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Encyclopedia > Gdansk
Gdańsk
(Flag) (Coat of Arms)
Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (Neither rashly nor timidly)
Location of Gdańsk
Voivodship Pomeranian
Municipal government Rada miasta Gdańska
Mayor Paweł Adamowicz
Area 262 km²
Population
 - city
 - urban
 - density

461 400 (2003) Ranked 6th
1 035 000
1761/km²
Founded
City rights
997
1263
Latitude
Longitude
54°40'N
18°60'E
Area code +48 58
Car plates GD
Twin towns Astana, Barcelona, Bremen, Cleveland, Elsinore, Kaliningrad, Kalmar, Marseilles, Nice, Odessa, Rotterdam, Rouen, Sefton, St. Petersburg, Turku, Vilnius
Municipal Website (http://www.gdansk.pl/)

Gdańsk [gdaɲsk] Sound pronunciation? (Polish; also Kashubian: Gduńsk, German: Danzig, Latin: Gedania; also other languages) is the sixth-largest city in Poland, its principal seaport, and the capital of the Pomeranian Voivodship. Gdańsk is a city in Poland, formerly known internationally by its German and Latin names Danzig and Gedania Gdańsk Bay is the bay in the Baltic Sea adjoing the port of Gdańsk and stretching to Kaliningrad Gdańsk Voivodship was one of two local government divisions in Poland from 1945 to... Danzig is the German name of the city of Gdańsk, Poland. ... City of Gdańsk (German:Danzig) flag (from the German wiki) File links The following pages link to this file: Gdansk Osowa Siedlce Sobieszewo Island Port Island (Gdansk) Kokoszki Oliwa Zabianka Jelitkowo Przymorze Wielkie VII Dwór Zaspa-Rozstaje Brzezno Matarnia Wrzeszcz Letnica Nowy Port Piecki-Migowo Suchanino Przymorze Przymorze Male Zaspa... City of Gdańsk (German:Danzig) CoA (from the German wiki) File links The following pages link to this file: Gdansk Image:Wappen Gdansk. ... A motto is a phrase or collection of words intended to describe the motivation or intention of a sociological grouping or organization. ... Map of Poland showing relative position of Gdansk (German:Danzig), Gdynia and Sopot. ... A Voivodship ( Romanian: Voievodat, Polish: Województwo, Serbian: Vojvodstvo or Vojvodina) was a feudal state in medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a Voivod. ... The Pomeranian Voivodship (in Polish województwo pomorskie) is an administrative region or voivodship in northern Poland within the historic region of Eastern Pomerania. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. ... This page includes a list of cities in Poland and a table of major Polish cities. ... Events City of Gdansk is founded Saint Adalbert of Prague is sent to Prussia by Boleslaus I of Poland Samuil of Bulgaria crowned Tsar by Pope Gregory V Births Deaths Saint Adalbert of Prague, martyrdom Categories: 997 ... Events Detmold, Germany was founded. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Polish car number plates since May 1, 2000 ... This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Composite NASA landsat photo of Astana Astana (Kazakh, Russian: Астана), estimated population of 520,000 (2000 and growing fast), has been the capital of Kazakhstan since 1998. ... Barcelona within Barcelonès Population (2003) 1,582,738 Area 1004 Km2 Population density (2001) 15,764/Km2 Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia, Spain, a region in northeastern Spain (41°23′ N 2°11′ E). ... The river Weser flows through Bremen to the estuary at Bremerhaven. ... City nickname: The Forest City Location within the state of Ohio County Cuyahoga Mayor Jane Campbell Area   –Land   –Water 213. ... Elsinore (Danish Helsingør) is a Danish city at the north-east point of Zealand. ... Locator map on an international level map of Kaliningrad Oblast Kaliningrad (Russian: Калининград), seaport city, capital and main city of the Kaliningrad Oblast, a small Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania with access to the Baltic Sea. ... Kalmar (population 59,308) is a Municipality in southeastern Sweden, on the mainlands coast of the Baltic Sea, strategically watching over the narrow sound to the large island Öland, since 1972 connected by the Öland bridge. ... Marseilles redirects here. ... City motto: Nicæa civitas. ... ODESSA (German for Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen; The Organization of Former SS-Members) was an alleged Nazi fugitive network set up towards the end of World War II by a group of SS officers. ... Rotterdam Location Country The Netherlands Province South Holland Population 604,819 (2005) Coordinates 51° 55 N.; 4° 30 E. Website www. ... Location within France Rouen (pronounced in French, sometimes also ) is the historical capital city of Normandy, in northern France, and presently the capital of the Upper Normandy région. ... Note: See Sefton, Australia for Sefton, Sydney, Australia. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Location within Finland Turku (Swedish: Åbo  listen?, Latin: Aboa) is a city in Finland, founded in the 13th century. ... Vilnius Old Town Vilnius (sometimes also Vilna in English, Belarusian Вільня, Polish Wilno, Russian Вильнюс, German Wilna, see also Cities alternative names) is the capital and largest city of Lithuania with population in excess of 540 thousand (in 2003). ... To play the audio file do not click on the -image. ... Kashubian, Cassubian is one of the Lekhitic languages, which are a group of Slavic languages. ... Latin is the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Most cities in Europe have different names in different languages. ... Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ... The Pomeranian Voivodship (in Polish województwo pomorskie) is an administrative region or voivodship in northern Poland within the historic region of Eastern Pomerania. ...


