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Encyclopedia > Gattaca
Gattaca

Theatrical release poster
Directed by Andrew Niccol
Produced by Danny DeVito
Written by Andrew Niccol
Starring Ethan Hawke
Uma Thurman
Jude Law
Gore Vidal
Xander Berkeley
Music by Michael Nyman
Cinematography Slawomir Idziak
Distributed by Columbia Pictures
Release date(s) October 24, 1997
Running time 106 min.
Country Flag of the United States
Language English
Esperanto
Budget $36 million
Gross revenue $12,532,777
Official website
Allmovie profile
IMDb profile

Gattaca is a 1997 science fiction drama film written and directed by Andrew Niccol, starring Ethan Hawke, Uma Thurman and Jude Law with supporting roles played by Loren Dean, Gore Vidal and Alan Arkin. The movie's score was composed by Michael Nyman. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (522x755, 93 KB) Summary Alternative promotional poster for the film Gattaca. ... Andrew M. Niccol (born 1964) is a screenwriter, producer, and director. ... Daniel Michael DeVito Jr. ... Andrew M. Niccol (born 1964) is a screenwriter, producer, and director. ... Ethan Green Hawke (born November 6, 1970) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor, writer and film director. ... Uma Karuna Thurman (born April 29, 1970) is an Academy Award-nominated American actress. ... David Jude Law (born 29 December 1972) is an BAFTA Award-winning and Academy Award-nominated British actor. ... Eugene Luther Gore Vidal (born October 3, 1925) (pronounced and , ) is an American author of novels, stage plays, screenplays, and essays, and the scion of a prominent political family. ... Xander Berkeley (born December 16, 1955) is a well-known American actor, who, despite having had few leading roles, has appeared in more than 80 motion pictures. ... This article is about the composer/musician Michael Nyman. ... Slawomir Idziak was born January 25, 1945 in Katowice, Poland. ... The Columbia Pictures logo from 1993 to the present Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The year 1997 in film involved some significant events. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Esperanto flag Esperanto is a constructed international auxiliary language. ... The year 1997 in film involved some significant events. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... A drama film is a film that depends mostly on in-depth character development, interaction, and highly emotional themes. ... Andrew M. Niccol (born 1964) is a screenwriter, producer, and director. ... Ethan Green Hawke (born November 6, 1970) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor, writer and film director. ... Uma Karuna Thurman (born April 29, 1970) is an Academy Award-nominated American actress. ... David Jude Law (born 29 December 1972) is an BAFTA Award-winning and Academy Award-nominated British actor. ... Actor Loren Dean (born on 31 July 1969 in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA) starred in movies such as Billy Bathgate and Enemy of the State. ... Eugene Luther Gore Vidal (born October 3, 1925) (pronounced and , ) is an American author of novels, stage plays, screenplays, and essays, and the scion of a prominent political family. ... Alan Wolf Arkin (born March 26, 1934) is an Academy Award-winning American actor and director. ... This article is about the composer/musician Michael Nyman. ...


The film presents a biopunk vision of a society driven by new eugenics. Children of the middle and upper classes are selected through preimplantation genetic diagnosis to ensure they possess the best hereditary traits of their parents. A genetic registry database uses biometrics to instantly identify and classify those so created as valids while those conceived by traditional means are derisively known as faith births, god children and in-valids. While genetic discrimination is forbidden by law, in practice it is easy to profile one's genotype resulting in the Valids qualifying for professional employment while the In-Valids who are susceptible to disease are relegated to menial jobs. Biopunk (a portmanteau word combining biotech and punk) is a term used to describe a science fiction genre that focuses on biotechnology and subversives. ... For other uses, see Society (disambiguation). ... Liberal eugenics or new eugenics is the protoscientific study and non-coercive use of reproductive and genetic technologies to improve human beings, specifically in regard to biological characteristics and capacities. ... In medicine and (clinical) genetics preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) (or also known as Embryo Screening) refers to diagnostic procedures that are performed on embryos prior to implantation, sometimes even on oocytes prior to fertilization. ... At Walt Disney World, biometric measurements are taken from the fingers of guests to ensure that the persons ticket is used by the same person from day to day Biometrics (ancient Greek: bios =life, metron =measure) refers to two very different fields of study and application. ... Genetic discrimination occurs when people are treated differently by their employer or insurance company because they have a gene mutation that causes or increases the risk of an inherited disorder. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The movie draws on concerns over reproductive technologies which facilitate eugenics, and the possible consequences of such technological developments for society. It also explores the theme of destiny and the ways in which it can and does govern lives. Characters in Gattaca continually battle both with society and with themselves to find their place in the world and who they are destined to be according to their genes. Reproductive technology is a term for all current and anticipated uses of technology in human and animal reproduction, including: artificial insemination artificial wombs cloning (see human cloning for the special case of human beings) cryopreservation of sperm, oocytes, embryos embryo transfer germinal choice technology hormone treatment to increase fertility in... For other uses, see Destiny (disambiguation). ...


