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Encyclopedia > Gelsenkirchen
Gelsenkirchen
Opera House
Coat of arms Location
Coat of arms of Gelsenkirchen
Administration
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Münster
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Frank Baranowski (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 104.84 km² (40 sq mi)
Elevation 60 m  (197 ft)
Population 267,362  (30/06/2006)[1]
 - Density 2,550 /km² (6,605 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate code GE
Postal codes 45801-45899
Area code 0209
Website www.gelsenkirchen.de

Coordinates: 51°31′″N 07°06′″E / Expression error: Unexpected / operator, Expression error: Unexpected / operator Image File history File links Musiktheater_im_Revier. ... Image File history File links Stadtwappen_der_kreisfreien_Stadt_Gelsenkirchen. ... Image File history File links Karte_Deutschland. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... Coat of arms Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEA Capital Düsseldorf Prime Minister Jürgen Rüttgers (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  34,084 km² (13,160 sq mi) Population 18,033,000... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... For other places with the same or similar names, and other uses of the word, see Munster (disambiguation) Münster is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Councillor Patrick (Pat) John Stannard, Lord Mayor of Oxford (2004). ... SPD redirects here. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, Postleitzahl (plural Postleitzahlen, abbreviated to PLZ), consist of five digits, which indicate the wider area (first two digits), and the postal district (last three digits). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Gelsenkirchen-Buer looking south towards downtown Gelsenkirchen, 1955.
Gelsenkirchen-Buer looking south towards downtown Gelsenkirchen, 1955.
Gelserkichen in the early 21st century.
Gelserkichen in the early 21st century.
In the city-forest of Buer (Buerscher Stadtwald).
In the city-forest of Buer (Buerscher Stadtwald).
A former mining settlement.
A former mining settlement.
Times change: former Zeche Nordstern; today headquarters of the THS.
Times change: former Zeche Nordstern; today headquarters of the THS.
Contrasts in the inner-city.
Contrasts in the inner-city.
Sciencepark in Ückendorf (Wissenschaftspark).
Sciencepark in Ückendorf (Wissenschaftspark).
Bus, tram und subway stop/station Buerer Straße.
Bus, tram und subway stop/station Buerer Straße.

Gelsenkirchen (IPA: [gɛlzənˈkɪʁçən]) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the northern part of the Ruhr area. Its population in 2006 was c. 267,000. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1334x964, 651 KB) Beschreibung: Buer, a City in Germany Quelle: Fotografiert in den frühen 1950er-Jahren vom Rathausturm gen Süden Fotograf: A. Gundelach, Germany (Grossvater von Produnis) ähnliche Bilder: 1950er: Image:BuerNorden1955_1. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1334x964, 651 KB) Beschreibung: Buer, a City in Germany Quelle: Fotografiert in den frühen 1950er-Jahren vom Rathausturm gen Süden Fotograf: A. Gundelach, Germany (Grossvater von Produnis) ähnliche Bilder: 1950er: Image:BuerNorden1955_1. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1780x1339, 1499 KB) Beschreibung: Buer, a City in Germany Quelle: Fotografiert am 15. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1780x1339, 1499 KB) Beschreibung: Buer, a City in Germany Quelle: Fotografiert am 15. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 331 KB) Beschreibung: Fachwerkhäuschen im Buerschen Stadtwald. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 331 KB) Beschreibung: Fachwerkhäuschen im Buerschen Stadtwald. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 332 KB) Beschreibung: Restaurierte Zechensiedlung in Gelsenkirchen. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 332 KB) Beschreibung: Restaurierte Zechensiedlung in Gelsenkirchen. ... Image File history File links Gelsenkirchen_nordstern. ... Image File history File links Gelsenkirchen_nordstern. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (808x1024, 327 KB) Beschreibung: Das Bild zeigt Kontraste von Jugendstil und Moderne in der Gelsenkirchener Innenstadt; das Café Baldinis (rechts)und ein Wohn- und Geschäftshaus (links). ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (808x1024, 327 KB) Beschreibung: Das Bild zeigt Kontraste von Jugendstil und Moderne in der Gelsenkirchener Innenstadt; das Café Baldinis (rechts)und ein Wohn- und Geschäftshaus (links). ... Image File history File links Wissenschaftspark_01. ... Image File history File links Wissenschaftspark_01. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 164 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gelsenkirchen ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 164 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gelsenkirchen ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Coat of arms Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEA Capital Düsseldorf Prime Minister Jürgen Rüttgers (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  34,084 km² (13,160 sq mi) Population 18,033,000... Ruhr Area within Germany Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area, also called simply Ruhr, (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquial Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large formerly industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Gelsenkirchen was first documented in 1150, but it remained a tiny village until the 19th century, when the Industrial Revolution led to the growth of the entire area. In 1840, when the mining of coal began, 6000 inhabitants lived in Gelsenkirchen; in 1900 the population had increased to 138,000. The Industrial Revolution was a major shift of technological, socioeconomic, and cultural conditions that occurred in the late 18th century and early 19th century in some Western countries. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ...


