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Encyclopedia > Gareth Evans (politician)

Gareth John Evans AO QC (born 5 September 1944), Australian politician, served as Attorney-General and Foreign Minister of Australia during the Hawke and Keating Labor governments. Cherie Booth QC wearing her ceremonial robes (including full-bottomed wig) as Queens Counsel at the Bar of England and Wales. ... September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The Attorney-General of Australia is the chief law officer of the Crown and a member of the Federal Cabinet. ... R. G. Casey House, the headquarters of the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade This is a list of Australian Foreign Ministers: Note: Prior to 1970, the office was known as the Minister for External Affairs. ... Robert James Lee Bob Hawke AC (born 9 December 1929) is a former Australian trade union leader turned politician who became the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia. ... Paul John Keating (born January 18, 1944), was an Australian politician and the 24th Prime Minister of Australia, serving as Prime Minister from 1991 to 1996. ...

Contents

Early life

Evans was born in Melbourne, the son of a tram-driver. He was educated at Melbourne High School and after matriculation at Melbourne University, where he graduated in arts and law, and at Oxford University, where he took a masters degree in Philosophy, Politics and Economics. In 2004, he became an Honorary Fellow of Magdalen College, his alma mater at Oxford. Evans is a Humanist and was awarded the Australian Humanist of the Year in 1990 by the Council of Australian Humanist Societies. Melbournes Yarra River is a popular area for walking, jogging, cycling, rowing and for relaxing on the banks with a picnic Melbourne (pronounced ) is the second most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of approximately 3. ... Name Melbourne High School Address Forrest Hill Suburb South Yarra, Victoria 3141 Established 1905 Community Mixed: Predominantly Urban and Rural Type State (Selective Entry) Religion Secular Students Approx. ... The University of Melbourne, located in Melbourne, in Victoria, is the second oldest university in Australia (the University of Sydney is the oldest). ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) is a popular interdisciplinary degree which combines study from the three eponymous disciplines. ... College name Magdalen College Collegium Beatae Mariae Magdalenae Named after Mary Magdalene Established 1458 Sister College Magdalene College President Professor David Clary FRS JCR President Jessica Jones Undergraduates 395 MCR President Kader Allouni Graduates 230 Homepage Boatclub Magdalen College (pronounced ) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of... This article discusses Humanism as a non-theistic life stance. ... The Council of Australian Humanist Societies (CAHS) is the national umbrella organisation for all Australian Humanist organisations. ...


He practised as a barrister in Melbourne, specialising in representing trade unions, and was a lecturer and then a senior lecturer in constitutional law at Melbourne University from 1971. He became one of Australia's leading constitutional lawyers, and published Labor and the Constitution 1972-75, a survey of constitutional issues during the Whitlam government, in 1977. He became a Queen's Counsel in 1983. A Trade Union (Labour union) ... is a continuous association of wage-earners for the purpose of maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment. ... English barrister 16th century painting of a civil law notary, by Flemish painter Quentin Massys. ... Edward Gough Whitlam AC QC (born 11 July 1916), known as Gough Whitlam (, pronounced Goff), Australian politician and 21st Prime Minister of Australia. ... Cherie Booth QC wearing her ceremonial robes (including full-bottomed wig) as Queens Counsel at the Bar of England and Wales. ...


Evans was active in the Australian Labor Party from his student days, and was an unsuccessful Labor candidate for the Australian Senate in 1975. A member of the right-wing Labor Unity faction, he was a supporter of Bob Hawke's ambitions to lead the party after the fall of the Whitlam government. He was also a strong civil libertarian, and was Vice-President of the Victorian Council for Civil Liberties (now Liberty Victoria). The Australian Labor Party (ALP) is Australias oldest political party. ... Australian Senate chamber Entrance to the Senate The Senate is the upper of the two houses of the Parliament of Australia. ... The Labor Right is the organised faction of the Australian Labor Party (the Right) that makes up the more economically liberal and socially conservative members of the ALP. The Right claims to represent the social democratic (as opposed to socialist) element within the party. ... Robert James Lee Bob Hawke AC (born 9 December 1929) is a former Australian trade union leader turned politician who became the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia. ... Civil liberties is the name given to freedoms that protect the individual from government. ...