The title 'Gattaca' is composed of the initial letters of the four DNA nucleotides (adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine). The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is a nucleic acid molecule that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms. ... A nucleotide is an organic molecule consisting of a heterocyclic nucleobase (a purine or a pyrimidine), a pentose sugar (deoxyribose in DNA or ribose in RNA), and a phosphate or polyphosphate group. ... For the programming language Adenine, see Adenine (programming language). ... Cytosine is one of the 5 main nucleobases used in storing and transporting genetic information within a cell in the nucleic acids DNA and RNA. It is a pyrimidine derivative, with a heterocyclic aromatic ring and two substituents attached (an amine group at position 4 and a keto group at... Guanine is one of the five main nucleobases found in the nucleic acids DNA and RNA; the others being adenine, cytosine, thymine, and uracil. ... For the similarly-spelled vitamin compound, see Thiamine Thymine, also known as 5-methyluracil, is a pyrimidine nucleobase. ...


Tagline: There is no gene for the human spirit. A tagline is a variant of a branding slogan typically used in marketing materials and advertising. ...

Contents

Plot

In a "not too distant" future, where genetic engineering of humans is common and DNA plays the primary role in determining social class, Vincent (Ethan Hawke) is conceived and born without the aid of this technology. Suffering from the nearly eradicated physical dysfunctions of myopia and a congenital heart defect, as well as being given a life expectancy of 30.2 years, Vincent faces extreme genetic discrimination and prejudice. The only way he can achieve his life-long dream of becoming an astronaut is to break the law and impersonate a "valid". The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is a nucleic acid molecule that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms. ... Social class refers to the hierarchical distinctions between individuals or groups in societies or cultures. ... Ethan Green Hawke (born November 6, 1970) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor, writer and film director. ... For other uses, see Myopia (disambiguation). ... A congenital heart defect (CHD) is a defect in the structure of the heart and great vessels of a newborn. ... Genetic discrimination occurs when people are treated differently by their employer or insurance company because they have a gene mutation that causes or increases the risk of an inherited disorder. ... Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Gay bashing Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial... For other uses, see Astronaut (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


He assumes the identity of Jerome Eugene Morrow (Jude Law), a former swimming star who, despite a genetic profile "second to none", won only a silver medal in a high-profile competition. He then attempted to commit suicide by jumping in front of a car, but again fell short of his goal in that he only succeeded in paralyzing himself from the waist down. However, as the incident occurred outside the country, no one knows of his newly acquired disability. Thus, Vincent can "buy" his identity with no one the wiser. Though he requires orthopedic surgery to increase his height and contact lenses to replace his glasses while matching Jerome's eyes, he can use his "valid" DNA in blood, tissue and urine samples to pass any genetic test - as long as he takes extreme measures to leave no traces of his identity as an "in-valid". But, where he was once an object of scorn and pity, he is now a perpetrator of an unspeakable fraud. Legally, exposure would only subject him to fines, but socially the consequences would be far more extreme - he is now a heretic against the new order of genetic determinism. Vincent is now a "borrowed ladder" (a reference to the ladder structure of an un-coiled DNA strand) or in harsher language, a de-gene-erate. David Jude Law (born 29 December 1972) is an BAFTA Award-winning and Academy Award-nominated British actor. ... A silver medal is a medal awarded to the second place finisher of contests (typically athletics competitions) such as the Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, etc. ... Paraplegia is an impairment in motor and/or sensory function of the lower extremities. ... This fracture of the lower cervical vertebrae, known as a teardrop fracture is one of the conditions treated by orthopaedic surgeons. ... Genetic determinism is the belief that genes largely determine physical and behavioral phenotypes. ...