The city lies on the southern coast of the Gdańsk Bay (of the Baltic Sea), in a conurbation with the spa town of Sopot, the city of Gdynia and suburban communities, which together form a metropolitan area called the Tricity (Trójmiasto) with a population of over a million people. Gdańsk is, with a population of 460,524 (mid 2004), the largest city in the historical province of Eastern Pomerania. The Bay of Gdańsk (also known as the Gdańsk Bay or Gulf of Gdańsk; in Polish Zatoka Gdańska; in German Danziger Bucht) is a southeastern bay of the Baltic sea enclosed by a large curve of the shores of Gdańsk Pomerania in Poland (Cape Rozewie, Hel Peninsula) and the Kaliningrad... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, bounded by the Scandinavian Peninsula, the mainland of Eastern Europe and Central Europe, and the Danish islands. ... Motto: none Voivodship Pomeranian Municipal government Rada Miasta Sopot Mayor Jacek Karnowski Area 17,31 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 41 430 1 035 000 (Tricity) 2393/km² Founded City rights 7th century 1902 Latitude Longitude 54°26 N 18°33 E Area code +48 58 Car plates GSP Twin... Gdynia (pronounce: [:gdiɲia], Kashubian: Gdiniô, German: Gdingen ) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodship of Poland and an important seaport at Gdansk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea. ... Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburban redirects here. ... A metropolis (in Greek metera = mother and polis = city/town) is a major city, which is an economical and cultural center for some country, and usually a hub for its international connections. ... For other tricities see Tri-Cities Tricity (also called the Treble City, in Polish Trójmiasto) is the metropolitan area consisting of the three Polish cities Gdańsk (German:Danzig), Gdynia and Sopot. ... Eastern Pomerania (also Pomerelia, East Pomerania, Gdansk Pomerania, Vistula Pomerania) is a geographical and historical region in the east of Pomerania in northern Poland. ...


Gdańsk is situated at the mouth of the Motława river, connected to the Leniwka, a branch in the delta of the Vistula, whose waterway system connects 60% of the area of Poland, giving the city a unique advantage as the center of Poland's sea trade. The Motława river is a river in Eastern Pomerania. ... The Leniwka is a river, one of the branches of the Vistula. ... Vistula river basin Vistula ( Polish Wisła, German Weichsel) is the longest river in Poland. ...


Historically an important seaport since the 10th century and subsequently a principal ship-building centre, Gdańsk was a member of the Hanseatic League and the largest city in Poland until the partitions of the late 18th century, when the largely German-speaking city became part of Prussia, and later of the German Empire. After a period as a free city in the interwar period (1919-1939), claims to Gdańsk became the pretext for Hitler's attack on Poland which began the Second World War. Following the war Gdańsk again became part of Poland, and the German population was largely expelled, making the city for the first time entirely ethnically Polish. Today Gdańsk remains an important industrial centre together with the nearby port of Gdynia, developed during the 1920s as a Polish rival to the unfriendly German-controlled Free City. In the 1970s the modern port (Port Północny) in Gdańsk was developed, accessible for much bigger ships, including middle sized tankers. ( 9th century - 10th century - 11th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... The foundations of the Hanseatic League (German: Hanse), an alliance of trading cities that for a time in the later Middle Ages and the Early Modern period maintained a trade monopoly over most of Northern Europe and the Baltic, can be seen as early as the 12th century, with the... The Partitions of Poland ( Polish Rozbiór or Rozbiory Polski) happened in the 18th century and ended the existence of a sovereign state of Poland (or more correctly the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen or Preussen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prūsai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and... The term German Empire (Deutsches Reich) commonly refers to Germany, from its consolidation as a unified nation-state on January 18, 1871, until the abdication of Kaiser (Emperor) Wilhelm II on November 9, 1918. ... 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889–April 30, 1945) was the Führer und Reichskanzler (Leader and Imperial chancellor) of Germany from 1933 to his death. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Gdynia (pronounce: [:gdiɲia], Kashubian: Gdiniô, German: Gdingen ) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodship of Poland and an important seaport at Gdansk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea. ... Sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or primarily in North America as the Roaring Twenties. Events and trends Technology John T. Thompson invents Thompson submachine gun, also known as Tommy gun John Logie Baird invents the first working television system (1925) Charles Lindbergh becomes the first person to fly... This article provides extensive lists of events and significant personalities of the 1970s. ...

Contents

Names

The name is thought to be meaning town located on Gdania river, the original name of the Motława branch the city is situated on. Like many other European cities, Gdańsk has had many different names throughout its history.


The Polish name is Gdańsk and in the local Kashubian language it is known as Gduńsk. Due to the city's German heritage the name Danzig is still used, especially when referring to the city prior to the Second World War. The city's Latin name may be given as any of Gedania, Gedanum or Dantiscum; the variety of Latin names reflects the influence of the Polish, Kashubian, and German names. Kashubian, Cassubian is one of the Lekhitic languages, which are a group of Slavic languages. ... Latin is the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ...


