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Encyclopedia > Gaston Caperton
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William Gaston Caperton III (born February 21, 1940) was twice elected as governor of the U.S. state of West Virginia and served from 1989 until 1997. He is currently (as of 2003) the president of the College Board, which administers the nationally-recognized SAT tests. He is a member of the Democratic Party. Jump to: navigation, search February 21 is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search A U.S. state is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, together with the District of Columbia and Palmyra Atoll (an uninhabited incorporated unorganized territory), form the United States of America. ... Jump to: navigation, search State nickname: Mountain State Other U.S. States Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Governor Joe Manchin (D) Senators Robert Byrd (D) Jay Rockefeller (D) Official languages English Area 62,809 km² (41st)  - Land 62,436 km²  - Water 376 km² (0. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 2003(MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The College Board is a non-profit examination board in the USA, comprised of over 4,500 institutions of higher learning. ... The SATs (pronounced S-A-T not sat), formerly called the Scholastic Aptitude Tests and Scholastic Assessment Tests, are standardized tests frequently used by colleges and universities in the United States to aid in the selection of incoming students. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Democratic Party, founded in 1792, is the second-oldest political party in the world (after the Tories of the United Kingdom). ...

Contents


Pre-gubernatorial History

Caperton was born in Charleston, Kanawha County, West Virginia. After attending Episcopal High School in Alexandria, Virginia, and the University of North Carolina, he returned to Charleston to manage a family-owned insurance firm. He soon became its principal owner and, through his leadership, it became the 10th largest privately owned insurance brokerage firm in the nation. Caperton also owned a bank and mortgage banking company and was active in many community projects. Caperton was elected governor in his first attempt to seek public office in 1988. Charleston, WV Capitol Building Charleston is the capital of West Virginia, a state of the United States of America. ... Kanawha County is a county located in the state of West Virginia. ... Aerial photograph of Episcopal High School. ... Jump to: navigation, search Old Town Alexandria, viewed from the west, as seen from the observation deck of the George Washington Masonic National Memorial. ... The University of North Carolina, often called the University of North Carolina System to avoid confusion, is a federation of all sixteen public universities in North Carolina. ...


Gubernatorial History 1988-1997

Elections

In the 1988 gubernatorial election, Caperton defeated the Republican Party incumbent, Arch A. Moore, Jr. In the 1992 election Charlotte Pritt challenged the incumbent governor in the Democratic primary. Caperton won the primary and the general election, defeating the Republican candidate, state agriculture secretary Cleve Benedict. After his second term, Governor Caperton was constitutionally prohibited from running for a third consecutive term in 1996. Arch Alfred Moore, Jr. ... Charlotte Pritt is an American politician in the state of West Virginia. ... Cleveland Keith Benedict, better known as Cleve Benedict, is a Republican politician in West Virginia. ...


Financial Policy

During his first term as the state's 31st governor, Caperton supported the passages of ethics, road-building and education bills. He raised taxes and improved West Virginia's finances, reducing debts exceeding $500 million and creating a $100 million surplus. Because of the reforms, Financial World magazine called the state the most improved in the nation. Critics accused Caperton of failing to keep a campaign promise not to raise taxes, but defenders claimed that previous governor, Arch A. Moore, Jr., had misstated the condition of the state's finances and hiding the need for tax increases. Arch Alfred Moore, Jr. ...


Education Policy

Publicly, Governor Caperton emphasized that education was his first priority. Caperton's aggressive school building program prompted $800 million in investments for 58 new schools and 780 school renovations to benefit two-thirds of West Virginia's students. Caperton raised teacher's salaries from 49th to 31st in the nation and trained more than 19,000 educators through a statewide Center for Professional Development with the goal of putting technology to its best use in West Virginia's classrooms. He encouraged the use of computers and technology in West Virginia public schools, resulting in the West Virginia Basic Skills Computer Program, which began with kindergarten and extended through sixth grade. His common refrain for "computers in every classroom" since has been expanded to include grades 7-12. In 1996, West Virginia's advances in education technology gained national recognition when Caperton received the Computerworld Smithsonian Award. Award sponsors called Caperton a "visionary" who "fundamentally changed the education system in America" by using technological innovations. Information about Caperton and his work is included in the Smithsonian's Permanent Research Collection. In January 1997, the magazine Education Week, conducted a study of the nation's education system and held out West Virginia for the state's use of technology in education. The West Virginia Basic Skills/Computer Education Program is a program of the West Virginia Department of Education. ... Computerworld is an IT magazine that provides information to technology managers. ... The Computerworld Smithsonian Award is given out annually to individuals who have used technology to produce beneficial changes for society. ...


Economic Policy

As Governor, Caperton also focused on economic development, modern roads and infrastructure, prisons and jails, a clean environment, health care, and government management. West Virginia's economy improved during his eight-year tenure. Unemployment dropped from 9.8 percent to 6.2 percent, the result of creating approximately 86,000 new jobs.


