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Encyclopedia > Garonne
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Garonne
The Garonne in Toulouse.
Origin Pyrenees
Mouth Gironde estuary,
Atlantic Ocean
Basin countries France, Spain
Length 575 km
Source elevation 1,872 m
Basin area 84,811 km² *
*including Dordogne

The Garonne (in French: Garonne; in Occitan, Catalan and Spanish: Garona; in Latin: Garumna) is a river in southwest France and northern Spain, with a length of 575 km (357 miles). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Garona Halforcen Garona Halforcen is a fictional character in the world of Azeroth in the Warcraft Universe game series by Blizzard Entertainment. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 487 KB) Toulouse, France Author: Wojsyl, September 2003 File links The following pages link to this file: Garonne Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... [[ == Headline text == This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Pic de Bugatetin the Néouvielle Natural Reserve Central Pyrenees For the mountains in Victoria, Australia, see Pyrenees (Victoria). ... The Gironde is a navigable estuary, but often referred to as a river, in southwest France. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... [[ == Headline text == This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Occitan (IPA AmE: ), known also as Lenga dòc or Langue doc (native name: occitan [1], lenga dòc [2]; native nickname: la lenga nòstra [3] i. ... Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia (in the latter with the name of Valencian), and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Origin of the name

The name "Garonne", Garumna in the Antiquity, is a native name still meaning 'river' in Gascon. It derives from the Aquitanian (language related to old Basque) word *kʰarr-, meaning "rock", akin to modern Basque harri, "stone", and from a Pre-Indo-European suffix -unn-, -onna which means "source, river", and which can be found in the name of many rivers of western Europe (such as the Seine, the Saône, etc.). Classical antiquity is a broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, which begins roughly with the earliest-recorded Greek poetry of Homer (7th century BC), and continues through the rise of Christianity and the fall of the Western Roman Empire (5th century AD... The Gascon language is an Occitan dialect mostly spoken in Gascony (in the French départements of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Hautes-Pyrénées, Landes, Gers, Gironde, a part of Lot-et-Garonne, a part of Haute-Garonne, and a part of Ariège), and in the small Spanish... Aquitanian language was spoken in ancient Aquitaine (approximately between the Pyrenees and the Garonne), region later known as Gascony before the Roman conquest and, probably much later until the Upper Middle Ages. ... Basque (native name: euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ... KÊ°ar is a pre-Indo-European linguistic root meaning stone, rock[1][2][3]. It is found in Armenian kÊ°ar, Basque harri < kÊ°arr- or Irish carraig stone. It explains many European place names based on radicals: Kar-, Ker- : Carcassonne, Charente[4], Quéribus, Cher… Note the reduplication... Map showing the Neolithic expansions from the 7th to the 5th millennium BCE Europe in ca. ... -onna is a presumed hydronymic suffix. ... The Seine (pronounced in French) is a major river of north-western France, and one of its commercial waterways. ... The Saône is a river of eastern France. ...


Geography

The river rises in the Val d'Aran (Spanish Pyrenees), flowing via Toulouse towards Bordeaux, where it flows into the Gironde estuary. The Gironde Estuary flows into the Atlantic Ocean (Bay of Biscay). Val dAran, a small valley (620. ... Pic de Bugatetin the Néouvielle Natural Reserve Central Pyrenees For the mountains in Victoria, Australia, see Pyrenees (Victoria). ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Gironde is a navigable estuary, but often referred to as a river, in southwest France. ... Map of the Bay of Biscay. ...


In its flow, the Garonne is joined by three other major rivers: the Ariège, the Tarn, the Lot. Just after Bordeaux, the Garonne river finally meets the Dordogne, after which the two rivers become the Gironde estuary which after approximately 60 miles joins the Atlantic Ocean. Other tributaries include the Save and the Gers. Ariège is a 170 km long river in southern France. ... The Tarn River (from the Latin tarnis meaning rapid or walled in) is a 375 kilometre (235 miles) long tributary river of the Garonne, and flows through the départements of Lozère (Languedoc-Roussillon région), Aveyron, and then the eponymous Tarn and Tarn-et-Garonne départements, the... The Lot is a French river, which rises in the Cévennes, flowing west through Quercy, where it flows into the Garonne near Agen, a total distance of roughly 300 miles. ... The Dordogne (Occitan: Dordonha) is a river in south-central and southwest France. ... The Gironde is a navigable estuary, but often referred to as a river, in southwest France. ... The Save is a 143 km long river in southern France. ... Gers is a 178 km long river in southern France. ...


The Garonne is one of the few rivers in the world that exhibit a tidal bore. Surf boarders, jet skiers, etc. can ride the tidal bore as least as far as the village of Cambes (70 miles from the Atlantic) and even further upstream. The tidal bore in Upper Cook Inlet, Alaska A tidal bore (or just bore, or eagre) is a tidal phenomenon in which the leading edge of the incoming tide forms a wave (or waves) of water that travel up a river or narrow bay against the direction of the current. ... Cambes is the name of several communes in France: Cambes, in the Gironde département Cambes, in the Lot département Cambes, in the Lot-et-Garonne département It is also part of the name of: Cambes-en-plain, in the Calvados département This is a disambiguation page... “Atlantic” redirects here. ...