In English the name Gdańsk is usually pronounced IPA [gəˈdɑːnsk], [gəˈdaɪnsk], or [gəˈdænsk]. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The International Phonetic Alphabet is a phonetic alphabet used by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) the human vocal apparatus can produce. ...


See also: List of European cities with alternative names Most cities in Europe have different names in different languages. ...


Historical documents

Gdańsk Royal City coin of 1589 (Sigismund III Vasa period)

The name of a settlement was recorded after St. Adalbert's demise in 997 A.D. as urbs Gyddanyzc and later was written as Kdanzk (1148), Gdanzc (1188), Gdansk (1236), Danzc (1263), Danczk (1311, 1399, 1410, 1414–1438), Danczik (1399, 1410, 1414), Danczig (1414), Gdansk (1454, 1468, 1484), Gdansk (1590), Gdąnsk (1636) and in Latin documents Gedanum or Dantiscum. These early recordings show the Pomeranian name Gduńsk, the Polish name Gdańsk and the German name Danzig. Regia Civitatis Gedanensis - Gdansk coin of 1589 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Regia Civitatis Gedanensis - Gdansk coin of 1589 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Coronation...


Alternative spellings from medieval and early modern documents are Gyddanyzc, Kdansk, Gdanzc, Dantzk, Dantzig, Dantzigk, Dantiscum and Gedanum. The official Latin name of Gedanum was used simultaneously. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ...


Special celebration names

On special occasions it is also known as The Royal Polish City of Gdańsk; Polish: Królewskie Polskie Miasto Gdańsk, German: Königliche Polnische Stadt Danzig, Latin: Regia Civitas Polonica Gedanensis, Kashubian: Królewsczi Polsczi Gard Gduńsk. Latin is the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Kashubian, Cassubian is one of the Lekhitic languages, which are a group of Slavic languages. ...


The Kashubians prefer the name: Our Capital City Gdańsk (=Nasz Stoleczny Gard Gduńsk) or The Kashubian Capital City Gdańsk (=Stoleczny Kaszëbsczi Gard Gduńsk).


Sources:

  • Gdańsk, in: Kazimierz Rymut, Nazwy Miast Polski, Ossolineum, Wrocław 1987
  • Hubert Gurnowicz, Gdańsk, in: Nazwy miast Pomorza Gdańskiego, Ossolineum, Wrocław 1978

The building of the Ossolineum Institute in Wrocław The former building of the Ossolineum Institute in Lwów, now Ukraine. ... The building of the Ossolineum Institute in Wrocław The former building of the Ossolineum Institute in Lwów, now Ukraine. ...

History

Main article: History of Gdansk, see also: History of Pomerania History Early times Before Gdansk was established, the vicinity was inhabited by populations belonging to the various archealogical cultures of the Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age. ... Historical administrative divisions Eastern Pomerania Removed Free City of Danzig, left bank of Vistula river and Grenzmark Posen-Westpreussen Pomeranian Voivodship 1920-1938 Added Bydgoszcz county 1938 Pomeranian Voivodship 1938-1939 added Free City of Gdansk Danzig-Westpreussen 1939-1945 . ...


Historical summary

Seal of , duke of Gdańsk Pomerania (1271-1294)
Seal of Mściwój II, duke of Gdańsk Pomerania (1271-1294)

