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Encyclopedia > Geier

Geier is a German word for vulture. Geier is also a notable surname and less frequently is seen as a place name. Orders Falconiformes (Fam. ... A family name, or surname, is that part of a persons name that indicates to what family he or she belongs. ... In geography and cartography, a toponym is a place name, a geographical name, a proper name of locality, region, or some other part of Earths surface or its natural or artificial feature. ...

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Usages and Meanings of Geier

The usages and meanings attributed to the word in poetry, and literature and biblical scholarship, as well as among English-speaking writers of dictionary and encyclopedia entries, have led to a variety of misunderstandings and literary controversies. The word or name Geier therefore has etymological and ornithological connotations which would be considered unusual for more mundane or common surnames. The Chinese poem Quatrain on Heavenly Mountain by Emperor Gaozong (Song Dynasty) Poetry (from the Greek , poiesis, a making or creating) is a form of art in which language is used for its aesthetic and evocative qualities in addition to, or in lieu of, its ostensible meaning. ... Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... The Bible (From Greek βιβλια—biblia, meaning books, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported papyrus) is the sacred scripture of Christianity. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... Brockhaus Konversations-Lexikon, 1902 An encyclopedia, encyclopaedia or (traditionally) encyclopædia[1] is a comprehensive written compendium that contains information on all branches of knowledge or a particular branch of knowledge. ... A word is a unit of language that carries meaning and consists of one or more morphemes which are linked more or less tightly together, and has a phonetical value. ... For other uses, see Name (disambiguation). ... Etymology is the study of the origins of words. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


Ornithological Meanings of "Geier"

The modern German term Geier generally is recognized as referring to two distinct families of carrion-eating bird whose range includes the whole of Europe and the western part of Asia. Geier refers both to birds from the genus Old World vulture (Aegypiinae) and the family New World vulture (Cathartidae). who cares though]] island species, have also lost the ability to fly. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... Genera See text. ... A family in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso in 1997 A family consists of a domestic group of people (or a number of domestic groups), typically affiliated by birth or marriage, or by analogous or comparable relationships — including domestic partnership, cohabitation, adoption, surname and (in some cases) ownership (as occurred in the... Genera Cathartes Coragyps Gymnogyps Sarcorhamphus The New World vulture family Cathartidae contains seven species found in North and South America. ...


In English usage, the word Geier has been associated with both the Gyrfalcon and the Lammergeier although neither is synonymous with “Geier”. This has led to taxonomic confusion. Some authorities actually proclaimed uncertainty whether the Geier is a vulture or an eagle, and older dictionaries used the terms “Geier”, “Gyrfalcon” and “Lammergeier”, almost interchangeably, e.g. Webster's 1913 Dictionary, *[1]). Poets and others often assumed that the term Geier refers to a form of eagle or falcon, rather than a vulture, a matter that was commented upon in the article by Harriet C. Stanton, Poets and Birds: a Criticism, The Atlantic monthly. / Volume 52, Issue 311, September 1883. *[2] Even some encyclopedia writers adopted the view that the Lammergeier "is more closely allied with the eagles than with the vultures", as in the 11th Edition of Encyclopedia Britannica. *[3] // Binomial name Falco rusticolus Linnaeus, 1758 The Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus), also spelled Gyr Falcon (the g is pronounced as j in jar), and also sometimes spelled Gerfalcon, is the largest of all falcon species. ... Binomial name Gypaetus barbatus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Lammergeier or Bearded Vulture, Gypaetus barbatus, is an Old World vulture, the only member of the genus Gypaetus. ... Taxonomy (from Greek ταξινομία from the words taxis = order and nomos = law) may refer to either a hierarchical classification of things, or the principles underlying the classification. ... Orders Falconiformes (Fam. ... Genera Several, see below. ... Binomial name Gypaetus barbatus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Lammergeier or Bearded Vulture, Gypaetus barbatus, is an Old World vulture, the only member of the genus Gypaetus. ... 1913 advertisement for the 11th edition, with the slogan When in doubt — look it up in the Encyclopædia Britannica The Encyclopædia Britannica (properly spelled with æ, the ae-ligature) was first published in 1768–1771 as The Britannica was an important early English-language general encyclopedia and is still...


