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Encyclopedia > Garuda Indonesia
Garuda Indonesia
IATA
GA
ICAO
GIA
Callsign
INDONESIA
Founded 26 January 1949 (as Garuda Indonesian Airways)
Hubs Soekarno-Hatta International Airport
Ngurah Rai Airport
Juanda International Airport
Sepinggan International Airport
Polonia International Airport
Singapore Changi Airport
Focus cities Semarang, Yogyakarta, Palembang, Padang, Batam, Manado, and Makassar
Frequent flyer program Garuda Frequent Flyer
Member lounge Executive Lounge
Fleet size 49 (+70 orders, 10 options)
Destinations 40
Parent company Government of Indonesia
Company slogan The Airline of Indonesia
Headquarters Jakarta, Indonesia
Key people Emirsyah Satar (President and CEO)
Website: www.garuda-indonesia.com

PT (Persero) Perusahaan Penerbangan Garuda Indonesia is the national airline of Indonesia. It is named after the mythical bird Garuda. In Indian Vedic tradition, Garuda is the carrier of the Hindu god Vishnu; a representation of Garuda appears in the coat of arms of Indonesia. The airline is based in Jakarta at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, with hubs at Ngurah Rai International Airport, Bali, Juanda International Airport, Surabaya, Polonia International Airport, Medan, Sepinggan International Airport, Balikpapan, and Singapore Changi Airport, Singapore.[citation needed] The airline flies to a number of destinations in South-East and East Asia, the Middle East and Australia, and previously flew to several destinations in Europe. However, as of June 2008, Garuda, along with all Indonesian airlines, is banned from flying to the EU[1]. It is wholly owned by the Indonesian Government and employs 6,285 staff (as of March 2007). Image File history File links Logo_garuda_indonesia. ... IATA airline designators, sometimes called IATA reservation codes, are two-character codes assigned by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) to the worlds airlines in accordance with the provisions of Resolution 762. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ICAO airline code. ... Most airlines employ a distinctive and internationally recognised call sign that is normally spoken during airband radio transmissions as a prefix to the flight number. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... An airline hub is an airport that an airline uses as a transfer point to get passengers to their intended destination. ... , Inside Soekarno-Hatta International Airport Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (Indonesian: ) (IATA: CGK, ICAO: WIII) is the main airport serving the greater Jakarta area on the island of Java, Indonesia. ... Ngurah Rai Airport (IATA: DPS, ICAO: WADD), also known as Bali International Airport, is located in southern Bali, 13 km south of Denpasar. ... On the apron of Juanda International Airport, Saudi Airlines Boeing 747 refueling and reloading particularly to serve Indonesian Hajj pilgrims to Mecca. ... Sepinggan International Airport (IATA: BPN, ICAO: WALL) is the principal airport serving East Kalimantan area on the island of Kalimantan, Indonesia. ... Polonia International Airport (Indonesian: ) (IATA: MES, ICAO: WIMM) (Popularly Polonia Airport, as in Indonesia, Bandara Polonia) is located in the city of Medan, Indonesia, about 5 km from the Central Business District. ... Changi Airport redirects here. ... In the airline industry, a focus city is a location that is not a hub, but from which the airline has flights to at least several destinations other than its hubs. ... Semarang is a city on the north coast of the island of Java, Indonesia. ... The Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY), is a province of Indonesia on the island of Java. ... Location of Palembang Palembang is a city in the south of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. ... Padang is the capital and largest city of West Sumatra, Indonesia. ... The Batam island in the Riau Islands Province of Indonesia, known for a free trade zone as a part of the Sijori Growth Triangle, is located 20 km (12. ... Manado is the capital of the North Sulawesi province of Indonesia. ... Location of Makassar in Indonesia Coordinates: , Country Indonesia Province South Sulawesi Government  - Mayor Ilham Arief Sirajuddin Area  - City 175. ... Membership cards of FFP This article is about airline frequent flyer programs. ... The lounge at ZRH, Switzerland An airport lounge is a lounge owned by a particular airline (or jointly operated by several carriers). ... A holding company is a company that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and operations by influencing or electing its board of directors. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article discusses the historical religious practices in the Vedic time period; see Dharmic religions for details of contemporary religious practices. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... For other meanings, see Vishnu (disambiguation). ... The Coat of Arms of Indonesia is called Garuda Pancasila. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... , Inside Soekarno-Hatta International Airport Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (Indonesian: ) (IATA: CGK, ICAO: WIII) is the main airport serving the greater Jakarta area on the island of Java, Indonesia. ... Ngurah Rai Airport (IATA: DPS, ICAO: WADD), also known as Bali International Airport, is located in southern Bali, 15 km south of Denpasar. ... This article is about the Indonesian island. ... On the apron of Juanda International Airport, Saudi Airlines Boeing 747 refueling and reloading particularly to serve Indonesian Hajj pilgrims to Mecca. ... Location of Surabaya in Indonesia Coordinates: , Country Province Area  - Total 459. ... Polonia International Airport (Indonesian: ) (IATA: MES, ICAO: WIMM) (Popularly Polonia Airport, as in Indonesia, Bandara Polonia) is located in the city of Medan, Indonesia, about 5 km from the Central Business District. ... For other uses, see Medan (disambiguation). ... Sepinggan International Airport (IATA: BPN, ICAO: WALL) is the principal airport serving East Kalimantan area on the island of Kalimantan, Indonesia. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Changi Airport redirects here. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... This article is about the geographical region. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... June 2008 is the sixth month of the current leap year. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations by or about: European Union The European Union On-Line Official EU website, europa. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