Parliamentary career

In 1977 Evans was elected to the Senate, and was elected to the Opposition front bench in 1980, becoming Shadow Attorney-General. He took an active part in the campaign to have Hawke replace Bill Hayden as Labor leader. This happened shortly before the 1983 federal elections, which Hawke won. Evans then became Attorney-General, with a large agenda for law reform on a range of issues. He immediately ran into controversy, however, by arranging for the Royal Australian Air Force to take surveillance photos of the Franklin Dam project in Tasmania, which the Hawke government was pledged to stop, over the objections of the Tasmanian Liberal government. The Hawke government was accused of misusing the RAAF for domestic political purposes, and Evans earned the nickname "Biggles", much to his annoyance. William George Hayden AC (born 23 January 1933), Australian politician and 21st Governor-General of Australia, was born in Brisbane, Queensland, the son of an American-born sailor of Irish descent. ... The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is the air force branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... The photograph Morning Mist, Rock Island Bend, Franklin River, by Peter Dombrovskis, was used by the Tasmanian Wilderness Society in advertising. ... Capital Hobart Government Const. ... The Liberal Party of Australia is an Australian political party. ... The dust jacket of an early 1970s edition of Johns Biggles, Pioneer Air Fighter Major James Bigglesworth, known to all as Biggles, is a fictional pilot and adventurer created by W. E. Johns. ...


In December 1984 Hawke moved Evans to the less sensitive portfolio of Resources and Energy, which he privately dismissed as the "ministry of posts and holes".[citation needed] In 1987] he moved to Transport and Communications, in which he also showed little interest, although he was always the master of any Parliamentary brief. His ambition to succeed Hayden as Foreign Minister was ill-concealed, and he finally obtained this post when Hayden was appointed Governor-General of Australia in September 1988. Evans was Foreign Minister for seven years and six months, and made a major and lasting impression on Australia's foreign policy. Michael Jeffery, the current Governor-General of Australia The Governor-General of Australia is the representative in Australia of Australias head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, who lives in the United Kingdom. ...


The Hawke government, and even more so the Keating government, aimed to shift the emphasis of Australia's foreign policy from Australia's traditional relationships with the United States and the United Kingdom to Australia's Asian neighbours, particularly Indonesia and China. To this end Evans travelled tirelessly in the region, and built up good relations with his counterparts in most Asian countries. He was less successful in maintaining close relations with the United States, where the administrations of Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush saw him as unsympathetic to their policies. Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... George Herbert Walker Bush GCB (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States of America serving from 1989 to 1993. ...


Among Evans's achievements in foreign policy were helping to develop the United Nations plan for the rebuilding of Cambodia after helping create pressure to end the Vietnamese occupation, which led to free elections in 1993; the negotiation of the International Chemical Weapons Convention; and helping to establish the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum and the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF). He also initiated the Canberra Commission on the Elimination of Nuclear Weapons, although little ultimately came of this project. In 1995 he received Grawemeyer Prize for Ideas Improving World Order for his Foreign Policy article "Cooperative Security and Intrastate Conflict". The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... APEC can also stand for Atlantic Provinces Economic Council Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a group of Pacific Rim countries who meet with the purpose of improving economic and political ties. ... Main languages See Languages of ASEAN Secretary General Ong Keng Yong of Singapore Area  - Total 4,480,000 km2 Population  - Total (2004)  - Density 550,000,000 122. ... The Canberra Commission on the Elimination of Nuclear Weapons was initiated by the Prime Minister of Australia the Honourable Paul Keating in 1995 to deliberate on issues of nuclear proliferation and how [propose concrete measures] to eliminate the world of nuclear weapons. ... A foreign policy is a set of political goals that seeks to outline how a particular country will interact with the other countries of the world. ...


