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Encyclopedia > Gatineau Park

Gatineau Park is a federal park in western Quebec near the city of Gatineau, Quebec, Canada. The park forms a 363 km² triangle with the Ottawa and Gatineau Rivers running parallel to two sides of the park. Formerly known as Gatineau National Park, it is now administered by the National Capital Commission. Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 1st 1,542,056 km² 1,183,128 km² 176,928... Motto: Ursus super montem ivit Area: 342. ... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 1st 1,542,056 km² 1,183,128 km² 176,928... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A triangle is one of the basic shapes of geometry: a two-dimensional figure with three vertices and three sides which are straight line segments. ... This is about the river in Canada. ... The Gatineau River is a river in western Quebec which rises in lakes north of the Baskatong Reservoir and flows south to join the Ottawa River at the city of Gatineau, Quebec. ... The National Capital Commission (NCC) is a federal commission that administers the federally owned lands and buildings in Canadas National Capital Region, including Ottawa, Ontario and Gatineau, Quebec. ...

It is the only federal park that does not fall under the National Parks Act, a situation attributable to former Prime Minister Mackenzie King's caution, fear of criticism and desire for privacy.

In 1913, reacting to growing pressure from local citizens, Dominion Parks Commissioner James Harkin asked Quebec Minister of Mines and Forests Charles Devlin whether he would be willing to help establish a national park in the Gatineau district. However, the minister died before he could follow up on the suggestion.

In 1927, the national park idea was raised in the House Commons, where MPs considered a bill to create the Federal District Commission, which would build parks and parkways on both sides of the Ottawa River. During debate, however, conservative MP John Edwards accused Prime Minister King of wanting to ease access to his Kingsmere property. The criticism would shape King's subsequent decisions regarding the park.

Seven years later, at the behest of Percy Sparks of the Federal Woodlands Preservation League, Minister of the Interior T.G. Murphy commissioned a survey that would examine the effects of fires and excessive logging in the Gatineau hills. Among other recommendations, the survey proposed creating a national park. Two years later, however, King chose instead solve the problem by gradual property acquisition.

In his diary entry of December 20, 1937, King explained his reasons behind the decision, writing that he would allow the park to be created, despite his aversion to tourists invading the Meech and Kingsmere Lake areas, and his fear that he would be criticized for wanting to create a park around his country estate. However, King had a very personal interest in the decision, as his Kingsmere estate was located in the area which would become the park on July 1, 1938.

His decision has made completing the park a prolonged and difficult process. Today, Gatineau is the only federal park containing private properties, some 200 private residences and cottages. This private property creates problems of its own; according to a prophetic 1953 Report of the Parkway Subcommittee of the Advisory Committee on Gatineau Park, private ownership would require spending for access roads, remove some of the finest sites from public use, and result in uncontrolled subdivision of the land.

Mackenzie King played an important role in the creation of the Gatineau Park, but his design has caused countless headaches for all those involved in completing the project.

In 2005, reacting to public pressure to better protect Gatineau Park, the Honourable Ed Broadbent, MP, tabled a private member's bill in the House of Commons which would have provided legal boundaries and a land management mechanism for the park, similar to the protection provided by the National Parks Act.

Gatineau Park includes a number of campgrounds and picnic areas. There are 165 km of hiking trails and 90 km of trails for mountain bikes and the Trans Canada Trail passes through the park. The park is also popular with cyclists; note that most routes are quite steep and very demanding on legs, heart and lungs! There are beaches at Meech Lake, Lac Philippe and La Pêche Lake, which each offer camping facilities. These lakes also offer canoeing; boats with gas motors are not allowed on most lakes in the park. Although the practise is not permitted in the park, some of the more secluded corners are popular with nudists. To help compare orders of magnitude; this page lists lengths between 100 and 1,000 km (105 and 106 m). ... Beautiful natural scenes are common hiking destinations Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... A cross country mountain bike race A hardtail mountain bike A mountain bike, mountain bicycle or ATB (All Terrain Bicycle) is a bicycle designed for mountain biking, either on dirt trails or other unpaved environments. ... Trail in BC Trans Canada Trail pavilion in Fredericton, New Brunswick The Trans Canada Trail is a proposed 18 078 km-long trail in Canada. ... A breaststroke swimmer A dog swimming Swimming describes any method by which living creatures move themselves through water apart from walking on the bottom. ... Meech Lake is a lake in the Gatineau Hills near Gatineau, Quebec, in Canada. ... Aluminum canoe, Upper Klamath Lake Canoeing on the Concord River. ... Nudism, or naturism, is the practice of going nude or unclothed in social and usually mixed gender groups, specifically in cultures where this is not the norm. ...

There is a tea room at Moorside, the former summer home of William Lyon Mackenzie King, the tenth Prime Minister of Canada, at Kingsmere. The estate also features gardens and the "ruins" collected by King in a woodland setting. A small waterfall runs down the escarpment near Moorside. William Lyon Mackenzie King, PC, LLB, PhD, MA, BA (December 17, 1874 – July 22, 1950) was the tenth Prime Minister of Canada from December 29, 1921, to June 28, 1926; September 25, 1926, to August 7, 1930; and October 23, 1935, to November 15, 1948. ... Stephen Harper is the current Prime Minister of Canada. ...

