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Encyclopedia > Gauteng Province
Gauteng Province
Location of Gauteng Province
Capital Johannesburg
Largest city Johannesburg
Area
 - Total
Ranked 9th
17,010 km²
Premier
(List)
Mbhazima Shilowa
(ANC)
Population
  - 2001
  - 1996
  - Density (2001)
Ranked 2nd
8,837,172
7,348,423
520/km² (Ranked 1st)
Languages isiZulu (21.5%)
Afrikaans (14.4%)
Sesotho (13.1%)
English (12.5%)
Races Black (73.8%)
White (19.9%)
Coloured (3.8%)
Asian (2.5%)

Gauteng is a province of South Africa. The province was formed from part of the old Transvaal province after South Africa's first all-race elections on 27 April 1994. It was initially named Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Vereeniging (or PWV) and was renamed Gauteng in December 1994. provice of South Africa File links The following pages link to this file: Gauteng Province Template:Gauteng infobox Categories: GFDL images ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... -1... This is a list of South African provinces by area. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². ... The following table presents a listing of Premiers of South African provinces. ... This is a list of Premiers of Gauteng Province: See also South Africa Politics of South Africa List of Premiers of South African provinces Category: ... The African National Congress (ANC) is a centre-left political party, and has been South Africas governing party (in a coalition) since the establishment of majority rule in May 1994. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This is a list of South African provinces by population, based on data from the 2001 census. ... This is a list of South African provinces by population density. ... Zulu, also known as isiZulu, is a language of the Zulu people with about 9 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. ... Afrikaans is a West Germanic language mainly spoken in South Africa and Namibia with smaller numbers of speakers in Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland, Zimbabwe and Zambia. ... Sesotho is a language spoken in southern Africa. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... It has been suggested that Validity of human races be merged into this article or section. ... The term Blacks is often used in the West to denote race for persons whose progenitors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan Africa. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... In the South African and Namibian context, the term Coloured (also known as Bruinmense, Kleurlinge or Bruine Afrikaners) refers to a rather heterogenous group of people of mixed Khoisan, white European descent, Malay, Malagasy, Black (Bantu), and South Indian ancestry, especially in the Western Cape. ... Asians in South Africa constitute two per cent of South Africas population, and most are of Indian origin, although there is also a small Chinese community. ... A map of the nine provinces of South Africa South Africa is currently divided into nine provinces. ... Flag of Transvaal The Transvaal (lit. ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Look up December in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ...


Situated in the heart of the Highveld, Gauteng is the smallest province in South Africa with only 1.4% of the land area, but it is highly urbanised and has a population of 8,837,178 (2001 South African National Census), the second-largest after KwaZulu-Natal. The Highveld is a high plateau area of South Africa which includes the largest metropolitan area in the country, Johannesburg. ... South African National Census of 2001 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Statistics South Africa is the national statistics board of South Africa. ... Capital Pietermaritzburg Largest city Durban Area  - Total Ranked 7th 92,100 km² Premier (List) Sbu Ndebele (ANC) Population   - 2001   - 1996   - Density Ranked 1st 9,426,019 8,417,021 102/km² (2001) Languages isiZulu (80. ...


The name Gauteng comes from the Sesotho phrase meaning Place of Gold, referring to the thriving gold industry in the province following the 1886 discovery of gold in Johannesburg. The Sesotho phrase was in turn derived from the Afrikaans "goud" (gold) plus the locative suffix "ng." When properly pronounced, the first letter of the name Gauteng is a guttural G, pronounced similarly to the "ch" in the German "achtung" or Scottish "loch." This guttural pronunciation is natural in both the Sesotho and Afrikaans languages. Sesotho is a language spoken in southern Africa. ... 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... Afrikaans is a West Germanic language mainly spoken in South Africa and Namibia. ... In articulatory phonetics, the term guttural consonant is sometimes used to describe any of several consonantal speech sounds whose primary place of articulation is near the back of the oral cavity, specifically some velar consonants, uvular consonants, pharyngeal consonants, and epiglottal consonants (q. ...