The earlier inaccurate and misleading conflations of disparate terms resulted from reliance on imprecise Biblical translations and metaphorical impressions rather than on direct anatomical or behavioral observations of the bird species themselves. In Biblical usage (see Leviticus xi, 13; Deuteronomy xiv, 17), the term "Gyrfalcon" referred to an unclean bird, most likely an Egyptian vulture, rather than to the modern Gyrfalcon, and did not refer to a falcon or an eagle. The Biblical references to "Gyrfalcon" (or sometimes "Gierfalcon") probably were a misinterpretation of a Hebrew term more properly translated either as Egyptian vulture or Lammergeier, the latter also known as the "lamb-vulture" or the "bone-breaker vulture", or historically as the "bone crusher" or Ossifrage). See *[4] and *[5]. Leviticus is the third book of the Hebrew Bible, also the third book in the Torah (five books of Moses). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Binomial name Neophron percnopterus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus) is a small Old World vulture, the only member of the genus Neophron. ... // Binomial name Falco rusticolus Linnaeus, 1758 The Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus), also spelled Gyr Falcon (the g is pronounced as j in jar), and also sometimes spelled Gerfalcon, is the largest of all falcon species. ... “Tiercel” redirects here. ... Genera Several, see below. ... Binomial name Neophron percnopterus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus) is a small Old World vulture, the only member of the genus Neophron. ... Binomial name Gypaetus barbatus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Lammergeier or Bearded Vulture, Gypaetus barbatus, is an Old World vulture, the only member of the genus Gypaetus. ...


Taxonomic confusion also resulted from the physical appearance of the Lammergeier. Because the head of the Lammergeier, unlike most other vultures, is feathered rather than naked, it bears a resemblance to the eagle or condor. “Gyrfalcon” is also sometimes rendered as "Geir eagle", as in *[6]), although in modern usage a Gyrfalcon is a member of the falcon family and is not an eagle. The Indian Vulture, another true vulture species recently recategorized as critically endangered, also was described as having a distinctly "eagle-like bearing" in contrast to most other vulture species. *[7] Binomial name Gypaetus barbatus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Lammergeier or Bearded Vulture, Gypaetus barbatus, is an Old World vulture, the only member of the genus Gypaetus. ... Binomial name Gypaetus barbatus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Lammergeier or Bearded Vulture, Gypaetus barbatus, is an Old World vulture, the only member of the genus Gypaetus. ... Genera Several, see below. ... Genera Vultur Gymnogyps Condor is the name for two species of New World vultures, each in a monotypic genus. ... // Binomial name Falco rusticolus Linnaeus, 1758 The Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus), also spelled Gyr Falcon (the g is pronounced as j in jar), and also sometimes spelled Gerfalcon, is the largest of all falcon species. ... “Tiercel” redirects here. ... Genera Several, see below. ... Binomial name Gyps indicus (Scopoli, 1786) The Long-billed Vulture, Gyps indicus, is an Old World vulture in the family Accipitridae, which also includes eagles, kites, buzzards and hawks. ...


The modern taxonomic distinction between the families of eagles or falcons and the families of vultures should eliminate any uncertainty over the respective meanings of the term Geier. The Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus) and the Lammergeier (Gypaetus barbatus) are true carrion-eating vultures. The term "Geier" should not be applied to the modern Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus); the Gyrfalcon is a distinct species of falcon (the largest of the falcon family), and is not a vulture. The modifier, "Gyr", “Gier” or "Geier" preceding the word "falcon" is a reference to the large size of the bird rather than to its genus or family. *[8] The Eagles are an American rock band that was formed in Los Angeles, California in the early 1970s. ... For other uses of the word falcon, see falcon (disambiguation). ... A Nubian Vulture Vultures are scavenging birds, feeding mostly from carcasses of dead animals. ... // Binomial name Falco rusticolus Linnaeus, 1758 The Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus), also spelled Gyr Falcon (the g is pronounced as j in jar), and also sometimes spelled Gerfalcon, is the largest of all falcon species. ... “Tiercel” redirects here. ...