With Jerome's impressive genetic profile he easily gains access to the Gattaca Aerospace Corporation, the most prestigious space-flight conglomerate of the day. With his own equally impressive determination, he quickly becomes the company's ace celestial navigator. But a week before Vincent is scheduled to leave for Saturn's moon Titan, the mission director is murdered, and evidence of Vincent's own DNA is found in the building in the form of an eyelash. The presence of this unexpected "in-valid" DNA attracts the attention of the police, and Vincent must evade ever-increasing security as his mission launch date approaches and he pursues a relationship with his co-worker Irene Cassini (Uma Thurman). This article is about the planet. ... Titan (, from Ancient Greek Τῑτάν) or Saturn VI is the largest moon of Saturn and the only moon known to have a dense atmosphere. ... An eyelash or simply lash is one of the hairs that grow at the edge of the eyelid. ... Uma Karuna Thurman (born April 29, 1970) is an Academy Award-nominated American actress. ...


After numerous close calls, the investigation eventually comes to a close as Director Josef (Gore Vidal) is arrested for the murder. However, just as Vincent appears to be in the clear, he is confronted by one of the detectives covering the investigation, who is revealed as Vincent's estranged brother, Anton (Loren Dean). Anton criticizes Vincent for putting his family under undue stress due to his disappearance, and threatens him with exposure. However, it soon becomes apparent that Anton is acting more out of insecurity and is more concerned with how Vincent had managed to get the better of him, despite his supposed genetic superiority. Vincent and Anton settle their competition as they did when they were children, by seeing who could swim out into the ocean farthest. Once again, Vincent manages to beat his brother, and, once again, saves him from drowning. This is simply because he refused to save any strength to swim back - he is willing to risk everything to succeed. Conversely his brother worried about preserving enough strength to swim out and return again, and these fears kept him from testing his true limits. Eugene Luther Gore Vidal (born October 3, 1925) (pronounced and , ) is an American author of novels, stage plays, screenplays, and essays, and the scion of a prominent political family. ... Actor Loren Dean (born on 31 July 1969 in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA) starred in movies such as Billy Bathgate and Enemy of the State. ...


Anton: "Vincent! How are you doing this, Vincent? How have you done any of this? We have to go back!"


Vincent: "It's too late for that, we're closer to the other side."


Anton: "What other side? Do you want to drown us both?!"


Vincent: "You want to know how I did it? This is how I did it, Anton. I never saved anything for the swim back."


As the day of the launch finally arrives, Jerome bids Vincent farewell and says that he intends to travel the world. He reveals that he has stored enough genetic samples to last Vincent two lifetimes. Overwhelmed and grateful, Vincent thanks Jerome for "lending" him the identity that has allowed his success at Gattaca. Jerome replies, however, that it is he who should be grateful, since Vincent lent Jerome his dreams. As Vincent moves through the Gattaca complex to the launch site, he is stopped for an unexpected DNA test. Vincent reluctantly agrees to take the test, even though he has none of Jerome's genetic material to hide his identity. The test result uncovers Vincent's "in-valid" status, and the doctor, Lamar, reveals that he has known Vincent's true identity all along, saying: "For future reference, right-handed men don't hold it with their left. Just one of those things". Lamar then alters the test result to allow him to proceed regardless, confessing that his son admires Vincent, and wants to be an astronaut just like him, despite an unforeseen genetic defect that would already rule him out. As the shuttle lifts off, Jerome is shown committing suicide inside his home incinerator, wearing his silver medal, which turns gold in the flames.


The story centers on the irony of the perfect Jerome failing to succeed despite being given every advantage while the imperfect Vincent transcends his deficiencies through force of will and spirit. A milder version of the disorder that afflicts Vincent prevents Irene from taking part in space flight. This dichotomy shows how the eugenic policy in Gattaca and the world in which it is set adversely affect the humanity of both Vincent and Jerome, as well as the "invalid" and "valid" humans they represent. A coda, cut from the final film, lists various people who have succeeded despite genetic deficiencies (and would be excluded in the modern society of Gattaca), such as Albert Einstein and Abraham Lincoln. A dichotomy is a division into two non-overlapping or mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive parts. ... “Einstein” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ...