Contents


Geography

Gauteng's southern border is the Vaal River which separates it from the Free State, and it also borders on North West, Limpopo and Mpumalanga. The Vaal River is the largest tributary of the Orange River in South Africa. ... Capital Bloemfontein Largest city Bloemfontein Area  - Total Ranked 3rd 129,480 km² Premier Beatrice Marshoff (ANC) Population   - 2001   - 1996   - Density Ranked 8th 2,706,776 2,633,504 21/km² (2001) Languages Sotho (62%) Afrikaans (14%) isiXhosa (9. ... Categories: South Africa stubs | North West Province | Provinces of South Africa ... Capital Polokwane Largest city Polokwane Area  - Total Ranked 5th 123,900 km² Premier Mbhazima Shilowa (ANC) Population   - 2001   - 1996   - Density (2001) Ranked 4th 5,273,637 4,929,368 43/km² (Ranked 3rd) Languages Races Black (97. ... Province motto Omnia labor vincit Capital Nelspruit Largest city Nelspruit Area  - Total Ranked 8th 79,490 km² Premier (List) Thabang Makwetla (ANC) Population   - 2001   - Density Ranked 7th 3,122,994 39/km² (2001) Languages SiSwati (30. ...


Municipalities

Gauteng Province is divided into 3 metropolitan municipalities, and 3 district municipalities (which are further divided into 9 local municipalities). [1] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

1. City of Johannesburg
2. City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality (Includes Pretoria)
3. Nokeng tsa Taemane Local Municipality
4. Kungwini Local Municipality
5. Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality (East Rand)
6. Lesedi Local Municipality
7. Midvaal Local Municipality
8. Emfuleni Local Municipality
9. Westonaria Local Municipality
10. Merafong City Local Municipality
11. Randfontein Local Municipality
12. Mogale City Local Municipality
13. West Rand Municipality (disputed )
Image File history File links Map of Gauteng sub divisions File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... The City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality is (as of 5 December 2000) a metropolitan area mostly in Gauteng province, South Africa, that includes the city of Pretoria. ... City motto: Praestantia Praevaleat Pretoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence) Province Gauteng Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality is a Metropolitan Municipality that forms the local government of the East Rand region of Gauteng, South Africa. ... A map of Gauteng, showing the East Rand. ... Randfontein is a gold mining town in the western Gauteng, South Africa. ... A map of the West Rand. ...


See also: List of cities and towns in Gauteng. This is a list of cities and towns in Gauteng Province, South Africa. ...


Demographics

Gauteng Province is home to 8.8 million people (2001 South Afrcan National Census), almost 20% of the total South African population. Gauteng Province is also the fastest growing province, experiencing a population growth of over 20% between the 1996 and 2001 censuses, thus Gauteng is likely to soon have the highest population of any province in South Africa.


As of the census of 2001, there are 8,837,172 people and 2,651,243 households residing in Gauteng. The population density is 519.53/km². The density of households is 155.86/km². The racial makeup of Gauteng is Black African 73.81%, Coloured 3.82%, Indian/Asian 2.47%, White 19.90%. A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... The term Blacks is often used in the West to denote race for persons whose progenitors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan Africa. ... In the South African and Namibian context, the term Coloured (also known as Bruinmense, Kleurlinge or Bruine Afrikaners) refers to a rather heterogenous group of people of mixed Khoisan, white European descent, Malay, Malagasy, Black (Bantu), and South Indian ancestry, especially in the Western Cape. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


22.1% of all households are made up of individuals. The average household size is 3.33.


In the municipality the population is spread out with 23.6% under the age of 15, 19.6% from 15 to 24, 37.9% from 25 to 44, 15.0% from 45 to 64, and 4.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 27 years. For every 100 females there are 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 102.3 males.