"Geier" as a Surname

Geier is a common surname in Germany and somewhat less common among German-American people. It is also found as a French surname, and as Russian surname. The latter probably is associated with German emigration to Russia in the 17th and 18th centuries. The surname Geier is often considered to be interchangeable with Geyer, although some sources ascribe a different origin and meaning to the two surnames. A significant number of African American people with the surname Geier are found in Washington D.C. and across the Southern States, the European antecedents of which are unknown. A family name, or surname, is that part of a persons name that indicates to what family he or she belongs. ... German Americans (German Deutschamerikaner) are citizens of the United States of ethnic German ancestry and currently form the largest ancestry group in the United States. ... ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... The U.S. Southern states or The South, known during the American Civil War era as Dixie, is a distinctive region of the United States with its own unique historical perspective, customs, musical styles, and cuisine. ... A European is primarily a person who was born into one of the countries within the continent of Europe. ...


The surname "Geyer" and its normal German spelling "Geier" are primarily associated with the word "vulture". This is often understood in a pejorative sense (as in "nickname for a greedy or rapacious person, from Middle High and Middle Low German gir(e) ‘large bird of prey’, ‘vulture’"). When affixed to a Jewish family, the surname "Geier" is thought by some to have a slightly different meaning. The Yiddish word "Geyer" means "peddler", and it is assumed that when last names became mandatory in Europe, the surname Geier was imposed upon Jewish peasants as a deprecatory label connoting a scheming merchant who takes advantage of the cupidity of others, i.e., a "vulture". See *[9]. Ironically, the word "Geier" more more recently has evolved as a "derogatory term for persons from the Middle East." *[10] The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... Yiddish (ייִדיש, Jiddisch) is a Germanic language spoken by about four million Jews throughout the world. ...


The etymological confusion associated with ornithological use of the term "Geier" also has affected family coats of arms and traditions concerning family origins of those bearing the Geier surname. Some oral traditions and family histories associate the Geier surname with the eagle (as in the "Eagle's Nest" coat of arms) and with a peasant legend concerning a baby-stealing bird of prey in a medieval Swabian or Saxon village. *[11]. Others associate the surname with the carrion-eating, bone-crushing variety of vulture. *[12]. See also *[13]. In modern times, it is not unusual for the vulture in family coats of arms or logos to be rendered as a comical caricature of a slumping and sad-sack buzzard rather than a lammergeier or gyrfalcon with "the bearing of an eagle." See, e.g., *[14] Heraldry is the science and art of describing of coats-of-arms, also referred to as achievements or armorial bearings. ... A family in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso in 1997 A family consists of a domestic group of people (or a number of domestic groups), typically affiliated by birth or marriage, or by analogous or comparable relationships — including domestic partnership, cohabitation, adoption, surname and (in some cases) ownership (as occurred in the... Oral tradition or oral culture is a way of transmitting history, literature or law from one generation to the next in a civilization without a writing system. ... Family History is the documented facts, history, family tree, and stories of an individual or family, designed to become a historical document of that family or individual. ... For other uses, see Legendary (disambiguation). ... Orders Accipitriformes     Cathartidae     Pandionidae     Accipitridae     Sagittariidae Falconiformes     Falconidae A bird of prey or raptor is a bird that hunts its food, especially one that preys on mammals or other birds. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... Germany, showing modern borders. ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DED Capital Dresden Minister-President Georg Milbradt (CDU) Governing parties CDU / SPD Votes in Bundesrat 4 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  18,416 km² (7,110 sq mi) Population 4,252,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 231 /km... Masouleh village, Gilan Province, Iran. ... Look up logos in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Comedy is the use of humour in the performing arts. ... For the book of comics by Daniel Clowes see Caricature (Daniel Clowes collection) A caricature of film comedian Charlie Chaplin. ... A buzzard is one of several large birds, but there are a number of meanings as detailed below. ... Binomial name Gypaetus barbatus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Lammergeier or Bearded Vulture, Gypaetus barbatus, is an Old World vulture, the only member of the genus Gypaetus. ... // Binomial name Falco rusticolus Linnaeus, 1758 The Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus), also spelled Gyr Falcon (the g is pronounced as j in jar), and also sometimes spelled Gerfalcon, is the largest of all falcon species. ... Genera Several, see below. ...


