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Encyclopedia > Gene Autry
Gene Autry
Background information
Birth name Orvon Gene Autry
Also known as Gene Autry
Born September 29, 1907(1907-09-29)
Origin Tioga, Texas, USA
Died October 2, 1998 (aged 91)
Genre(s) Country, Western Music
Occupation(s) Singer, Actor
Instrument(s) guitar
Years active 1931 - 1964
Label(s) Columbia Records
Website GeneAutry.com

Orvon Gene Autry (September 29, 1907October 2, 1998) was an American performer who gained fame as The Singing Cowboy on the radio, in movies and on television. is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Tioga is a town located in Grayson County, Texas. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Poster from the Western Music, directly related to the old English, Scottish, and Irish folk ballads, was originally composed by and about the people settling and working in the American West and western Canada. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... A statue of the singing cowboy, Gene Autry, outside the Autry Museum of Western Heritage in Los Angeles, California A singing cowboy was a subtype of the archetypal cowboy hero of early Western films, popularized by many of the B-movies of the 1930s and the 1940s. ... American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ...

Contents

Early life

Autry, the grandson of a Methodist preacher, was born near Tioga, Texas. His parents, Delbert Autry and Elnora Ozmont, moved to Ravia, Oklahoma in the 1920s. After leaving high school in 1925, Autry worked as a telegrapher for the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      For school of ancient Greek medicine... Tioga is a town located in Grayson County, Texas. ... Ravia is a town located in Johnston County, Oklahoma. ... The St. ...


Career

Radio and recordings

An amateur talent with the guitar and voice led to his performing at local dances. After an encouraging chance encounter with Will Rogers, he began performing on local radio in 1928 as "Oklahoma's Yodeling Cowboy". William Penn Adair Will Rogers (November 4, 1879 – August 15, 1935) was an American comedian, humorist, social commentator, vaudeville performer, and actor. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


He signed a recording deal with Columbia Records in 1931. He worked in Chicago, Illinois, on the WLS (AM) radio show National Barn Dance for four years with his own show where he met singer/songwriter Smiley Burnette. In his early recording career Autry covered various genres, including a labor song, "The Death of Mother Jones" in 1931. But his first hit was in 1932 with That Silver-Haired Daddy of Mine, a duet with fellow railroad man, Jimmy Long. Autry also sang the classic Ray Whitley hit "Back in the Saddle Again". Autry also sang many Christmas songs including "Santa Claus Is Coming to Town", his own composition "Here Comes Santa Claus", "Frosty the Snowman" and probably his biggest hit ever, "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer". Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ... See also: 1930 in music, other events of 1931, 1932 in music and the list of years in music. Events Roy Rogers musical career begins Mary Garden retires from the Chicago Opera Alberto Rabagliatis singing career begins Published popular music Adios w. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... WLS is a pioneer Chicago radio station. ... The National Barn Dance was a former country music radio program broadcast in the early period of radio over the facilities of WLS in Chicago, Illinois. ... Smiley Burnette (March 18, 1911 – February 16, 1967) was an American singer and songwriter who could play as many as 100 different musical instruments as well as a highly successful comedic actor in western-style films. ... Mary Harris Jones (August 1, 1837 – November 30, 1930), better known as Mother Jones, was a prominent American labor and community organizer, and Wobbly. ... See also: 1931 in music, other events of 1932, 1933 in music and the list of years in music. Events January 14 - Maurice Ravels Piano Concerto is premiered in Paris October 19 - Frankie Laine and Ruthie Smith set the all-time dance marathon record of 3,501 hours (145... Raymond Otis Whitley b. ... “Holiday Song” redirects here. ... Santa Claus Is Coming to Town (sometimes with Coming changed to Comin) is a Christmas song. ... Frosty the Snowman is a popular Christmas song written by Steve Jack Rollins and Steve Nelson in 1950. ... Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer is a popular Christmas story about Santa Claus ninth and lead reindeer who possesses an unusually red colored nose that gives off its own light that is powerful enough to illuminate the teams path through inclement weather. ...


Autry also owned the Challenge Records label. The label's biggest hit was "Tequila" by The Champs in 1958, which started the rock and roll instrumental craze of the late 1950's and early 1960's. Challenge Records was a record label put out by the Sears-Roebuck Company. ... The Champs were a one hit wonder, most famous for their instrumental Tequila. Formed by studio executives to record a B-Side for a single, the intended throwaway track became more famous than its A-Side. ...