Contents

History

Garuda Indonesia had its beginnings in the Indonesian war of independence against the Dutch in the late 1940s, when Garuda flew special transports with Douglas DC-3 aircraft. January 26, 1949, is generally recognized as the airline's founding date, at which time the airline was known as "Garuda Indonesian Airways." The first plane was a DC-3 known as Seulawah (Acehnese: "Gold Mountain") and was purchased for a sum of 120,000 Malayan dollars, which was provided by the Acehnese people (notably local merchants).[citation needed] During the revolution, the airline supported Indonesian interests, such as carrying Indonesian leaders for diplomatic missions. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... The 1940s decade ran from 1940 to 1949. ... The Douglas Aircraft Company was founded by Donald Wills Douglas, Sr. ... Douglas DC-3 VH-AES at Avalon in 2003. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Malayan dollar was the currency of the British colonies and protectorates in Malaya and Borneo. ... The Acehnese (also Achinese) a people in Aceh in Indonesia. ...

Garuda Indonesia 747-400 at Narita International Airport near Tokyo
Garuda Indonesia 747-400 at Narita International Airport near Tokyo

The government of Burma helped the airline significantly during the airline's beginnings. Accordingly, upon Garuda's formal joint incorporation with KLM on March 31, 1950, the airline presented the Burmese government with a DC-3. By 1953, the airline had 46 planes, although by 1955 its Catalina fleet had been retired. In 1956, Garuda made its first pilgrim flight to the city of Mecca. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 156 KB) Garuda Indonesia Air Lines at Narita Juli, 2005 成田国際空港のガルーダインドネシア航空機 Source: Photo by っ Copyrighted by っ Also CC-by-2. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 156 KB) Garuda Indonesia Air Lines at Narita Juli, 2005 成田国際空港のガルーダインドネシア航空機 Source: Photo by っ Copyrighted by っ Also CC-by-2. ... Virgin Atlantic Airways Boeing 747-400 Tinker Belle taxiing to the take off point at London Heathrow Airport The Boeing 747-400 is at present the only model of the Boeing 747 in production and will remain the largest commercial airliner in service until the introduction of the Airbus A380. ... Narita International Airport ) (IATA: NRT, ICAO: RJAA) is an international airport located in Narita, Chiba, Japan, in the eastern portion of the Greater Tokyo Area. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... KLM can also refer to KLM (Human Computer Interaction) KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (Dutch: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Aviation Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is an airline subsidiary of Air France-KLM based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Douglas DC-3 VH-AES at Avalon in 2003. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... PBY Catalina was the United States Navy designation for an American and Canadian-built flying boat of the 1930s and 1940s. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A supplicating pilgrim at Masjid Al Haram, the mosque which was built around the Kaaba (the cubical building at center). ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ...