Geier as a Place Name

The word Geier spelled "Geyer" is a place name for a village in Saxony by that name. *[15]. An Austrian town known as "Geiersberg im Innkreis" *[16] follows the preferred spelling of Geier and sometimes is associated with the place of origin of the surname Geier, as well. The castle of Florian Geier, in Giebelstadt, *[17] has been used to stage dramas commemorating its famous first occupant, but has not otherwise conferred place name recognition on the Swabian region south of Würtburg where it is located. ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DED Capital Dresden Minister-President Georg Milbradt (CDU) Governing parties CDU / SPD Votes in Bundesrat 4 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  18,416 km² (7,110 sq mi) Population 4,252,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 231 /km... A family name, or surname, is that part of a persons name that indicates to what family he or she belongs. ... Florian Geyer (1490-1525) was a Franconian nobleman who led the Black Company during the Peasants War resulting from the Protestant Reformation in Germany in the 16th century. ... Giebelstadt is a town in the district of Würzburg in Bavaria in Germany. ... Germany, showing modern borders. ...


Notable Persons and Usages of “Geier”

Florian Geier

The most notorious historical personage bearing the name Geier was Florian Geier, commonly known as Florian Geyer, a Franconian nobleman who sided with the peasants in the Peasants War in the early 1500s and led the ill-fated Black Company of song and fable. See Friedrich Engels, The Peasant War in Germany, passim. Several generations of the family of Florian Geyer lived in the village of Giebelstadt, where the Geyer castle is located, but the family is thought to have died off and become extinct in the early 1700s. The heraldic coat of arms of the Geyer family in Giebelstadt was not a vulture or an eagle; instead, it originally was a horse, and later became a ram in the latter part of the 17th century. See N. Shmitt, A Short Giebelstadt History (2000), at *[18] Florian Geyer (1490-1525) was a Franconian nobleman who led the Black Company during the Peasants War resulting from the Protestant Reformation in Germany in the 16th century. ... Florian Geyer (1490-1525) was a German nobleman who lead the Black Company during the Protestant Reformation in Swabia in the 16th. ... The adjective Franconian (also Frankish) refers to three main meanings : Anything related to the Franks, an ancient Germanic people, although the adjective Frankish is more appropriate for that meaning. ... expanding insurgences The Peasants War (in German, der Deutsche Bauernkrieg) was a popular revolt in Europe, specifically in the Holy Roman Empire between 1524-1526 and consisted, like the preceding Bundschuh movement and the Hussite Wars, of a mass of economic as well as religious revolts by peasants, townsfolk and... The Black Company or the Black Troops was a unit of Franconian mercenaries during the Peasants Revolt in 1520s during the Protestant Reformation in Germany. ... Friedrich Engels (November 28, 1820 – August 5, 1895) was a German social scientist and philosopher, who developed communist theory alongside his better-known collaborator, Karl Marx, co-authoring The Communist Manifesto (1848). ... The Peasant War in Germany is a book written by Friedrich Engels in London, during the summer of 1850, following the failure of the revolutions of 1848-1849, drawing a parallel between that failure and that of the Peasants War of 1525. ...


The Word "Geier" in Literary History"

Sir Walter Scott

The setting of the romantic novel by Sir Walter Scott, Anne of Geierstein, or The Maiden Of The Mist, *[19]set in Saxony, is more likely the Swiss mountain known as "Geierstein", rather than the Saxon village Geyer typically associated with the origins of the name Geier or Geyer. See *[20], and for a summary of the novel, see *[21]. The Austrian town of Geiersberg im Innkreis *[22] bears a similar name, but most of the novel takes place in Switzerland rather than Austria. For the first Premier of Saskatchewan see Thomas Walter Scott Sir Walter Scott (August 14, 1771 - September 21, 1832) was a prolific Scottish historical novelist and poet popular throughout Europe. ... Anne of Geierstein, or The Maiden of the Mist (1829) is one of Walter Scotts novels. ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DED Capital Dresden Minister-President Georg Milbradt (CDU) Governing parties CDU / SPD Votes in Bundesrat 4 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  18,416 km² (7,110 sq mi) Population 4,252,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 231 /km... ... ...


