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Encyclopedia > Gateshead
Gateshead

Gateshead shown within Tyne and Wear
Population 191,151 [1]
OS grid reference NZ2460
Metropolitan borough Gateshead
Metropolitan county Tyne and Wear
Region North East
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GATESHEAD
Postcode district NE8-NE11
Dialling code 0191-4
Police Northumbria
Fire Tyne and Wear
Ambulance North East
European Parliament North East England
List of places: UKEnglandTyne and Wear

Coordinates: 54°57′N 1°36′W / 54.95, -1.6 Disambiguation: This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Gateshead is a suburb of the City of Lake Macquarie in New South Wales. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan county in the North East of England around the mouths of the Rivers Tyne and Wear. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Gateshead is a metropolitan borough in Tyne and Wear, in north-east England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan county in the North East of England around the mouths of the Rivers Tyne and Wear. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... North-East England is one of the nine official regions of England and comprises the combined area of Northumberland, County Durham, Tyne and Wear and a small part of North Yorkshire. ... Constituent countries is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping; thus the OECD has used the phrase in reference to the former Yugoslavia[1], the Soviet Union and European institutions such as the Council of... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The NE postcode area, also known as the Newcastle upon Tyne postcode area[2], is a group of postal districts around Alnwick, Ashington, Bamburgh, Bedlington, Belford, Blaydon-on-Tyne, Blyth, Boldon Colliery, Chathill, Choppington, Corbridge, Cramlington, East Boldon, Gateshead, Haltwhistle, Hebburn, Hexham, Jarrow, Morpeth, Newbiggin-by-the-Sea, Newcastle Upon... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... Northumbria Police is the police force for the north English counties of Northumberland and Tyne and Wear. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... View of a Tyne and Wear Volvo Fire Appliance. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The North East Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Darlington, Durham, Hartlepool, Middlesbrough, Northumberland, Stockton-on-Tees, and Tyne and Wear in the North East England region. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... North East England is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the ceremonial county of Tyne and Wear, England. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Gateshead is a town in North-East England on the southern bank of the River Tyne, opposite Newcastle upon Tyne. North-East England is one of the nine official regions of England and comprises the combined area of Northumberland, County Durham, Tyne and Wear and a small part of North Yorkshire. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Tyne looking west and upstream from the Newcastle bank towards the Gateshead Millennium Bridge The Tyne Bridge across the River Tyne between Newcastle and Gateshead. ... This article is about a city in the United Kingdom. ...

Contents

History

There has been a settlement on the Gateshead side of the River Tyne, around the old river crossing where the Swing Bridge now stands, since Roman times. The High Level Bridge towers above the Swing Bridge across the River Tyne; photograph facing Newcastle The Swing Bridge is a swing bridge over the River Tyne connecting Gateshead and Newcastle upon Tyne, between the Tyne Bridge and the High Level Bridge. ...


Theories of the derivation of the name 'Gateshead' include 'head of the (Roman) road' or 'goat’s headland', as the River Tyne at this point was once roamed by goats.


The first recorded mention of Gateshead is in the writings of the Venerable Bede who referred to an Abbot of Gateshead called Utta in 653. Bede (IPA: ) (also Saint Bede, the Venerable Bede, or (from Latin) Beda (IPA: )), (ca. ...


During medieval times Gateshead was under the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Durham. At this time the area was largely forest with some agricultural land. The forest was the subject of Gateshead's first charter, granted in the 12th Century by Hugh du Puiset, Bishop of Durham. Hugh de Puiset (c. ...


The first records of coal being mined in the Gateshead area was in 1344. As trade on the Tyne prospered there were several attempts by the burghers of Newcastle to annex Gateshead. In 1576 a small group of Newcastle merchants acquired the 'Grand Lease' of the manors of Gateshead and Whickham. In the hundred years from 1574 coal shipments from Newcastle increased elevenfold while the population of Gateshead doubled to approximately 5,500. However, the lease and the abundant coal supplies ended in 1680. The pits were shallow as problems of ventilation and flooding defeated attempts to mine coal from the deeper seams.