In the early 20th century Gelsenkirchen was the most important coal mining town in Europe. It was called the "city of a thousand fires", for all its smoking stacks. In 1928 Gelsenkirchen was merged with the adjoining cities of Buer and Horst. The city bore the name Gelsenkirchen-Buer, until it was renamed Gelsenkirchen in 1930. During the Nazi era Gelsenkirchen remained a centre of coal production and oil refining, and for this reason it was bombed by Allied air raids in World War II. During the war, it was the site of a woman's subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp.[2] Today in Gelsenkirchen there are no collieries any more and Gelsenkirchen is searching for a new image, having been hit for decades with one of the highest unemployment rates of Germany. Today Germany's largest solar power plant is located in the city. In Gelsenkirchen-Scholven there is a coal fired power station with the tallest chimneys in Germany (302 metres). Buer is the biggest suburb of Gelsenkirchen and the most important one with most of the schools and churches being in Buer. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... View of the Shell/Valero Martinez oil refinery An oil refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into useful petroleum products. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Gate with the words Jedem das Seine (literally, “to each his own”, but figuratively “everyone gets what he deserves”) Buchenwald concentration camp was a Nazi concentration camp established on the Ettersberg (Etter Mountain) near Weimar, Thuringia, Germany, in July 1937, and one of the largest such camps on German soil. ... Solar power describes a number of methods of harnessing energy from the light of the sun. ...

Contents

History

Ancient and Medieval times

Although the part of town now called Buer was first mentioned by Heribert I in a document as Puira in 1003, there were hunting people on a hill north of the Emscher as early as the Bronze Age — and therefore earlier than 1000 BC. They did not live in houses as such, but in small yards gathered together near each other. Later, the Romans pushed into the area. In about 700, the region was settled by the Saxons. A few other parts of town which today lie in Gelsenkirchen's north end were mentioned in documents from the early Middle Ages, some examples being: Raedese (nowadays Resse), Middelvic (Middelich, today part of Resse), Sutheim (Sutum; today part of Beckhausen) and Sculven (nowadays Scholven). Many nearby farming communities were later identified as iuxta Bure ("near Buer"). The Emscher is a relatively small river flowing through the Ruhr area in North Rhine-Westphalia in western Germany. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... For other uses, see Saxon (disambiguation). ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in Indonesia Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ...


It was about 1150 when the name Gelstenkerken or Geilistirinkirkin cropped up for the first time. At about the same time, the first church in town was built in what is now Buer. This ecclesia Buron ("church at Buer") was listed in a directory of parish churches by the sexton from Deutz, Theodericus. This settlement belonged to the Mark. However, in ancient times and even in the Middle Ages, only a few dozen people actually lived in the settlements around the Emscher basin. It has been suggested that Ecclesia (Church) be merged into this article or section. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ... There are multiple topics for Deutz Deutz, Germany: the town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Deutz AG: a diesel-engine manufacturer in Germany. ... Mark was a medieval territory in todays North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The span of recorded history is roughly 5,000-5,500 years, with cuneiform possibly being the oldest form of writing. ...


Industrialisation

Up until the middle of the 19th century, the area in and around Gelsenkirchen was only thinly settled and almost exclusively agrarian. In 1815, after temporarily belonging to the Grand Duchy of Berg, the land now comprising the city of Gelsenkirchen passed to Prussia, which assigned it to the province of Westphalia. Whereas the Gelsenkirchen of that time — not including today's north-end communities, such as Buer — was put in the Amt of Wattenscheid in the Bochum district, in the governmental district of Arnsberg, Buer, which was an Amt in its own right, was along with nearby Horst joined to Recklinghausen district in the governmental district of Münster. This arrangement came to an end only in 1928. A grand duchy is a territory whose head of state is a Grand Duke or Grand Duchess. ... Berg was a medieval territory in todays North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ... Westphalia (German: Westfalen) is a region in Germany, centred on the cities of Bielefeld, Dortmund, Gelsenkirchen, Münster, and Osnabrück and included in the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Lower Saxony. ... An Amt is a name for subnational administrative units used in some northern European countries. ... Wattenscheid was once a separate town in the North Rhine-Westphalia region of Germany. ... Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Recklinghausen is a city in the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... For other places with the same or similar names, and other uses of the word, see Munster (disambiguation) Münster is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