Sigmund Freud

A celebrated episode in the history of psychoanalytic theory has been attributed to Sigmund Freud's misreading of the Italian word for "kite" as "vulture", mistranslating it as the German word "Geier" and building upon it a somewhat pornographic interpretation of one of Leonardo Da Vinci's dreams. *[23]. See *[Coco, J.M. (2002). Freud, Leonardo Da Vinci, and The Vulture's Tail: A Refreshing Look At Leonardo's Sexuality. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 50:1375-1383 [24]. See also Schroter, M., Two Empirical Notes on Freud's Leonardo, Int J Psychoanal. 1994Feb;75 ( Pt 1):87-100. Psychoanalytic theory is a general term for approaches to psychoanalysis which attempt to provide a conceptual framework more-or-less independent of clinical practice rather than based on empirical analysis of clinical cases. ... Sigmund Freud (IPA: ), born Sigismund Schlomo Freud (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939), was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist who co-founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... The Mona Lisa Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519) was an Italian polymath: scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, painter, sculptor, architect, musician, and writer. ...


Florian Geier

The most common references to the word Geier in literary history have been associated with Florian Geyer, also known as Florian Geier, as discussed in the preceding section. Aside from his prominent place in Frederick Engels, The Peasant War in Germany (1850), Florian Geier was also the problemmatic hero of one of Gerhart Hauptmann's major plays, the historical drama entitled Florian Geyer, also known as Florian Geier, published in 1896. *[25]. The German folk anthem, "Wir sind des Geyers schwarzer Haufen" ("We are the Black Band of Geyer") is now a radical union hymn in the United States and Australia. *[26] Florian Geyer (1490-1525) was a German nobleman who lead the Black Company during the Protestant Reformation in Swabia in the 16th. ... Friedrich Engels Friedrich Engels (November 28, 1820 - August 5, 1895) was a German Socialist philosopher and the co-founder of modern Communist theory with Karl Marx. ... The Peasant War in Germany is a book written by Friedrich Engels in London, during the summer of 1850, following the failure of the revolutions of 1848-1849, drawing a parallel between that failure and that of the Peasants War of 1525. ... Gerhart Hauptmann Gerhart Hauptmann (November 15, 1862 - June 6, 1946), German dramatist, was born on at Obersalzbrunn, Prussia (now Szczawno Drój, Poland) in Silesia, the son of a hotel-keeper. ...


William Butler Yeats

The famous opening lines of William Butler Yeats' Poem The Second Coming (1921) William Butler Yeats, 1933. ... This article refers to the religious usage of the term. ...

"Turning and turning in the widening gyre
The falcon cannot hear the falconer;
Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold;
Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world...."

should not be associated with the word Geier, despite the images of falconry included in the verse. In this context, as in his postumously published poem, The Gyres, the term "gyre" refers to Yeats' geometric conception of time and history as represented by concentric vortices or spirals, such as those inscribed by a circling bird, rather than to the Old High German root for the first sylable of "Gyrfalcon", gîr (= modern German Geier). See *[27] The (Late Old High) German speaking area of the Holy Roman Empire around 950. ...


Baseball: Phil Geier

One professional baseball player bearing the Geier surname is recorded--Phil Geier, aka "Little Phil", who played for several major league teams between 1896 and 1904 and won the American Association batting title in 1903. *[28]; *[29]. The American Association was a minor baseball league at the Class AAA (Triple-A) level of baseball in the United States from 1902 to 1962 and 1969 to 1997. ... A batting title, in baseball, is said to have been reached when a player has the highest average in his league, while still having had 3. ...