Ambrose Crowley a Quaker nail-manufacturer moved in 1691 to Winlaton, where he set up furnaces and forges on the River Derwent. The river was ideally suitable for tempering steel as the sword-makers of Shotley Bridge also found. Crowley not only produced high-quality nails, but also iron goods such as pots, hinges, wheel-hubs, hatchets and edged tools. He could also make heavy forgings, such as chains, pumps, cannon carriages and anchors up to four tons in weight. The Crowley works were regarded as the largest manufactory of the kind in Europe. Crowley, or Crawley (Middlesex and Stourbridge, co. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


William Hawks, originally a blacksmith, started business in Gateshead in 1747, working with the iron brought to the Tyne as ballast by the Tyne colliers. Hawks and Co. eventually became one of the biggest iron businesses in the North, producing anchors, chains and so on to meet a growing demand. There was keen contemporary rivalry between 'Hawks' Blacks' and 'Crowley's Crew'. The famous 'Hawks' men' including Ned White, went on to be celebrated in Geordie song and story.


Throughout the industrial revolution the population of Gateshead expanded rapidly; between 1801 and 1901 the increase was over 100,000. This expansion resulted in the spread southwards of the town.


In 1854, a catastrophic explosion on the quayside destroyed most of Gateshead's mediaeval heritage, and caused widespread damage on the Newcastle side of the river. Illustration of the great fire, as seen from the High Level Bridge The Great fire of Newcastle and Gateshead was a tragic and spectacular series of events starting on Friday 6 October 1854, in which a substantial amount of property in the two towns was destroyed in a series of...

Gateshead quayside across the River Tyne at night - Gateshead Millennium Bridge and The Sage Gateshead

Robert Stirling Newall took out a patent on the manufacture of wire ropes in 1840 and in partnership with Messrs. Liddell and Gordon, set up his headquarters at Gateshead. A world-wide industry of wire-drawing resulted. The submarine telegraph cable received its definitive form through Newall's initiative, involving the use of gutta percha surrounded by strong wires. The first successful Dover-Calais cable on 25 September 1851, was made in Newall's works. In 1853, he invented the brake-drum and cone for laying cable in deep seas. Half of the first Atlantic cable was manufactured in Gateshead. Newall was interested in astronomy, and his giant 25 inch telescope was set up in the garden at Ferndene, his Gateshead residence in 1871. Image File history File linksMetadata MBN.jpg Summary Taken by Anthony Burns in Jan 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata MBN.jpg Summary Taken by Anthony Burns in Jan 2006. ... The Tyne looking west and upstream from the Newcastle bank towards the Gateshead Millennium Bridge The Tyne Bridge across the River Tyne between Newcastle and Gateshead. ... View of the bridge at night from the Newcastle side Gateshead Millennium Bridge when cars had been put in the River Tyne as part of Artwork. ... The Sage viewed from central Newcastle The Sage Gateshead is a new centre for musical education and performance, located in Gateshead on the south bank of the River Tyne, in the north-east of England. ... Robert Stirling Newall (1812 - 1889) was a Scottish engineer and astronomer. ...


In 1831 a locomotive works was established by the Newcastle and Darlington Railway, later part of the York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway. In 1854 the works moved to the Greenesfield site and became the manufacturing headquarters of North Eastern Railway. In 1909, locomotive construction was moved to Darlington and the rest of the works were closed in 1932. The North Eastern Railway (NER), unlike many other of the pre-Grouping companies, had a relatively compact territory, having the district it covered to itself. ... Darlington railway works, known in the town as North Road Shops, was built in 1863 by the Stockton and Darlington Railway in the town of Darlington in the north east of England. ...


In 1889, Gateshead was made a county borough but in the same year one of the largest employers, Hawks, Crawshay closed down. Unemployment was a burden from this date. Up to the Second World War there were repeated newspaper reports of the unemployed sending deputations to ask the council to provide work. The depression years of the 1920s and 30s created even more unemployment and the Team Valley Trading Estate was built in the mid-1930s to alleviate the situation.


