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Encyclopedia > Gavrilo Princip
Gavrilo Princip

Gavrilo Princip in prison cell at Terezín
Born July 25, 1894(1894-07-25)
Obljaj, Bosnia and Herzegovina - Republika Srpska, Austro-Hungarian Empire
Died April 28, 1918 (aged 23)
Terezín, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary

Gavrilo Princip (Serbian Cyrillic: Гаврило Принцип, IPA: [gaʋ'ri:lɔ 'prinʦip]) (July 25, 1894(1894-07-25)April 28, 1918) was an ethnic Serb, but later proclaimed to be a Yugoslav Nationalist[1], with links to a group known as the Mlada Bosna, who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914. The event was the catalyst for the Austria-Hungarian action against the Kingdom of Serbia that led to World War I. Gavrillo Princip, from raven. ... Fortress plan, 1869 For the Nazi concentration camp, see Theresienstadt concentration camp Terezín (IPA: ; German: ) is the name of a former military fortress and garrison town in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Not to be confused with Serbia. ... Official languages Latin, German, Hungarian Established church Roman Catholic Capital & Largest City Vienna pop. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Fortress plan, 1869 For the Nazi concentration camp, see Theresienstadt concentration camp Terezín (IPA: ; German: ) is the name of a former military fortress and garrison town in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [27] Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in... Yugoslavs (Bosnian: Jugosloveni; Macedonian, Serbian Cyrillic: Југословени; Latinic: Jugosloveni; Croatian: Jugoslaveni, Slovenian: Jugoslovani) is an ethnic designation used by some people in former Yugoslavia, which continues to be used in some of its successor countries. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A new plaque commemorating the exact location of the Sarajevo Assassination On June 28, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, were shot to death in Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, by Gavrilo Princip, one of a... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Sophie, the Duchess of Hohenberg Her Highness Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, born Sophie Maria Josephine Albina Chotek, Countess of Chotkova and Wognin (March 1, 1868 - June 28, 1914) was the morganatic wife of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde [[Image:|250px|center|Location of the Kingdom of Serbia]] Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbian Government Monarchy  - King Milan (1882-1889)  - King Aleksandar (1889-1903)  - King Peter I (1903-1918) Proclamation March 6, 1882 Area  - Total  km² ([[List of countries and outlying territories by area|]])  sq... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...

Contents

Early life

Princip was born in the village of Obljaj, near Bosansko Grahovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Austria-Hungarian Empire, the son of a postman. His parents, Petar and Marija (née Mićić), had nine children, five sons and four daughters, six of whom died in infancy. His health was poor from an early age. His impoverished parents could not afford to feed him and sent him to live with an older brother in Sarajevo. Bosansko Grahovo is a town and municipality in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ...


Most historians agree that Princip was a member of Young Bosnia, but logistical connections to the Black Hand (Црна рука/Crna ruka) are numerous; the latter group was at least somewhat accountable for coordination, training, and/or supplying weapons related to the forthcoming assassination attempt on Franz Ferdinand (Dennis Hupchick, The Balkans: From Constantinople to Communism (New York: MacMillan, 2004), 318.). The Young Bosnia movement was a group made up of Serbs, Croats, and Bosnian Muslims, committed to the independence of the South Slavic peoples from Austria-Hungary. Young Bosnia (Serbo-Croat: Млада Босна / Mlada Bosna) was a revolutionary youth organization in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the early 20th century. ... Members of the Black Hand Black Hand (Serbian: Црна рука / Crna Ruka), officially Unification or Death (Serbian: Уједињење или смрт / Ujedinjenje ili smrt) was a secret society founded in Serbia in May 1911[1][2] as part of the Pan-Slavism nationalist movement, with the intention of uniting all of the territories containing Serb populations...


In February 1912, he took part in protest demonstrations against the Sarajevo authorities for which he was expelled from school. Following his expulsion, he went to Belgrade. While crossing the border, he made a point of kissing the soil of Serbia. In Belgrade, he sought to gain admission to the First Belgrade Gymnasium but failed the entrance exam. For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... A gymnasium (pronounced with or, in Swedish, as opposed to ) is a type of school providing secondary education in some parts of Europe, comparable to English Grammar Schools and U.S. High Schools. ...