After the discovery of coal — lovingly known as "Black Gold" — in the Ruhr area in 1840, and the subsequent industrialization, the Cologne-Minden Railway and the Gelsenkirchen Main Railway Station were opened. In 1868, Gelsenkirchen became the seat of an Amt within the Bochum district which encompassed the communities of Gelsenkirchen, Braubauerschaft (as of 1900, Bismarck), Schalke, Heßler, Bulmke and Hüllen. Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... Ruhr Area within Germany Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area, also called simply Ruhr, (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquial Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large formerly industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to... , For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... Minden is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


Friedrich Grillo founded the Corporation for Chemical Industry (Aktiengesellschaft für Chemische Industrie) in Schalke in 1872, and also the Schalke Mining and Ironworks Association (Schalker Gruben- und Hüttenverein). A year later, and once again in Schalke, he founded the Glass and Mirror Factory Incorporated (Glas- und Spiegel-Manufaktur AG).


After Gelsenkirchen had become an important heavy-industry hub, it was raised to city in 1875.


Gelsenkirchen becomes a city

In 1885, after Bochum district was split up, Gelsenkirchen became the seat of its own district (Kreis), which would last until 1926. The cities of Gelsenkirchen and Wattenscheid, as well as the Ämter of Braubauerschaft (as of 1900, Bismarck), Schalke, Ückendorf, Wanne and Wattenscheid all belonged to the Gelsenkirchen district. A few years later, in 1896, Gelsenkirchen was split away from Gelsenkirchen district to become an "independent city" (kreisfreie Stadt). In 1891, Horst was split away from the Amt of Buer, which itself was raised to city in 1911, and to kreisfreie Stadt the next year. Meanwhile, Horst became the seat of its own Amt. In 1924, the rural community of Rotthausen, which until then had belonged to the Essen district, was made part of the Gelsenkirchen district. An independent city is a city that does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity. ... Essen is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


In 1928, under the Prussian local government reforms, the cities of Gelsenkirchen and Buer along with the Amt of Horst together became a new kreisfreie Stadt called Gelsenkirchen-Buer, effective as of 1 April that year. From that time, the whole city area belonged to the governmental district of Münster. In 1930, on the city's advice, the city's name was changed to Gelsenkirchen, effective 21 May. By this time, the city was home to about 340,000 people. is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... May 21 is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1931, the Gelsenkirchen Mining Corporation (Gelsenkirchener Bergwerks-Aktien-Gesellschaft) founded the "Gelsenberg" Petrol Corporation (Gelsenberg-Benzin-AG). The Hibernia Mining Company founded the Hydrierwerk Scholven AG GE-Buer, a hydrogenation plant, in 1935. Hydrogenation is a class of chemical reactions which result an addition of hydrogen (H2) usually to unsaturated organic compounds. ...


The Third Reich

In the time when the Nazis held sway in Germany, Gelsenkirchen, owing to its location in the heart of the Ruhr area, was a centre of wartime industry. In no other time has Gelsenkirchen's industry been so highly productive. This brought about, on the one hand, after the massive job cuts in the 1920s, a short-term boost in mining and heavy-industry jobs. On the other hand, the city naturally became the target of many heavy Allied bombing raids during the Second World War, which destroyed three fourths of Gelsenkirchen. Even today, many old above-ground air-raid shelters can be found in the city, and some of the city's official buildings such as Hans-Sachs-Haus downtown and the town hall in Buer have air-raid shelters still kept more or less in their original form. The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... It has been suggested that Fallout Shelter be merged into this article or section. ...


