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Encyclopedia > Gay adoption
Legal status of gay adoption in Europe (map needs to be changed; UK, Norway, Iceland see text).
Legal status of gay adoption in Europe (map needs to be changed; UK, Norway, Iceland see text).

Gay adoption refers to the adoption of children by a same-sex couple. Gay adoption is legal in Sweden, the Netherlands, Andorra, Spain, England and Wales and Belgium. Iceland, Norway, Germany and Denmark allow "stepchild-adoption" so that the partner in a civil union can adopt the natural (or sometimes even adopted) child of his partner. In the Republic of Ireland and some other countries, individual persons, whether heterosexual/homosexual, cohabiting/single may apply for adoption. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1244x1244, 80 KB) Summary based on Image:EU_blank_no_rivers_territories256. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1244x1244, 80 KB) Summary based on Image:EU_blank_no_rivers_territories256. ... Adoption is the legal act of permanently placing a child with a parent or parents other than the birth parents. ... Since the first coinage, the word homosexuality has acquired multiple meanings. ... A civil union is one of several terms for a civil status similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing same-sex couples access to the benefits enjoyed by married opposite-sex peoples (see also same-sex marriage); it can also be used by opposite-sex couples who...


In France, a same-sex adoption case is currently being reviewed by the Court of Cassation. In that instance a lesbian had given birth to children who were then adopted by her partner under a legal framework that allows to create legal adoptive parenthood without extinguishing the original legal parent-child relationship(s) ("adoption simple"). As this automatically gives exclusive custody to the adopter, however, a second court application was then made and granted, so that custody be shared by both the natural and the adoptive mother. The Cour de cassation is the main court of last resort in France. ...


Within the U.S., California, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Vermont, Washington state, Wisconsin, and Washington, D.C. allow adoption by openly gay and lesbian couples. [1] [2] Florida is the only state that completely prohibits gay adoption. Mississippi, Oklahoma, Colorado and Utah all make same-sex adoption virtually impossible. Critics of anti-gay adoption policies also point out that in many of the states that have bans on gay adoption, gays are still able to act as foster parents. Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 3rd 410,000 km² 402. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 44th 10,555 mi²; 27,360 km² 183 mi; 295 km 113 mi; 182 km 13. ... Official language(s) None defined, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 47th 22,608 km² 110 km 240 km 14. ... Official language(s) English and Spanish Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 5th 315,194 km² 550 km 595 km 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 27th 141,205 km² 455 km 530 km 13. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus (largest metropolitan area is Cleveland) Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 34th 116,096 km² 355 km 355 km 8. ... Official language(s) None Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 43th 24,923 km² 130 km 260 km 3. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 18th 184,824 km² 385 km 580 km 6. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 23rd 169,790 km² 420 km 500 km 17 42°30N to 47°3N 86°49W to 92°54W Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 18th 5,453,896 38. ... Nickname: the District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Official website: http://www. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 22nd 170,451 km² 260 km 800 km 17. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 20th 181,196 km² 355 km 645 km 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 8th 269,837 km² 451 km 612 km 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Salt Lake City Largest city Salt Lake City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 13th 219,887 km² 435 km 565 km 3. ... A foster parent is an adult guardian to whom one or more children have been legally entrusted. ...

Legal status of gay adoption in North America.
Legal status of gay adoption in North America.

In Canada adoption is within provincial/territorial jurisdiction, and thus the law differs between each province and territory. Gay adoption is legal in British Columbia, Manitoba, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, and the Northwest Territories. In Alberta, gay men and lesbians can only legally adopt their partner's child. Gay adoption is illegal in New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Nunavut. In the Yukon the law regarding adoption is ambiguous, and it is not known if gays and lesbians can legally adopt there. Openly gay NDP MP Libby Davies has campaigned for national uniformity when it comes to gay adoption. Image File history File links Summary based on Samesex Map North America. ... Image File history File links Summary based on Samesex Map North America. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Official languages English Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 36 6 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 5th 944,735 km² 2. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Official languages English Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 14 6 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 8th 647,797 km² 14. ... This is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages English Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Myra Freeman Premier John Hamm (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 11 10 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 12th 55,283 km² 3. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English, French (in some areas) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 106 24 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 2nd 1,076,395... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 2nd 1,542,056 km² 11. ... Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (Latin: From many peoples, strength) Official languages English Capital Regina Largest city Saskatoon Lieutenant-Governor Lynda M. Haverstock Premier Lorne Calvert (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 14 6 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 7th 651,036 km² 9. ... Motto: None Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Commissioner Tony Whitford Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government - no party affiliations) Area 1,346,106 km² (3rd) Land 1,183,085 km² Water 163,021 km² (12. ... Motto: Fortis et Liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 28 6 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 6th 661,848 km² 2. ... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Official languages English, French Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Bernard Lord (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 10 10 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 11th 72 908 km² 2. ... Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti (Latin: The small under the protection of the great) Official languages English Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor J. Léonce Bernard Premier Pat Binns (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 4 4 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 13th 5,660 km² 0% Population  - Total... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 1st 2... Motto: none Official languages English Capital Whitehorse Largest city Whitehorse Commissioner Geraldine Van Bibber Premier Dennis Fentie (Yukon Party) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 1 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 9th 482,443 km² 1. ... This page is about the Canadian political party. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to a parliament; in the Westminster system, specifically to the lower house. ... Libby Davies (born February 27, 1953) is a Canadian Member of Parliament for the New Democratic Party, representing the riding of Vancouver East in Vancouver, British Columbia. ...