The 1960s were times of growth for the airline; the fleet in 1960 included eight Convair 240s, eight Convair 340s, and three Convair 440s. In 1961 and late 1965, three Convair 990 jet planes and three Lockheed L-188 Electra were introduced, and a route was opened to Kai Tak International Airport in Hong Kong. After concentrating on domestic and regional services, the first flights to Europe were added on September 28, 1963, to Amsterdam and Frankfurt. In 1965, flights to Europe were expanded to include Rome and Paris via Bombay and Cairo, with the exclusive use of Convair 990 aircraft. That year, flights to China started, with Garuda flying to Canton via Phnom Penh. Also in 1965, the jet age arrived for Garuda, with a Douglas DC-8 that flew to Schiphol Airport in Amsterdam. The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969. ... The Convair 240 was an American airliner produced by Convair from 1947 to 1956. ... A restored Convair 240 in Western Air Lines livery, at the Planes of Fame Museum in Chino, California. ... A restored Convair 240 in Western Air Lines livery, at the Planes of Fame Museum in Chino, California. ... NASA Convair 990 The Convair 990 Coronado was a jet airliner produced by the Convair division of General Dynamics, a stretched version of their earlier Convair 880 produced in response to a request from American Airlines. ... The Lockheed L-188 Electra is an American turboprop airliner built by Lockheed. ... Hong Kong International Airport, popularly known as Kai Tak Airport (Chinese å•Ÿå¾·æ©Ÿå ´ Pinyin: Qǐdé, WG: Chi-te) was the international airport of Hong Kong until July 6, 1998. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... NASA Convair 990 The Convair 990 Coronado was a jet airliner produced by the Convair division of General Dynamics, a stretched version of their earlier Convair 880 produced in response to a request from American Airlines. ... CITIC Plaza Guangzhou (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; jyutping : Gwong²zau¹) is the capital and a sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Nickname: Location of Phnom Penh, Cambodia Coordinates: , Country Province Settled 1372 Became Capital 1865 Government  - Type Municipality  - Mayor & Governor H.E. Keb Chutema (Khmer: )  - Vice Governors H.E. Than Sina, H.E. Map Sarin, H.E. Seng Tong Area  - Total 376 km² (145. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... The Douglas DC-8 is a four-engined jet airliner, manufactured from 1958 to 1972. ... Schiphol (IATA: AMS, ICAO: EHAM) (municipality Haarlemmermeer) is the Netherlands main airport. ...


The 1970s saw McDonnell Douglas DC-9 and Fokker F28 jets introduced, and at one point Garuda owned 36 Fokker jets, making Garuda the world's largest operator of F28s at that time. In the 1980s, Garuda introduced Airbus equipment such as the Airbus A300 and the Airbus A300-600, as well as Boeing 737s, Boeing 747s, and McDonnell Douglas MD-11s. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The McDonnell Douglas DC-9 (initially known as the Douglas DC-9) is a twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner. ... The Fokker F28 Fellowship is a short range jet airliner designed and built by Dutch aircraft manufacturer, Fokker. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Airbus S.A.S. (pronounced in English, in French, and in German) is an aircraft manufacturing subsidiary of EADS, a European aerospace concern. ... A300 redirects here. ... A300 redirects here. ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... The McDonnell Douglas MD-11 is an American three-engine medium to long-range widebody airliner, with two engines mounted on underwing pylons and a third engine at the base of the vertical stabilizer. ...

Garuda Indonesia Boeing 737 refuelling and reloading cargo, food and beverage at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Garuda Indonesia Boeing 737 refuelling and reloading cargo, food and beverage at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Jakarta, Indonesia.

The East Asian Economic Crisis of 1998 hit Indonesia and Garuda hard, resulting in severe cutbacks on unprofitable routes. Despite once having a comprehensive worldwide route network, Garuda currently operates no flights to Europe or North America. Largely due to historical links with the Netherlands, Garuda continued to operate flights to Amsterdam after the initial cutbacks, although these flights were also discontinued from 28 Oct 2004. The situation was exacerbated by the September 11 terrorist attacks, the Bali bombings, the 2004 Boxing Day tsunami and the SARS scare, all of which contributed to a downturn in air travel and Indonesian tourism. However, the airline has recovered favorably from its economic problems and seems to be in good economic shape entering the middle 2000s. The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... , Inside Soekarno-Hatta International Airport Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (Indonesian: ) (IATA: CGK, ICAO: WIII) is the main airport serving the greater Jakarta area on the island of Java, Indonesia. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... The East Asian financial crisis was a period of economic unrest that started in July 1997 in Thailand and South Korea with the financial collapse of Kia, and affected currencies, stock markets, and other asset prices in several Asian countries, many considered Four Asian Tigers. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 2002 Bali bombings occurred on 12 October 2002 in the tourist district of Kuta on the Indonesian island of Bali. ... The tsunami caused by the December 26, 2004 earthquake strikes Ao Nang, Thailand. ... Sars may refer to any of the following: Severe acute respiratory syndrome, commonly abbreviated as SARS Michael Sars, a Norwegian biologist, father of Georg Sars Georg Sars, a Norwegian biologist, son of Michael Sars Special Administrative Regions, commonly abbreviated as SARs Sars, Perm Krai, an urban settlement in Perm Krai... This article is about the decade of 2000-2009. ...


In 2001, a low-cost airline subsidiary, CitiLink, was established to provide shuttle services between Indonesian cities. A Ryanair Boeing 737-800 A low-cost carrier or low-cost airline (also known as a no-frills or discount carrier / airline) is an airline that offers generally low fares in exchange for eliminating many traditional passenger services. ... Citilink is a low-cost airline based in Jakarta, Indonesia. ...