Films

Discovered by film producer Nat Levine in 1934, he and Burnette made their film debut for Mascot Pictures Corp. in In Old Santa Fe as part of a singing cowboy quartet; he was then given the starring role by Levine in 1935 in the 12-part serial The Phantom Empire. Shortly thereafter, Mascot was absorbed by the formation of Republic Pictures Corp. and Autry went along to make a further 44 films up to 1940, all B westerns in which he played under his own name, rode his horse Champion, had Burnette as his regular sidekick and had many opportunities to sing in each film. He became the top Western star at the box-office by 1937, reaching his national peak of popularity from 1940 to 1942. His Gene Autry Flying "A" Ranch Rodeo show debuted in 1940. See also: 1933 in film 1934 1935 in film 1930s in film years in film film // Events January 26 - Samuel Goldwyn (of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer) finally purchased the film rights to The Wizard of Oz from Frank J. Baum for $40,000. ... DVD front cover for The Adventures of Captain Marvel, one of the most celebrated serials for both Republic Pictures and of the sound era in general. ... The Phantom Empire starring Gene Autry, the Singing Cowboy, was a 12 chapter 1935 Mascot serial that combined western, musical, and science fiction genres. ... Republic Pictures Corporation (aka Republic Entertainment) is an independent film, television, and video distribution company that was originally a movie production-distribution corporation with studio facilities, best known for its specialization in quality B pictures, westerns and movie serials. ... The term B-movie originally referred to a film designed to be distributed as the lower half of a double feature, often a genre film featuring cowboys, gangsters or vampires. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... For other uses, see Sidekick (disambiguation). ...


He was the first of the singing cowboys, succeeded as the top star by Roy Rogers when Autry served as a flier with the Air Transport command during World War II. From 1940 to 1956, Autry had a huge hit with a weekly radio show on CBS, Gene Autry's Melody Ranch, and his horse also had a radio-TV series The Adventures of Champion. Dale Evans and Roy Rogers at the 61st Academy Awards Leonard Franklin Slye (November 5, 1911 – July 6, 1998), who became famous as Roy Rogers, was a singer and cowboy actor. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about the broadcast network. ... The Adventures of Champion (subtitled Gene Autrys Champion) was a 15-minute adventure serial directed by William Burch and heard weekday afternoons on Mutual in 1949-50. ...


Autry briefly returned to Republic after the war, to finish out his contract, which had been suspended for the duration of his military service and which he had tried to have declared void after his discharge. Thereafter, he formed his own production company to make westerns under his own control, which were distributed by Columbia Pictures, beginning in 1947. He also starred in and produced his own television show on CBS beginning in 1950. He retired from show business in 1964, having made almost a hundred films up to 1955 and over 600 records. He was elected to the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1969 and to the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970. Post-retirement, he invested widely in real estate, radio and television, including purchasing from dying Republic Pictures the rights for films he had made for the company. The Columbia Pictures logo from 1993 to the present Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. ... This official history of the Country Music Hall of Fame skirts the scandals well-documented by veteran Music Row historian Stacy Harris. ... The Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame was established by the Nashville Songwriters Foundation, Inc. ...


Cowboy Code

Autry created the Cowboy Code or Cowboy Commandments in response to his young radio listeners aspiring to be just like Gene.

  1. The Cowboy must never shoot first, hit a smaller man, or take unfair advantage.
  2. He must never go back on his word, or a trust confided in him.
  3. He must always tell the truth.
  4. He must be gentle with children, the elderly, and animals.
  5. He must not advocate or possess racially or religiously intolerant ideas.
  6. He must help people in distress.
  7. He must be a good worker.
  8. He must keep himself clean in thought, speech, action, and personal habits.
  9. He must respect women, parents, and his nation's laws.
  10. The Cowboy is a patriot.

Baseball executive

In the 1950s, Autry had been a minority owner of the minor-league Hollywood Stars. In 1960, when Major League Baseball announced plans to add an expansion team in Los Angeles, Autry – who had once declined an opportunity to play in the minor leagues – expressed an interest in acquiring the radio broadcast rights to the team's games; baseball executives were so impressed by his approach that he was persuaded to become the owner of the franchise rather than simply its broadcast partner. The team, initially called the Los Angeles Angels upon its 1961 debut, moved to suburban Anaheim in 1966 and became known as the California Angels, then the Anaheim Angels from 1997 until 2005, when it became the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim. Autry served as vice president of the American League from 1983 until his death. In 1995 he sold a quarter share of the team to The Walt Disney Company, and a controlling interest the following year, with the remaining share to be transferred after his death. Earlier, in 1982, he sold Los Angeles television station KTLA for $245 million. The Hollywood Stars were a minor league baseball team which played in the Pacific Coast League during the early and mid 20th century. ... MLB and Major Leagues redirect here. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 11, 26, 29, 30, 42, 50 Name Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2005–present) Anaheim Angels (1997-2004) California Angels (1965-1996) Los Angeles Angels (1961-1965) Other nicknames The Halos, The Wings, The Seraphs... The following are the baseball events of the year 1961 throughout the world. ... “Anaheim” redirects here. ... American League The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1995 throughout the world. ... The Walt Disney Company (NYSE: DIS) is one of the largest media and entertainment corporations in the world. ... KTLA, channel 5, is a television station in Los Angeles, California. ...