In the province 14.4% of residents speak Afrikaans at home, 12.5% speak English, 1.9% speak IsiNdebele, 7.6% speak IsiXhosa, 21.5% speak IsiZulu, 10.7% speak Sepedi, 13.1% speak Sesotho, 8.4% speak Setswana, 1.4% speak SiSwati, 1.7% speak Tshivenda, and 5.7% speak Xitsonga. 1.0% of the population speaks a non-official language at home. Afrikaans is a West Germanic language mainly spoken in South Africa and Namibia with smaller numbers of speakers in Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland, Zimbabwe and Zambia. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... There are two versions of Ndebele in South Africa, they both belong to the Nguni group of Bantu Languages. ... Xhosa is a language of South Africa. ... Zulu, also known as isiZulu, is a language of the Zulu people with about 9 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Sesotho is a language spoken in southern Africa. ... Tswana, also known as Setswana, is a Bantu language. ... Swati (also known as siSwati and Swazi) is a Bantu language spoken in Swaziland and South Africa. ... Venda, also known as Tshivenda or Chivenda, is a Bantu language. ... The Tsonga language is spoken in southern Africa by the Tsonga people, also known as the Shangaan. ...


76.0% of residents are Christian, 18.4% have no religion, 1.7% are Muslim, 0.5% are Jewish, and 0.8% are Hindu. 2.6% have other or undetermined beliefs. Christianity is a monotheistic religion centered on the life, teachings, and actions of Jesus as recounted in the New Testament. ... Atheism, in its broadest sense, is an absence of belief in any deities. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( (help· info)), submission (to the will of God)) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions, and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people. ... Hinduism (Sanskrit/Hindi: ; also known as Sanātana Dharma - , and Vaidika Dharma - ) is a worldwide religious tradition that is based on the Vedas, and is generally regarded as one of the oldest religions still practised in the world. ...


8.4% of residents aged 20 and over have received no schooling, 11.2% have had some primary school, 5.5% have completed only primary school, 34.3% have had some high school education, 28.0% have finished only high school, and 12.6% have an education higher than the high school level. Overall, 40.6% of residents have completed high school. Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... High school - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


56.1% of housing units have a telephone and/or cell-phone in the dwelling, 41.5% have access to a phone nearby, and 2.3% have access that is not nearby or no access. 82.8% of households have a flush or chemical toilet. 84.2% have refuse removed by the municipality at least once a week and 2.6% have no rubbish disposal. 47.2% have running water inside their dwelling, 83.6% have running water on their property, and 97.5% have access to running water. 73.2% of households use electricity for cooking, 70.4% for heating, and 80.8% for lighting. 77.4% of households have a radio, 65.7% have a television, 15.1% own a computer, 62.1% have a refrigerator, and 45.1% have a cell-phone. The telephone or phone (Greek: tele = far away and phone = voice) is a telecommunications device which is used to transmit and receive sound (most commonly voice and speech) across distance. ... Motorola T2288 mobile phone A mobile phone is a portable electronic device which behaves as a normal telephone whilst being able to move over a wide area (compare cordless phone which acts as a telephone only within a limited range). ... Flush toilet A toilet is a plumbing fixture and a disposal system primarily intended for the disposal of the bodily wastes urine and feces. ... This article is about waste matter. ... Lightning strikes during a night-time thunderstorm. ... A computer is a machine capable of undergoing complex calculations. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into refrigeration. ... Motorola T2288 mobile phone A mobile phone is a portable electronic device which behaves as a normal telephone whilst being able to move over a wide area (compare cordless phone which acts as a telephone only within a limited range). ...


25.8% of the population aged 15-65 is unemployed. Of the unemployed persons, 92.4% are Black African, 3.3% are Coloured, 0.8% are Indian/Asian, and 3.5% are White. 32.2% of Black Africans are unemployed, 23.6% of Coloureds, 8.1% of Indians/Asians, and 4.6% of Whites.