Garuda may expand its route map again before the end of the decade, possibly after the scheduled completion of the new Medan airport, Kuala Namu International Airport, in 2009. This could include routes to major European hubs such as Paris, London, and Frankfurt, pending clearance by the European Union. Kuala Namu International Airport is a new airport under construction to replace Polonia International Airport, site of several crashes, and inappropriately located in the centre of the city of Medan, and with a difficult takeoff path, and short runway. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ...


In June 2007, the EU banned Garuda Indonesia, along with all other Indonesian airlines, from flying into any European countries. This was despite spot checks conducted by South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Japan, Australia and the United States on Garuda Indonesia that yielded satisfactory results. With the support of the international aviation industry for all Indonesian airlines, the EU promised to review its ban and sent experts to Indonesia to consider lifting the ban. In August, the transportation minister of Indonesia announced that the EU would lift its ban hopefully somewhere in October, stating that the ban was attributed to communication breakdown between the two parties and that discussion was in the progress. In November 2007, Garuda announced its intention to fly to Amsterdam from Jakarta and Denpasar on the condition that the European Union lifted the ban on the airline. Airbus A330s and Boeing 777s are aircraft that could be used on these revitalised routes.[2] On November 28, 2007, the EU refused to lift its ban on Garuda flying to all European countries, despite lifting a ban on both Pakistan International Airlines and Blue Wing Airlines from Surinam. It announced the safety reforms already undertaken were a step in the right direction for the EU to consider lifting the ban, but still did not satisfy the EU's aviation safety standards.[3] For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Gajah Mada Street Denpasar is the capital city of the province of Bali, Indonesia. ... The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. ... The Boeing 777 is an American long-range, wide-body twin-engine airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... Pakistan International Airlines Corporation, more commonly known as Pakistan International Airlines or PIA (Urdu: پی آئی اے or پاکستان انٹرنیشنل ایرلاینز), is the flag carrier airline of Pakistan, based in Karachi. ... Blue Wing Airlines is an airline based in Paramaribo, Suriname. ... The Republic of Suriname, more commonly known as Suriname or Surinam, (formerly known as Netherlands Guiana and Dutch Guiana) is a country in northern South America, in between French Guiana to the east and Guyana to the west. ...


In July 2007, the Deputy of Marketing, Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Indonesia announced that Garuda Indonesia will fly to 2 Indian cities of Chennai and Mumbai, possibly in November 2007.[4]


In-flight services

Garuda Indonesia is a full-service airline, in contrast with the 'no frills' low-cost carrier. The class configuration is divided into executive (business) and economy class. The airline lacks products often associated with the top international airlines, such as personal TV screens in all classes and business class seats which convert into beds. However, the introduction of such products may become viable in the coming years due to the recent restructuring and consolidation of the airline, which has delivered good profits in the first half of 2007.[5]


Executive Class

Executive Class is available on board all Garuda Indonesia aircraft with seat pitch ranging from 41-58". On selected aircraft, in-seat TVs are available. A range of hot and cold food and beverages is available, and snacks or meals are offered depending on the length of the flight. Fine wines are offered on international flights.


Economy Class

Similarly, Economy Class is available on board all Garuda Indonesia aircraft. Seat pitch ranges from 30-35" depending on the aircraft. Hot and cold meals or snacks and beverages, are offered depending on the length of the flight. Fine wines are offered on international flights.


In-flight entertainment

In-flight entertainment is available on board selected aircraft. Airbus A330-300 and Boeing 747-400 aircraft feature cabin screens with Airshow, a moving map system to allow passengers to track the progress of their flight, as well as feature films and short movies. Audio programming is also available. In-flight entertainment (IFE) refers to the entertainment available to aircraft passengers during a flight. ... The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. ... The Boeing 747-400 is the latest version of the Boeing 747 in service. ...


In addition, Garuda Indonesia ordered 10 Boeing 777-300ER and 50 Boeing 737-800 during the Singapore Airshow. These new aircraft will be fitted with a new in-flight entertainment program and a new cabin ambience.


Newspapers and magazines

Newspapers and magazines are provided to all passengers on board Garuda Indonesia flights free of charge. An in-flight magazine, Garuda In-Flight Magazine, is also available as free reading material.[6]


Destinations

Garuda Indonesia Boeing 737-300 bound for Jakarta holding at Singapore Changi Airport
Garuda Indonesia Boeing 737-300 bound for Jakarta holding at Singapore Changi Airport

Garuda currently operates flights to a total of 40 destinations (21 domestic, 19 international)[7] throughout East and South East Asia, Australia and the Middle East, with Australia and Japan being vital tourism markets. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 976 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Template:Garuda Indonesia Plane at Singapore Changi Airport. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 976 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Template:Garuda Indonesia Plane at Singapore Changi Airport. ... Changi Airport redirects here. ... This is a list of destinations served by Garuda Indonesia. ... This article is about the geographical region. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...