Two synagogues in Gelsenkirchen were destroyed in the anti-Jewish riots of Kristallnacht on November 9, 1938. The one in Buer was burnt down. The one in downtown Gelsenkirchen was likewise destroyed. In the Kristallnacht Nazis in the German Reich destroyed Jewish business, dwellings and cemeteries, set synagogs on fire. Also the synagog in Gelsenkirchen, which had been inaugurated in 1885, was burned down the the founcation walls. Since 1963 a board reminded passers of the destruction of the old synagogue. Finally, in 1993 the area was renamed to the "place of the old synagogue" and 66 years later, on 9.November 2004, Paul Spiegel put the foundation-stone for the new synagog. On 1.February the place of worship was solemnly opened. After an approximate one year construction period is the new synagog in Gelsenkichen now that new center of the Jewish municipality in the place developed, in which also the 1938 destroyed old synagog were. The praying area offers place for altogether 400 people, additionally is attached a community center with meeting area. Today the Jewish municipality Gelsenkirchen counts about 430 members. In Gelsenkirchen there was an external camp of the KZ Buchenwald in the year 1944. In the Gelsenberg Lager on the working area of the Gelsenberg Benzin AG about 2000 Hungarian women and girls were accommodated, who were assigned to the hard labour on the hydrogenation work. About 150 of these Hungarian Jewesses died with heavy bomb attacks in September 1944 on the work. The admission to shelters and protection ditches was forbidden to them. List of victims is accessible on the page of GELSENZENTRUM Documentationcenter for urban and contemperary history A synagogue (from ancient Greek: , transliterated synagogÄ“, assembly; Hebrew: beit knesset, house of assembly; Yiddish: , shul; Ladino: , esnoga) is a Jewish house of worship. ... Kristallnacht, also known as Reichskristallnacht, Pogromnacht, Crystal Night and the Night of Broken Glass, was a pogrom[1] against Jews throughout Germany and parts of Austria on November 9–November 10, 1938. ... Schicksalstag (literally day of fate) is a label often used for 9 November due to the special importance of this day in German history. ... Kristallnacht, also known as Reichskristallnacht, Pogromnacht, Crystal Night and the Night of Broken Glass, was a pogrom[1] against Jews throughout Germany and parts of Austria on November 9–November 10, 1938. ... The history of Germany is, in places, extremely complicated and depends much on how one defines Germany. ... Lesko synagogue, Poland A synagogue (Hebrew: בית כנסת ; beit knesset, house of assembly; Yiddish: שול, shul) is a Jewish place of religious worship. ... Paul Spiegel (born December 31, 1937) is leader of the Zentralrat der Juden in Germany and the main spokesman of the German Jews. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... Bodies of the Buchenwald concentration camp prisoners, April 1945 Buchenwald concentration camp was a Nazi concentration camp established on the Ettersberg (the Etter Mountain) near the Etterburg (the Etter Keep) located near Weimar, Thuringia, Germany, in July 1937. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The Gelsenberg Lager was a subcamp of the concentration camp Buchenwald in Gelsenkirchen-Horst In this subcamp about 2000 Hungarian Jewesses were accommodated. ...


Throughout the time when Hitler was in power, from 1933 to 1945, the city's mayor was Carl Engelbert Böhmer, an NSDAP member appointed by the régime. The Institute for City History set up a documentation site: "Gelsenkirchen in National Socialist times".


After the war

On 17 December 1953, the Kokerei Hassel went into operation, billed as Germany's "first new coking plant" since the war. When postal codes (Postleitzahlen) were introduced in 1961, Gelsenkirchen was one of the few cities in West Germany to be given two codes: Buer was given 466, while Gelsenkirchen got 465. These were in use until 1 July 1993. The "first comprehensive school in North Rhine-Westphalia" was opened in 1969. Scholven-Chemie AG (the old hydrogenation plant) merged with Gelsenberg-Benzin-AG to form the new corporation VEBA-Oel AG. In 1987, Pope John Paul II celebrated Mass before 85,000 people at Gelsenkirchen's Parkstadion. The Pope also became an honorary member of FC Schalke 04. December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Postcodes are generally clearly visible outside Australia Post offices. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... A Comprehensive school is a type of school providing secondary level education in England or Wales. ... Coat of arms Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEA Capital Düsseldorf Prime Minister Jürgen Rüttgers (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  34,084 km² (13,160 sq mi) Population 18,033,000... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   []; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of... A Medieval Low Mass by a bishop. ... FC Schalke 04 is a German football club originally from the Schalke district of Gelsenkirchen, North Rhine-Westphalia. ...