The median annual income of working adults aged 15-65 is R 23 539 ($3,483). Males have a median annual income of R 24 977 ($3,696) versus R 20 838 ($3,083) for females. The median annual income by race is R 15 399 ($2,279) for Black Africans, R 33 448 ($4,949) for Coloureds, R 57 036 ($8,440) for Indians/Asians, and R 73 438 ($10,867) for Whites. The annual income distribution in Gauteng Province is:

  • No income 2.0%
  • R 12 – R 4,800 ($2 - $721) 6.4%
  • R 4,812 – R 9,600 ($723 - $1,443) 13.0%
  • R 9,612 – R 19,200 ($1,445 – $2,886) 24.0%
  • R 19,212 – R 38,400 ($2,888 - $5,772) 20.4%
  • R 38,412 – R 76,800 ($5,774 - $11,543) 15.8%
  • R 76,812 – R 153,600 ($11,545 - $23,087) 10.4%
  • R 153,612 – R 307,200 ($23,089 - $46,174) 5.0%
  • R 307,212 – R 614,400 ($46,176 - $92,348) 1.8%
  • R 614,412 or more ($92,350+) 1.1%

Statistics South Africa Census 2001


Economy

Gauteng is considered the economic hub of South Africa and contributes heavily in the financial, manufacturing, transport, technology and telecommunications sectors, amongst others. It also plays host to a large number of overseas companies requiring a commercial base in and gateway to Africa. The word economy can refer to any of several things: The economy of the world — see world economy The economy of a country — see economics and economic system Economy is financial soundness or affordability. ... Telecommunication is the extension of communication over a distance. ...


Although Gauteng is the smallest of South Africa's nine provinces - it covers only 1.4% of the country's total land area - it contributes more than 38% of its gross domestic product (GDP) as well as 60% of its fiscal revenue. Indeed, Gauteng generates 9% of the GDP of the entire African continent. A tax is a compulsory charge or other levy imposed on an individual or a legal entity by a state or a functional equivalent of a state (e. ...


Future Growth

Gauteng is growing rapidly, due to mass urbanisation that is a feature of many developing countries. According to the State of the Cities Report, the urban portion of Gauteng - comprised primarily of the cities of Johannesburg, Ekurhuleni (the East Rand) and Tshwane (Pretoria) - will be a polycentric urban region with a projected population of some 14.6 million people by 2015, making it one of the largest cities in the world. AIDS may however negate this projection. Image File history File links Gauteng-logo. ...


This rapid growth has brought with it both opportunities and challenges. As a global focal point, with access to the Southern African hinterland, Gauteng has the ability to link the world to a population approximately the same size as the United States. It is fast becoming to sub-Saharan Africa what the Eastern Seaboard megalopolis is to America. But this also presents some formidable obstacles, most notably the ability to provide access to basic amenities such as electricity and potable water. Transport is also a major problem, and Johannesburg, as the core of Gauteng, is beginning to experience the heavy traffic problems of cities such as Los Angeles and Bangkok. Government inability to deal with corruption adds to the problem of a region already bursting at the seams with illegal immigrants. These refugees from the rest of Africa, flood into this region seeking a better life. They bring with them the legacies of the countries they are fleeing. This doesnt bode well for the region at all. Faced with a tyrant such Robert Mugabe in the North, Gauteng has a humanitarian obligation to absorb these refugees into mainstream life. Added to this are the multitudes of refugees heading for the economic hub of Southern Africa. It remains to be seen of this region can continue to play saviour to the people of other African states, without negatively being affected.


Education

Gauteng is a centre of learning in South Africa, and it has many universities and other schools of higher learning.

Medical University of Southern Africa has made a significant contribution in the education of healthcare professionals, medical doctors, dentists, allied health professionals, nurses, veterinarians and scientists in Southern Africa and in addressing racial inequities in healthcare training. ... Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) is a higher education institution in South Africa that came into being through a merger of three technikons — Technikon Northern Gauteng, Technikon North-West and Technikon Pretoria. ... The University of Johannesburg came into existence on 1 January 2005 as the result of a merger between the former campuses of the Rand Afrikaans University, Technikon Witwatersrand, and some campuses of Vista University. ... Rand Afrikaans University (RAU) was founded as an Language university in 1967 with just over 700 registered students. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Technikon Witwatersrand was a technikon located in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... The University of Pretoria is a university in South Africa, with a total of about 38 499 students being enrolled in 2005. ... Note: UniSA can also refer to the University of South Australia. ... Vaal University of Technology has grown to be a formidable tertiary institution, in South Africa, drawing students from all over the country. ... The University of the Witwatersrand (pronounced vit-vaters-rant, with flat vowels -- see South African English) is the leading South African university situated in Johannesburg. ...