The film's themes include personal identity, courage, friendship, love, hope, the burden of perfection, sacrifice, sibling rivalry, society and control, fate, and whether human nature and the human spirit can be defined or limited by DNA. Identity is an umbrella term used throughout the social sciences for an individuals comprehension of him or herself as a discrete, separate entity. ... For other uses, see Courage (disambiguation). ... Friendship is a term used to denote co-operative and supportive behavior between two or more humans. ... For other uses, see Love (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Hope (disambiguation). ... Perfectionism, in psychology, is a belief that perfection should be strived for. ... Marcus Aurelius and members of the Imperial family offer sacrifice in gratitude for success against Germanic tribes: contemporary bas-relief, Capitoline Museum, Rome For other uses, see Sacrifice (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Doobie Brothers album. ... For other uses, see Society (disambiguation). ... Look up control in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Destiny (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Human nature (disambiguation). ... The term spirit has several meanings in different fields. ... Genetic determinism is the belief that genes largely determine physical and behavioral phenotypes. ...


Cast

The Other Side Image File history File links Michael_Nyman-Gattaca-The_Other_Side. ...

From the Gattaca soundtrack by Michael Nyman
Problems listening to the file? See media help.

This article is about the composer/musician Michael Nyman. ... Ethan Green Hawke (born November 6, 1970) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor, writer and film director. ... Uma Karuna Thurman (born April 29, 1970) is an Academy Award-nominated American actress. ... David Jude Law (born 29 December 1972) is an BAFTA Award-winning and Academy Award-nominated British actor. ... Eugene Luther Gore Vidal (born October 3, 1925) (pronounced and , ) is an American author of novels, stage plays, screenplays, and essays, and the scion of a prominent political family. ... Xander Berkeley (born December 16, 1955) is a well-known American actor, who, despite having had few leading roles, has appeared in more than 80 motion pictures. ... Jayne Brook (born Jane Anderson on September 16, 1962 in Northbrook, Illinois) is an American actress, best known for her role as Dr. Diane Grad on the medical drama Chicago Hope. ... Elias Koteas (born March 11, 1961) is a Canadian actor. ... Actor Loren Dean (born on 31 July 1969 in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA) starred in movies such as Billy Bathgate and Enemy of the State. ... Maya Khabira Rudolph (born July 27, 1972, in Gainesville, Florida) is an American actress and comedian, currently best known as a cast member of NBCs Saturday Night Live. ... Blair Underwood (born August 25, 1964, in Tacoma, Washington) is an American television and film actor. ... Ermes Effron Borgnino or better known as Ernest Borgnine (born January 24, 1917[1][2]) is a Golden Globe-, BAFTA- and Academy Award-winning American actor. ... Tony Shalhoub (born October 9, 1953) is a three-time Emmy Award and Golden Globe-winning American television and film actor. ... Alan Wolf Arkin (born March 26, 1934) is an Academy Award-winning American actor and director. ...

Reactions

Despite critical acclaim, Gattaca was not a box office success but it is said to have crystallized the debate over tampering with human genetics.[1][2] The film's dystopian depiction of "genoism" has been cited by many bioethicists and laymen in support of their hesitancy regarding, or opposition to, liberal eugenics and the societal acceptance of the genetic-determinist ideology that may frame it.[3] In a 1997 review of the film for the journal Nature Genetics, molecular biologist Lee M. Silver stated that "Gattaca is a film that all geneticists should see if for no other reason than to understand the perception of our trade held by so many of the public-at-large".[4] The term box office can refer to either: A place where tickets are sold to the public for admission to a venue The amount of business a particular production, such as a movie or theatre show, does. ... A karyotype of a human male, showing 46 chromosomes including XY sex chromosomes. ... This article is about the philosophical concept and literary form. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the topic of this article may be unencyclopedic. ... Bioethics is the ethics of biological science and medicine. ... Liberal eugenics is the study and use of genetic engineering to improve human beings, specifically in regards to biological characteristics and capacities. ... Genetic determinism is the belief that genes largely determine physical and behavioral phenotypes. ... (born 1952) is a professor at Princeton University (as of 07/2005) in the Department of Molecular Biology and the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. ... A geneticist is a scientist who studies genetics, the science of heredity and variation of organisms. ...