Economy

Gateshead is the home of the MetroCentre, the largest shopping centre in Europe. The Team Valley Trading Estate, initially the largest and still one of the largest purpose built commercial estates in the United Kingdom is located in Gateshead. MetroCentre is the largest shopping and leisure centre in the UK. It has been cited as the largest centre in Europe but the Cevahir Shopping centre in Turkey is now the largest in Europe Worlds 20 Largest shopping Centres. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Team Valley is traditionally the heavy industrial area of Gateshead in Tyne and Wear, England. ...


Architecture

Dr Johnson passing through with James Boswell described it as "a dirty little back lane out of Newcastle" while JB Priestley, writing in his "An English Journey" (1934) said that "no true civilisation could have produced such a town", adding that it appeared to have been designed "by an enemy of the human race". This article is about the literary figure. ... James Boswell, 9th Laird of Auchinleckand 1st Baronet (October 29, 1740 - May 19, 1795) was a lawyer, diarist, and author born in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... J. B. Priestley John Boynton Priestley (September 13, 1894, Bradford, England - August 14, 1984, Stratford-upon-Avon) was an English writer and broadcaster. ...


The brutalist Trinity Centre Multi-Storey Car Park dominates the town centre. A product of attempts to regenerate the area in the 1960s the car park is largely derelict but has gained an iconic status due to its appearance in the film Get Carter. Trinity Centre Multi-Storey Car Park is an iconic concrete structure in Gateshead. ... For the 2000 remake with Sylvester Stallone see Get Carter (2000 film) Get Carter is a 1971 British crime film, directed by Mike Hodges and starring Michael Caine as Jack Carter, a gangster who sets out to avenge the death of his brother. ...


Gateshead council has recently sponsored the development of the Gateshead Quays cultural quarter. The development includes the Gateshead Millennium Bridge, erected in 2001 which won the James Stirling Prize for Architecture in 2002. The BALTIC Centre for Contemporary Art has been established in a converted flour mill. The Sage Gateshead, a Norman Foster-designed venue for music and the performing arts opened on 17 December 2004. View of the bridge at night from the Newcastle side Gateshead Millennium Bridge when cars had been put in the River Tyne as part of Artwork. ... The BALTIC Centre as viewed from the Millennium Bridge The BALTIC Centre for Contemporary Art is an arts centre located on the South Bank of the River Tyne close to the Gateshead Millennium Bridge, in Gateshead in the north-east of England. ... The Sage viewed from central Newcastle The Sage Gateshead is a new centre for musical education and performance, located in Gateshead on the south bank of the River Tyne, in the north-east of England. ...


Gateshead is also home to a number of public art works, including the The Angel of the North, one of Britain's largest sculptures, measuring 20 metres high with a 54 metre wing span. Designed by Antony Gormley it was erected in 1998. It is visible from the A1 to the south of Gateshead, as well as from the East Coast Main Line. Angel of the North Angel of the North is a modern sculpture created by Antony Gormley, which stands just outside Gateshead, England. ... Angel of the North Antony Gormley (born 1950) is an English sculptor, best known as the creator of Angel of the North, a public sculpture in Gateshead. ... Sign at Junction 1 of the A1(M) at South Mimms in Hertfordshire The A1 is the longest numbered road in the UK at 409 miles (658 km) long. ... The East Coast Main Line viaduct at Durham. ...


Other public art include works by Richard Deacon, Colin Rose, Sally Matthews, Andy Goldsworthy and Gordon Young. Richard Deacon (born August 15, 1949) is a British sculptor. ... Andy Goldsworthy (born July 26, 1956) is a British sculptor, photographer and environmentalist living in Scotland who produces site-specific sculpture and land art situated in natural and urban settings. ...