Codeshare

Garuda Indonesia also offers flights to 13 other international destinations through code-share agreements with:

Taking these codeshare routes into account, Garuda Indonesia's route map extends to Western Europe. Not to be confused with Air China, the national airline of Peoples Republic of China. ... China Southern Airlines (中国南方航空公司) (SEHK: 1055, NYSE: ZNH) is an airline based in Guangzhou in the Guangdong province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Gulf Air (Arabic: ) is the flag carrier of the Kingdom of Bahrain. ... CHH redirects here. ... Korean Air (formerly Korean Air Lines) (KRXS: 003490) (Korean Air Daehan Hanggong) is the flag carrier airline of Korea, its global headquarters are located in Seoul, Korea. ... Singapore Airlines Limited (SIA) (Chinese: ; pinyin: , abbreviated ; Malay: ; Tamil: ) (SGX: C6L) is the national airline of Singapore. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS, Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ... Philippine Airlines (abbreviated PAL, PSE: PAL), also known historically as Philippine Air Lines, is the national airline of the Philippines. ... Qatar Airways (Arabic: القطرية) is the flag carrier airline of Qatar, based in Doha. ... SilkAir (Singapore) Private Limited is an airline based in Singapore. ... Vietnam Airlines is the national flag carrier of Vietnam, and was established as a state enterprise in April 1989. ... A current understanding of Western Europe. ...


On 19 June 2007, Garuda Indonesia and Hainan Airlines entered a code-sharing arrangement in a bid to strengthen both airlines' marketing positions in Indonesia and China. [8]. In this agreement, Garuda Indonesia will be the operating partner on the Jakarta-Beijing (vv) service, flying three times a week using the new B737-800. CHH redirects here. ...


An interline agreement between Garuda Indonesia and Australian airline Virgin Blue was confirmed in November 2007. This eases travel for passengers connecting from a Virgin Blue domestic flight to a Garuda Indonesia international service departing from either Sydney, Melbourne, Perth or Darwin.[9] Virgin Blue Airlines Pty Ltd is an Australian low-cost airline and Australias second-biggest airline. ... Virgin Blue Airlines Pty Ltd is an Australian low-cost airline and Australias second-biggest airline. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre (also known as The CBD). ... Location of Perth within Australia This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... Port Darwin redirects here. ...


Garuda Indonesia plans to open a new route, from Chennai, India to Medan, Indonesia and onward to Singapore from April 2008. This will be Garuda's first route to India, and also the first route between Medan and Singapore. Boeing 737-500s with 96 seats in total will be used on this route. Garuda Indonesia has also signed an interline agreement with Jet Airways, which will provide feeder traffic from other Indian cities to Garuda's services ex-Chennai.[10] Madras redirects here. ... For other uses, see Medan (disambiguation). ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... Jet Airways (India) Ltd. ...


In June 2008, it was announced that Garuda will increase services between Australia and Bali. From 25 June, Garuda will add an extra flight between Darwin and Denpasar, bringing the total number of services to three per week. Additionally, a fourth flight from Melbourne to Denpasar will begin on July 22. On September 2, another extra service will depart from Melbourne to bring the total number of flights per week to five, and a sixth flight will leave from Sydney. This extra capacity is in response to an increase in the number of Australians who travelled to Bali in the first quarter of 2008, and marks a resurgence in Balinese tourism, which was hard hit by the 2002 Bali bombings and 2005 Bali bombings.[11] This article is about the Indonesian island. ... Darwin most commonly refers to: Charles Darwin (1809–1882), renowned naturalist and thinker associated with the theory of evolution by natural selection Darwin, Northern Territory, Australian city and the capital of the Northern Territory Darwin (operating system), a low level computer operating system used as the lower layer of Apple... Gajah Mada Street Denpasar is the capital city of the province of Bali, Indonesia. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre (also known as The CBD). ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... The 2002 Bali bombings occurred on 12 October 2002 in the tourist district of Kuta on the Indonesian island of Bali. ... Wikinews has news related to: Fatal explosions hit Bali The 2005 Bali bombings were a series of explosions that occurred on October 1, 2005, in Bali, Indonesia. ...


Ticketing

A 24-hour call center is available for local customer access and is a means of booking flights since the airline's website does not handle bookings. The e-ticket system (using paperless or electronic tickets) has been introduced on all domestic flights and flights to Singapore originating from Jakarta. This system computerizes the ticketing method, in which a traditional paper ticket is no longer required.