In Australia, gay adoption is legal in the Australian Capital Territory and Western Australia, step-child adoption in same-sex couples is possible in Tasmania. Motto: Pro Rege, Lege et Grege (For the Queen, the Law and the People) Nickname: (none) Other Australian states and territories Capital Canberra Government Administrator Chief Minister Const. ... Motto: Cygnis Insignis (Distinguished by its swans) Nickname: Wildflower State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Governor Premier Const. ... Motto: Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Nickname: The Apple Isle Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Governor Premier Const. ...


A January 2005 ruling of the Israeli Supreme Court now admits step-child adoptions for same-sex couples, joint custody having been possible since 2001. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...


Numerous studies conducted by the American Psychological Association, American Psychiatric Association, American Academy of Pediatrics and other groups have found there to be little if any difference between the effects of parenting conducted by same-sex couples and that of heterosexual couples. Several organizations have issued statements of support for the rights of same-sex couples to adopt, though there is still widespread resistance. The American Psychological Association (APA) is a professional organization representing psychology in the US. It has around 150,000 members and an annual budget of around $70m. ... The American Psychiatric Association is a professional organization of psychiatrists whose members are American and international physicians who are trained in psychiatry. ... The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is an organization of pediatricians. ... Heterosexuality is the scientific name for sexual attraction and/or sexual behaviour between animals of the opposite characteristic sex. ...


One prominent figure in America's gay adoption debate is actress and comedian Rosie O'Donnell, who is an adoptive parent in a same-sex relationship. O'Donnell is remembered for her efforts in challenging Florida's gay adoption ban. Rosie ODonnell (on right) and life-partner Kelli Carpenter-ODonnell speaking after their legal union on February 26, 2004 in San Francisco. ...


See also

  • Same-sex marriage in Canada
  • Gay parenting

all gay people should die off with AIDS because they're the reason we have AIDS in the first place. If those boys would just learn to keep it in their pants.... Same-sex marriage was legalized across Canada by the Civil Marriage Act enacted on July 20, 2005. ...


External links

  • AAP News Release - AAP Says Children of Same-sex Couples Deserve Two Legally Recognized Parents
  • New Position Statement Adopted by the American Psychiatric Association (APA): Adoption and Co-Parenting of Children by Same-Sex Couples (PDF)
  • American Psychological Association (APA) Public Interest Directorate: Research Summary on Lesbian and Gay Parenting
  • Let Him Stay - A site that describes a recent effort by same-sex parents to overturn Florida's ban on gay adoption.
  • Gay.com - Adoption and Parenting - News and Current Events pertaining to the rights and responsibilities of same-sex parents in adopting and parenting.
  • GayDads.Info - Information and a book relating to the subject of fatherhood and gay men.
  • Family Pride Coalition - The only US-based national level non-profit organization solely dedicated to advocating for LGBT parents and their families.
  • Families Like Ours - Adoption resource center with a focus on same-sex parenting.
  • PBS Documentary "DADDY & PAPA" - Story that focuses on the lives of same-sex parents in the United States.
  • The Gay Parenting Page - Website dedicated to providing links and resources relating to same-sex parenting.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gay adoption - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (755 words)
Gay adoption is legal in Sweden, the Netherlands, Andorra, Spain, England and Wales and Belgium.
Gay adoption is legal in British Columbia, Manitoba, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, and the Northwest Territories.
Gay adoption is illegal in New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Nunavut.
APA Public Interest Directorate: Research Summary on Lesbian and Gay Parenting (4554 words)
Systematic research comparing lesbian and gay adults to heterosexual adults only began in the late 1950s, and research comparing children of gay and lesbian parents with those of heterosexual parents is of a more recent vintage.
This criticism is not justified, because nobody knows the actual composition of the entire population of lesbian mothers, gay fathers, or their children (many of whom choose to remain hidden) and hence researchers cannot possible evaluate the degree to which particular samples do or do not represent the population.
Much of the existing research on lesbian mothers, gay fathers, and their children was initiated to address concerns that arose for such families in the context of child custody disputes, and it was often designed at least in part to examine the veracity of common stereotypes that have been voiced in legal proceedings.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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