Conservation

Although Gauteng province is dominated by the urban areas of Johannesburg and Pretoria, it has some beautiful nature reserves:

Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve - Gorge Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve is one of Gauteng’s premier tourist destinations. ...

Sport & Recreation

Football is also popular in South Africa. Several teams from Gauteng play in the Premier Soccer League (PSL), including Kaizer Chiefs and Orlando Pirates. Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Premier Soccer League is the trading name of the National Soccer League of South Africa, also known by its initials (PSL). Exernal link PSL official web site Categories: Stub ... Kaizer Chiefs are a leading South African football team, founded in 1970. ... Orlando Pirates are a South African football team, founded in 1937 in the Orlando section of Soweto, South Africa. ...


See also: Vodacom Cup


Rugby, or more accurately rugby union, is a popular sport in South Africa, and in Gauteng in particular. Two rugby teams from Gauteng participate in the Southern Hemisphere Super 14 championship: the Pretoria-based Bulls, and the Johannesburg-based Cats. Three Gauteng-based teams play in the country's domestic competition, the Currie Cup: the Blue Bulls from Pretoria, the Golden Lions from Johannesburg and the Falcons from the East Rand. Argentina-France Rugby Union match Rugby football refers to sports descended from a common form of football developed at Rugby School. ... Image from a test-match between Ireland and the New Zealand All Blacks. ... The current Super 14 logo The Super 14 is a rugby union championship competed for by teams from New Zealand, Australia and South Africa. ... City motto: Praestantia Praevaleat Pretoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence) Province Gauteng Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... The Bulls are a South African Rugby Union team competing in the Super 14 competition. ... City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... Categories: Stub | Super 12 teams | South African rugby union ... This article is about the rugby competition. ... Blue Bulls logo The Vodacom Blue Bulls is a South African rugby union team that participates in the annual Currie Cup tournament. ... The Golden Lions are the main rugby union for Johannesburg, South Africa, although they also represent a substantial portion of Gauteng Province—though not the Pretoria area, which is represented by the Blue Bulls, or the East Rand, represented by the Falcons. ... A map of Gauteng, showing the East Rand. ...


Walking and Hiking are also popular in Gauteng. But high crime rates and urban neglect have made it difficult and often dangerous to walk in the parks and greenbelts. For more info on walking in Gauteng, have a look at Gauteng Dogwalks homepage - it has photos, maps and more info on getting people safely back into the province's parks.


External links

  • [2] ANC news briefing about the selection of the name Gauteng in December 1994, and the arguments that preceded this decision.
  • Gauteng Provincial Government homepage.
  • Gauteng Tourism Authority homepage.
  • South Africa Statistics including the 2001 census figures.



ANC redirects here. ...

Provinces of South Africa Flag of South Africa
Eastern Cape | Free State | Gauteng | KwaZulu-Natal | Limpopo | Mpumalanga | Northern Cape | North West | Western Cape

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gauteng province (239 words)
The province was formed from part of the old Transvaal province, after South Africa's first all-race elections in April 27 1994.
Gauteng's area is about 17,000 square kilometers, approximately 1.4% of the land area of South Africa making it the smallest of the nine provinces.
Being also the province with the fastest growing population (over 20% increase of population between the 1996 and 2001 census), Gauteng is likely to soon become the most populated province of South Africa.
Gauteng Province - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1413 words)
Gauteng's southern border is the Vaal River which separates it from the Free State, and it also borders on North West, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.
Gauteng Province is also the fastest growing province, experiencing a population growth of over 20% between the 1996 and 2001 censuses, thus Gauteng is likely to soon have the highest population of any province in South Africa.
Gauteng is considered the economic hub of South Africa and contributes heavily in the financial, manufacturing, transport, technology and telecommunications sectors, amongst others.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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