Legal History

Two significant cases in United States jurisprudence have involved litigants with the name "Geier". In one of these, Geier v. American Honda Motor Co. (98-1811) 529 U.S. 861 (2000) *[30], the United States Supreme Court held that the federal legislation requiring passive restraints in motor vehicles sold in the United States pre-empted state tort law. The plaintiff was a child named Alexis Geier who had been seriously injured in an accident while riding with her parents in a Honda passenger vehicle equipped with seat belts but not airbags. The Supreme Court held that Ms. Geier could not sue Honda for failing to install airbags in a vehicle sold in 1987 because at that time, only seatbelts were required by federal law. Philosophers of law ask what is law? and what should it be? Jurisprudence is the theory and philosophy of law. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... This article describes the government of the United States. ... In the common law, a tort is a civil wrong for which the law provides a remedy. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... For the Mozilla crash reporting software previously called Airbag, see Breakpad. ... The logo of the Honda automobiles The logo of the Honda motorcycles Honda Motor Company, Limited )   (TYO: 7267 , NYSE: HMC), or simply called Honda, is a Japanese multinational corporation, engine manufacturer and engineering corporation. ... An airbag is a flexible membrane or envelope, inflatable to contain air or some other gas. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... A three-point seat belt. ...


The other case, commonly known as the "Geier Case", involved an African American teacher named Rita Sanders at what was then Tennessee State College, now the Tennessee State University, who sued on behalf of herself and others in a class action to compel the State of Tennessee to end its de facto operation of a dual post-secondary education system for white and non-white students. This litigation was initiated by Ms. Sanders in 1968. Ms. Sanders later married and became known as Rita Sanders Geier. The case had a tortuous history as the United States Government and a number of other plaintiffs joined in support of her position, and involved at least a dozen reported appellate court decisions, including Geier v. Sundquist, 94 F.3d 644 (6th Cir. 1996); Geier v. Richardson, 871 F. 2d 1310 (6th Cir. 1989); Geier v. Alexander, 801 F.2d 799 (6th Cir. 1986); Geier v. Alexander, 593 F. Supp. 1263 (M.D. Tenn. 1984); Geier v. University of Tennessee, 597 F.2d 1056 (6th Cir.), cert. denied, 444 U.S. 886 (1979); Geier v. Blanton, 427 F. Supp. 644 (M.D. Tenn. 1977); Geier v. Dunn, 337 F. Supp. 573 (M.D. Tenn. 1972); and Sanders v. Ellington, 288 F. Supp. 937 (M.D. Tenn. 1968). The case was "resolved" 38 years later by a consent decree or settlement agreement in 2001, which imposed a 5-year period for implementation of various programmatic measures (colloquially known as Geier programs) to unwind 200 years of segregation and discrimination in the system of public higher education in Tennessee. *[31] The final confirmation of the Consent Decree was approved in September 2006. As stated in the Joint Statement in Support of the Consent Decree, "The Geier case stands first in terms of time and precedent in a line of cases devoted to the removal of a variety of vestiges of segregation from systems of public higher education." *[32] An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Tennessee State University (TSU) is a comprehensive, urban, coeducational land-grant university founded in 1912. ... In law, a class action is an equitable procedural device used in litigation for determining the rights of and remedies, if any, for large numbers of people whose cases involve common questions of law and fact. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ...


Ship Names

Several ships of German registry have borne the name Geier. These included: 1. The Geier, 1916-1917, a captured British freighter named St. Theodore, which was scuttled by the Germans near the end of World War I. *[33]. 2. The SMS Geier, a German sloop which put into the supposedly neutral United States port at Honolulu, Hawaii, at the onset of World War I, but was there taken by the United States cruiser USS St. Louis, and after a protracted international legal dispute, re-commissioned in the United States Navy as the USS Schurz and eventually sunk following a collision off the coast of North Carolina. *[34] 3. The Geier, a German patrol boat carrying a crew of 40, currently in the 7th Fast Patrol Boat (FPB) Squadron and scheduled to be sold to the Tunisian Navy. *[35] For online phenomenon of shipping, see Shipping (fandom). ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... USN redirects here. ...


Other Usages

Hols der Geier Card Game:The word Geier is associated with the German card game "Hols der Geier" (literally "Vulture take it!" or "Confound it!" *[36].


Geier Hitch: The name Geier is also associated with a notorious and arguably inhumane method of animal husbandry known as the Geier Hitch. See *[37] Shepherd with his sheep in Făgăraş Mountains, Romania. ... // Definition and Usage The Geier Hitch is a tool or technique used in livestock management and animal husbandry. ...