Frequent flyer program

Garuda Frequent Flyer was launched in September 1999.[citation needed] In 2005, Garuda Indonesia relaunched its frequent flyer program called Garuda Frequent Flyer (GFF) with a new look, new benefits, and new services. The new program allows members to earn miles on domestic and international flights and has four tiers of membership covering Blue, Silver, Gold, and Platinum benefit levels. New services for GFF members include a new website at http://gff.garuda-indonesia.com, including an on-line mileage calculator for earning and redemption, on-line mileage balance, on-line personal profile management, and downloadable forms.


Executive Lounge

The Garuda Executive Lounge is open to passengers travelling in Executive Class, as well as those holding a Gold or Platinum Garuda Frequent Flyer card. Passengers with an Executive Card Plus card or Garuda Indonesia Citibank credit card can also gain access to the lounge. Lounges are located at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport and throughout Indonesia and offer food and drink, wireless internet, showers, meeting rooms and business services.[12] , Inside Soekarno-Hatta International Airport Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (Indonesian: ) (IATA: CGK, ICAO: WIII) is the main airport serving the greater Jakarta area on the island of Java, Indonesia. ...


Fleet

The Garuda Indonesia fleet consists of the following aircraft (at 24 May 2008):[13] is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ...

Garuda Indonesia Fleet
Aircraft In Service Orders Engines Passengers Notes
Airbus A330-300 6 Rolls-Royce Trent 768 293 (J42/Y251)
Boeing 737-300 14 General Electric CFM56-3C1 110 (J16/Y94)
Boeing 737-400 19 General Electric CFM56-3CI 134 (J14/Y120) or 136 (J16/Y120)
Boeing 737-500 5 General Electric CFM56-3C1 96 (J12/Y84)
Boeing 737-800 2 50 on order General Electric L CFM56-7 B 156 (J12/Y144) first eight orders arrive May-December 2009[14]
Boeing 747-400 3 General Electric CF6 428 (J42/Y386)
Boeing 777-300ER 0 10 on order, 10 options General Electric GE90-115B 365 Begin to arrive in June 2010[15]
Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner 0 10 on order[16] General Electric GEnx 200-250 Begin to arrive in 2011[16]
Total 49 70 (10 Options)

They are all serviced by GMF AeroAsia.[17] The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. ... Rolls-Royce Trent 900 on A380 prototype Rolls Royce Trent is a family of high bypass turbofan engines manufactured by Rolls-Royce. ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... GE-Aviation, a subsidiary of General Electric, is headquartered in Evendale, Ohio (a Cincinnati suburb). ... CFM International CFM-56 series engines is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by CFM International and has a thrust range from 18,500 to 34,000 lbf (82 kN to 151 kN). ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... GE-Aviation, a subsidiary of General Electric, is headquartered in Evendale, Ohio (a Cincinnati suburb). ... CFM International CFM-56 series engines is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by CFM International and has a thrust range from 18,500 to 34,000 lbf (82 kN to 151 kN). ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... GE-Aviation, a subsidiary of General Electric, is headquartered in Evendale, Ohio (a Cincinnati suburb). ... CFM International CFM-56 series engines is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by CFM International and has a thrust range from 18,500 to 34,000 lbf (82 kN to 151 kN). ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... GE-Aviation, a subsidiary of General Electric, is headquartered in Evendale, Ohio (a Cincinnati suburb). ... CFM International CFM-56 series engines is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by CFM International and has a thrust range from 18,500 to 34,000 lbf (82 kN to 151 kN). ... The Boeing 747-400 is the latest version of the Boeing 747 in service. ... CF6 turbofan at the KLM engine shop The General Electric TF39 and CF6 family of high-bypass turbofan engines are the most popular large aircraft turbines in the world, powering civil and military widebodies from a variety of manufacturers. ... The Boeing 777 is an American long-range, wide-body twin-engine airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... GE90 NASA GE90 airflow simulation A GE90-115 mounted on the #2 pylon of GEs Boeing 747 flight test aircraft at the Mojave Airport in 2002 General Electric GE90 is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines built by GE-Aviation for the Boeing 777, with thrust ranging from... The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is a mid-sized, wide-body, twin engine jet airliner currently under development by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... The General Electric GEnx (General Electric Next-generation) is an advanced turbofan under development by GE-Aviation for the Boeing 787. ...


Previously operated

A300 redirects here. ... The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... NASA Convair 990 The Convair 990 Coronado was a jet airliner produced by the Convair division of General Dynamics, a stretched version of their earlier Convair 880 produced in response to a request from American Airlines. ... The Douglas DC-3 is an American fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft whose speed and range revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s. ... The Douglas DC-8 is a four-engined jet airliner, manufactured from 1958 to 1972. ... The Fokker F28 Fellowship is a short range jet airliner designed and built by Dutch aircraft manufacturer, Fokker. ... The McDonnell Douglas DC-9 (initially known as the Douglas DC-9) is a twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner. ... Biman Bangladesh Airlines McDonnell Douglas DC-10 The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is a three-engined long-range airliner, with two engines mounted on underwing pylons and a third engine at the base of the vertical stabilizer. ... The McDonnell Douglas MD-11 is an American three-engine medium to long-range widebody airliner, with two engines mounted on underwing pylons and a third engine at the base of the vertical stabilizer. ...