Personal life

In 1932 he married Ina May Spivey (who died in 1980), who was the niece of Jimmy Long. He married his second wife, Jackie Autry, in 1981. He had no children by either marriage. Jackie Autry, (born Jacqueline Ellam) the former owner of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim and widow of singer, actor and businessman Gene Autry. ...


Hollywood Walk of Fame

Gene Autry is the only celebrity to have five stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, one in each of the five categories maintained by the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. For other uses, see Celebrity (disambiguation). ... Buskers perform on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. ... ... Chambers of commerce are business advocacy groups which are usually not associated with government. ...


The stars are :

Name Category Address
Gene Autry Motion pictures 6644 Hollywood Blvd.
Radio 6520 Hollywood Blvd.
Recording 6384 Hollywood Blvd.
Television 6667 Hollywood Blvd.
Live theatre 7000 Hollywood Blvd.

Legacy

In 1972, he was inducted into the Western Performers Hall of Fame at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The Hall of Great Western Performers is a Hall of Fame at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States. ... Bronze Wrangler The National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum is a museum and art gallery, in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, housing one of the largest collections of: Western, American cowboy, American rodeo, and American Indian; art, artifacts, and archival materials, in the world. ... OKC redirects here. ...


Autry was a life member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, Burbank Lodge No. 1497. Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks Grand Lodge in Chicago, Illinois The Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks had modest beginnings in 1868 as a social club (then called the Jolly Corks) established as a private club to elude New York City laws governing the opening hours of public taverns. ...


His autobiography was published in 1976, co-written by Mickey Herskowitz; it was titled Back in the Saddle Again after his 1939 hit and signature tune. He is also featured year after year, on radio and "shopping mall theme music" at the holiday season, by his famous recording of "Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer". "Rudolph" became the first #1 hit of the 1950s. See also: 1938 in music, other events of 1939, 1940 in music and the list of years in music. Events Publication of Music Here and Now, book by Ernst Krenek March 23 - Béla Bartóks Violin Concerto No. ... Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer is a popular Christmas story that has been told in numerous forms including songs and theatrical and television films. ...


CMT in 2003 ranked him #38 in CMT's 40 Greatest Men of Country Music. CMT can refer to: Cadmium Mercury Telluride Canal Metropolitano Televisión Catalog Management Table Certified Market Technician Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease Childrens Musical Theatreworks of Fresno, California Chip Multi Threading Comision del Mercado de las Telecommunicaciones, the Spanish communications industry regulator. ... See also: 2003 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 2003 Record labels established in 2003 // January - following an investigation by The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry and London detectives, police raids in England and the Netherlands recover nearly 500 original Beatles studio tapes, recorded during the Let It... CMT can refer to: Cadmium Mercury Telluride Canal Metropolitano Televisión Catalog Management Table Certified Market Technician Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease Childrens Musical Theatreworks of Fresno, California Chip Multi Threading Comision del Mercado de las Telecommunicaciones, the Spanish communications industry regulator. ...


When the Anaheim Angels won their first World Series in 2002, much of the championship was dedicated to him. Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 11, 26, 29, 30, 42, 50 Name Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2005–present) Anaheim Angels (1997-2004) California Angels (1965-1996) Los Angeles Angels (1961-1965) Other nicknames The Halos, The Wings, The Seraphs... Dates October 19, 2002–October 27, 2002 MVP Troy Glaus (Anaheim) Television network FOX Announcers Joe Buck and Tim McCarver Umpires Jerry Crawford, Mike Reilly, Tim McClelland, Tim Tschida, Mike Winters, Angel Hernandez The 2002 World Series featured the Anaheim Angels (American League) and the San Francisco Giants (National League...


The interchange of Interstate 5 and California State Route 134, located near the Autry National Center in Los Angeles, is signed as the "Gene Autry Memorial Interchange." Interstate 5 (abbreviated I-5) is the westernmost interstate highway in the continental United States. ... State Route 134, also known as the Ventura Freeway, runs from its junction with U.S. Route 101 and State Route 170 in North Hollywood (the Hollywood Split) to its junction with Interstate 210 and a stub of future Interstate 710 in Pasadena. ... Museum of the American West in Los Angeles, California Statue of Gene Autry in front of Autry National Center The Museum of the American West is a western heritage museum located in Griffith Park in Los Angeles, California. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ...