The Champlain lookout provides a spectacular view of the Ottawa Valley from high atop the Eardley Escarpment. When the leaves change colour in fall, tourists and locals are drawn to the park's lookouts, roads and pathways to enjoy the autumn scenery.

All of the Ottawa-Gatineau metropolitan area's television and radio stations broadcast from a transmitter site at Camp Fortune just north of Kingsmere.

The park's location in the Gatineau Hills makes it a popular destination for cross-country skiing. There are almost 200 km of cross-country trails and the park plays host to the annual Keskinada Loppet competition. There is also a downhill skiing and snowboarding area at Camp Fortune. The Gatineau Hills are a geological formation in Canada which represent the foothills of the Laurentian Mountains which stretch east through Quebec, beginning north of Montreal and joining up with others into Vermont and New Hampshire. ... Cross-country skiing (also known as XC skiing) is a winter sport popular in many countries with large snowfields, primarily Northern Europe and Canada. ... A snowboard with boot bindings A snowboard is a board ridden by a rider in the sport of snowboarding. ...

Gatineau Park provides habitat for birds such as the Pileated Woodpecker and Common Loon. Turkey Vultures and migrating hawks take advantage of the thermals at the Eardley Escarpment. There are many beavers and white-tailed deer in the park, as well as some black bears and a few wolves in more remote sections. Binomial name Dryocopus pileatus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Pileated Woodpecker, Dryocopus pileatus, is a very large woodpecker. ... Binomial name Gavia immer (Brunnich, 1764) The Great Northern Diver, known in North America as the Common Loon (Gavia immer), is a large member of the loon, or diver, family. ... Binomial name Cathartes aura (Linnaeus, 1758) The Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura is an extremely graceful bird in flight. ... This article is about the atmospheric phenomenon. ... Binomial name Castor canadensis Kuhl, 1820 A taxidermied American Beaver The American Beaver (Castor canadensis) is a large semi-aquatic rodent native to Canada, most of the United States and parts of northern Mexico. ... Binomial name Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann, 1780 The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the Virginia deer, is a medium-sized deer found throughout most of the continental United States, southern Canada, Mexico, Central America and South America far south as Peru. ... Binomial name Ursus americanus Pallas, 1780 The American Black Bear (Ursus americanus), also known as simply the black bear or cinnamon bear, is the most common bear in North America. ... Binomial name Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758 The Wolf or Grey Wolf (Canis lupus) is a mammal of the Canidae family and the ancestor of the domestic dog. ...

Pink Lake is a meromictic lake found in the park. Tiny algae within the lake gives it a bright green colour. The lake's name comes from the Pink family who originally owned property in this area. Pink Lake is a meromictic lake located in Gatineau Park, Quebec Canada. ... A meromictic lake has layers of water which do not intermix. ... A seaweed (Laurencia) up close: the branches are multicellular and only about 1 mm thick. ...

The park area was originally settled by early immigrants to the area, who were soon discouraged by its thin soils. The federal government began acquiring land in the area for a park in the 1930s. Mackenzie King donated his property at Kingsmere to the people of Canada at his death in 1950. There are still a small number of private dwellings located within the park's borders. The park is operated by the National Capital Commission. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The National Capital Commission (NCC) is a federal commission that administers the federally owned lands and buildings in Canadas National Capital Region, including Ottawa, Ontario and Gatineau, Quebec. ...

Harrington Lake, the location of the country retreat of the Prime Minister of Canada, and The Farm, the official residence of the Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons, are located within the park. The Harrington Lake retreat, the official cottage of the Prime Minister of Canada. ... The Farm is the official residence of the Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ...

External links

  • Official web site

  Results from FactBites:
Gatineau, Quebec - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1190 words)
Nonetheless, the name Gatineau was chosen for the new amalgamated municipality because it was more representative of the region (given that the federal Gatineau Park, the Gatineau Hills, and the Gatineau River defined the area geographically), and the Parti Québécois government allegedly wanted an appropriately French name.
Gatineau is the city of license for several television and radio stations, although many more stations licensed to Ottawa are also available in the area.
Gatineau is also served primarily by daily newspapers published in Ottawa, including the French Le Droit and the English Ottawa Citizen, although a number of weekly community newspapers are published in Gatineau.
Quebec Autoroute 5 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (248 words)
Autoroute 5 (also called Autoroute de la Gatineau) is a short Autoroute in the Outaouais region of western Quebec.
It connects the central urban area of Gatineau (formerly Hull) with the recreational areas of Gatineau Park and the exurban/rural areas of Chelsea and La Peche.
There are actually two segments of A-5: the main segment is a freeway that continues for 21 km (13 miles) from the Macdonald-Cartier Bridge to a short access road to Route 105 in the northern part of Chelsea.
  More results at FactBites »



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