According to archeologists, the Gdańsk stronghold was constructed in the 980s by Mieszko I of Poland; however, the year 997 has in recent years been considered to be the date of the foundation of the city itself, as the year in which Saint Adalbert of Prague (sent by the Polish king Boleslaus the Brave) baptized the inhabitants of Gdańsk (urbs Gyddanyzc). In the following years Gdańsk was the main centre of a Polish splinter duchy ruled by the dynasty of Dukes of Pomerania. The most famous of them, Swantipolk II, granted a local autonomy charter in ca. 1235 to the city, which had some 2,000 inhabitants. Gdańsk became a flourishing trading city with some 10,000 inhabitants by the year 1308. In this year it was occupied and demolished by the Teutonic Knights (the Gdańsk massacre of November 13, 1308). This led to the city's decline and to a series of wars between the rebellious Knights and the Polish kings, ending with the Peace of Kalisz in 1343 when the Knights acknowledged that they would keep Pomerania as "an alm" from the Polish king. This left the legal basis of their possession of the province in some doubt. The agreement permitted the foundation of the municipality in 1343 and the development of increased trade in export of grain from Poland via the Vistula river trading routes. Gdańsk became a full member of the Hanseatic League by 1361. When a new war broke out in 1409 and ended with the Battle of Grunwald (1410) the city accepted the direct overlordship of the Polish kings, but with the Peace of Torun (1411) it returned to the Teutonic Knights' administration. In 1440 Gdańsk participated in the foundation of the Prussian Union which led to the Thirteen Years War (1454-1466) and the incorporation of Royal Prussia to the direct rule of the Polish Crown. Seal of Msciwoj II, duke of Gdansk Pomerania (1271-1294) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Mestwin II, Mszczuj II or Mściwój II (died 25 December 1294) was a duke of Eastern Pomerania in years 1266-1294. ... Reign From c. ... Events City of Gdansk is founded Saint Adalbert of Prague is sent to Prussia by Boleslaus I of Poland Samuil of Bulgaria crowned Tsar by Pope Gregory V Births Deaths Saint Adalbert of Prague, martyrdom Categories: 997 ... Adalbert (Czech: Vojtěch, Polish: Wojciech, Germanic equivalent Adalbert - the joy of warrior) was a 10th century bishop of Prague who was martyred in his efforts to convert the Baltic Prussians. ... Reign From 992 until 1025 Coronation On April 18, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms Orzeł Piastowski Parents Mieszko I Dubrawka Consorts Rikdaga Judith Enmilda Oda Children with Judith Bezprym with Enmilda Regelina Mieszko II Lambert Otton with Oda Matylda Date of Birth 966/ 967... Pomerania is a geographical and historical region in northern Poland and Germany, on the south coasts of Baltic Sea on both sides of the Oder River and reaches to the Vistula river in the east and Reknitz river in the west. ... Events Anglo-Norman invasion of Connacht St. ... Events Henry VII is elected as king of the Holy Roman Empire. ... Teutonic Knights, charging into battle. ... -1... -1... Vistula river basin Vistula (Polish Wisła), is the longest river in Poland. ... The foundations of the Hanseatic League (German: Hanse), an alliance of trading cities that for a time in the later Middle Ages and the Early Modern period maintained a trade monopoly over most of Northern Europe and the Baltic, can be seen as early as the 12th century, with the... Events Founding of the University of Pavia, Italy. ... Events January 1 - The Welsh surrender Harlech Castle to the English. ... The Battle of Grunwald took place on July 15, 1410 between the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania on one side, and the Knights of the Teutonic Order on the other. ... Events July 15 – Lithuanian forces under the cousins Władysław Jagiełło of Poland and Witowt of Lithuania decisively defeat the forces of the Teutonic Knights, whose power is broken Jan Hus is excommunicated by the Archbishop of Prague. ... The Second Treaty of Thorn (Polish: Toruń) was a peace treaty concluded in the Prussian city of Thorn (Toruń) on October 19, 1466 between the Polish king, the Prussian cities, and duke of Pomerania on one side, and the Teutonic Order on the other. ... Events Births September 21 - Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York. ... For alternative meanings, see number 1440. ... In March 1440 a Prussian Confederation (German Preussischer Bund, Polish: Związek Pruski) was organisation of cities, gentry and clergy of Prussia formed under the leadership of the Hanseatic cities Gdansk (Danzig), Elblag (Elbing), and Torun (Thorn). ... The Thirteen Years War (also called the War of the Cities) started out as an uprising by Prussian cities and the local nobility with the goal of gaining independence from the Teutonic Knights. ... Events February 4 - In the Thirteen Years War, the Secret Council of the Prussian Confederacy sends a formal act of disobedience to the Grand Master. ... Events Chimú Empire conquered by troops of the Inca End of term for Regent of Sweden Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna. ... Royal Prussia (Polish: Prusy Królewskie, German: Königliches Preussen) was a Polish province formed from the western part of the Lands of the Teutonic Order following the Thirteen Years War or War of the Cities. During the war, the Prussian Confederation, led by the cities of Gdansk (Danzig), Elblag (Elbing) and...


Thanks to the Royal charters granted by the king Casimir IV the Jagiellonian and the free access to all Polish markets, Gdańsk became a large and rich seaport and city. The 16th and 17th centuries were a Golden Age for trade and culture in Gdańsk. Inhabitants from various ethnic groups (Germans, Poles, Jews, and the Dutch being the largest) contributed to Gdańsk's identity and rich culture of the period. The city suffered a slow economic decline due to the wars in the 18th century, which ended with the Partitions of Poland from 1772-1795. Gdańsk was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1793 and, again in 1815, after a short period as the Free City of Danzig (1807-1815) under Napoleon. In contrast to the independent period, under the Prussian administration Gdańsk became a relatively unimportant city dominated by the military garrison and the administration officials. As part of Prussia, it became part of the German Empire in 1871. Reign From 1446 until June 7, 1492 Coronation On June 25, 1447 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Władyslaw II Jagiełło Zofia Holszańska Consorts Elżbieta Rakuszanka Children with Elżbieta Rakuszanka Władysław II Jagiellończyk Jadwiga Jagiellonka Kazimierz Swięty Jan I Olbracht Aleksander Jagiellończyk Zofia Elżbieta Zygmunt I... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... The Partitions of Poland ( Polish Rozbiór or Rozbiory Polski) happened in the 18th century and ended the existence of a sovereign state of Poland (or more correctly the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). ... 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Napoleonic-era Danzig The Free City of Danzig (French: Ville Libre de Dantzig) was a semi-independent state established by Napoleon during the Napoleonic Wars in years 9 September 1807– 22 January 1813/1815. ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The term German Empire (Deutsches Reich) commonly refers to Germany, from its consolidation as a unified nation-state on January 18, 1871, until the abdication of Kaiser (Emperor) Wilhelm II on November 9, 1918. ... 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

