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Encyclopedia > Gelonus

Gelonus, (also transliterated Helonus), 50.02° N 34.38° E, was the capital of Scythia (now in Ukraine) named for its inhabitants, the Geloni. In his account of Scythia (Inquiries book 4), Herodotus writes that the Gelonii were formerly Greeks, having settled away from the coastal emporia among the Budini, where they "use a tongue partly Scythian and partly Greek": Scythian warriors, drawn after figures on an electrum cup from the KulOba kurgan burial near Kerch. ... Scythian warriors, drawn after figures on an electrum cup from the KulOba kurgan burial near Kerch. ... Bust of Herodotus at Naples Herodotus of Halicarnassus (Greek: Ήροδοτος, Herodotos) was a historian who lived in the 5th century BC (484 BC-ca. ... Emporia is the name of several places in the United States of America: Emporia, Kansas Emporia, Virginia Emporia, ancient Greek term This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Budini, an ancient nation in the NE of the Scythia of Herodotus (iv. ...

"The Budini for their part, being a large and numerous nation, is all mightily blue-eyed and ruddy. And a city among them has been built, a wooden city, and the name of the city is Gelonus. Of its wall then in size each side is of thirty stades and high and all wooden. And their homes are wooden and their shrines. For indeed there is in the very place Greek gods’ shrines adorned in the Greek way with statues, altars and wooden shrines and for triennial Dionysus festivals in honour of Dionysus...
"The language of the Budini is quite different, as, indeed, is their culture generally: they are a pastoral people who have always lived in this part of the country (a peculiarity of theirs is eating lice)..."

The fortified settlement of Gelonus was reached by the Persian army of Darius in his assault on Scythia during the 5th Century BC, and burned to the ground, the Budini having abandoned it in their flight before the Persian advance. Recent digs in Belsk, Ukraine have uncovered a vast city identified by the Kharkov archaeologist Boris Shramko as the Scythian capital Gelonus [1]. Budini, an ancient nation in the NE of the Scythia of Herodotus (iv. ... Darius is the coolest kid on earth. ... Belz (Ukrainian Белз, Polish Bełz, Yiddish בעלז) is a small town in western Ukraine, near the border with Poland. ...


There still exists in the Poltava region of Ukraine a brewery that produces "HELON" brand beer. Poltavs’ka oblast’ (Полтавська область in Ukrainian) is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine. ... The entrance of a brewery. ... Beer, generally, is an alcoholic beverage produced through the fermentation of sugars suspended in an aqueous medium, and which is not distilled after fermentation. ...


In Greek mythology, according to Herodotus ((iii.108), Hercules had three children by the monstrous Echidna, one of whom was Gelonus. [2]. Greek mythology consists of an extensive collection of narratives detailing the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, and heroines, which were first envisioned and disseminated in an oral-poetic tradition. ... Bust of Herodotus at Naples Herodotus of Halicarnassus (Greek: Ήροδοτος, Herodotos) was a historian who lived in the 5th century BC (484 BC-ca. ... Hercules and Cacus, by Baccio Bandinelli, 1525 - 1534. ... In the most ancient layers of Greek mythology Echidna (ekhis, meaning she viper) was called the Mother of All Monsters. Echidna was described by Hesiod (Theogony) as a female monster, who mothered with Typhon every major monster in the entire Greek mythos. ...


Gelonus is also a genus of true bug (Hemiptera: Coreidae) in Tasmania, one of the few that feed on eucalypts. In biology, a genus (plural genera) is a grouping in the classification of living organisms having one or more related and morphologically similar species. ... Suborders Heteroptera Homoptera Hemiptera is an order of insects, comprising some 67,500 known species in two suborders, Heteroptera and Homoptera. ... Coreidae is a family of insects of the Hemiptera order (the true bugs), in the Heteroptera suborder. ... Species About 600, see text Eucalyptus is a diverse genus of trees (rarely shrubs), the members of which dominate the tree flora of Australia. ...


See also Gelon. Gelo, son of Deinomenes, was a 5th century BC ruler of Gela and Syracuse. ...


External link

  • http://www.e-paranoids.com/g/ge/gelonus.html

  Results from FactBites:
 
Scythia - LoveToKnow 1911 (4517 words)
Above all these stretched a row of non-Scythian tribes from west to east: on the Marls (Maros) in Transylvania the Agathyrsi; Neuri in Podolia and Kiev, Androphagi and Melanchlaeni in Poltava, (Ryazan) and Tambov.
On the lower Don and Volga we have the Sauromatae, and on the middle course of the Volga the Budini with the great wooden town of Gelonus and its semi-Greek inhabitants.
To the south of Scythia the Crimean mountains were inhabited by a non-Sythic race, the Tauri.
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