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Encyclopedia > Gastritis
Gastritis
Classification & external resources
ICD-10 K29.0-K29.7
ICD-9 535.0-535.5

Gastritis is inflammation of the gastric mucosa. The word comes from the Greek gastro- meaning of the stomach and -itis meaning inflammation. Depending on the cause, it may persist acutely or chronically and may coincide with more serious conditions such as atrophy of the stomach. The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The following codes are used with International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... // K00-K93 - Diseases of the digestive system (K00-K14) Diseases of oral cavity, salivary glands and jaws (K00) Disorders of tooth development and eruption (K01) Embedded and impacted teeth (K02) Dental caries (K03) Other diseases of hard tissues of teeth (K04) Diseases of pulp and periapical tissues (K040) Pulpitis (K05... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The following is a list of codes for International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... An abscess on the skin, showing the redness and swelling characteristic of inflammation. ... The gastric mucosa the mucous membrane layer of the stomach which contains the glands and the gastric pits. ... Atrophy is the partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body. ...

Contents

Causes

The following are known causes of gastritis:

Phyla/Divisions Actinobacteria Aquificae Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi Chlamydiae/Verrucomicrobia Chloroflexi Chrysiogenetes Cyanobacteria Deferribacteres Deinococcus-Thermus Dictyoglomi Fibrobacteres/Acidobacteria Firmicutes Fusobacteria Gemmatimonadetes Nitrospirae Omnibacteria Planctomycetes Proteobacteria Spirochaetes Thermodesulfobacteria Thermomicrobia Thermotogae Bacteria is also the fictional name of a warring nation under Benzino Napaloni as dictator, in the 1940 film The Great Dictator... An infection is the detrimental colonization of a host organism by a foreign species. ... Binomial name Helicobacter pylori ((Marshall 1985) Goodwin 1989) Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that infects the mucus lining of the stomach and duodenum. ... Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that infects the mucus lining of the human stomach. ... Divisions Chytridiomycota Zygomycota Ascomycota Basidiomycota The Fungi (singular: fungus) are a large group of organisms ranked as a kingdom within the Domain Eukaryota. ... Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS or Aids) is a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the specific damage to the immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). ... A parasite is an organism that lives in or on the living tissue of a host organism at the expense of it. ... Groups I: dsDNA viruses II: ssDNA viruses III: dsRNA viruses IV: (+)ssRNA viruses V: (-)ssRNA viruses VI: ssRNA-RT viruses VII: dsDNA-RT viruses A virus is a microscopic particle (ranging in size from 20 - 300 nm) that can infect the cells of a biological organism. ... Bile (or gall) is a bitter, yellow or green alkaline fluid secreted by hepatocytes from the liver of most vertebrates. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... A smoking symbol. ... Autoimmune diseases arise from an overactive immune response of the body against substances and tissues normally present in the body. ... Functional group of an alcohol molecule. ... An allergen is any substance (antigen), most often eaten or inhaled, that is recognized by the immune system and causes an allergic reaction. ... Radiation as used in physics, is energy in the form of waves or particles. ...

Symptoms

The following symptoms can be a result of gastritis or can be related to the underlying cause:

Abdominal pain can be one of the symptoms associated with transient disorders or serious disease. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The appetite is the desire to eat food, felt as hunger. ... The process of burping, also known as a belching or eructation, is an often audible release through the mouth of gas that has accumulated in the stomach or esophagus. ... For the Beck song, see Nausea (song). ... Vomiting (also throwing up or emesis) is the forceful expulsion of the contents of ones stomach through the mouth and sometimes the nose. ... An analogue medical thermometer showing the temperature of 38. ... The word fatigue is used in everyday living to describe a range of afflictions, varying from a general state of lethargy to a specific work induced burning sensation within muscle. ...

Diagnosis

In suspected cases, a doctor usually orders a barium meal test and gastroscopy to determine gastritis and related conditions such as peptic ulcers and gastric cancer. It is always important that the doctor reviews a patient's history regarding medications, alcohol intake, smoking, and other factors that can be associated with gastritis. In some cases, the appearance of the stomach lining seen during gastroscopy and the results of the barium meal test are reliable in determining gastritis and the cause. However, the most reliable method for determining gastritis is doing a biopsy during gastroscopy and checking for histological characteristics of gastritis and infection. For Helicobacter infection (the most common cause), one can test non-invasively with a urea breath test, stool antigen test, or blood antibody test. Preprepared Barium Sulfate suspension for oral consumption A barium meal is a procedure in which barium sulfate is ingested by a patient and, in conjunction with X-rays, images depicting the digestive system: the distal esophagus, stomach and duodenum, are obtained. ... In medicine (gastroenterology), esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) or upper endoscopy is a diagnostic endoscopic procedure that visualises the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract. ... A benign gastric ulcer (from the antrum) of a gastrectomy specimen. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... Brain biopsy A biopsy (in Greek: bios = life and opsy = look/appearance) is a medical test involving the removal of cells or tissues for examination. ... A thin section of lung tissue stained with hematoxylin and eosin. ... The urea breath test is a rapid diagnostic procedure used to identify infections by Helicobacter pylori, a spiral bacterium implicated in gastritis, gastric ulcer, and peptic ulcer disease. ... Look up stool in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An antigen is a substance that stimulates an immune response, especially the production of antibodies. ... Fecal occult blood is a term for blood present in the feces that is not visibly apparent. ... Human blood smear: a - erythrocytes; b - neutrophil; c - eosinophil; d - lymphocyte. ... Each antibody binds to a specific antigen; an interaction similar to a lock and key. ...


Treatment

Treatment usually consists of removing the irritant or the infection. In the case of Helicobacter infection, a doctor may prescribe antibiotics. An antibiotic is a drug that kills or slows the growth of bacteria. ...


See also

In anatomy, the stomach is a bean-shaped hollow muscular organ of the gastrointestinal tract involved in the second phase of digestion, following mastication. ... Gastroenteritis involves diarrhea or vomiting, with noninflammatory infection of the upper small bowel, or inflammatory infection of the colon, both part of the gastrointestinal tract. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gastritis: Gastritis and Peptic Ulcer Disease: Merck Manual Professional (1656 words)
Gastritis is classified as erosive or nonerosive based on the severity of mucosal injury.
Acute gastritis is characterized by PMN infiltration of the mucosa of the antrum and body.
Acute and chronic erosive gastritis are diagnosed endoscopically.
gastritis - definition of gastritis in Encyclopedia (104 words)
Gastritis is a medical term for inflammation of the lining of the stomach.
Gastritis does not mean that there is an ulcer or cancer.
It is simply inflammation — either acute or chronic Gastritis has many underlying causes, from infection with the bacterium H.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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