Incidents and accidents

Since its first incident in 1950, Garuda Indonesia has suffered 14 fatal accidents and 1 hijacked incident. These are some of them:

  • Garuda Indonesia Convair-990 crashed on May 28, 1968 at Juhu, in Bombay, India with all passengers surviving. The pilot mistook the much smaller Juhu Airport used for small trainer aircraft for Bombay's Santa Cruz International Airport and tried to land his aircraft. It overshot the runway falling just short of the traffic road ahead and several residential buildings when its nose wheel got stuck in a ditch at the end of the runway.
  • Garuda Indonesia Flight 206, a DC 9 aircraft was hijacked on 28 March 1981. This was the first serious Indonesian airline hijacking, since the first case was a desperate Marine hijacker who was killed by the pilot himself. The hijackers, a group called Commando Jihad, hijacked the DC 9 "Woyla", onroute from Palembang to Medan, and ordered the pilot to fly the plane to Colombo, Sri Lanka. But since the plane didn't have enough fuel, it refueled in Penang, Malaysia and then to Don Muang, Thailand. The hijackers demanded the release of Commando Jihad members imprisoned in Indonesia, and US $ 1.5 million, as well as a plane to take those prisoners to an unspecified destination. The Kopassus commandos who took part in this mission trained for only three days with totally unfamiliar weapons, executed this fast-paced operation. One of the Kopassus commandos was shot by the hijacker leader, who then shot himself. All the other hijackers were killed. All the hostages were saved.[citation needed]
  • Garuda Indonesia Flight 865, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10 departing Fukuoka, Japan, on June 13, 1996, overran the runway after aborting the takeoff well above rotation speed. The number-3 engine fuel line was severed, resulting in a massive fire and the total destruction of the aircraft. Three of the 275 people on board were killed.[20]
  • Garuda Indonesia Flight 421 was a Boeing 737-300 traveling from Lombok to Yogyakarta on January 16, 2002, which was forced to make an emergency landing in poor weather on the Bengawan Solo River. One person, a stewardess, was killed in the accident; 59 other passengers and crew survived.[22]
  • Garuda Indonesia Flight 974, a Boeing 747-400 registered PK-GSG bound for Amsterdam via Singapore on September 6, 2004, was the last flight for Indonesian Human Rights Activist, Munir Said Thalib. Munir was poisoned with arsenic during his flight transit in Singapore, or sometime near that time. A former Garuda Indonesia airline pilot was convicted. It was concluded from Munir's autopsy and eye witnesses during the trial, that he had died two hours before arrival in Schiphol, Amsterdam.[23]
  • Garuda Indonesia Flight 238, a Boeing 737-500 registered PK-GGD bound for Semarang on February 1, 2007, collided with a Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747-300, registered TF-ATJ when doing pushback at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport. None of the 96 passengers were injured.[24]