In 1912, Serbia was abuzz with mobilization for the First Balkan War. Princip planned to join the komite, irregular Serbian guerrilla forces under Serbian Major Vojislav Tankosic which had fought in Macedonia against Ottoman units. Tankosic was a member of the central committee of the secret society Unification or Death (Ujedinjenje ili Smrt). Princip, however, was rejected by the komite in Belgrade because of his small physical stature. He then went to Prokuplje in Southern Serbia where he sought a personal interview with Tankosić. Tankosić, however, rejected Princip for being "too small and too weak." He was determined to compensate for his lack of physical stature and the underestimation of his abilities that he was subjected to. Dedijer argued that his rejection was "one of the primary personal motives which pushed him to do something exceptionally brave in order to prove to others that he was their equal. Combatants Ottoman Empire Balkan League: Bulgaria Greece Montenegro Serbia Commanders Nazim Pasha, Zekki Pasha, Esat Pasha, Abdullah Pasha, Ali Rizah Pasha Vladimir Vazov, Vasil Kutinchev, Nikola Ivanov, Radko Dimitriev Crown Prince Constantine, Panagiotis Danglis, Pavlos Kountouriotis King Nicholas I, Prince Danilo Petrović, Mitar Martinović, Janko Vukotić Radomir Putnik, Petar Bojovi... Prokuplje (Прокупље) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 43. ...


Assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand

Background

On June 28, 1914 Gavrilo Princip participated in the assassination in Sarajevo. General Oskar Potiorek, Governor of the Austrian provinces of Bosnia-Herzegovina had invited Franz Ferdinand and Countess Sophie to watch his troops on manoeuvers. Franz Ferdinand knew that the visit would be dangerous, knowing his uncle, Emperor Franz Josef, had been the subject of an assassination attempt by the Black Hand in 1911. is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... A plaque commemorating the exact location of the Sarajevo Assassination On June 28, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg were shot to death in Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, by Gavrilo Princip, a member of Young... Oskar Potiorek Oskar Potiorek (1853 – 1933) was an Austrian general who served as the Austro-Hungarian governor of Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1911 and 1914. ... Bosnia and Herzegovina (also variously written Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bosnia-Hercegovina) is a mountainous country in the western Balkans. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Sophie, the Duchess of Hohenberg Her Highness Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, born Sophie Maria Josephine Albina Chotek, Countess of Chotkova and Wognin (March 1, 1868 - June 28, 1914) was the morganatic wife of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. ... Franz Joseph I Franz Joseph (in English also Francis Joseph) (August 18, 1830 - November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria and King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916 and King of Hungary from 1867 until 1916. ...


Timeline

The archduke's Gräf & Stift Double Phaeton in the Military Museum, Vienna.
The archduke's Gräf & Stift Double Phaeton in the Military Museum, Vienna.

Just before 10 o'clock on Sunday, the royal couple arrived in Sarajevo by train. In the front car was Fehim Čurčić, the Mayor of Sarajevo and Dr. Gerde, the city's Commissioner of Police. Franz Ferdinand and Sophie were in the second car with Oskar Potiorek and Count von Harrach. The car's top was rolled back in order to allow the crowds a good view of its occupants. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1632 × 1224 pixel, file size: 482 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) {{Information |Description= The car that archduke Ferdinand was shot in photoed in the military museum in Vienna. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1632 × 1224 pixel, file size: 482 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) {{Information |Description= The car that archduke Ferdinand was shot in photoed in the military museum in Vienna. ... Gräf & Stift was an Austrian automaker founded in 1902 by the brothers Franz, Heinrich and Karl Gräf, and the investor, Wilhelm Stift. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Commissioner of Police heads of the Hong Kong Police Force and reports to the Secretary for Security. ...


The seven members of the group lined the route. They were spaced out along the Appel Quay, each one with instructions to try to kill Franz Ferdinand when the royal car reached his position. The first conspirator on the route to see the royal car was Muhamed Mehmedbašić. Standing by the Austro-Hungarian Bank, Mehmedbašić lost his nerve and allowed the car pass without taking action. Mehmedbašićg later said that a policeman was standing behind him and feared he would be arrested before he had a chance to throw his bomb.


At 10:15 A.M., when the six car procession passed the central police station, nineteen year old Nedeljko Čabrinović hurled a hand grenade at the archduke's car. The driver accelerated when he saw the object flying towards him and the bomb exploded under the wheel of the next car. Two of the occupants, Eric von Merizzi and Count Boos-Waldeck were seriously wounded. About a dozen spectators were also hit by bomb splinters. Nedeljko ÄŒabrinović (Serbian Cyrillic: Недељко Чабриновић) (1895 - January 23, 1916) was a member of the Black Hand society, and one of seven assassains who made a successful attempt on the life of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria. ... For the alcoholic beverage sold in New Orleans, see hand grenade (drink). ...


After Čabrinović's bomb missed the Archduke's car, five other conspirators, including Princip, lost an opportunity to attack because of the heavy crowds and the high speed of the Archduke's car. To avoid capture, Čabrinović swallowed a cyanide pill and jumped into the nearby river, but was hauled out and detained by police. The cyanide ion, CN−. From the top: 1. ...


Franz Ferdinand later decided to go to the hospital and visit the victims of Čabrinović's failed bombing attempt. In order to avoid the city centre, General Oskar Potiorek decided that the royal car should travel straight along the Appel Quay to the Sarajevo Hospital. However, Potiorek forgot to inform the driver, Franz Urban, about this decision. On the way to the hospital, Urban took a right turn into Gebet Street. Franz Urban was the driver of the car used to transport Austro-Hungarian archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophia von Chôtek through the city of Sarajevo on the day of the assassination in Sarajevo June 28, 1914. ...