The Museum as the centerpiece of his legacy

The Museum of the American West, in Los Angeles' Griffith Park, was founded in 1988 as the "Gene Autry Western Heritage Museum", featuring much of his collection of Western art and memorabilia. Its mission is to preserve everything related to the "mythic aspects" of the American "old west," from true historical lifestyles to the 70-year saga of the Hollywood "western movie" genre. Museum of the American West in Los Angeles, California Statue of Gene Autry in front of Autry National Center The Museum of the American West is a western heritage museum located in Griffith Park in Los Angeles, California. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ...


Included for many years on Forbes magazine's list of the 400 richest Americans, he slipped to their "near miss" category in 1995 with an estimated net worth of $320 million.


Gene Autry died of lymphoma at age 91 at his home in Studio City, California, and is interred in the Forest Lawn, Hollywood Hills Cemetery in Los Angeles, California. This article is about lymphoma in humans. ... Studio City is a four-square-mile district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... Forest Lawn - Hollywood Hills Cemetery is located at 6300 Forest Lawn Drive in Los Angeles, California, on the south edge of the San Fernando Valley by Burbank (and on the north side of the Santa Monica Mountains from Hollywood). ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ...


He was inducted into the Radio Hall of Fame in 2003. In 2004, the Starz Entertainment Corporation joined forces with the Autry estate to restore all of his films, which have been shown on Starz's Encore Western Channel on cable television on a regular basis to date since. // The National Radio Hall of Fame and Museum, located in the Museum of Broadcast Communications in Chicago, Illinois, is a museum dedicated to recognizing those who have contributed to the development of the radio medium throughout its history in the United States. ...


Popular songs recorded by Autry

  • "A Face I See at Evening"
  • "That Silver-Haired Daddy of Mine"
  • "The Last Roundup"
  • "Cowboy's Heaven"
  • "Tumbling Tumbleweeds"
  • "Mexicali Rose"
  • "Take Me Back to My Boots and Saddle"
  • "Gold Mine in the Sky"
  • "South of the Border (Down Mexico Way)"
  • "Back in the Saddle Again" (1939)
  • "Be Honest With Me"
  • "Here Comes Santa Claus" (1947)
  • "Ghost Riders in the Sky" (1949)
  • "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" (1949)
  • "Peter Cottontail" (1950)
  • "Frosty the Snow Man" (1950)
  • "Up on the Housetop"

See also: 1938 in music, other events of 1939, 1940 in music and the list of years in music. Events Publication of Music Here and Now, book by Ernst Krenek March 23 - Béla Bartóks Violin Concerto No. ... // August 7 - Carlo Bergonzi makes his professional debut as Schaunard in La Bohème at the Arena Argentina in Catania. ... (Ghost) Riders in the Sky: A Cowboy Legend is a song on the borderline between country and pop music. ... See also: 1948 in music, other events of 1949, 1950 in music and the list of years in music. // Events Mitch Miller begins his career as one of the 20th centurys most successful record producers at Mercury Eddie Fisher signs with RCA Bob Hope suggests that Anthony Benedetto change... Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer is a popular Christmas story about Santa Claus ninth and lead reindeer who possesses an unusually red colored nose that gives off its own light that is powerful enough to illuminate the teams path through inclement weather. ... See also: 1948 in music, other events of 1949, 1950 in music and the list of years in music. // Events Mitch Miller begins his career as one of the 20th centurys most successful record producers at Mercury Eddie Fisher signs with RCA Bob Hope suggests that Anthony Benedetto change... See also: 1949 in music, other events of 1950, 1951 in music, 1950s in music and the list of years in music // Events Malcolm Sargent becomes chief conductor of the BBC Symphony Orchestra. ...

See also

Museum of the American West in Los Angeles, California Statue of Gene Autry in front of Autry National Center The Museum of the American West is a western heritage museum located in Griffith Park in Los Angeles, California. ... The Hollywood Christmas Parade is a parade that takes place every year on the weekend after thanksgiving in Hollywood, California, in the United States. ... Gene Autry is a town located in Carter County, Oklahoma. ... The worlds best-selling music artists cannot be listed officially, as there is no organization that has recorded global music sales in the manner that the RIAA does in the United States. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gene Autry - definition of Gene Autry in Encyclopedia (640 words)
Gene Autry (September 29, 1907 - October 2, 1998) was an American performer who gained fame as The Singing Cowboy on the radio, in movies and on television.
Born as Orvon Gene Autry in Tioga, Texas, his family moved to Ravia, Oklahoma in the 1920s.
Gene Autry died of lymphoma at age 91 at his home in Los Angeles, and is interred in the Forest Lawn, Hollywood Hills Cemetery in Los Angeles, California.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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