National Leadership Roles

Near the end of his second term, Caperton was the 1996 chair of the Democratic Governor's Association, served on the National Governor's Association executive committee, and was a member of the Intergovernmental Policy Advisory Committee on U.S. Trade. He was chairman of the Appalachian Regional Commission, Southern Regional Education Board, and the Southern Growth Policy Board. Caperton has received numerous state and national awards and special recognition, including six honorary doctoral degrees. The Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) is a United States federal-state partnership that works with the people of Appalachia to create opportunities for self-sustaining economic development and improved quality of life. ...


Tamarack

A unique product of Caperton's tenure is Tamarack: The Best of West Virginia. The facility is a museum, art gallery, and collection of studios for visiting artists that showcases products of West Virginia and organizes the state's "cottage industry." Tamarack is the center of an integrated distribution and marketing network for products by more than 1,200 West Virginia artists. The Rosen Group, publisher of Niche magazine, named Caperton the 1997 Humanitarian of the Year for creating a progressive market for the state's cottage industry. Binomial name Larix laricina Tamarack Larch, or Tamarack or American Larch (Larix laricina) is a species of larch native to northern North America, mainly in Canada, from eastern Yukon and Inuvik, Northwest Territories east to Newfoundland, and also south into the northeastern United States from Minnesota to northern Pennsylvania; there...


Post-gubernatorial career

After completing his second term, the former governor taught at Harvard University in the spring of 1997 as a fellow at the John F. Kennedy Institute of Politics. He founded and now runs the Institute on Education and Government at Columbia University. Harvard University is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, and a member of the Ivy League. ... Jump to: navigation, search Columbia University is a private university in the Morningside Heights neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. ...


Caperton became President and CEO of the College Board on July 1, 1999. The New York City based College Board is a nonprofit membership association of more than 4,200 schools, colleges and other educational institutions throughout America. Its mission, as expressed by Governor Caperton, is to prepare, inspire and connect students to college success, with a focus on excellence and equity. The College Board is best known for it SAT College admissions exam and for its Advanced Placement Program, which offers high school students access to quality, college-level course work. Since taking the helm of the College Board, Governor Caperton has sought to enhance the standing and expand the reach of these two programs and to launch a series of initiatives. As a result of one of these initiatives, AP courses became more availabile to inner city and rural students.


Caperton appears concerned about unequal educational opportunity, and he led an effort to encourage students at middle schools to go to college, particularly the least advantaged. His efforts prompted USA Today to label him an "education crusader". The publication also named him one of the most influential people in America in its feature, "People to Watch: 2001." The USA Today logo USA Today is a national American newspaper published by the Gannett Corporation. ...


More recently, Governor Caperton led a successful campaign to revise the Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT), when the College Board's trustees requested changes to the test. The College Board introduced a set of changes to the SAT that include a writing test, more critical reading, and advanced math. The goal of the new SAT I is to more closely reflect the course work of the nation's high school students while maintaining the test's level of rigor and excellence. The new SAT I was administered for the first time in March 2005.


Personal Biography

Caperton was embarrassed when his first wife, Dee Caperton, divorced him during his first term, and unsuccessfully ran in the election for state treasurer. With Dee he had two boys, Gat and John Caperton, who are both married and living with their children in West Virginia (Gat) and California (John). It is thought that his first wife was responsible for his love of apple crisp. His second wife was the Musical Director and Conductor of the Wheeling Symphony Orchestra, Rachael Worby. He is currently married to his third wife Idit Harel, an Israeli, MIT PhD, an education technology expert, a mother of three, and the Founder and CEO of MaMaMedia. They live and work in New York City. Dr. Idit Harel Caperton (born 1958) is a world renowned expert on how children learn, create, and develop greater thinking power by taking computers and Internet media technology into their own hands and minds. ... MaMaMedia. ... New York City, officially named the City of New York, is the most populous city in the United States, the most densely populated major city in North America, and is at the center of international finance, politics, entertainment, and culture. ...


External links

Preceded by:
Arch A. Moore, Jr.
Governor of West Virginia
1989–1997
Succeeded by:
Cecil H. Underwood

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gaston Caperton - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1227 words)
Caperton was born in Charleston, Kanawha County, West Virginia.
In the 1992 election, Caperton was challenged by Charlotte Pritt in the Democratic primary.
Caperton was embarrassed when his first wife, Ella Dee Caperton (born Ella Kessel, Miss West Virginia 1964) divorced him during his first term, and unsuccessfully ran in the election for state treasurer.
Gaston Caperton at AllExperts (1269 words)
William Gaston Caperton III (born February 21 1940) was twice elected as governor of the U.S. state of West Virginia and served from 1989 until 1997.
Caperton won the primary and the general election, defeating the Republican candidate, West Virginia Secretary of Agriculture Cleve Benedict, and Pritt, running as a write-in candidate.
Caperton was constitutionally prohibited from running for a third consecutive term in 1996.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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