Geier Indians: A small group of Indians known as the Geiers is supposed to have been encamped "under the name Papuliquier, which is a fusion of two group names, Pacpul and Geier" in the years 1675-1707 in Frio County, Texas. See Campbell, The Geier Indians, in The Handbook of Texas Online. *[38] The origins of the tribal label "Geier" are obscure if not apocryphal; in this context, the word "Geier" most likely is a mistranscription of a Spanish manuscript written as "Quier" than anything else.


Geier is also the name of a bakery chain in Vienna, Austria. “Wien” redirects here. ...


Prominent Authors with the Surname Geier

  • Albert J. Geier, Exploring Basic Accounting.
  • Alfred Geier, Plato's Erotic Thought: The Tree of the Unknown.
  • Arnold Geier, Life insurance: how to get your money's worth.
  • Arnold Geier (Preface by), T. G. Friedman (Illustrator), Abraham H. Foxman (Introduction by), Heroes of the Holocaust.
  • Bonnie Geier, But I Never Said I'd Be a Farmer!: I Said, "You Could Be a Farmer, But I Never Said I'd Be a Farmer!"
  • Catherine Geier, Carol Brown, Cafe Flora Cookbook.
  • Cathy Geier, Watercolor Landscape Quilts: Quick No-Fuss Fold & Sew Technique
  • Clarence R. Geier, The Kimberlin Site : The Ecology of a Late Woodland Population
  • Clarence R. Geier (Editor), Stephen R. Potter (Editor), Jim Lehrer (Foreword by), Archaeological, Perspectives on the American Civil War.
  • Clarence R. Geier (Editor), Susan E. Winter (Editor), Look to the Earth: Historical Archaeology and the American Civil War.
  • David Geier, John Bothwell, Score! Power Up Your Game, Business and Life by Harnessing the Power of Emotional Intelligence.
  • Frederic M Geier, Individual Differences in Emotionality,: Hypothesis Formation, Vicarious Trial and Error, and Visual Discrimination Learning in Rats.
  • Gabriele Geier, Food Security Policy in Africa Between Disaster Relief and Structural Adjustment: Reflections on the Conception and Effectiveness of Policies the case of Tanzania.
  • Hans T. Geier, Economic aspects of federal livestock grazing policy: A regional economic analysis for the Okanogan-Ferry area in Washington.
  • Hans T. Geier, Community and economic profile for the villages of Grayling, Anvik, Shageluk, and Holy Cross.
  • Hans T. Geier, Feasibility study of irrigation in Alaska.
  • James T. Geier, Eric Geier, Geeks on Call.
  • James T. Geier, Eric Geier, Wireless Networking: 5-Minute Fixes.
  • Jim Geier, Wireless Networks First-Step.
  • J. E. Geier, Water-jet-assisted drag bit cutting in medium-strength rock (SuDoc I 28.27:9164)
  • Joel Geier, Vietnam: The Soldier's Revolt, International Socialist Review Issue 9, August-September 2000
  • John G. Geier, Dorothy E. Downey, Energetics of Personality: Defining a Self.
  • Karl E. Geier, Agricultural Districts and Zoning: A State-Local Approach to a National Problem, 8 Ecology L.Q. 655 (1980)
  • Manfred Geier, Das Sprachspiel der Philosophen : von Parmenides bis Wittgenstein.
  • Manfred Geier, Kants Welt.
  • Marguerita Geier, San Buenaventura: Serra's Last Mission.
  • Martin Geier, Music in the Service of the Church: The Funeral Sermon for Heinrich Schutz (1585-1672).
  • Mary Alice Geier, Cancer, What's It Doing in My Life?: A Personal Journal of the First Two Years of Chemotherapy in the Career of a Cancer Patient.
  • Max G. Geier, Forest science research and scientific communities in Alaska : a history of the origins and evolution of USDA Forest Service Research in Juneau, Fairbanks, and Anchorage, (Pacific Northwest Research Station).
  • Max G. Geier, Necessary Work: Discovering Old Forests, New Outlooks, and Community on the H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest, 1948-2000.
  • Ted Geier, Make Your Events Special: How to Produce Successful Special Events for Nonprofit Organization.

Prominent American Persons Named "Geier"

Well known representatives of the Geier surname include the Geier Glove Company (*[39]) and the Geier Sausage Company (*[40]), neither of which have any necessary connection with each other or any other American bearer of the Geier surname.