After World War I, Poland became independent, and the Poles hoped to receive Gdańsk to provide the "free access to the sea," which they had been promised by the Allies on the basis of Woodrow Wilson's "Fourteen Points." However, the city was not placed under full Polish sovereignty, but was made into the Free City of Danzig, an independent free city under the auspices of the League of Nations, governed by its largely German-speaking residents but with its external affairs largely under Polish control. Download high resolution version (533x800, 68 KB)(With permission, Author: Marek i Ewa Wojciechowscy, http://www. ... Download high resolution version (533x800, 68 KB)(With permission, Author: Marek i Ewa Wojciechowscy, http://www. ... Reign From May 21, 1674, until June 17, 1696 Elected On May 21, 1674 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On February 2, 1676 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Nobel Family Sobieski Coat of Arms Janina Parents Jakub Sobieski Zofia Teofillia Daniłowicz Consorts Marie Casimire Louise Children... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Dr. Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was the 45th state Governor of New Jersey (1911-1913) and later the 28th President of the United States (1913-1921). ... United States President Woodrow Wilson delivered a speech to Congress on January 8, 1918, outlining Fourteen Points for reconstructing a new Europe following World War I. While many of the points were specific, others were more general, including freedom of the seas, abolishing secret treaties, disarmament, restored sovereignty of some... Napoleonic-era Danzig The Free City of Danzig (French: Ville Libre de Dantzig) was a semi-independent state established by Napoleon during the Napoleonic Wars in years 9 September 1807– 22 January 1813/1815. ...


Because the German authorities in Gdańsk obstructed Polish trade and restricted Poles from settling in the city, the Polish government decided to build the nearby seaport of Gdynia, which in the following years took the majority of total Polish exports. Meanwhile, the independent Free City with its surrounding district, which included the seaside spa of Zoppot (Sopot), issued its own stamps and currency bearing the legend, "Freie Stadt Danzig" and symbols of the city's maritime orientation and history. Gdynia (pronounce: [:gdiɲia], Kashubian: Gdiniô, German: Gdingen ) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodship of Poland and an important seaport at Gdansk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea. ... Motto: none Voivodship Pomeranian Municipal government Rada Miasta Sopot Mayor Jacek Karnowski Area 17,31 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 41 430 1 035 000 (Tricity) 2393/km² Founded City rights 7th century 1902 Latitude Longitude 54°26 N 18°33 E Area code +48 58 Car plates GSP Twin...


Tensions arising from quarrels between Germany and Poland over control of the Free City served as a pretext for the German invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939 and the outbreak of World War II. The Jewish community in Gdańsk took the opportunity to escape from the Nazis soon before the outbreak of the war. Polish defenders at the Westerplatte peninsula defended against the battleship Schleswig-Holstein for nearly a week, while the Polish Post Office was bravely defended until its capture; its overwhelmed defenders were executed instead of imprisoned for the war's duration. Many members of Gdańsk's Polish population were deported to the concentration camp in Stutthof or were directly executed at Piasnica. The Nazis' capture of the city resulted in its annexation into Nazi Germany and its incorporation into the Reichsgau Danzig-Westpreussen. Polish September Campaign Conflict World War II Date 1 September - 6 October 1939 Place Poland Result Decisive German and Soviet victory The Polish September Campaign — also known as Polish-German War of 1939, in Poland often as Wojna obronna 1939 roku (Defensive War of 1939), in Germany as Polish Campaign... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air. ... Jewish leadership: Since 70 AD and the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem there has been no single body that has a leadership position over the entire Jewish community. ... The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... Westerplatte Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 1 to September 7, 1939 Place Westerplatte peninsula in Gdańsk Result ? Westerplatte is a peninsula in Gdańsk, at an estuary of the Dead Vistula (one of the Vistula delta estuaries), in the Gdańsk harbour channel. ... Schleswig-Holstein, a German battleship, started World War II by firing at the Polish base at Westerplatte on 1 September 1939. ... Stutthof, commonly refers to the Stutthof concentration camp complex built near the town of Sztutowo, by Nazi Germany during World War II. Rarely, it may refer to the Polish town of Sztutowo (called by the Germans Stutthof) itself. ... Piasnica is a river and a village in Pomerania in Northern Poland. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... A Reichsgau was a province within the Greater Germany of 1938 to 1945 (from the start of territorial annexation to the fall of the Third Reich). ... The Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia (Danzig-Westpreussen) was a German administrative unit created in 1939 from Freie Stadt Danzig and Polish Pomerania. ...


The city was occupied by Polish and Soviet forces on March 30, 1945 after a fierce battle with defending Germans which left 90% of the old city reduced to ruins. At the Yalta and the Potsdam conferences, Gdańsk was transferred to Poland along with the whole territory of the Free City. According to the terms of the Potsdam conference, Germans remaining in the city were expelled. Out of the Free City's pre-war population of 385,000, 285,000 lived in exile in Germany after the post-war migrations were over. Soviet redirects here. ... March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (90th in Leap years). ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Yalta Conference, sometimes called the Crimea conference and codenamed the Argonaut Conference, was the wartime meeting from February 4 to 11, 1945 between the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union. ... Attlee, Truman, and Stalin at Potsdam The Potsdam Conference was held in Potsdam, Germany (near Berlin), from July 17 to August 2, 1945. ...


