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Encyclopedia > Gaston IV of Béarn

Gaston IV (died 1131), was viscount of Béarn from 1090 to 1131. He was called "le Croisé" ("the Crusader") due to his participation in the First Crusade. Events May 9 - Tintern Abbey is founded. ... Béarn coat of arms Béarn ( Gascon: Bearn or Biarn) is a former province of France, located in the Pyrenees mountains and in the plain at their feet, in southwest France. ... Events Granada captured by Yusuf Ibn Tashfin, King of the Almoravides Beginnings of troubadours in Provence Bejaia becomes the capital of the Algeria Births William of Malmsbury Saint Bernard of Clairvaux Saint Famianus Eliezer ben Nathan of Mainz Deaths Saint Malcoldia of Asti Saint Adalbero Categories: 1090 ... The First Crusade was launched in 1095 by Pope Urban II to regain control of the sacred city of Jerusalem and the Christian Holy Land from Muslims. ...


Gaston succeeded his father Centulf V in 1090. During his rule, the borders of Béarn were established more definitively; he defeated the viscount of Dax, and took control of Orthez, Mixe, and Ostabaret by 1105. He also gained Montanérès through his marriage to Talèse, daughter of the count of Aibar and Javierrelatre and niece of Sancho I of Aragon. Though technically a vassal of the Duchy of Aquitaine, ruled at that time by William IX, Gaston effectively made Béarn an autonomous territory. Dax is a commune of France, sous-préfecture of the Landes département Categories: Stub ... Orthez is a town and commune of south-western France, in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département, 25 m. ... Events Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor deposed by his son, Henry V Tamna kingdom annexed by Korean Goryeo Dynasty. ... Sancho I of Aragon (died 1094) was king of Aragon (1063-1094) and of Navarre (1076-1094) as Sancho V of Navarre. ... [Note : The Roman numerals after the names indicate which duke of that name they were and are not necessarily the same as their ordinals for their other titles. ... William IX of Aquitaine (October 22, 1071 - February 10, 1126, also Guillaume dAquitaine), nicknamed the Troubador was Duke of Aquitaine and Gascony and Count of Poitiers as William VII of Poitiers between 1086 and 1126. ...


Before becoming viscount, Gaston had fought in the Reconquista in Spain, and he led a Béarnais contingent on crusade under Raymond IV of Toulouse in 1096. He was one of the lesser knights, but he carried his own standard and commanded his own men. At the siege of Antioch he led one of the divisions in the final battle against Kerbogha. During the power struggle following the capture of Antioch, Gaston deserted Raymond for Godfrey of Bouillon and marched with him to Jerusalem. Gaston and Tancred were sent ahead of the main army to occupy Bethlehem, and during the siege of Jerusalem, Gaston was in charge of Godfrey's siege engines. On July 15, 1099, Gaston was the first crusader to enter the city. For other uses, see Reconquista (Disambiguation). ... This article is about historical Crusades . ... Raymond IV of Toulouse (c. ... Events Bernhard becomes Bishop of Brandenburg First documented teaching at the University of Oxford Beginning of the Peoples Crusade, the German Crusade, and the First Crusade Vital I Michele is Doge of Venice Peter I, King of Aragon, conquers Huesca Phayao, now a province of Thailand, is founded as... A silver statue of an armoured knight, created as a trophy in 1850 For the chess piece, see knight (chess). ... The Siege of Antioch took place during the First Crusade in 1097 and 1098. ... Kerbogha was Atabeg of Mosul during the First Crusade and was renowned as a soldier. ... The city of Antioch-on-the-Orontes (modern Antakya) is located in what is now Turkey. ... Godfrey of Bouillon (c. ... Jerusalem (Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם Yerushalayim; Arabic: القدس al-Quds; see also names of Jerusalem) is an ancient Middle Eastern city of key importance to the religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. ... Tancred (1072 - 1112) was a leader of the First Crusade, and later became regent of the Principality of Antioch and Prince of Galilee. ... This article is about the city in the West Bank. ... The Siege of Jerusalem took place from June 7 to July 15, 1099 during the First Crusade. ... A siege engine is a device that is designed to break or circumvent city walls and other fortifications in siege warfare. ... July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... Events Siege of Jerusalem during the First Crusade: July 8 - 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders mock them. ...


Gaston's experience in the Reconquista taught him that Muslims could live under Christian rule, as mudejar. He preferred negotiation and dialogue to senseless massacre, and he and Tancred tried to protect some of the Muslims of Jerusalem by sheltering them in the Temple. However, these Muslims too were soon killed by other crusaders, enfuriating Gaston and Tancred. In August, Gaston led part of the centre line of the crusader army at the Battle of Ascalon. After the victory there, Gaston returned home with his men, as did most of the other crusaders. A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... The term Christian means belonging to Christ and is derived from the Greek noun Χριστός Khristós which means anointed one, which is itself a translation of the Hebrew word Moshiach (Hebrew: משיח, also written Messiah), (and in Arabic it is pronounced Maseeh مسيح). ... Mudejar Medieval Spanish corruption of the Arabic word Mudajjan مدجن, meaning domesticated. The term means those who accepted submission to non Muslim authorities in lands taken over by Christians in the Mediterranean. ... The Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem is not to be confused with the Dome of the Rock Mosquée Al-Aqsa The Al-Aqsa Mosque (Arabic: المسجد الاقصى, Masjid Al_Aqsa, literally farthest mosque) is part of the complex of religious buildings in Jerusalem known as either the Majed Mount or Al_Haram... Battle of Ascalon Conflict First Crusade Date August 12, 1099 Place Ascalon Result Crusader victory The Battle of Ascalon took place on August 12, 1099, and is often considered the last action of the First Crusade. ...


Gaston was a pious man, and upon his return to Béarn he oversaw the construction of many churches destined to shelter pilgrims on the route to Santiago de Compostela. He also allowed the abbey of St. Foy to establish new buildings in Morlàas. He also came into conflict with the church, however; he successfully defended his claims to the territories of the abbey of St. Vincent de Lucq and the monastery of St. Mont. Santiago de Compostela (2003 pop. ...


He died in 1131 and was succeeded by his young son Centulf VI, with Talèse acting as regent. Talèse wanted to unite Béarn and Aragon; the two were, at the time, roughly equal in power and influence, but Aragon instead united with Catalonia and Béarn began to decline. Gaston's descendants Gaston VI and Gaston VII participated in the Albigensian Crusade and the Seventh Crusade, respectively. Capital Barcelona Official languages Spanish and Catalan In Val dAran, also Aranese. ... The Albigensian Crusade (1209-1229) was a 20-year military effort initiated by the Roman Catholic Church to crush the heretical sect of the Cathars in southern France. ... The Seventh Crusade was a crusade led by Louis IX of France from 1248 to 1254. ...


References

  • Steven Runciman, A History of the Crusades, vol. 1: The First Crusade and the Foundation of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Cambridge, 1951.
  • Pierre Tucoo-Chala, La Vicomté de Béarn et le Problème de sa Souveraineté, des Origines à 1260. Bordeaux, 1961.

 
 

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