In 1993, under the Keating government, Evans became Leader of the Government in the Senate. In this position, despite his heavy workload as Foreign Minister, he led the government's domestic legislative agenda in the upper house, where the government did not have a majority and every bill had to be negotiated with the minor parties. He played a leading role in getting the government's native title bills through the Senate following the High Court of Australia's decision in Mabo v Queensland. He was a tirless debater, earning the nickname "garrulous Gareth". Native title is a concept in the law of Australia that recognises the continued ownership of land by local Indigenous Australians. ... High Court entrance The High Court of Australia is the final court of appeal in Australia, the highest court in the Australian court hierarchy. ... Mabo v Queensland (No 2) (commonly known as Mabo) was a landmark Australian court case which was decided by the High Court of Australia on June 3, 1992. ...


Evans had long desired to move from the Senate to the House of Representatives, where he hoped to pursue his leadership ambitions. His first attempt to do so, in 1984, had been thwarted by the Socialist Left faction, but in 1996 he gained endorsement for the seat of Holt, in Melbourne's eastern suburbs, and was easily elected at the 1996 election. Australian House of Representatives chamber Entrance to the House of Representatives The Australian House of Representatives is one of the two houses (chambers) of the Parliament of Australia. ... The Socialist Left faction of the Australian Labor Party (the Left) is an organised political faction that advocates within the party for traditionally Labor interventionist and socialist economic policies. ... The Division of Holt is an Australian Electoral Division in Victoria. ... Legislative elections were held in Australia on 2 March 1996. ...


The Keating government was defeated at the election, and Evans thus entered the House as an Opposition member. He was elected Deputy Leader of the Labor Party, defeating Simon Crean, and Leader Kim Beazley appointed him Shadow Treasurer. This appointment did not prove to be successful. Although he had earned a reputation in the Senate as a master parliamentary tactician, economics was not Evans's field, and he met his match in the Howard government's Treasurer, Peter Costello. He was also saddled with the Keating government's legacy of a A$10 billion budget deficit, which he first denied and then dismissed as irrelevant. Simon Findlay Crean (born 26 February 1949) an Australian politician, was leader of the Australian Labor Party and Leader of the Opposition at the Federal level, from November 2001 to 2 December 2003. ... For Kim Beazleys father, Kim Beazley senior, see Kim Edward Beazley. ... John Winston Howard (born 26 July 1939), Australian politician, is the Prime Minister of Australia. ... Peter Howard Costello (born 14 August 1957), Australian politician, has been Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party since 1994, and Treasurer in the Australian government since 1996. ... ISO 4217 Code AUD User(s) Australia, Kiribati, Nauru, Tuvalu, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island Inflation 3. ...


During 1997 Evans orchestrated in secret the defection to the Labor Party of the Leader of the minority Australian Democrats party, Senator Cheryl Kernot, who resigned from the Senate in October and became a Labor House of Representatives candidate at the 1998 election. This was seen as a great coup at the time, but backfired when Kernot's erratic and self-centered behaviour became a matter first of concern and then of alarm in the party, and ridicule in the media. It later emerged that Evans had been having an affair with Kernot during the negotiations for her defection, something he had not revealed to his party colleagues, and had denied in Parliament. The Australian Democrats (in regular parlance, just the Democrats), is an Australian social liberal party formed in 1977 from the earlier Australia Party by Don Chipp, who left the Liberal Party of Australia to do so. ... Cheryl Kernot (Pronounced Ker-no) (born December 5, 1948) is a former Australian politician. ... Legislative elections were held in Australia on 3 October 1998. ...


Labor's defeat at the 1998 elections led to Evans's resignation from the Opposition front bench, and in September 1999 he resigned from Parliament.


Life after politics

After he retired from Parliament, there was some speculation that Evans would become Secretary-General of the United Nations, which earned him the name "Gareth Gareth Evans" (in reference to the then-Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali), but this was never a serious possibility. In January 2000 he became President and Chief Executive of the Brussels-based International Crisis Group, an independent non-governmental organisation which works to prevent and resolve international and civil conflict. The United Nations Secretary-General is the head of the Secretariat, one of the principal divisions of the United Nations. ... Boutros Boutros-Ghali CC (Arabic: بطرس بطرس غالي) (born 14 November 1922) is an Egyptian diplomat who was the sixth Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1992 to December 1996. ... Nickname: The Capital Of Europe, Comic City City of a 100 Museums[] Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area    - City 162 (Region) km²  (62. ... The International Crisis Group is an international, non-profit, non-governmental organization whose mission is to prevent and resolve deadly conflicts through field-based analysis and high-level advocacy. ...