Another well-known representative of the Geier name was the founder of the Cincinnati Milling Machine Corporation (originally the Cincinnati Screw and Tap Company), Frederick V. Geier, whose company is still controlled by the Geier family (but now known as Cincinnati Milacron, Inc. *[41]). This branch of the Geier family has been prominent in Cincinnati civic and social affairs since the early 1900s, and has endowed the Geier Collections and Research Center of the Museum of Natural History and Science in Cincinnati. *[42]. Frederick V. Geier was quoted in a Time Magazine article on rearmnament in 1951. *[43]. Cincinnati, Ohio viewed from the SW, across the Ohio River from Kentucky. ... (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ...


The infamous Mark Geier and his misguided son, David Geier, have established an unenviable and unsavory reputation for themselves and besmirched the name Geier by touting an untenable and fallacious concoction of unprincipled, fabricated "research" results designed to undermine the validity of stem cell research. They have been largely discredited as a result. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mark R. Geier, MD, PhD, (b. ... Mouse embryonic stem cells. ...


Geiers in Minnesota

Two predominating families with the surname Geier are found in Southern and Central Minnesota. The family associated with Lynn Township in McLeod County and with Boon Lake Township and other parts of Renville County is entirely descended from a single immigrant from Woldegk, Germany, by the name of Ferdinand Theodore Geier, a/k/a Ted Geier, who arrived in Minnesota in 1880 after spending 10 years as a wheelwright and truck farmer in Chicago, Illinois and nearby Cicero, Illinois. The other family, near Ortonville in Big Stone County is unrelated so far as is known. A small contingent of the Renville County Geiers settled for a brief time in Badger Township in Polk County before scattering to the winds in the latter part of the 20th Century. The current president of the Minnesota Medical Association, G. Richard Geier, Jr., MD, of Rochester, Minnesota, is a native of Evansville, Indiana and not a member of either of these two Minnesota Geier families. Lynn Township is a township located in McLeod County, Minnesota. ... Mahnomen County is a county located in the state of Minnesota. ... Boon Lake Township is a township located in Renville County, Minnesota. ... Renville County is a county located in the state of Minnesota. ... Woldegk is a town in the district Mecklenburg-Strelitz, in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. ... Ortonville is the name of several places in the United States: Ortonville in Michigan Ortonville in Minnesota Ortonville Township in Minnesota This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Big Stone County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. ... Badger Township, Minnesota is a township in Polk County, Minnesota, United States. ... Polk County is a county located in the state of Minnesota. ... In English literary history, the name Rochester refers to John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... Evansville is a city located in Vanderburgh County, Indiana. ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ...


Other Usages of the Name "Geier"

A number of academics, scholars, musicians and musical groups, businesses and professionals in the United States also bear the name "Geier".


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Mark Geier - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2438 words)
Geier was a co-author on a paper in the New England Journal of Medicine which further discussed and extended the observations on the critical role that the spleen plays in response to vaccines and other immune challenges.
Geier has testified before the US House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform Investigating Vaccines and the Autism Epidemic, to critique the Hviid study, conducted in Denmark on autism and thimerosal exposure, and he has also addressed the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Advisory Committee regarding vaccine safety.
Geier has supported efforts by Representatives Dave Weldon, MD, Dan Burton, and Carolyn Maloney, to pass legislation introduced in early 2005 to ban the use of mercury based preservatives (i.e., thimerosal) in vaccines in the United States.
Chemistry @ Colgate: Richard Geier (280 words)
Geier, G. R, III; Chick, J. B; * Callinan, J. B.; * Reid, C. Auguscinski, W. P., * “A Survey of Acid Catalysis and Oxidation Conditions in the Two-Step, One-Flask Synthesis of meso-Substituted Corroles via Dipyrromethane-Dicarbinols and Pyrrole,” J.
Geier, G. R., III; Lindsey, J. “Effects of Diverse Acid Catalysts on the Reaction Course in the Two-Step One-Flask Synthesis of meso-Tetraphenylporphyrin,” J.
Geier, G. R., III; Riggs, J. A.; Lindsey, J. “Investigation of Acid Cocatalysis in Syntheses of Tetraphenylporphyrin,” J.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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