Many Poles impressed with Gdańsk's historic prosperity came to rebuild the city from throughout Poland, especially from the regions of eastern Poland annexed by the Soviet Union. The Old City was rebuilt from its ruins during the 1950s and 1960s. Because of the development of its port and 3 major shipyards, Gdansk was a major shipping and industrial center of the Communist People's Republic of Poland. Millennia: 1st millennium - 2nd millennium - 3rd millennium Events and trends The 1950s in Western society was marked with a sharp rise in the economy for the first time in almost 30 years and return to the 1920s-type consumer society built on credit and boom-times, as well as the... Events and trends The 1960s was a turbulent decade of change around the world. ... Communism - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... The Peoples Republic of Poland (Polish: Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa, PRL) was the official name of Poland from 1952 to 1989, during its period of rule by the Communist party, officially called the Polish United Workers Party (Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza, or PZPR). ...


Gdańsk was the scene of anti-government demonstrations which led to the downfall of Poland's communist leader Wladyslaw Gomulka in December 1970. Ten years later the Gdańsk Shipyard was the birthplace of the Solidarity trade union movement, whose opposition to the government led to the end of communist party rule (1989); Solidarity's leader Lech Wałęsa became the Polish president in 1990. Today Gdańsk remains a major industrial city and shipping port. The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Solidarity logo SS Soldek, the first ship built in Poland after the World War II Gdansk Shipyard (Stocznia Gdańska) is one of the biggest Polish shipyards. ... Solidarity (Polish Solidarność) is a Polish trade union federation founded in September 1980, originally led by Lech Wałęsa. ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lech Wałęsa (pronounced , born September 29, 1943, Popowo, Poland) was an Polish electrician, a trade union activist, a human rights activist and a politician. ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Historical population

Historical population
of Gdańsk

ca. 1000 1000
1235 2,000
1600 40,000
1650 70,000
1700 50,000
1750 46,000
1793 36,000
1800 48,000
1825 61,900
1840 65,000
1852 67,000
1874 90,500
1880 13,701
1885 108,500
1900 140,600
1910 170,300
1920 360,000 (whole FCG)
1925 210,300
1939 250,000
1946 118,000
1950  ?
1960 286,900
1970 365,600
1975 421,000
1980 456,700
1990  ?
1994 464,000
2000  ?
2002 460,000

Compare: population of Tricity Napoleonic-era Danzig The Free City of Danzig (French: Ville Libre de Dantzig) was a semi-independent state established by Napoleon during the Napoleonic Wars in years 9 September 1807– 22 January 1813/1815. ... For other tricities see Tri-Cities Tricity (also called the Treble City, in Polish Trójmiasto) is the metropolitan area consisting of the three Polish cities Gdańsk (German:Danzig), Gdynia and Sopot. ...

Economy

Main article: Economy of Gdansk

Neptune statue at the Old Town

The city's industrial kaleidoscope is dominated by traditional lines of shipbuilding, the petrochemical and chemical industry, and food processing. The share of more high-tech sectors such as electronics, telecommunications, IT engineering, or cosmetics and pharmaceuticals is on the rise. Amber processing for the local economy is also prominent. Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1793 KB)The Statue Of Neptune with the Polish Eagle underneath. ... Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1793 KB)The Statue Of Neptune with the Polish Eagle underneath. ... Andrea Doria as Neptune by Agnolo Bronzino: a potent allegory of Genoas hegemony in the Tyrrhenian Sea In Greek Mythology, Poseidon (Ποσειδῶν) was the god of the sea, known to the Romans as Neptune, and to the Etruscans as Nethuns. ...


Culture

Gdańsk was once an important center of culture. In the 16th century it hosted Shakespearean theater on foreign tours. Currently, there is a Fundation Theatrum Gedanensis aimed at rebuilding the Shakespeare theater building on its traditional site in Gdańsk. It is expected that Gdańsk will have a permanent English language theater, as at present it is only an annual event. (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ...

The Motława River in Gdańsk (2002)

Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1994 KB)River Motlawa File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1994 KB)River Motlawa File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Motława river is a river in Eastern Pomerania. ...

Tourism

The city boasts many fine Hanseatic league buildings. The St Mary's Church (Marienkirche/Bazylika Mariacka), a municipal church built in Gdańsk in the 15th century, is one of the largest brick churches in the world. The foundations of the Hanseatic League (German: Hanse), an alliance of trading cities that for a time in the later Middle Ages and the Early Modern period maintained a trade monopoly over most of Northern Europe and the Baltic, can be seen as early as the 12th century, with the... St Marys Church St. ...


On the Motława river the museum ship SS Soldek is anchored. The Motława river is a river in Eastern Pomerania. ... SS Soldek (Sołdek with Polish characters) was the Polish ship - coal and ore freighter. ...


