The Gartel is a belt used by Hasidic Jews during prayer. "Gartel" is Yiddish for "belt". The word comes from the German "Gürtel". Image File history File links Gartel_wide. ... Image File history File links Gartel_wide. ... Hasidic Judaism (from the Hebrew: Chasidut ××¡××××ª, meaning pious, from the Hebrew root word chesed ××¡× meaning loving kindness) is a Haredi Jewish religious movement. ... Belt can refer to the following objects: Look up belt on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Hasidic Judaism (from the Hebrew: Chasidut ××¡××××ª, meaning pious, from the Hebrew root word chesed ××¡× meaning loving kindness) is a Haredi Jewish religious movement. ... Jewish services are the prayers recited as part of observance of Judaism. ... Yiddish (ייִדיש, Jiddisch) is a Germanic language spoken by about four million Jews throughout the world. ...
Jewish law (Shulchan Aruch O.C. 91:2) requires that there is a physical divide between the heart and the private parts during prayer. It is commonly explained that separating the upper and lower parts of the body manifests a control of the animal instincts of the person by the distinctly human intellect. Hasidic authorities maintain that a regular belt or the waistband of trousers do not suffice to fulfil this requirement, and that a designated sash is to be used. Additionally, donning a gartel is a preparation for prayer, in accordance with the Biblical verse, (Amos 4:12). In contrast, Mishnah Berurah (91:5) states that any waistband is adequate. The Shulkhan Arukh (Hebrew: Prepared Table), by Rabbi Yosef Karo is considered the most authoritative compilation of Jewish law since the Talmud. ... Mishnah Berurah (Hebrew: Clarified Teaching) is a commentary on the Orach Chayim (laws of prayer, synagogue, shabbat and holidays) section of the Shulkhan Arukh by Rabbi Yisrael Meir Kagan, better known as The Chafetz Chayim (Poland, 1838 - 1933). ...
Gartel could also be considered the father of the paintbox era (circa 1986), who actually started this technique 10 years prior to any software being written for painting and photo-manipulation.
Gartel had many associations with musicians such as Debbie Harry (Blonde) Sid Vicious (Sex Pistols), Stiv Bators (Dead Boys) Johnny Thunders (New York Dolls) Ace Frehley (Kiss) and Wendy O Williams (Plasmatics).
Gartel was recently included in the Italian Art History Textbook: "La Storia Dell Arte" published by Editions Giunti (c) 2001, Firenze.
An important aspect of ARC-induced cell suicide, Gartel said, is that it does not rely on p53, a normal protein in cells that is often responsible for initiating cell death after the cell has been treated with cancer drugs.
Gartel said while it is not yet known how ARC induces apoptosis in cancer cells, his group has shown that in normal cells the molecule inhibits RNA synthesis, a key step in gene expression.
In all three assays, Gartel said, ARC performed "in the range of effectiveness" of a compound already in clinical trials as an anti-angiogenic agent.
Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Want to know more? Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:
Press Releases |
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m