In 1997, the Federal Garden Show (Bundesgartenschau or BUGA) was held on the grounds of the disused Nordstern coalmine in Horst. In 1999, the last phase of the Emscher Park International Building Exhibition, an undertaking that brought together many cities in North Rhine-Westphalia, was held. Coke was produced at the old Hassel coking works for the last time on 29 September 1999. This marked the shutdown of the last coking plant in Gelsenkirchen, after being a coking town for more than 117 years. In the same year, Shell Solar Deutschland AG took over production of photovoltaic equipment. On 28 April 2000, the Ewald-Hugo colliery closed — Gelsenkirchen's last colliery. Three thousand coalminers lost their jobs. In 2003, Buer celebrated its thousandth anniversary of first documentary mention, and FC Schalke 04 celebrated on 4 May 2004 its hundredth anniversary. Wyoming coal mine Coal mining is the mining of coal. ... Coke Coke is a solid carbonaceous material derived from destructive distillation of low-ash, low-sulfur bituminous coal. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... A solar cell, a form of photovoltaic cell, is a device that uses the photoelectric effect to generate electricity from light, thus generating solar power (energy). ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Today, Gelsenkirchen is a centre for sciences, services, and production, with good infrastructure.

Panorama of Gelsenkirchen

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (8722x700, 978 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gelsenkirchen ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (8722x700, 978 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gelsenkirchen ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Population development

The following figures are estimates, census data, or official extrapolations of Gelsenkirchen's population at various times.

Population development
Population development
Year Population figure
1798 ca. 350
1838 505
1871 7,825
1875 11,295
1 December 1890 ¹ 28,057
1 December 1895 ¹ 31,582
1 December 1900 ¹ 36,937
1903 138.000
1 December 1905 ¹ 147,005
1 December 1910 ¹ 169,513
1914 175,000
8 October 1919 ¹ 168,557
16 June 1925 ¹ 208,512
1928 340,077
Year Population figure
16 June 1933 ¹ 332,545
17 May 1939 ¹ 317,568
1945 160,000
13 September 1950 ¹ 315,460
1959 391,745
6 June 1961 ¹ 382,689
31 December 1970 347,100
30 June 1975 325,400
30 June 1980 305,600
30 June 1985 286,500
1 January 1989 287,255
30 June 1997 287,800
31 December 2003 272,445
31 December 2004 270,107

¹ Census figures Image File history File links Download high resolution version (910x562, 74 KB) Population Statistics of Gelsenkirchen This image shows the population statistics of Gelsenkirchen (Germany). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (910x562, 74 KB) Population Statistics of Gelsenkirchen This image shows the population statistics of Gelsenkirchen (Germany). ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Economy and infrastructure

Headquarters of the Gelsenwasser AG
Headquarters of the Gelsenwasser AG
Highways and main roads in Gelsenkirchen
Highways and main roads in Gelsenkirchen
Two vintage trams on hand for the reopening of the Essenerstraße stop in Horst
Two vintage trams on hand for the reopening of the Essenerstraße stop in Horst
Stadtbahn at main railway station
Stadtbahn at main railway station
The VELTINS Arena AufSchalke
The VELTINS Arena AufSchalke

Gelsenkirchen presents itself above all as a centre of solar technology. Shell Solar Deutschland GmbH produces solar cells in Rotthausen. Scheuten Solar Technology has taken over its solar panel production. There are other large businesses in town: THS GmbH, Gelsenwasser, e.on, BP Gelsenkirchen GmbH, Shell Solar Deutschland GmbH and Pilkington. According to a study by the Bertelsmann Foundation, Gelsenkirchen is, after Leipzig, Karlsruhe and Bremen, Germany's fourth business-friendliest city. Image File history File links Gelsenwasser. ... Image File history File links Gelsenwasser. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (819x1190, 91 KB) Summary Beschreibung: Selbst erstelle Karte von Gelsenkirchen mit Straßen und Stadtteilen. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (819x1190, 91 KB) Summary Beschreibung: Selbst erstelle Karte von Gelsenkirchen mit Straßen und Stadtteilen. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 353 KB) Beschreibung: Zwei Historische Wagen (Nummer 96 & 40) der BOGESTRA bei der Wiedereröffnung der Haltestelle Essener Str. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 353 KB) Beschreibung: Zwei Historische Wagen (Nummer 96 & 40) der BOGESTRA bei der Wiedereröffnung der Haltestelle Essener Str. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 283 KB) Summary Beschreibung: Gelsenkirchen Hbf - Stadtbahn-Station mit der Linie 302 Richtung Buer Rathaus. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 283 KB) Summary Beschreibung: Gelsenkirchen Hbf - Stadtbahn-Station mit der Linie 302 Richtung Buer Rathaus. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1360, 1328 KB) Description: Arena Auf Schalke, Gelsenkirchen (Friendly: Germany vs Bundesliga Allstars) Source: Torsten Lauterborn Date: 25-01-2005 Author: Torsten Lauterborn Permission: Creative Commoms License by Torsten Lauterborn File links The following pages link to this file: FC Schalke... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1360, 1328 KB) Description: Arena Auf Schalke, Gelsenkirchen (Friendly: Germany vs Bundesliga Allstars) Source: Torsten Lauterborn Date: 25-01-2005 Author: Torsten Lauterborn Permission: Creative Commoms License by Torsten Lauterborn File links The following pages link to this file: FC Schalke... E.ON AG (ISIN: DE0007614406, NYSE: EON, LSE: EON) , based in Düsseldorf, Germany, is an energy corporation, one of the 30 members of the DAX stock index of major German companies. ... Pilkington plc is the largest glass manufacturer in the United Kingdom. ... Leipzig ( ; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk from the Sorbian word for Tilia) is, with a population of over 506,000, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. ... Karlsruhe (population 285,812 in 2006) is a city in the south west of Germany, in the Bundesland Baden-Württemberg, located near the French-German border. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ...