However, in his 2004 "democratic transhumanist" book, Citizen Cyborg,[5] bioethicist James Hughes explicitly criticized the premise and influence of the film Gattaca by arguing these points: Democratic transhumanism, a term coined by James Hughes in 2002, refers to the ideas of transhumanists (humanists who support morphological freedom and the ethical use of technologies that enhance human capacities) who espouse liberal, social or radical democratic political views. ... Citizen Cyborg: Why Democratic Societies Must Respond to the Redesigned Human of the Future is a 2004 book by James Hughes about the bioethical issues of creating a society with only some transhuman or modified people while others are left behind unimproved mentally or physically due to economical differences. ... James Hughes Ph. ...

  1. Astronaut-training programs are entirely justified in attempting to screen out people with heart problems for safety reasons;
  2. In the United States, people are already discriminated against by insurance companies on the basis of their propensities to disease despite the fact that genetic enhancement is not yet available;
  3. Rather than banning genetic testing or genetic enhancement, society needs genetic information privacy laws that allow justified forms of genetic testing and data aggregation, but forbid those that are judged to result in genetic discrimination (such as the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act passed in the United States House of Representatives on 25th April 2007). Citizens should then be able to make a complaint to the appropriate authority if they believe they have been discriminated against because of their genotype.

Insurance is a system to alleviate financial losses by transferring risk of loss from one entity to another. ... Human enhancement describes any attempt, whether temporary or permanent, to overcome the current limitations of human cognitive and physical abilities, whether through natural or artificial means. ... Genetic testing allows the genetic diagnosis of vulnerabilities to inherited diseases, and can also be used to determine a persons ancestry. ... A DNA sequence (sometimes genetic sequence) is a succession of letters representing the primary structure of a real or hypothetical DNA molecule or strand, The possible letters are A, C, G, and T, representing the four nucleotide subunits of a DNA strand (adenine, cytosine, guanine, thymine), and typically these are... Information privacy laws cover the protection of information on private individuals from intentional or unintentional disclosure of misuse. ... The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) is designed to prohibit the improper use of genetic information in health insurance and employment. ...

References

  1. ^ Brown, Evan (2001). "Gattaca Now! The sequel to the 10-year-old science fiction film is in real-life science labs". Retrieved on 2008-01-08.
  2. ^ Darnovsky, Marcy (2008). "Are We Headed for a Sci-Fi Dystopia?". Retrieved on 2008-03-23.
  3. ^ Kirby, D.A. (2000). "The New Eugenics in Cinema: Genetic Determinism and Gene Therapy in GATTACA. Science Fiction Studies, 27: 193-215.". Retrieved on 2008-01-08.
  4. ^ Silver, Lee M. (1997). "Genetics Goes to Hollywood". Retrieved on 2008-01-08.
  5. ^ Hughes, James (2004). Citizen Cyborg: Why Democratic Societies Must Respond to the Redesigned Human of the Future. Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-4198-1. 

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... (born 1952) is a professor at Princeton University (as of 07/2005) in the Department of Molecular Biology and the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... James Hughes Ph. ...

See also

  • Transhumanism Controversy: Genetic divide (Gattaca argument)

Posthuman Future, an illustration by Michael Gibbs for The Chronicle of Higher Educations look at how biotechnology will change the human experience, has become one of the secular icons representing transhumanism. ...

Further reading

  • Pope, Marcia; Richard McRoberts [2003-04-02] (2006). Gattaca, Cambridge Wizard Student Guide. Post Melbourne, Australia: Cambridge University press. ISBN 0-521-53615-4. 

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Gattaca
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... Box Office Mojo is a website that tracks box office revenue in a systematic way. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gattaca - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1915 words)
Gattaca's dystopian depiction of "genoism" has been cited by many bioconservative critics in support of their view that liberal eugenics should be discouraged and even banned.
"Gattaca" is a word made from the abbreviations for the DNA nucleotide bases Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, and Guanine.
Gattaca is also reminiscent of Aldous Huxley's novel Brave New World, which explores the development of biological engineering as one of the means of creating a utopian society.
gattaca (550 words)
Gattaca is set in "the not-too-distant future," when perfect humans ("valids") are bred by computer and trained for elite jobs, while "Godchildren" -- people born the old-fashioned, imperfect way -- are doomed to marginal lives as cogs in the machine.
Gattaca has few special effects, and its sets are struck from the stark, antiseptic mold of David Cronenberg movies.
Gattaca is the most elegant and hypnotic sci-fi thriller in years -- a vision as dazzling as it is bleak.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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