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Encyclopedia > Gayk Bzhishkyan

Gayk Bzhishkyan (February 6 (February 18 (O.S.)), 1887December 11, 1937) was a Soviet military commander of the Russian Civil War and Polish-Soviet War. Gayk Bzhishkyan. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... In Britain and countries of the British Empire, Old Style or O.S. after a date means that the date is in the Julian calendar, in use in those countries until 1752; New Style or N.S. means that the date is in the Gregorian calendar, adopted on 14 September... 1887 is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Socialist republics/ Communist state Area  - Total  - % water Largest on the planet 22,402,200 km² ?% Population  - Total  - Density 3rd before collapse 293,047,571 (July... The Russian Civil War was fought between 1918 and 1922. ... The Polish-Soviet War or Russo-Polish War — in Polish, often called the Bolshevik War (Wojna bolszewicka) — was the war (February 1919 – March 1921) that determined the borders between two nascent states in post-World War I Europe, Soviet Russia and the Second Polish Republic. ...


(Russian: Гайк Бжишкян, also known as Gaya Dmitrievich Gaya (Гай Дмитриевич Гай), the first name is sometimes given as Gaya, Гая, or Gai, the patronymic is sometimes spelt as "Dimitrievich" or "Dimitriyevich", last name also spelt as Bzhishkyants (Бжишкянц); in Polish sources related to Polish-Soviet War he is referred to as either Gaj Brzyszkian, Gaj Dimitrijewicz Gaj or Gaj-Chan (Khan)) A patronymic, or patronym, is a component of a personal name based on the name of ones father. ... The Polish-Soviet War or Russo-Polish War — in Polish, often called the Bolshevik War (Wojna bolszewicka) — was the war (February 1919 – March 1921) that determined the borders between two nascent states in post-World War I Europe, Soviet Russia and the Second Polish Republic. ... Khan (sometimes spelled as xan, han) is a title meaning ruler in Mongolian and Turkish. ...


Gayk was Armenian, born in Tabriz, Iran to a family of teacher. Tabriz City Hall, built in 1895, by Arfaol molk, with the aid of German engineers. ...


He joined military of Imperial Russia, served as corporal (прапорщик, praporshchik, унтер-офицер, unter-officer, a military rank in Russian Imperial Army) and fought in World War I. After Russian Revolution he joined Bolsheviks and became the Party member and military commander since 1918, when he fought against Czech Legion ("White-czechs") and Orenburg Cossacks of ataman Alexander Dutov. Big Coat of Arms of the Russian Empire, adopted in 1882 Flag of Russian Empire Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean... Corporal is a military rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Code OR-4) in use by several militaries of the world. ... Praporshchik (Russian: ) was originally a name of a junior officer position in Strelets New Regiments. ... Military rank, or simply rank, is a system of grading seniority and command within military organizations. ... World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machine guns, and poison gas World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations and... The phrase Russian Revolution can refer to the following events in the history of Russia. ... Leaders of the Bolshevik Party and the Communist International, a painting by Malcolm McAllister on the Pathfinder Mural in New York City and on the cover of the book Lenin’s Final Fight published by Pathfinder. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Czech Legion, also called Czech-Slovak Legion was an armed force attached to the Russian army during the World War I. It played a prominent role in the Russian Civil War. ... White- (бело-), a prefix used by Bolsheviks to designate their real and alleged enemies of all sorts, by analogy with the White Army. ... The Orenburg Cossack Host (Оренбургское казачье войско in Russian), a part of the Cossack population in pre-revolutionary Russia, located in the Orenburg province (todays Orenburg Oblast, part of the Chelyabinsk Oblast and Bashkortostan). ... Ataman (variants: wataman, vataman, otaman, Cyrillic: атаман (Russian), ватаман (Russian, regional), отаман (Ukrainian)) was a title of Cossack and haidamak leaders of various kinds. ... Dutov, Alexander Ilyich (Дутов, Александр Ильич in Russian) (1879—1921), one of the leaders of the Cossack counterrevolution in the Urals, Lieutenant General (1919). ...


He commanded the following regiments.

  • July-November 1918: 1st Samara Infantry Division, transformed into 24th Rifle Division that took over Simbirsk (Ulyanovsk) and was later known as "Samara-Ulyanovsk Iron Division" (Georgy Zhukov served under his command and highly praised him later in his memoirs).
  • January-May, 1919: 1st Army
  • August-September 1919: 42nd Rifle Division
  • September 1919-March 1920: 1st Caucasus Cavalry Division
  • During the Polish-Soviet War he commanded the 2nd Cavalry Corps and (since July) 3rd Cavalry Corps on the right flank of the Western Front. In August 1920 he covered the retreat of the 4th Army and was interned in East Prussia

Since 1922 he was People's Commissar of Army and Navy of Armenian SSR and later military history lecturer and researcher. Ulyanovsk (Улья́новск, formerlySimbirsk (Симби́рск)) is a city on the Volga River in Russia. ... Ulyanovsk (Улья́новск, formerly Simbirsk (Симби́рск)) is a city on the Volga River in Russia. ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgi Zhukov Georgi Konstantinovich Zhukov (Russian: Георгий Константинович Жуков) (December 1 N.S./November 19 O.S., 1896 – June 18, 1974), Soviet military commander and politician, considered by many as one of the most successful field commanders of World War II. // Prewar career Born into a peasant family... The Polish-Soviet War or Russo-Polish War — in Polish, often called the Bolshevik War (Wojna bolszewicka) — was the war (February 1919 – March 1921) that determined the borders between two nascent states in post-World War I Europe, Soviet Russia and the Second Polish Republic. ... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with: :Sovnarkom. ... State motto: ÕŠÖ€Õ¸Õ¬Õ¥Õ¿Õ¡Ö€Õ¶Õ¥Ö€ Õ¢Õ¸Õ¬Õ¸Ö€ Õ¥Ö€Õ¯Ö€Õ¶Õ¥Ö€Õ«, միացեք! Official language None. ...


Since 1933 he was professor and the Chair of the Department of War History and Military Art in Zhukovsky Air Force Academy.


He was twice awarded with Order of the Red Banner: in 1919 for battles in Volga Region of 1918 and in 1920 for the Polish campaign. The Soviet government of Russia established the Order of the Battle Red Banner, better-known as the Order of the Red Banner (in Russian: Орден Крaсного Знамени Orden Krasnogo Znameni) on September 16, 1918 during the Russian Civil War. ...


On July 3, 1935 he was arrested, accused of "participation in an anti-Soviet terrorist organization" by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR on December 13, 1937 (АП РФ, оп. 24, дело 413, лист 252) and shot the same day. His books were declared politically harmful and banned. He was rehabilitated on January 21, 1956. July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... 1935(MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Passenger river motor ship (riverboat) Komdiv Gay (Комдив Гай, 1963) bears his name. A first class tourist riverboat High speed planing riverboat High speed hydrofoil riverboat Local passenger transport craft Riverboat specialized for cargo truck transport Self propelled gravel barge M.V. Splendid China layout A riverboat is a specialized watercraft (vessel) designed for operating on inland waterways. ...


Works

  • На Варшаву! Действия 3 конного корпуса на Западном фронте. Moscow, Leningrad, 1928.
  • В боях за Симбирск. Ulyanovsk, 1928.
  • Первый удар по Колчаку. Leningrad, 1926.

 
 

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