Transport

Gelsenkirchen lies on Bundesautobahnen A 2, A 40, A 42 and A 52, as well as on Bundesstraßen (Federal Highways) B 224, B 226 and B 227. Gelsenkirchen's main railway station lies at the junction of the Oberhausen-Gelsenkirchen-Herne-Dortmund and Essen-Gelsenkirchen-Recklinghausen-Münster lines. It has been suggested that German Autobahns be merged into this article or section. ... Map of the A 2 in Germany Bundesautobahn 2 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 2, short form Autobahn 2, abbreviated as BAB 2 or A 2) is an autobahn in Germany that connects the Ruhr area in the west to Berlin in the east. ... The A40 is one of the most frequented Autobahns in Germany. ... Bundesautobahn 42 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 42, short form Autobahn 42, abbreviated as BAB 42 or A 42) is an autobahn in western Germany. ... Categories: Road stubs ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street Station in 1865. ... Categories: Stub ... Oberhausen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Herne (IPA: ) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ... Essen is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Recklinghausen is a city in the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... For other places with the same or similar names, and other uses of the word, see Munster (disambiguation) Münster is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


As for waterways, Gelsenkirchen can be reached along the Rhine-Herne Canal, where a commercial-industrial harbour is to be found. The harbour has a yearly turnover of 2 000 000 t and a water surface area of about 1.2 km², one of Germany's biggest and most important canal harbours, and is furthermore connected to Deutsche Bahn's railway network. A harbor (or harbour) or haven is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. ... A tonne or metric ton (symbol t), sometimes referred to as a metric tonne, is a measurement of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms. ... Germanys main train operator, the Deutsche Bahn AG (German Railway Corporation, also known as DB or DBAG) provides passenger and freight service via federally owned tracks. ...


Local transport in Gelsenkirchen is afforded by trams and buses run by the Bochum-Gelsenkirchener Straßenbahn AG (BOGESTRA), as well as by Vestische Straßenbahnen GmbH in the city's north end (despite its name, it nowadays runs only buses). There is also a Stadtbahn service connecting Buer to Essen which is operated by EVAG. Tram lines connect the city to Bochum and Essen. All these services have an integrated fare structure within the VRR. There are three tram lines, one light rail line, and about 50 bus routes in Gelsenkirchen. This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... For other uses, see Bus (disambiguation). ... The Bochum-Gelsenkirchener Straßenbahnen AG (abbreviated BOGESTRA, German for Bochum - Gelsenkirchen Tramways Corporation) is a public transport operator in the Ruhr area, most notably in the cities of Bochum and Gelsenkirchen. ... Stadtbahn signet as used in North Rhine-Westphalia Stadtbahn (literally in German: city railway) is a term for light rail systems in operation in Germany. ... Essen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Essen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... VRR area The Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr (abbreviated VRR) is the public transport association covering the area of the Rhine-Ruhr megalopolis in Germany. ...


Media

Gelsenkirchen is the headquarters of the Verband Lokaler Rundfunk in Nordrhein-Westfalen e.V. (VLR) (Network of Local Radio in North Rhine-Westphalia Registered Association (VLR). REL (Radio Emscher-Lippe) is also headquartered in Gelsenkirchen. The GSM Core network is the heart of a GSM system, the most common mobile phone system in the world. ...