is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai (Bombay) This article is about the city formerly known as Bombay. ... The Fokker F28 Fellowship is a short range jet airliner designed and built by Dutch aircraft manufacturer, Fokker. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Polonia International Airport (IATA: MES, ICAO: WIMM) is located in the city of Medan, Indonesia, about 5km from the Central Business District. ... The Douglas DC-9 is a twin-engined jet airliner, first manufactured in 1965 and, in much modified form and under a succession of different names, still in production today as the Boeing 717. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... The Douglas DC-9 is a twin-engined jet airliner, first manufactured in 1965 and, in much modified form and under a succession of different names, still in production today as the Boeing 717. ... Location of Palembang Palembang is a city in the south of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. ... For other uses, see Medan (disambiguation). ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: , District Colombo District Government  - Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area  - City 37. ... State motto: Bersatu dan Setia (United and Loyal) (formerly Let Penang Lead) State anthem: Untuk Negeri Kita (For Our State) Capital George Town Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Yang Di-Pertua Negeri Tuan Yang Terutama Abdul Rahman bin Haji Abbas  - Ketua Menteri Tan Sri Dr. Koh Tsu Koon History    - Ceded by... This article is about Don Mueang district, for the Don Mueang airport see Don Mueang International Airport. ... Kopassus ,abbreviation for Komando Pasukan Khusus(Special Commando Force or as Special Forces Command) is an Indonesian Army special forces group that conducts special operations missions for the Indonesian government, such as direct action, unconventional warfare, sabotage, counter-terrorism, and intelligence. ... Kopassus ,abbreviation for Komando Pasukan Khusus(Special Commando Force or as Special Forces Command) is an Indonesian Army special forces group that conducts special operations missions for the Indonesian government, such as direct action, unconventional warfare, sabotage, counter-terrorism, and intelligence. ... The Fokker F28 Fellowship is a short range jet airliner designed and built by Dutch aircraft manufacturer, Fokker. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Radin Inten II Airport is a domestic airport that serves Bandar Lampung city, Indonesia. ... DC10 redirects here. ... This article is about a city in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Garuda Indonesia Flight 152 was a Garuda Indonesia domestic flight from Jakarta to Medan. ... A300 redirects here. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... For other uses, see Medan (disambiguation). ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... Gunung Rinjani from Gili Trawangan Lombok (1990 pop. ... The Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY), is a province of Indonesia on the island of Java. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The Bengawan Solo River (alternatively, Solo River) is the longest river on the Indonesian island of Java, approximately 540 km in length. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Air Traffic Control Towers (ATCTs) at Schiphol Airport Schiphol (municipality Haarlemmermeer) is the Netherlands main airport. ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... Semarang is a city on the north coast of the island of Java, Indonesia. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Boeing 777-200ER Saudi Arabian Airlines (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية العربية السعودية) is the national airline of Saudi Arabia, based in Jeddah. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... A conventional tractor connected to a Boeing 777 A KLM Boeing 777 being pushed back from a gate at Narita International Airport. ... , Inside Soekarno-Hatta International Airport Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (Indonesian: ) (IATA: CGK, ICAO: WIII) is the main airport serving the greater Jakarta area on the island of Java, Indonesia. ... Garuda Indonesia Flight 200 (GA200) was the scheduled domestic passenger flight of a Boeing 737 operated by Garuda Indonesia between Jakarta and Yogyakarta, Indonesia. ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Adisucipto (or Adisutjipto) International Airport (IATA: JOG, ICAO: WARJ) is the principal airport serving the Yogyakarta area on the island of Java, Indonesia. ... The Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY), is a province of Indonesia on the island of Java. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

References

  1. ^ List of airlines banned within the EU. European Commission's "Transport" website. Retrieved on 2008-01-24.
  2. ^ e-Travel Blackboard
  3. ^ Indonesian president delays European visit after flight ban : Asia World
  4. ^ The Hindu Business Line : Garuda to fly into India
  5. ^ Garuda Indonesia news
  6. ^ Garuda Indonesia Airline :: Official Website
  7. ^ Garuda Indonesia organisation
  8. ^ Garuda Indonesia-News
  9. ^ MICEBTN
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ Blackboard news
  12. ^ Garuda on the ground
  13. ^ Garuda Indonesia Airline :: Official Website
  14. ^ Garuda Indonesia Airline :: Official Website
  15. ^ AIRSHOW-Garuda converts Boeing order to 10 777-300ERs | Industries | Industrials, Materials & Utilities | Reuters
  16. ^ a b http://www.garuda-indonesia.com/index.php?menu=promo&&id=5
  17. ^ Client Base
  18. ^ Aviation Safety Network
  19. ^ [2] Aviation-Safety Net
  20. ^ Air Disasters - 1996 Crash
  21. ^ Air Disasters - 1997 Crash
  22. ^ Air Disasters - 2002 Crash
  23. ^ [www.kontras.org/data/Gugatan%20Suci%20versi%20inggris.pdf Kontras website]
  24. ^ Kompas February 2007 Crash
  25. ^ Daily Telegraph March 2007 Crash

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Indonesia Portal
  • Garuda Indonesia official website
  • Garuda inflight magazine

  Results from FactBites:
 
Garuda Indonesia (810 words)
Garuda Indonesia, the national airline of Indonesia, is based in Jakarta and together with its subsidiaries operates more than 100 aircraft, carrying more than 10 million passengers a year on its flights and serving 22 international destinations.
Garuda Indonesia can trace its roots back to 1949, with a flight to Rangoon in a DC3 and today is one of the 30 biggest airlines in the world.
Garuda Indonesia boasts a seat width for its economy passengers of 17" and a 33" seat pitch, while Malaysia Airlines offers foot rests and lumbar support on most long-haul flights to ensure you are relaxed and comfortable for the duration of the flight.
GARUDA (4105 words)
Garuda's origins in Indonesia go back to the time, around the first century A.D., when sailors and traders from Southern India first came to the shores of the fertile islands looking for rice and riches.
A depiction of Wisnu mounting Garuda was found as early as the 8th century in the temple complex on the Dieng Plateau.
Garuda is the bearer of the elixir of immortality, the amerta.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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