Sport

Gateshead International Stadium regularly holds international athletics meetings over the summer months. It is also host to rugby league fixtures, and the home ground of both Gateshead Thunder Rugby League Football Club and Gateshead Football Club. Both clubs have had their problems: Gateshead F.C. were controversially elected out of the Football League to make way for Peterborough United in the 1960s, whilst Gateshead Thunder lost their place in Super League as a result of a takeover (officially termed a merger) by Hull FC. Both Gateshead clubs continue to ply their trade at lower levels in their respective sports, thanks mainly to the efforts of their supporters. The Gateshead Senators also use the International Stadium, as well as this is was used in the 2006 Northern Conference champions in the British American Football League. Tyne and Wear County Stand at Gateshead International Stadium Gateshead International Stadium is a multi-use sports stadium in Gateshead, Tyne and Wear. ... A womens 400m hurdles race on a typical outdoor red rubber track. ... Wally Lewis passing the ball in Rugby League State of Origin. ... Gateshead Thunder team shirt Gateshead Thunder are a rugby league team from Gateshead in Tyne and Wear. ... Club logo Gateshead F.C. are a football team based in Gateshead, England, who currently play in the Northern Premier League. ... Club logo Gateshead F.C. are a football team based in Gateshead, England, who currently play in the Northern Premier League. ... The Football League is a league competition featuring professional football clubs from England and Wales, and is the oldest such competition in world football. ... Peterborough United Football Club are an English football team currently playing in League Two for the 2007-08 season. ... Super League (Europe) began in March 1996 and is the only full-time professional rugby league competition operating in the northern hemisphere. ... Hull FC is a professional rugby league football club formed in 1865 and based in Hull, England. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Transport

Gateshead is served by the Tyne and Wear Metro. There are stations at Gateshead Interchange, Gateshead Stadium, Felling, Pelaw and Heworth. Heworth is also served by main-line train services, as are Blaydon, Dunston and MetroCentre stations. The Tyne and Wear Metro is a light rail metro system based around Newcastle upon Tyne and Sunderland, in the county of Tyne and Wear in North East England. ... Gateshead Interchange is the name of transport interchange in the centre of the town of Gateshead, England. ... Gateshead Stadium Metro station is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving the town of Gateshead, England. ... Felling Metro station is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serving the district of Felling. ... Pelaw Metro station is the southern diverging point of the Tyne and Wear Metro Green and Yellow lines, with the former continuing to South Shields and the latter over tracks shared with mainline trains to Sunderland and then onwards to South Hylton. ... Heworth station is a suburban interchange between bus, Northern Rail and Tyne and Wear Metro services. ... Blaydon railway station is a railway station serving Blaydon in Tyne and Wear, northern England. ... Dunston railway station is a railway station in Tyne and Wear, northern England. ... MetroCentre railway station is a railway station that serves the MetroCentre shopping and leisure complex in Gateshead, Tyne and Wear. ...


The Borough of Gateshead and the City of Newcastle are linked by a total of ten road, rail and pedestrian bridges. Proposals for a cable car running from Gateshead to Gateshead Quayside were first published in 2001.[2] Aerial tramway suspended on two track cables with an additional haulage rope Cable car at Zell am See in the Austrian Alps. ...


Religion

The Jewish community is very important. Gateshead is home to the Gateshead Yeshiva, one of the most important yeshivas in Europe, as well as other Jewish educational institutions with an international enrolment . This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Gateshead Talmudical College (Hebrew: ‎), popularly known as Gateshead Yeshiva, is located in the town of Gateshead in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the Jewish male educational system. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Famous residents

Famous residents (past and present) of Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, England, United Kingdom This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ...

References

  1. ^ Census 2001 Neighbourhood Statistics
  2. ^ Cable car may link quayside

See also

Places in Tyne and Wear Flag of England
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Gateshead - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1600 words)
Gateshead is a town in Tyne and Wear in north-east England on the south side of the River Tyne opposite Newcastle upon Tyne which covers the North Bank.
It is the main settlement in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead.
Gateshead is part of the postal county of Tyne and Wear and historically within the traditional county of County Durham.
Gateshead Football Club Official Website - News (576 words)
Gateshead have won their tug of war with FA Trophy opponents Workington for former Aston Villa striker Neil Tarrant - but have suffered a costly legal defeat in a separate off-field battle.
Gateshead beat Sutton Coldfield Town in a replay in the first qualifying round at The International Stadium and then at Hurst Cross last Saturday to beat Ashton United 1-0.
Gateshead Football Club would like to wish Barry all the best for the future and thank him for the time he devoted to the club.
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