Among newspapers, the Buersche Zeitung was a daily till 2006. Then the paper was closed down, though economically there was no reason for it. The Dortmund paper Ruhr-Nachrichten did the local news section. Now, the Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung is the only local newspaper in Gelsenkirchen and has so to say a monopoly. The local radio station REL also reports the local news. Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ...


There is also a free weekly newspaper, the Stadtspiegel Gelsenkirchen, along with monthly, or irregular, local publications called the Familienpost and the Beckhausener Kurier.


Miscellaneous

On the occasion of the 2006 FIFA world football championship, the transport infrastructure in Gelsenkirchen leading to the Veltins-Arena underwent modifications. Likewise, the main railway station is undergoing extensive reconstruction, with completion planned in time for the championship. Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The International Federation of Football Association (French: ), commonly known by its acronym, FIFA, is the international governing body of association football. ... The 2006 FIFA World Cup (officially titled 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany, sometimes referred to as the Football World Cup) finals are scheduled to take place in Germany between 9 June and 9 July 2006. ... Veltins Arena during a Pur concert. ...


The Power Station Westerholt has the tallest chimney in Germany (337 metres tall) 337 m (1104 ft) tall smokestack of Power Station Westerholt Chimney of Power Station Westerholt a few days before demolition Power Station Westerholt was a coal fired power station in Gelsenkirchen-Westerholt, Germany. ...


Education

Gelsenkirchen has 51 elementary schools (36 "community" schools, 12 Catholic schools, 3 Evangelical schools), 8 Hauptschulen, 6 Realschulen, 7 Gymnasien, and 4 Gesamtschulen, among which the Gesamtschule Bismarck, as the only comprehensive school run by the Westphalian branch of the Evangelical (Lutheran) Church, warrants special mention. Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... Rütli-Hauptschule, Berlin-Neukölln. ... In Germany, the Realschule was an outgrowth of the rationalism and empiricism of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. ... A gymnasium (pronounced with or, in Swedish, as opposed to ) is a type of school providing secondary education in some parts of Europe, comparable to English Grammar Schools and U.S. High Schools. ... Responsibility for educational oversight in Germany lies primarily with the states while the federal government only has a minor role. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ...


The Fachhochschule Gelsenkirchen, founded in 1992, has campuses in Bocholt and Recklinghausen with the following course offerings: Economics, Computer Science, Physical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Supply and Disposal Engineering. A Fachhochschule (plural: Fachhochschulen) or University of Applied Sciences in Austria, Germany, Liechtenstein and Switzerland is a university specialized in certain topical areas (e. ... There are two towns called Bocholt Bocholt in Germany, see Bocholt, Germany Bocholt in Belgium, see Bocholt, Belgium This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Face-to-face trading interactions on the New York Stock Exchange trading floor. ... Computer science, or computing science, is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ... Electrical Engineers design power systems… … and complex electronic circuits. ... Mechanical engineering is an engineering discipline that involves the application of principles of physics for analysis, design, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. ...


Also found in Gelsenkirchen is one of the seven locations of the Fachhochschule für öffentliche Verwaltung NRW (Fachhochschule for public administration North Rhine-Westphalia) offering as fields of study Municipal Administrative Service, Police Training, and Administrative Economics. There is also a folk high school as well as a city library with three branches in Horst, Buer and Erle with more than 100,000 books, films, and CDs. A Fachhochschule (plural: Fachhochschulen) or University of Applied Sciences in Austria, Germany, Liechtenstein and Switzerland is a university specialized in certain topical areas (e. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Popular education. ... For other uses, see Library (disambiguation). ...


Sports

Gelsenkirchen is home of the football club FC Schalke 04. Schalke's home ground, Veltins-Arena, is generally regarded as one of the most innovative stadiums built in recent years. It was one of the 12 German cities to have hosted games during the Football World Cup 2006, it hosted the matches between Poland and Ecuador, Argentina and Serbia and Montenegro, Portugal and Mexico and USA and Czech Republic in the first round of the competition. A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... The official Bundesliga logo. ... FC Schalke 04 is a German football club originally from the Schalke district of Gelsenkirchen, North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Veltins Arena during a Pur concert. ... The 2006 FIFA World Cup (officially titled 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany, sometimes referred to as the Football World Cup) finals are scheduled to take place in Germany between 9 June and 9 July 2006. ...


