


The Duke lives on

After spending three weeks at number one on the Billboard Magazine charts, Chandler got a cape, a monocle, a top hat and a cane. He simply became "The Duke of Earl". His concerts were legendary for pulling in a large crowd. In popular music, a chart-topper is an extremely popular recording, identified by its inclusion in a ranked list—a chart—of top selling or otherwise judged most popular releases. ... Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. ... For other uses, see Monocle (disambiguation). ...


Occasionally he would come out for another encore, usually "Rainbow." "Rainbow" was one of Chandler's collaborations with Curtis Mayfield, and the only song Chandler has ever recorded three times. Each time the song has been re-recorded, it became a hit all over again.


Chandler left Vee Jay and recorded for Constellation Records (which was bought by Chess Records) and for Brunswick Records. In the end, he wound up on two record labels at the same time. This left the record labels with having to work out a compromise. It was decided that the companies would alternate Chandler's releases, a new one from Brunswick, followed by a re-release from Chess. In 1964, he had a Top 20 pop smash with the Curtis Mayfield- produced "Just Be True" , another pop Top 20 in 1965 with "Nothing Can Stop Me", another Mayfield song, and hits throughout the 1960's with songs like " What Now ", " A Man's Temptation", "Bless Our Love","You Can't Hurt Me No More", and many more . He also had hits with his cover of the James Brown hit "There Was A Time" (taken from his 1968 Brunswick album of the same name ) and "You Threw A Lucky Punch" his hit "answer song" to the Mary Wells' Motown hit "You Beat Me To The Punch" . Almost all of these songs were top 5 R&B hits. To date, Chandler has had over 30 chart hits, hardly a "one hit wonder" after the success of " Duke Of Earl". Throughout his career, Gene has maintained a close personal friendship with Curtis Mayfield, Jerry Butler, and the other members of the Impressions ( Sam Gooden & Fred Cash) , and they could be frequently heard as background singers on his classic recordings. In 1970, Chandler teamed with Butler for the album "Gene and Jerry: One on One" on the Mercury label . He also guest starred with Mayfield, Butler and the group on the live album: "Curtis in Chicago" (1973). After a number of years on the road, Chandler decided to become more involved with the business end of the music industry. He produced, wrote, arranged, and , he had another major hit in 1970. Gene Chandler was ready to be on the other side of the microphone again. He signed as an artist with Mercury Records and recorded "Groovy Situation" , a massive Pop & R&B smash (reaching # 12 & # 8 respectively) his second biggest hit after "Duke Of Earl". Constellation Records is an influential Montreal, Quebec independent record label known for its contributions to post-rock and its strong anti-capitalist stance. ... The Chess Records logo, as featured on this Memphis Slim single. ... The Brunswick Records logo Brunswick Records is a United States based record label. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mercury Records is a record label currently headquartered in the UK, and is a subsidiary of Universal Music Group. ...


The hits he recorded and produced got him The National Association of Television and Radio Announcers Producer of the Year award in 1970. It should be noted that Chandler was nominated with Kenneth Gamble, Leon Huff and Norman Whitfield, who were very successful producers at that time, working with The Temptations and the Philadelphia soul sound. The Grammy Award for Producer of the Year, Non-Classical has been awarded since 1975. ... Kenneth Gamble was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on August 11, 1943. ... Kenneth Gamble (born on August 11, 1943 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) and Leon Huff (born in 1942 in Camden, New Jersey) are an American songwriting and record production team. ... Norman Whitfield Norman Jesse Whitfield (born in Harlem, New York in 1943) was a songwriter and producer for Berry Gordys Motown label during the 1960s. ... In the music industry, record producer designates a person responsible for completing a master recording so that it is fit for release. ... The Classic 5 lineup of the Temptations, circa 1965. ... Conference National Division Eastern Year founded 2004 Home arena Wachovia Center & Wachovia Spectrum(alt. ...


Chandler went on to have a number of disco era hits, including "Get Down," "When You're #1," "Does She Have A Friend?" and "Rainbow '80." Most of these were more popular in England at the time. At that time, he was also the Executive Vice President of Chi-Sound Records. He worked a lot with reggae star Johnny Nash. This article is about the music genre. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... John Lester Nash Jr. ...


The Revival

In the late 1970s, even while he was putting hits on the disco charts, the nostalgia craze began. Legendary DJ Wolfman Jack put together a traveling show of "oldies" acts, and Gene Chandler joined them in the travels around the country. In 2002, his 1961 #1 hit recording of "Duke Of Earl" was inducted into the Grammy Hall Of Fame . The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... DJ or dj may stand for Disc jockey, dinner jacket The DeadJournal website, or Djibouti. ... Robert Weston (Bob) Smith (21 January 1938 – 1 July 1995) became world famous in the 1960s and 1970s as a disc jockey using the stage name of Wolfman Jack. ...


He still performs in Chicago, Las Vegas, Nevada, and elsewhere around the US. His vocal power and performance skills haven't dimished with age . In the early 2000's He was seen on one of the famous PBS "Doo-Wop" specials. He also still wears the cape. For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ...


External links

  • Gene Chandler interview

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Duke of Earl (1786 words)
Gene Chandler had a positive attitude, he had a go-getter personality, he had a work and have fun later attitude, he was a serious person, kind of a perfectionist, he wanted his work to be perfect.
Gene Chandler possesses one of the greatest most under-appreciated voices of the "Soul" era, one that evocatively projects all the drama of his songs, whether it be heartfelt pain, warm elation, elegtiac nostalgia, pensive yearnings, or simply the demand to get down and shake your booty.
Gene Chandler came out of the vocal harmony, or doo-wop tradition of the 1950s, when the cities were alive with the sounds of harmonizing street corner ensembles, each in vigorous competition with all the others.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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