Towns along the river

Val dAran, a small valley (620. ... Location of Vielha Vielha (Aranese: Vielha, Catalan and Spanish: Viella) is the capital of the comarca of Val dAran, in the province of Lleida, Catalonia, Spain, and also of the municipality of Vielha e Mijaran. ... Haute-Garonne is a département in the southwest of France named after the Garonne river. ... Saint-Gaudens is a commune of the Haute-Garonne département in the Midi-Pyrénées region of France Categories: France geography stubs | Communes of Haute-Garonne ... Muret is a commune of the Haute-Garonne département, in France. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Tarn-et-Garonne is a French département in the southwest of France. ... Template:Castelsarrasin infobox Castelsarrasin is a commune in the département of Tarn-et-Garonne in Midi-Pyrénées. ... Lot-et-Garonne is a département in the southwest of France named after the Lot and Garonne rivers. ... For the Agen meteorite of 1814, see Meteorite falls. ... Marmande is a commune of the Lot-et-Garonne département, in France. ... Gironde is a département in the southwest of France named after the Gironde Estuary. ... Langon is a commune of the Gironde département, in France. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Blaye is a commune of the Gironde département, in France. ... Le Verdon-sur-Mer is a commune of the Gironde département in France. ... Charente-Maritime is a département on the west coast of France named after the Charente River. ... Royan is a small town and commune of the Charente-Maritime département, in western France. ...

Main tributaries

Following the flow of the river:

  • Gers
  • Baïse
  • Lot
  • Dropt
  • Ciron
  • Gat mort
  • Devèze
  • Jalle de Blanquefort

The Neste is a river in southern France, a left tributary of the Garonne. ... The Salat River is a right tributary of the Garonne. ... The Volp is a river of southwestern France. ... The grotto of Mas-dAzil. ... Ariège is a 170 km long river in southern France. ... The Save is a 143 km long river in southern France. ... The Gimone is a 136 km long river in south-western France, left tributary of the Garonne. ... The Hers-Mort (Dead Hers, as opposed to the faster flowing Hers-Vif, Live Hers) is a 90 km long river in southern France, right tributary of the Garonne. ... The Tarn River (from the Latin tarnis meaning rapid or walled in) is a 375 kilometre (235 miles) long tributary river of the Garonne, and flows through the départements of Lozère (Languedoc-Roussillon région), Aveyron, and then the eponymous Tarn and Tarn-et-Garonne départements, the... Gers is a 178 km long river in southern France. ... The Baïse is a 190 km long river in south-western France. ... The Lot is a French river, which rises in the Cévennes, flowing west through Quercy, where it flows into the Garonne near Agen, a total distance of roughly 300 miles. ... The Ciron is a left tributary of the Garonne, in Gironde, Southwest France. ...

Navigation

The Garonne plays an important role in inland shipping. The river not only allows seagoing vessels to reach the port of Bordeaux but also forms part of the "Canal des Deux Mers", the canal that links the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean (Bay of Biscay), allowing a shorter and safer way for goods to pass from the agricultural areas of the South of France to the Atlantic. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Canal du Midi or Canal des Deux Mers (Occitan: Canal de las Doas Mars / Canal del Miègjorn) is a 240 km long canal in the south of France, le Midi. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Map of the Bay of Biscay. ...


From the Ocean, ships pass through the Gironde estuary until the mouth of the Gironde, the left of the two rivers for those who sail upstream. The Garonne remains navigable for larger vessels up to the "Pont de Pierre" (Stone Bridge) in Bordeaux. River vessels can sail upstream to Castets-en-Dorthe, where the Garonne Lateral Canal (Canal Latéral à la Garonne) joins the river. The lateral canal takes the ships through 53 locks to the town of Toulouse, where the canal meets the Canal du Midi, with which its form the "Canal des Deux Mers". Canal locks in England. ... The Canal du Midi or Canal des Deux Mers (Occitan: Canal de las Doas Mars / Canal del Miègjorn) is a 240 km long canal in the south (le Midi) of France. ...


The Garonne Lateral Canal was subject to one of the largest infrastructure works in Europe, when it was adapted to the standardized barge size of 38 by 5 meters, during the last century. French minister Freycinet ordered that all canals with importance for long distance transport be suitable for vessels of those standard dimensions. The extension of ALL the former 30 meter locks to the new standard length was carried out throughout the lateral canal. The other half of the Canal des Deux Mers, the Canal du Midi, partly escaped this operation, because by the time the works had reached the area where the most locks were situated, commercial traffic on the canal had almost disappeared. The works were stopped, leading to the cultural heritage status of the United Nations that has made the Canal du Midi famous. (Source: NoorderSoft Waterways database) Charles de Freycinet, Prime Minister of France Charles Louis de Saulces de Freycinet (November 14, 1828 - May 14, 1923) was a French statesman and prime minister. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Garonne

  Results from FactBites:
 
Garonne - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (451 words)
The Garonne (Occitan: Garona) is a river in southwest France, with a length of 575 km (357 miles).
The Garonne is one of the few rivers in the world that exhibit a tidal bore.
The Garonne Lateral Canal was subject to one of the largest infrastructure works in Europe, when it was adapted to the standardized barge size of 38 by 5 meters, during the last century.
Haute-Garonne - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (199 words)
Haute-Garonne is a département in the southwest of France named after the Garonne river.
Haute-Garonne was one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790.
The department is crossed by the Garonne River for nearly 200 kilometers (125 miles).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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