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Encyclopedia > Garshuni

Garshuni, also Karshuni, is a term referring to writings in the Arabic language written in the Syriac alphabet. Arabic ( or just ), is the largest member of the family of Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew, Amharic, and Aramaic. ... 11th century book in Syriac Serto. ...


Garshuni came to be used in the seventh century AD, when Arabic started to become the dominant spoken language in the Fertile Crescent, but Arabic script was not yet fully developed and widely read. In fact, there is evidence that writing Arabic in Garshuni influenced the style of modern Arabic script. After this initial period, Garshuni writing has continued to the present day among some Syriac Christian communities in the Arabic-speaking regions of the Levant and Mesopotamia. The Fertile Crescent is a historical region in the Middle East incorporating Ancient Egypt, the Levant, and Mesopotamia. ... Syriac Christianity is a culturally and linguistically distinctive community within Eastern Christianity. ... The Levant The Levant is an imprecise geographical term historically referring to a large area in the Middle East south of the Taurus Mountains, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea on the west, and by the northern Arabian Desert and Upper Mesopotamia to the east. ... Mesopotamia refers to the region now occupied by modern Iraq, eastern Syria, southeastern Turkey, and Southwest Iran. ...


The Syriac alphabet has three principal varieties: 11th century book in Syriac Serto. ...

  • The estrangelâ script (the classical Syriac script),
  • The madnhâyâ script (the eastern Syriac script, often called 'Assyrian' or 'Nestorian'),
  • The sertâ script (the western Syriac script, often called 'Jacobite' or 'Maronite').

The Syriac alphabet is extended by use of diacritics to write Arabic Garshuni. The Syriac alphabet is used for writing the Syriac language. ... A diacritical mark or diacritic, also called an accent mark, is a small sign added to a letter to alter pronunciation or to distinguish between similar words. ...


Occasionally, other languages were written in the Syriac alphabet, and these are sometimes also referred to as Garshunis.


See also

Syriac Christianity
ܣܘܪܝܝܐ

Self-appellations
Aramaeans · Assyrians · Chaldeans · Syriacs · Maronites
Aramaic languages - Syriac
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic · Bohtan Neo-Aramaic · Chaldean Neo-Aramaic · Hértevin · Koy Sanjaq Surat · Garshuni · Mlahsö · Senaya · Turoyo
Churches
Ancient Church of the East · Assyrian Church of the East · Chaldean Catholic · Maronite Church · Syriac Catholic · Syriac Orthodox Syriac ( Suryāyā) is an Eastern Aramaic language that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. ... Arabic ( or just ), is the largest member of the family of Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew, Amharic, and Aramaic. ... Syriac Christianity is a culturally and linguistically distinctive community within Eastern Christianity. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (768x836, 41 KB)O JESUS WHAT DID U DO NOW! // Cristo de Velázquez. ... The Arameans or Aramaeans (also called Syriacs) were a Semitic, nomadic people who dwelt in Aram-Naharaim or Aram of the two rivers, also known as Mesopotamia a region including modern Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Iran that is mentioned six times in the Hebrew Bible. ... Assyrians are an ethnic group found in what is today Iraq, Iran, Turkey, Syria, and Lebanon, who are speakers of various neo-Aramaic languages. ... Look up Chaldean in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Maronites (الموارنة) are Eastern Rite Catholics. ... Assyrian Neo-Aramaic is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language. ... Bohtan Neo-Aramaic is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language. ... Chaldean Neo-Aramaic is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language. ... The Hértevin language is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language. ... Koy Sanjaq Surat is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language. ... Mlahsö is a Modern West Syriac language, a dialect of Aramaic. ... The Senaya language is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language. ... Turoyo is a Modern West Syriac language, a dialect of Aramaic. ... The Ancient Church of the East is an offshoot of the Assyrian Church of the East which organized in 1968 in protest against hereditary succession of bishops and against calendar changes. ... The Holy Apostolic Catholic Ancient Assyrian Church of the East under His Holiness Mar Dinkha IV is a Christian church that traces its origins to the See of Seleucia-Ctesiphon, said to be founded by Saint Thomas the Apostle as well as Saint Mari and Addai as evidenced in the... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Maronites (الموارنة) are Eastern Rite Catholics. ... The Syriac Catholic Church or Syrian Catholic Church is a Christian church in the Levant having practices and rites in common with the Syriac Orthodox Church. ... The Syriac Orthodox Church is an autocephalous Oriental Orthodox church based in the Middle East with members spread throughout the world. ...

Aramaic languages

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Garshuni Information (233 words)
Garshuni, also known as Karshuni, is the Arabic language written in the Syriac alphabet.
Garshuni came to be used from about the seventh century AD, when Arabic started to become the dominant spoken language in the Fertile Crescent, but Arabic script was not yet fully developed and widely read.
After this initial period, Garshuni writing has continued to the present day among some Syriac Christian communities in the Arabic-speaking regions of the Levant and Mesopotamia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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