Gdańsk is the starting point of the EuroVelo 9 cycle route which continues southward through Poland, then onto the Czech Republic, Austria, and Slovenia before it finally ends on the Adriatic Sea at Pula in Croatia. Map of EuroVelo bicycle routes EuroVelo, the European cycle route network, is a project of the European Cyclists Federation to develop 12 long-distance cycle routes crossing the whole continent of Europe. ... Pula (Italian Pola) is the largest city in Istria, Croatia, at the southern tip of that peninsula. ...


Tranportation

The Lech Walesa Airport is located in Gdansk, Poland, and is named after the Polish leader of the same name. ... (Sea)port of Gdańsk is seaport located on the southern coast of Gdansk Bay, extends along Vistula estuary (Martwa Wisla), Port Channel and Kashubia Canal. ...

Sports

Main article: Sports in Gdansk There are many popular professional sports team in the Gdansk and Tricity area. ...


There are many popular professional sports teams in the Gdańsk and Tricity area. Amateur sports are played by thousands of Gdańsk citizens and also in schools of all levels (elementary, secondary, university).


Politics and Local Government

Main article: Politics of Gdansk The following outlines the political layout of Gdansk. ...


Contemporary Gdańsk is the capital of the Pomeranian province and is one of the major centres of economic and administrative life in Poland. Many important agencies of the state and local government levels have their main offices here: the Provincial Administration Office, the Provincial Government, the Ministerial Agency of the State Treasury, the Agency for Consumer and Competition Protection, the National Insurance regional office, the Court of Appeal, and the High Administrative Court.


Regional center

Gdańsk Voivodship was extended in 1999 to include most of Słupsk Voivodship, the western part of Elbląg Voivodship and Chojnice County from Bydgoszcz Voivodship to form the new Pomeranian Voivodship. The area of the region was thus extended from 7,394 km² to 18,293 km² and the population rose from 1,333,800 (1980) to 2,198,000 (2000). By 1998, Tricity (greater Gdańsk) constituted an absolute majority of the population; almost half of the inhabitants of the new region live in the centre. Gdańsk Voivodship (1) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975-1998, superseded by Pomeranian Voivodship. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Slupsk Voivodship - (Polish: województwo słupskie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975-1998, previously part of Szczecin Voivodship (1945-1950) and Koszalin Voivodship (1950-1975), superseded by Pomeranian Voivodship (since 1999). ... Elblag Voivodship (Polish: województwo elbląskie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975-1998, superseded by Pomeranian Voivodship and Warmian-Masurian Voivodship. ... Bydgoszcz Voivodship (2) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in the years 1975–1998, superseded by Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodship. ... The Pomeranian Voivodship (in Polish województwo pomorskie) is an administrative region or voivodship in northern Poland within the historic region of Eastern Pomerania. ... For other tricities see Tri-Cities Tricity (also called the Treble City, in Polish Trójmiasto) is the metropolitan area consisting of the three Polish cities Gdańsk (German:Danzig), Gdynia and Sopot. ...


Education and Science

There are 10 universities with 60,436 students, of which 10,439 are graduates (2001).

  • Gdańsk University (Uniwersytet Gdański)
  • Gdańsk University of Technology (Politechnika Gdańska)
  • Medical Academy (Akademia Medyczna)
  • Physical Education Academy (Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego im. Jędrzeja Śniadeckiego)
  • Musical Academy (Akademia Muzyczna im. Stanisława Moniuszki)
  • Arts Academy (Akademia Sztuk Pięknych) [1] (http://www.asp.gda.pl)
  • Instytut Budownictwa Wodnego PAN
  • Ateneum - Szkoła Wyższa
  • Gdańska Wyższa Szkoła Humanistyczna
  • Gdańska Wyższa Szkoła Administracji
  • Wyższa Szkoła Bankowa
  • Wyższa Szkoła Społeczno-Ekonomiczna
  • Wyższa Szkoła Turystyki i Hotelarstwa w Gdańsku
  • Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania

History The university was established in 1970 by the amalgamation of the Higher School of Economics in Sopot (existing since 1945) and Gdańsk College of Education (formed in 1946). ... The Gdansk University of Technology or Politechnika Gdańska, is located in the District Wrzeszcz. ...

Scientific and regional organizations

Gdańsk Scientific Society (Polish: Gdańskie Towarzystwo Naukowe, GTN) is a general scientific society in Gdańsk, Poland. ... The Baltic Institute (Instytut Bałtycki) in Gdańsk is a scientific society researching the topics of the Baltic Sea countries, maritime economic issues, and Polish_German and Polish_Scandinavian relations. ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Toruń (pronounce: [:tɔruɲ], Kashubian: Torń, German Thorn, see also other names) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula river. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:


Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Modern division of neighbourhoods of Gdansk The City of Gdańsk is divided into 30 quarters: ... Dukes of Gdansk ca. ... . List of famous people born in Danzig Joannes Dantiscus, 1485, poet, church canon and bishop Bernhard von Reesen, 1490 Albrecht IV Giese, 1524 Anton van Obberghen, 1543, architect Anton Möller, 1563, painter Raynold Curicke, 1610-1667, jurist, historian Johannes Hevelius, 1611, astronomer Georg Daniel Schultz, 1615 Bogusław Radziwiłł, 1620, prince... Eight out of Rzeczpospolita Top 500 Polish companies have their headquarters in Gdansk. ... The following famous people live or work in Gdansk: Lech Wałęsa, b. ... St Marys Church St. ...