In 2000 and 2001, Evans was co-chair of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS), appointed by the government of Canada, which published its report, The Responsibility to Protect, in December 2001. He was also a member of the UN Secretary General's Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change, whose report A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility, was published in December 2004. He is a member of the Commission on Weapons of Mass Destruction sponsored by Sweden and chaired by Hans Blix, and of the International Task Force on Global Public Goods, chaired by Ernesto Zedillo. He is an endorser of the Genocide Intervention Network and serves on the International Editorial Board of the Cambridge Review of International Affairs. This article is about the year 2000. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS) was an ad hoc commission of participants from mostly North and South America which in 2001 issued a legal opinion on contingent sovereignty and worked to popularize the concept of humanitarian intervention and democracy-restoring intervention under the name of Responsibility...   (born 28 June 1928 in Uppsala, Sweden) is a Swedish diplomat and politician. ... Term of office: 1 December 1994 – 1 December 2000 Preceded by: Carlos Salinas de Gortari Succeeded by: Vicente Fox Quesada Date of birth: 27 December 1951 Place of birth: Mexico City Profession: Economist First Lady: Nilda Patricia Velasco Núñez Political Party: PRI Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León (born... The Genocide Intervention Network (or GI-Net) is a non-profit organization that envisions a world in which the global community is willing and able to protect civilians from genocidal violence. ... The Cambridge Review of International Affairs is a peer reviewed scholarly journal in International Relations, International Law and International Political Economy. ...


In the year 2000, he also assumed the role of president and CEO of the International Crisis Group, directing some of it's most important missions. Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... The International Crisis Group is an international, non-profit, non-governmental organization whose mission is to prevent and resolve deadly conflicts through field-based analysis and high-level advocacy. ...


Evans is also member of the Board of Advisors of the Global Panel Foundation. The Global Panel Foundaton was created in 1988 by the Dutch entrepreneur Bas Spuybroek. ...


Personal Life

Despite the revelation of his affair with Kernot, Evans remains married to Professor Merran Evans, Director of Planning and Academic Affairs at Monash University, Melbourne, with whom he has two children. Menzies Building at the Clayton Campus Monash University is Australias largest university with about 55,000 students. ...


In 1992 a portrait of Gareth Evans by artist Greg Bridges won the Packing Room award at the Archibald Prize. Marcus Willss winning painting in 2006, The Paul Juraszek Monolith, was based on this print by an earlier Marcus, Marcus Gheeraerts The Archibald Prize is regarded as the most important portraiture prize, and is the most prominent of all arts prizes, in Australia. ...


External links

  • International Crisis Group profile (includes links to an extensive biography)
  • United Nations biography
  • Official Website of the Global Panel Foundation
Preceded by
Bill Hayden
Foreign Minister of Australia
1988–1996
Succeeded by
Alexander Downer
Preceded by
Kim Beazley
Deputy Leader of the Australian Labor Party
1996–1998
Succeeded by
Simon Crean
Persondata
NAME Evans, Gareth John
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Australian politician
DATE OF BIRTH 5 September 1944
PLACE OF BIRTH Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
DATE OF DEATH living
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gareth Evans (philosopher) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (227 words)
Gareth Evans (12 May 1946 – 10 August 1980) was a British philosopher at Oxford University during the 1970s.
Gareth Evans studied Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) at University College, Oxford (1964–67).
Evans was one of many who took up the project of developing formal semantics for natural languages, instigated by Donald Davidson in the 1960s and 1970s.
Gareth Evans (politician) - definition of Gareth Evans (politician) in Encyclopedia (279 words)
Gareth Evans (1944 -) Australian politician, was Foreign Minister of Australia (1988 - 1996) during the Hawke-Keating Labor government.
Evans was rumoured to have ambitions as high as Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Following the publication of former Australian Democrats leader Cheryl Kernot's autobiography, it was revealed that Evans and Kernot had been engaged in an extra-marital affair during her leadership of the party.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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