Twinned towns

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Gelsenkirchen, Germany

Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Büyükçekmece is a suburb of Istanbul, Turkey on its European side. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Cottbus (Sorbian: Chośebuz, archaic German: Kottbus) is a city in Brandenburg, Germany, situated around 125 km southeast of Berlin on the Spree river. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Georgia. ... Kutaisi (Georgian: ; ancient names: Aea/Aia, Kutatisi, Kutaïssi ) is Georgias second largest city in the western province of Imereti. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... , Newcastle upon Tyne (usually shortened to Newcastle) is a large city in Tyne and Wear, England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Olsztyn ( ; German: ; Old Prussian: Alnāsteini) is a city in northeast Poland, on the Łyna river. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Shakhtys coat of arms Shakhty (Russian: ) is a city in Rostov Oblast, Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Coat of arms [[Image:{{{image_coat_of_arms}}}|100px|Coat of arms]] Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina [[Image:{{{image_map}}}|150px|center|Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina highlighting the town or municipality location]] General Information Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Land area 499,7 km² Population 146,000 (estimate) Population density 293/km... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

External links

Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Rhine-Westphalia_(state). ... Coat of arms Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEA Capital Düsseldorf Prime Minister Jürgen Rüttgers (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  34,084 km² (13,160 sq mi) Population 18,033,000... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Oche redirects here; in darts the oche is the line from which players must throw. ... Bielefeld is a district-free town in the Regierungsbezirk Detmold in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany, located about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Map of Germany showing Bottrop Bottrop is a city in west central Germany, on the Rhine-Herne Canal, in North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen). ... Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ... Duisburg is a German city and port in the western part of the Ruhr Area (Ruhrgebiet) in North Rhine-Westphalia. ... The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Duesseldorf. ... Essen is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Hagen is the 37th largest city in Germany, located in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Map of Germany showing Hamm Hamm is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Herne (IPA: ) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... , For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... Krefeld is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Leverkusen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mönchengladbach is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mülheim an der Ruhr, that calls itself City on the River, is a small to medium-sized city in [North Rhine-Westphalia]] in Germany. ... For other places with the same or similar names, and other uses of the word, see Munster (disambiguation) Münster is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Oberhausen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Remscheid is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Müngstener Brücke, a railroad bridge between Solingen and Remscheid. ... Wuppertal university Wuppertal is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Image File history File links Deutschland_Lage_von_Nordrhein-Westfalen. ... Germany is divided into 429 administrative districts; these consist of 313 rural districts (Landkreise), listed fully here, and 116 urban districts (Kreisfreie Städte / Stadtkreise) - cities which constitute a district in their own right (see Urban districts of Germany). ... The district of Aachen (Kreis Aachen) is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Borken is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Cleves (Kleve in German and these days also usually in English) is a Kreis (local-government district) in northwestern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Coesfeld is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, west of the city of Münster. ... Düren is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is a district in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Euskirchen is a Kreis (district) in the south-west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Gütersloh is a Kreis (district) in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Heinsberg is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Herford (IPA: ) is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Hochsauerland is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Höxter is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... This article is about the district Lippe. ... The Märkische Kreis is a district (Kreis) in central North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mettmann is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Minden-Lübbecke is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Oberbergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Olpe is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Paderborn is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Recklinghausen is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rheinisch-Bergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rhein-Erft-Kreis is a district in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Neuss is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rhein-Sieg-Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the south of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Siegen-Wittgenstein is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Soest is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Steinfurt is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Unna district is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Viersen is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Warendorf is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Wesel is a Kreis (district) in the norther-western part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gelsenkirchen - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2009 words)
Gelsenkirchen was first documented in 1150, but it remained a tiny village until the 19th century, when the Industrial Revolution led to the growth of the entire area.
In 1928 Gelsenkirchen was merged with the adjoining cities of Buer and Horst.
Gelsenkirchen lies on Bundesautobahnen A 2, A 40, A 42 and A 52, as well as on Bundesstraßen (Federal Highways) B 224, B 226 and B 227.
Gelsenkirchen, the City of (427 words)
Gelsenkirchen with around 280,000 inhabitants is the largest town in the Emscher-Lippe region.
Gelsenkirchen is also a solar town with a production output of 1,000 elements every hour for solar cells in a modern assembly line.
Gelsenkirchen's transport connections are very good, enabling the other large towns in the Ruhr and Rhineland to be quickly reached by road and rail.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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