 
Gdańsk
Districts:
Osowa | Oliwa | Żabianka | Jelitkowo | Przymorze | Przymorze Małe | Przymorze Wielkie | VII Dwór | Strzyża | Zaspa | Zaspa-Młyniec | Zaspa-Rozstaje | Brzeźno | Matarnia | Brętowo | Wrzeszcz | Letnica | Nowy Port | Piecki-Migowo | Suchanino | Siedlce | Wzgórze Mickewicza | Aniołki | Młyniska | Stogi z Przeróbką | Śródmieście | Krakowiec-Górki Zachodnie | Wyspa Sobieszewska | Kokoszki | Chełm i Gdańsk Południe | Orunia-Św. Wojciech-Lipce | Olszynka | Rudniki
Tourist attractions:
St. Mary's Church | Westerplatte

City of Gdańsk (German:Danzig) flag (from the German wiki) File links The following pages link to this file: Gdansk Osowa Siedlce Sobieszewo Island Port Island (Gdansk) Kokoszki Oliwa Zabianka Jelitkowo Przymorze Wielkie VII Dwór Zaspa-Rozstaje Brzezno Matarnia Wrzeszcz Letnica Nowy Port Piecki-Migowo Suchanino Przymorze Przymorze Male Zaspa... Oliwa (Oliva) is one of the quarters of Gdansk since 1926. ... Zabianka is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk, on the border with Sopot. ... Jelitkowo is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk in neighbourhood to Sopot. ... Categories: Gdansk | Poland-related stubs ... Przymorze Male (Przymorze Ma&#322e) is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk. ... Categories: Poland-related stubs | Gdansk ... VII Dwór is one of the quarters of the city of Gdańsk, Poland. ... Strzyza is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk. ... Zaspa is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk. ... Zaspa-Mlyniec (Zaspa-Młyniec) is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk. ... Zaspa-Rozstaje is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk. ... Brzezno is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk with sandy beach and 130 m long pier. ... Matarnia is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk. ... Bretowo is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk. ... Categories: Poland-related stubs | Gdansk ... Letnica is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk. ... Nowy Port is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk. ... Piecki-Migowo is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk, which consists of 2 parts: Piecki and Migowo. ... Suchanino is a district of the city of Gdansk in Poland. ... Gdańsk-Siedlce is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk with 17,584 inhabitants (area 2. ... Wzgorze Mickiewicza is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk. ... Aniolki is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk, Poland. ... Mlyniska is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk. ... Stogi-Przerobka is one of the quarters of Gdansk. ... Srodmiescie is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk. ... The Island located between Gdansk Bay, Przekop Wisly and Leniwka. ... An island on the Baltic sea, located between the Gdansk Bay and the delta of Vistula river. ... Kokoszki is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk. ... Chelm i Gdańsk-Południe is one of the quarters of the city of Gdańsk. ... Orunia-Sw. ... Olszynka is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk. ... Rudniki is one of the quarters of the city of Gdansk, Poland. ... St Marys Church St. ... Westerplatte Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 1 to September 7, 1939 Place Westerplatte peninsula in Gdańsk Result ? Westerplatte is a peninsula in Gdańsk, at an estuary of the Dead Vistula (one of the Vistula delta estuaries), in the Gdańsk harbour channel. ...

External links


 
Poland
Voivodships of Poland
Greater Poland | Kuyavia-Pomerania | Lesser Poland | Łódź | Lower Silesia | Lublin | Lubusz | Masovia | Opole | Podlachia | Pomerania | Świętokrzyskie | Silesia | Subcarpathia | Warmia and Masuria | West Pomerania
Principal cities
Warsaw | Łódź | Kraków | Wrocław | Poznań | Gdańsk | Szczecin | Bydgoszcz | Lublin | Katowice | Białystok | Częstochowa | Gdynia | Gorzów Wlkp. | Toruń | Radom | Kielce | Rzeszów | Olsztyn

  Results from FactBites:
 
AllRefer.com - Gdansk, Poland (Polish Political Geography) - Encyclopedia (584 words)
The port cities of Gdansk and Gdynia and the nearby resort of Sopot are administered as a single city.
In 1576, Gdansk withstood a siege by Stephen BAthory and thus preserved its established privileges against domination by the Polish crown.
Gdansk was annexed to Germany from Sept. 1, 1939, until its fall to the Soviet army early in 1945.
SUTRA, a City of Tomorrow project: City Profil: Gdansk (795 words)
Gdansk is the largest economic, scientific and cultural centre on the Polish coast.
The climatic conditions of Gdansk are changeable due to the landscape, different air masses meeting here (usually the polar and martime, and the polar and continental air) and the tempering influence of the Baltic Sea.
Gdansk is situated in the middle of the southern Baltic shore on the Bay of Gddans which shelters it from the open sea.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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