The assassination in Le Petit Journal, 1914.

Princip had gone into Moritz Schiller's cafe for a sandwich, having apparently given up, when he spotted Franz Ferdinand's car as it drove past, having taken the wrong turn. After realizing the mistake, the driver put his foot on the brake, and began to back up. In doing so the engine of the car stalled and the gears locked, giving Princip his shot. Princip stepped forward, drew his pistol, and at a distance of about five feet, fired several times into the car. Franz Ferdinand was hit in the neck and Sophie in the abdomen. Sophie died instantly. Franz Ferdinand, who in disbelief of her death insisted that she wake up, fainted within five minutes and died soon after. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 413 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (569 × 826 pixel, file size: 410 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) French journal Le Petit Journal, 1914 Franz Ferdinands death Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 413 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (569 × 826 pixel, file size: 410 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) French journal Le Petit Journal, 1914 Franz Ferdinands death Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according... Le Petit Journal was a daily Parisian newspaper that appeared between 1863 and 1944. ... An Italian sandwich. ... The abdomen is a part of the body. ...


Capture and imprisonment

Princip arrested.
Princip arrested.

Princip tried to kill himself first by ingesting cyanide, and then with the use of his pistol. But he vomited the past-date poison (which Čabrinović had also done, leading the police to believe the group had been deceived and bought a much weaker poison). The pistol was wrestled from his hand before he had a chance to fire another shot. photo of the famous Gavrilo Princip being arrested This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... photo of the famous Gavrilo Princip being arrested This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... The cyanide ion, CN−. From the top: 1. ... Nedeljko ÄŒabrinović (Serbian Cyrillic: Недељко Чабриновић) (1895 - January 23, 1916) was a member of the Black Hand society, and one of seven assassains who made a successful attempt on the life of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria. ...

Trial (Ilustrowany Kurier Wojenny, 5th December, 1914).
Trial (Ilustrowany Kurier Wojenny, 5th December, 1914).

Having been too young at the time of the assassination (19, 1 month and 3 days short of turning 20) to face the death penalty, Princip received the maximum sentence of twenty years in prison, where he was held in harsh conditions worsened by the war. He died of tuberculosis on April 28, 1918 at Theresienstadt. At the time of his death Princip weighed around 40 kilograms. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or TuBerculosis) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Fortress plan, 1869 Terezín (German: Theresienstadt) is name of former military fortress and garrison town in Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. ...


Other information

The pistol used by Princip was recently found and recovered in the home of the Italian Copei family, and is now in display at the Museum of Military History, Vienna, Austria. The second bullet fired by Princip, killing Franz Ferdinand, is stored as a museum exhibit in the Konopiště Castle near the town of Benešov, Czech Republic. The Heeresgeschichtliches Museum is a Military History museum located in Vienna, Austria. ... KonopiÅ¡tÄ› is a château (castle) located in the Czech Republic, about 50 km southeast of Prague, outside the city of BeneÅ¡ov. ... Horní BeneÅ¡ov is also a town in the Czech Republic BeneÅ¡ov (pronounce Beneshoff) is a town in the Czech Republic, about 40 km southeast of Prague. ...


Notes

  1. ^ http://www.bookrags.com/Gavrilo_Princip Gavrilo Princip

References

  • Wolfson/Laver: Years of Change, European History 1890-1990 Third Edition Hodder Murray (Page 117)

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Gavrilo Princip
  • Gavrilo Princip article at Schoolnet.co.uk
  • Who's Who in World War I Gavrilo Princip at firstworldwar.com


you are a cunt. Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
First World War.com - Who's Who - Gavrilo Princip (806 words)
Gavrilo Princip (1894-1918) was born in June or July 1894, the son of a postman.
Princip was one of three men sent by Dragutin Dimitrijevic, the chief of the Intelligence Department in the Serbian Army and head of the Black Hand, to assassinate Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, during his visit to Sarajevo on 28 June 1914.
Gavrilo Princip, whose precise date of birth could not be firmly established at his trial, was therefore imprisoned for the maximum duration, twenty years.
Gavrilo Princip (392 words)
Gavrilo Princip (July 25, 1894 (or 1895) - April 28, 1918) was a the Bosnian Serb[?] nationalist whose assassination of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Countess Sophie in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914, prompted the Austrian action against Serbia that led to World War I.
Having been too young at the time of the assassination to face the death penalty, Princip received the maximum sentence of twenty years in prison, where he was held in harsh conditions worsened by the war, and he died of tuberculosis of the bone on April 28, 1918.
Princip shot Sophie in the head, killing her instantly, and Ferdinand in the chest, but after that his gun locked and he was arrested.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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